Non Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials Book

Non Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials

  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-10-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128131534

Non Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials Excerpt :

Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials: Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials and Biomedical Fields provides both an introduction and practical guide to plasma synthesis, modification and processing of polymers, their composites, nancomposites, blends, IPNs and gels. It examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the field, including the use of plasma treatment to enhance adhesion, characterization techniques, and the environmental aspects of the process. Particular attention is paid to the effects on the final properties of composites and the characterization of fiber/polymer surface interactions. This book helps demystify the process of plasma polymerization, providing a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of plasma technology as they relate to polymers. It is ideal for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and engineers, acting as a guide to further research into new applications of this technology in the real world. Enables materials scientists and engineers to deploy plasma technology for surface treatment, characterization and analysis of polymeric materials Reviews the state-of-the-art in plasma technology for polymer synthesis and processing Presents detailed coverage of the most advanced applications for plasma polymerization, particularly in medicine and biomedical engineering, areas such as implants, biosensors and tissue engineering

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation Book

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation

  • Author : Rasel Das
  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release Date : 2021-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9781644901632

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation Excerpt :

Various organic and synthetic polymers are important materials for the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater and the separation of gases. The book discusses various types of membranes for microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, forward osmosis etc. A number of nanomaterials are available for the modification of polymeric membranes. Keywords: Polymeric Membrane, Water Purification, Water Softening, Water Desalination, Gas Separation, Osmosis Membranes, Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration, Carbon Nanotube, Nanosheets, MOFs, Porous Organic Cages, Titanium Dioxide, Zinc Oxide, Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, O2/N2 Separation, CO2/CH4 Separation, H2/N2 Separation.

Cold Atmospheric Plasma  CAP  Technology and Applications Book

Cold Atmospheric Plasma CAP Technology and Applications

  • Author : Zhitong Chen
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-05-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN 10 : 9783031797019

Cold Atmospheric Plasma CAP Technology and Applications Excerpt :

Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is a promising and rapidly emerging technology for a wide range of applications, from daily life to industry. CAP’s key advantage is its unique ability to effectively deliver reactive species to subjects including biological materials, liquid media, aerosols, and manufactured surfaces. This book assesses the state-of-art in CAP research and implementation for applications including agriculture, medicine, environment, materials, catalysis, and energy. The mechanisms of generation and transport of the key reactive species in the plasma are introduced and examined in the context of their applications. Opportunities and challenges for novel technologies, fresh ideas/concepts, expanded multidisciplinary study, and new applications are discussed. The authors’ vision for the converging trends across diverse disciplines is proposed to stimulate critical discussions, research directions, and collaborations.

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials Book

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials

  • Author : Miran Mozetič
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-04-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038977964

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials Excerpt :

This book contains selected contributions on surface modification to improve the properties of solid materials. The surface properties are tailored either by functionalization, etching, or deposition of a thin coating. Functionalization is achieved by a brief treatment with non-equilibrium gaseous plasma containing suitable radicals that interact chemically with the material surface and thus enable the formation of rather stable functional groups. Etching is performed in order to modify the surface morphology. The etching parameters are selected in such a way that a rich morphology of the surfaces is achieved spontaneously on the sub-micrometer scale, without using masks. The combination of adequate surface morphology and functionalization of materials leads to superior surface properties which are particularly beneficial for the desired response upon incubation with biological matter. Alternatively, the materials are coated with a suitable thin film that is useful in various applications from food to aerospace industries.

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites Book

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites

  • Author : Showkat Ahmad Bhawani
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128204351

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites Excerpt :

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites: Biomedical and Environmental Applications presents the latest information on smart polymers and their promising application in various fields, including their role in delivery systems for drugs, tissue engineering scaffolds, cell culture sports, bioseparation, and sensors or actuator systems. Features detailed information on the preparation, characterization and applications of smart functional polymer composites Covers a broad range of applications in both the biomedical and environmental engineering fields Chapters are written by authors with diverse background expertise from the faculties of chemistry, engineering and the manufacturing industry

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins Book

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins

  • Author : N. S. Baneesh
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-11-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030522643

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins Excerpt :

This book addresses plasma modification of polyolefin surfaces. It comprises 21 chapters divided into three major sections. The first section covers the different techniques used for plasma modification of polyolefin surfaces and the effects of various gases as a surrounding medium, while the second provides a detailed analysis of the physics and chemistry of plasma modification and discusses various innovative characterization techniques, as well as ageing of the modified surface. It focuses on the analysis of changes in polymers’ surface chemistry using various spectroscopic techniques, and of changes in their surface morphology after plasma treatment using optical microscopy, electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. In addition, it provides detailed information on the characterization of modified polymer surfaces. The book’s third and last section covers a range of applications of plasma-modified polyolefin surfaces varying from the packaging industry to the biomedical field, and shares valuable insights on the lifecycle analysis of plasma modification and modified surfaces.

Unsaturated Polyester Resins Book

Unsaturated Polyester Resins

  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-07-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128163030

Unsaturated Polyester Resins Excerpt :

Unsaturated Polyester Resins: Fundamentals, Design, Fabrication, and Applications explains the preparation, techniques and applications relating to the use of unsaturated polyester resin systems for blends, interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs), gels, composites and nanocomposites, enabling readers to understand and utilize the improved material properties that UPRs facilitate. Chapters cover unsaturated polyester resins and their interaction at the macro, micro and nano levels, in-depth studies on the properties and analysis of UPR based materials, and the applications of UPR based composites, blends, IPNs and gels across a range of advanced commercial and industrial fields. This is a highly detailed source of information on unsaturated polyester resins, supporting academics, researchers and postgraduate students working with UPRs, polyesters, polymeric or composite materials, polymer chemistry, polymer physics, and materials science, as well as scientists, R&D professionals and engineers in industry. Covers the use of unsaturated polyester resin systems for blends, IPNs, gels, composites and nanocomposites Presents cutting-edge techniques for the analysis and improvement of properties of advanced UPR-based materials Unlocks the potential of unsaturated polyester resins in high-performance materials for a range of advanced applications

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Book

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites

  • Author : Sajjad Haider
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-03-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852968

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Excerpt :

Renewable Polymers and Polymer-Metal Oxide Composites: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications serves as a reference on the key concepts of the advances of polymer-oxide composites. The book reviews knowledge on polymer-composite theory, properties, structure, synthesis, and their characterization and applications. There is an emphasis on coupling metal oxides with polymers from renewable sources. Also, the latest advances in the relationship between the microstructure of the composites and the resulting improvement of the material’s properties and performance are covered. The applications addressed include desalination, tissue engineering, energy storage, hybrid energy systems, food, and agriculture. This book is suitable for early-career researchers in academia and R&D in industry who are working in the disciplines of materials science, engineering, chemistry and physics. Provides basic principles, theory and synthetic methods of composite materials, polymer composites and metal oxides Reviews the latest advances in polymer-oxide-based applications in medicine, water treatment, energy and sensing Discusses materials from renewable resources, including lifecycle assessment, economic aspects and potential application in tissue engineering, photovoltaics and food packaging

The Chemistry of Environmental Engineering Book

The Chemistry of Environmental Engineering

  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-04-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119707745

The Chemistry of Environmental Engineering Excerpt :

The focus of this book is the chemistry of environmental engineering and its applications, with a special emphasis on the use of polymers in this field. It explores the creation and use of polymers with special properties such as viscoelasticity and interpenetrating networks; examples of which include the creation of polymer-modified asphalt as well as polymers with bacterial adhesion properties. The text contains the issues of polymerization methods, recycling methods, wastewater treatment, types of contaminants, such as microplastics, organic dyes, and pharmaceutical residues. After a detailed overview of polymers in Chapter 1, their special properties are discussed in the following chapter. Among the topics is the importance of polymers to water purification procedures, since their use in the formation of reverse osmosis membranes do not show biofouling. Chapter 3 details special processing methods, such as atom transfer radical polymerization, enzymatic polymerization, plasma treatment, and several other methods, can be used to meet the urgent demands of industrial applications. Chapter 4 addresses the important environmental issue of recycling methods as they relate to several types of materials such as PET bottles, tire rubbers, asphalt compositions, and other engineering resins. And wastewater treatment is detailed in Chapter 5, in which the types of contaminants, such as microplastics, organic dyes and pharmaceutical residues, are described and special methods for their proper removal are detailed along with types of adsorbents, including biosorbents. Still another important issue for environmental engineering chemistry is pesticides. Chapter 6 is a thorough description of the development and fabrication of special sensors for the detection of certain pesticides. A detailed presentation of the electrical uses of polymer-based composites is given in Chapter 7, which include photovoltaic materials, solar cells, energy storage and dielectric applications, light

Black Phosphorus Book

Black Phosphorus

  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030295554

Black Phosphorus Excerpt :

This book exhibits novel semiconductor black phosphorous (BP) materials that are developed beyond other 2D materials (graphene and TMDs). It accurately reviews their manufacture strategies, properties, characterization techniques and different utilizations of BP-based materials. It clarifies all perspectives alongside down to earth applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, photo, environmental, energy, and other related fields. Hence, the sections accentuate the basic fundamentals, synthesis, properties, applications, state-of-the-art studies about the BP-based materials through detailed reviews. This book is the result of commitments by numerous experts in the field from various backgrounds and expertise. It will appeal to researchers, scientists and in addition understudies from various teaches, for example, semiconductor innovation, energy and environmental science. The book content incorporates industrial applications and fills the gap between the exploration works in the lab and viable applications in related ventures.

Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology   Two Volume Set Book

Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology Two Volume Set

  • Author : J. Leon Shohet
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1656
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351204934

Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology Two Volume Set Excerpt :

Technical plasmas have a wide range of industrial applications. The Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology covers all aspects of plasma technology from the fundamentals to a range of applications across a large number of industries and disciplines. Topics covered include nanotechnology, solar cell technology, biomedical and clinical applications, electronic materials, sustainability, and clean technologies. The book bridges materials science, industrial chemistry, physics, and engineering, making it a must have for researchers in industry and academia, as well as those working on application-oriented plasma technologies. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail)

Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel Book

Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel

  • Author : S. K. Nema
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-05-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 9789380308951

Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel Excerpt :

Plasma Technologies for Textile Apparel details plasma based technologies in textile industries. It disseminates knowledge gained over the years by Indian Institutes and organizations in the arena of plasma based applications for textiles. The book describes basics of low temperature plasma production in vacuum as well as at atmospheric pressure and various applications of plasma in textile particularly in Indian context.

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites Book

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites

  • Author : Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-04-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000577129

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites Excerpt :

Polylactic Acid-Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites offers a comprehensive account of the methods for the synthesis, characterization, processing, and applications of these advanced materials. This book fills a gap in the literature as the only currently available book on this topic. This book: Describes the procedures for the extraction of cellulose materials from different sources and characterization methods adopted for analyzing their properties Covers properties, processing, and applications of PLA biocomposites made using the extracted cellulose Discusses the effect of reinforcement of cellulose on the biopolymer matrix and the enhancement of biopolymer properties Examines current status, challenges, and future outlook in biocomposite research and applications The book serves as a reference for researchers, scientists, and advanced students in polymer science and engineering and materials science who are interested in cellulose polymer composites and their applications.

Wetting and Wettability Book

Wetting and Wettability

  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2015-12-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535122159

Wetting and Wettability Excerpt :

On the liquid 's surface, the molecules have fewer neighbors in comparison with the bulk volume. As a result, the energy interaction shows itself in the surface tension. Traditionally, the surface tension can be assumed as a force in the unit of the length which can be counted by the unit of Newton on squared meter, or energy on the units of the surface. The surface tension, implies the interface between liquid and vapor, which is an example of the surface tensions. The equilibrium between these surface tensions, decides that a droplet on a solid surface, would have a droplet form or will change to layer form. This book collects new developments in wetting and wettability science.