Non Exhaust Emissions Book

Non Exhaust Emissions

  • Author : Fulvio Amato
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128117514

Non Exhaust Emissions Excerpt :

Non-Exhaust Emissions: An Urban Air Quality Problem for Public Health comprehensively summarizes the most recent research in the field, also giving guidance on research gaps and future needs to evaluate the health impact and possible remediation of non-exhaust particle emissions. With contributions from some of the major experts and stakeholders in air quality, this book comprehensively defines the state-of-the-art of current knowledge, gaps and future needs for a better understanding of particulate matter (PM) emissions, from non-exhaust sources of road traffic to improve public health. PM is a heterogeneous mix of chemical elements and sources, with road traffic being the major source in large cities. A significant part of these emissions come from non-exhaust processes, such as brake, tire, road wear, and road dust resuspension. While motor exhaust emissions have been successfully reduced by means of regulation, non-exhaust emissions are currently uncontrolled and their importance is destined to increase and become the dominant urban source of particle matter by 2020. Nevertheless, current knowledge on the non-exhaust emissions is still limited. This is an essential book to researchers and advanced students from a broad range of disciplines, such as public health, toxicology, atmospheric sciences, environmental sciences, atmospheric chemistry and physics, geochemistry, epidemiology, built environment, road and vehicle engineering, and city planning. In addition, European and local authorities responsible for air quality and those in the industrial sectors related to vehicle and brake manufacturing and technological remediation measures will also find the book valuable. Acts as the first book to explore the health impacts of non-exhaust emissions Authored by experts from several sectors, including academia, industry and policy Gathers the relevant body of literature and information, defining the current knowledge, gaps and future needs

Non exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge Book

Non exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge

  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-12-07
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : 9789264888852

Non exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge Excerpt :

Non-exhaust emissions of particulate matter constitute a little-known but rising share of emissions from road traffic and have significant negative impacts on public health. This report synthesizes the current state of knowledge about the nature, causes, and consequences of non-exhaust particulate emissions. It also projects how particulate matter emissions from non-exhaust sources may evolve in future years and reflects on policy instrument mixes that can address this largely ignored environmental issue.

Airborne Particulate Matter Book

Airborne Particulate Matter

  • Author : R M Harrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2016-08-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782626589

Airborne Particulate Matter Excerpt :

The estimated health impacts and associated economic costs resulting from airborne particulate matter are substantial. Exposure to airborne fine particles ranks highly amongst preventable causes of disease. This book reviews the sources and atmospheric processes affecting airborne particulate matter and consequent impacts upon human health. Examining the latest information on the sources of particles in the atmosphere, both through direct emissions and atmospheric formation, the book also explores the methods which are used to estimate the contributions of different sources to airborne concentrations. Featuring case studies from recent assessments in Europe, the USA, China and India, the book provides a global overview of source apportionment. The health effects are reviewed in the context of the influence of sources, chemical composition and particle size upon relative toxicity. This comprehensive book is an important reference for policymakers and consultants working with pollution and human health, as well as academics working in atmospheric chemistry.

10th International Munich Chassis Symposium 2019 Book

10th International Munich Chassis Symposium 2019

  • Author : Peter E. Pfeffer
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 829
  • ISBN 10 : 9783658264352

10th International Munich Chassis Symposium 2019 Excerpt :

The increasing automation of driving functions and the electrification of powertrains present new challenges for the chassis with regard to complexity, redundancy, data security,and installation space. At the same time, the mobility of the future will also require entirely new vehicle concepts, particularly in urban areas. The intelligent chassis must be connected, electrified, and automated in order to be best prepared for this future.

New Trends in Emission Control in the European Union Book

New Trends in Emission Control in the European Union

  • Author : Jerzy Merkisz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-10-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319027050

New Trends in Emission Control in the European Union Excerpt :

This book discusses recent changes in the European legislation for exhaust emissions from motor vehicles. It starts with a comprehensive explanation of both the structure and range of applicability of new regulations, such as Euro 5 and Euro 6 for light-duty vehicles and Euro VI for heavy-duty vehicles. Then it introduces the most important issues in in-service conformity and conformity of production for vehicles, describing the latest procedures for performing exhaust emissions tests under both bench and operating conditions. Subsequently, it reports on portable emission measurement systems (PEMS) and their application for assessing the emissions of gaseous and particulate matter alike, under actual operating conditions and in all transport modes. Lastly, the book presents selected findings from exhaust emissions research on engines for a variety of transport vehicles, such as light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as non-road vehicles, which include farm tractors, groundwork and forest machinery, diesel locomotives, high-rail vehicles, combat vehicles and special-purpose vehicles. This work offers a valuable reference guide for researchers and professionals dealing with environmental regulations and vehicle manufacturing in the European Union.

Energy and Environment Book

Energy and Environment

  • Author : Michel André
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-06-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786300263

Energy and Environment Excerpt :

Transport systems are facing an impossible dilemma: satisfy an increasing demand for mobility of people and goods, while decreasing their fossil-energy requirements and preserving the environment. Additionally, transport has an opportunity to evolve in a changing world, with new services, technologies but also new requirements (fast delivery, reliability, improved accessibility). In this book, recent research works are reported around the triptych: "transport, energy and environment", which demonstrates that vehicle technologies and fuels can still improve, but it is necessary to prepare their implementation (e.g. electro-mobility), to think of new services, and to involve all actors, particularly enterprises, who will be the drivers of innovation. Mitigation strategies are studied to promote innovative, multimodal and clean transports and services. Research progress is reported on air pollution, vibrations and noise, their mitigation and assessment methodologies.

Non CO2 Greenhouse Gases  Scientific Understanding  Control and Implementation Book

Non CO2 Greenhouse Gases Scientific Understanding Control and Implementation

  • Author : J. van Ham
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401593434

Non CO2 Greenhouse Gases Scientific Understanding Control and Implementation Excerpt :

In the climate change discussion, non-CO2 greenhouse gases (NCGGs) received official political recognition for the first time in 1997, when agreement was reached on the Kyoto Protocol. As a result methane, nitrous oxide, HFCs, PFCs and SF6 now provide attractive options for detailing the national targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions meant to control climate change. This book is the second volume in this area and addresses three main topics. Firstly, it documents progress with respect to our knowledge of the sources and sinks of NCGGs. Information on this subject is essential in order to reduce the uncertainties in national emissions inventories which serve as the reference values for commitments of countries in the framework of the Kyoto Protocol. Secondly, this volume deals with the control options for the NCGGs and contains a wealth of information in this area. Emerging technologies here provide business opportunities, in particular in connection with the flexible mechanisms for mitigation projects in developing countries which have been agreed in Kyoto. Thirdly, the book treats the policy implementation of mitigation options for greenhouse gas emissions. Tools for control policies, both on the national and international level, and for different sectors of industry are discussed. National integrated approaches, including the ones from the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Netherlands Ministry of Environment which both sponsored the conference, provide guidance for defining the most effective greenhouse gases mitigation plans in different situations. This volume is being published in support of the IPCC Process and will serve as a reference for IPCC's Third Assessment Report.

Particulate Matter Book

Particulate Matter

  • Author : Dr R L Maynard
  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release Date : 2020-08-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000102352

Particulate Matter Excerpt :

This is a rapidly expanding and highly topical research area. Written by authors and editors who are well known and respected in their fields, this text looks at the health effects caused by particulate aerosols, and discusses recent legislation and future strategies.

Environmental Challenges Book

Environmental Challenges

  • Author : Shimson Belkin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401143691

Environmental Challenges Excerpt :

In the summer of 1999, an international group of experts convened in Jerusalem, Israel, in order to define the major environmental challenges facing humanity at the dawn of the new millennium and - where possible - propose ways of addressing them. Almost 50 selected articles are collected in the present book, which constitutes a striking interdisciplinary combination of state-of-the-art science with the latest views on environmental law, education, and international cooperation. Whilst a major fraction of the book is devoted to water-related issues (water quality monitoring, water and wastewater treatment, water-based international cooperation, and more), other sections deal with timely topics relating to air pollution, biodiversity, conservation, and education. The book is intended for environmental scientists, professionals, and students of all disciplines.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: House & Home
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : UCBK:C105261333

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Excerpt :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Racing Toward Zero Book

Racing Toward Zero

  • Author : Kelly Senecal
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Electric vehicles
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 1468602004

Racing Toward Zero Excerpt :

In Racing Toward Zero, the authors explore the issues inherent in developing sustainable transportation. They review the types of propulsion systems and vehicle options, discuss low-carbon fuels and alternative energy sources, and examine the role of regulation in curbing emissions. All technologies have an impact on the environment, from internal combustion engine vehicles to battery electric vehicles, fuel cell electric vehicles, and hybrids-there is no silver bullet. The battery electric vehicle may seem the obvious path to a sustainable, carbon-free transportation future, but it's not the only, nor necessarily the best, path forward. The vast majority of vehicles today use the internal combustion engine (ICE), and this is unlikely to change anytime soon. Improving the ICE and its fuels-entering a new ICE age-must be a main route on the road to zero emissions. How do we go green? The future requires a balanced approach to transportation. It's not a matter of choosing between combustion or electrification; it's combustion and electrification. As the authors say, "The future is eclectic." By harnessing the best qualities of both technologies, we will be in the best position to address our transportation future as quickly as possible

Urban Climates Book

Urban Climates

  • Author : T. R. Oke
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-14
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 549
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521849500

Urban Climates Excerpt :

The first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates, suitable for students and researchers alike.

Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles Book
Score: 3.5
From 3 Ratings

Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles

  • Author : Asif Faiz
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 1996-01-01
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 0821334441

Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles Excerpt :

Contributions by Surhid Gautam and Lit-Mian Chan. This book presents a state-of-the art review of vehicle emission standards and regulations and provides a synthesis of worldwide experience with vehicle emission control technologies and their applications in both industrial and developing countries. Topics covered include: * The two principal international systems of vehicle emission standards: those of North America and Europe * Test procedures used to verify compliance with emissions standards and to estimate actual emissions * Engine and aftertreatment technologies that have been developed to enable new vehicles to comply with emission standards, as well as the cost and other impacts of these technologies * An evaluation of measures for controlling emissions from in-use vehicles * The role of fuels in reducing vehicle emissions, the benefits that could be gained by reformulating conventional gasoline and diesel fuels, the potential benefits of alternative cleaner fuels, and the prospects for using hydrogen and electric power to run motor vehicles with ultra-low or zero emissions. This book is the first in a series of publications on vehicle-related pollution and control measures prepared by the World Bank in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme to underpin the Bank's overall objective of promoting transport that is environmentally sustainable and least damaging to human health and welfare.