Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Book

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials


  • Author : Kent A. Harries
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-11-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 716
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081027059

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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Excerpt :

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications, Second Edition covers the topic by taking into account sustainability, the conservation movement, and current interests in cultural identity and its preservation. This updated edition presents case studies, information on relevant codes and regulations, and how they apply (or do not apply) to nocmats. Leading international experts contribute chapters on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Sections review vernacular construction, provide future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research, focus on natural fibers, and cover the use of industrial byproducts and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete. Takes a scientifically rigorous approach to vernacular and non-conventional building materials and their applications Includes a series of case studies and new material on codes and regulations, thus providing an invaluable compendium of practical knowhow Presents the wider context of materials science and its applications in the sustainability agenda

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Book
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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials


  • Author : Kent A. Harries
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000557

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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Excerpt :

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive repository of information on materials science and the modern structural engineering application of ancient, vernacular, and nonconventional building materials, with leading experts contributing chapters that focus on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Opening with a historic retrospective of nonconventional materials, Part One includes a review of vernacular construction and a discussion of the future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research and applications. Chapters in Part Two focus on natural fibers, including their application in cementitious composites, non-cementitious composites, and strawbale construction. In Part Three, chapters cover the use of industrial by-products and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete, and construction using soil-cement blocks, clay-based materials, adobe and earthen materials, and ancient stone masonry. Timber, bamboo, and paper construction materials are investigated in the final section of the book. Provides a state-of-the-art review of the modern use and engineering of nonconventional building materials Contains chapters that focus on individual construction materials and address both material characterization and structural applications Covers sustainable engineering and the trend towards engineering for humanity

Non Conventional Materials and Technologies Book

Non Conventional Materials and Technologies


  • Author : Khosrow Ghavami
  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release Date : 2018-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 820
  • ISBN 10 : 9781945291821

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Non Conventional Materials and Technologies Excerpt :

The book presents new research in the area of biobased “green composites”. Biobased materials involve renewable agricultural and forestry feedstocks, including wood, agricultural waste, grasses and natural plant fibers. These lignocellulosic materials are composed mainly of carbohydrates such as sugar and lignin, cellulose, vegetable oils and proteins. Much research is concerned with renewable materials such as bamboo, vegetable fibers, soil composites and recycled materials such as rice husk ash and sugar cane ash. The general aim here is to use renewable and non-polluting materials in ways that offer a high degree of sustainability and preserve the remaining natural resources for future generations. Keywords: Biobased Materials, Renewable Materials, Non-polluting Materials, Sustainability, Wood, Agricultural Waste, Grasses, Natural Plant Fibers, Lignocellulosic Materials, Carbohydrates, Sugars, Lignin, Cellulose, Vegetable Oils, Proteins, Bamboo, Vegetable Fibers, Soil Composites, Recycled Materials, Rice Husk Ash, Sugar Cane Ash, Fiber-reinforced Concrete, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Guadua Fibers, Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels, Multi-Level Bamboo Structures, Alkaline Activated Cements, Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber, Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers, Sisal Fibers, Bamboo Arch Structure, Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers, Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete, Cements with High Coal Waste Contents, Natural Composites, Geopolymer Concretes.

Testing and Characterisation of Earth based Building Materials and Elements Book

Testing and Characterisation of Earth based Building Materials and Elements


  • Author : Antonin Fabbri
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030832971

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Testing and Characterisation of Earth based Building Materials and Elements Excerpt :

This book presents the work done by the RILEM Technical Committee 274-TCE. It focuses on the estimation of the parameters which are necessary to properly design earthen constructions. It provides a compilation of the value classically obtained for the key parameters of earthen materials, a pedagogical presentation of the main testing procedures for earthen materials, their advantage and their drawback and an overview of most standards on earthen materials, whatever their origin and their language.The book is divided into eight chapters. After a general introduction on earthen materials and constructions, the state of the art on the material characterisation technics, the assessment of hygrothermal performance, the mechanical behaviour, seismic resistance and the durability will be presented, each in a dedicated chapter. On the basis of these last chapters, a critical review of the standards which are used for earthen material will be presented in the last chapter. The last chapter is dedicated to the analysis of the environmental potential of earth-based building materials.

Sustainable Vernacular Architecture Book

Sustainable Vernacular Architecture


  • Author : Ali Sayigh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-03-29
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030061852

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Sustainable Vernacular Architecture Excerpt :

​This book discusses applying vernacular strategies to modern architectural design to adhere to basic green principles of energy efficiency and materials utilization. Written from an international perspective, chapters present the perspectives and experiences of architects and engineers from across the globe. Historically successful approaches are integrated with modern design concepts to create novel, sustainable, and resource conscious solutions. The scope of topics covered include natural ventilation, cooling and heating, daylight and shading devices, and green micro-climate and functional facades, making this a useful reference for a wide range of researchers and workers in the built environment. Covers the most up-to-date research developments, best practices, and innovations from countries all over the globe; Presents the latest research in vernacular architecture and sustainable building; Contains case studies and examples to enhance practical application of the technologies presented.

Contemporary Bamboo Architecture in China Book

Contemporary Bamboo Architecture in China


  • Author : K. W. Liu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811683091

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Contemporary Bamboo Architecture in China Excerpt :

This book describes the distribution of bamboo forest and bamboo species for construction, the types and characteristics of both engineered and natural full-culm bamboo materials for construction, the development history and research status of different forms of bamboo architecture. We go on to describe standards, relevant international organizations, research institutions and production and processing enterprises and typical cases. Starting from six aspects, this book systematically describes modern bamboo building development, analyzes the opportunities and challenges faced by the bamboo construction industry and provides guidance for the development of the bamboo construction industry in China. Particularly in Chapter 6, more than 70 examples constructed mostly since 2014 are selected to provide a detailed overview of the use of bamboo as decorative and structural materials. In order to fully explore the potential of bamboo in engineering applications, the authors introduce the use of bamboo construction for transportation facilities (bridges, highway landscape fences and bus stations), landscape, water pipelines and urban municipal tunnels. The authors hope readers are inspired by these most vivid cases and experience the charm of modern Chinese bamboo architecture. .

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Book

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-01-09
  • Genre: Reference
  • Pages : 4252
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128131961

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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Excerpt :

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Construction 4 0 Book

Construction 4 0


  • Author : Marco Casini
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-12-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128218037

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Construction 4 0 Excerpt :

At the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the advent of digitalization, innovative technologies and materials, and new construction techniques have begun transforming the way that infrastructure, real estate, and other built assets can be designed, constructed, and operated in order to create a more attractive, energy-efficient, comfortable, affordable, safe, and sustainable built environment. Developments in materials and cutting-edge technologies (such as artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and biotechnology) have finally started to move the construction towards a new era. Massive changes are occurring as a result of the possibilities created by big data and the Internet of Things, along with the technological advances that are driving down the cost of sensors, data storage, and computer services. Construction 4.0: Advanced Technology, Tools and Materials for the Digital Transformation of the Construction Industry presents a thorough review of developments in materials, emerging trends, cutting-edge technologies, and strategies in the fields of smart building design, construction, and operation, providing the reader with a comprehensive guideline on how to exploit the new possibilities offered by the digital revolution. It will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, material scientists, and civil engineers, undergraduate and graduate students, and other professionals working in the fields of smart eco-efficient construction and cutting-edge technologies applied to construction. Features discussions on how nanomaterials, bio-based materials, and recycled materials are applied in the construction of buildings Analyzes the lifecycle of materials, buildings and design and construction operations Covers new methodologies and construction processes Provides case studies on cutting-edge digital technology such as AI and machine learning Examines all aspects of sustainability, including end-of-life of buildings

10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering Book

10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering


  • Author : Alper Ilki
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 2477
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030881665

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10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering Excerpt :

This volume highlights the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of FRP composites and structures, as presented by leading international researchers and engineers at the 10th International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE), held in Istanbul, Turkey on December 8-10, 2021. It covers a diverse range of topics such as All FRP structures; Bond and interfacial stresses; Concrete-filled FRP tubular members; Concrete structures reinforced or pre-stressed with FRP; Confinement; Design issues/guidelines; Durability and long-term performance; Fire, impact and blast loading; FRP as internal reinforcement; Hybrid structures of FRP and other materials; Materials and products; Seismic retrofit of structures; Strengthening of concrete, steel, masonry and timber structures; and Testing. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, present a wealth of exciting ideas that will open novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among different specialists.

Structures and Architecture   Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders Book

Structures and Architecture Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders


  • Author : Paulo J.S. Cruz
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351858151

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Structures and Architecture Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders Excerpt :

Structures and Architecture – Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders contains the lectures and papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Structures and Architecture (ICSA2019) that was held in Lisbon, Portugal, in July 2019. It also contains a multimedia device with the full texts of the lectures presented at the conference, including the 5 keynote lectures, and almost 150 selected contributions. The contributions on creative and scientific aspects in the conception and construction of structures, on advanced technologies and on complex architectural and structural applications represent a fine blend of scientific, technical and practical novelties in both fields. ICSA2019 covered all major aspects of structures and architecture, including: building envelopes/façades; comprehension of complex forms; computer and experimental methods; futuristic structures; concrete and masonry structures; educating architects and structural engineers; emerging technologies; glass structures; innovative architectural and structural design; lightweight and membrane structures; special structures; steel and composite structures; structural design challenges; tall buildings; the borderline between architecture and structural engineering; the history of the relationship between architects and structural engineers; the tectonic of architectural solutions; the use of new materials; timber structures, among others. This set of book and multimedia device is intended for a global readership of researchers and practitioners, including architects, structural and construction engineers, builders and building consultants, constructors, material suppliers and product manufacturers, and other professionals involved in the design and realization of architectural, structural and infrastructural projects.

2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition Book

2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition


  • Author : Kewei Liu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Bamboo construction
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030919900

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2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition Excerpt :

This volume builds upon the 2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition (IBCC 2019) from the Concepts to the Realized Pavilions. Several designed projects are described, and particular attention is devoted to the realized prototypes. It also presents the Bamboo Eye, an important example of architecture realized by INBAR for the 2019 Beijing Horticultural Expo. As such, the volume provides an overview of the use of bamboo poles and engineered bamboo products for temporary and normal constructions, and represents a compact review of the applications of bamboo poles and/or engineered bamboo products in the construction industry. This book will be of interest for researchers, architects and structural engineers in field of bamboo constructions.

Bamboo Polymer Nanocomposites Book

Bamboo Polymer Nanocomposites


  • Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030680909

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Bamboo Polymer Nanocomposites Excerpt :

This bookshows how to enhance somebamboopropertiesandthesurface treatmentsforobtaininghigh strength nanocomposites. It describes the tensile, flexural and impact strength, surface behaviour, morphological analysis, infrared spectral functional analysis and thermal properties analysis of manufacture nanocomposites. It also investigates the optimization of fabrication techniquesto prepare bamboo nanocomposites reinforcedwithvarious polymers. The book alsodescribesenvironmental impact analysis of bamboo nanocomposites. This book concludes with the nano-enhancement on bamboo species to produce nanocomposites and possibleusage of nanocomposites materials in terms of sustainability and economics.

Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates Book

Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates


  • Author : Manuel Correia Guedes
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-04-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 491
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030120368

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Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates Excerpt :

This book provides a comprehensive, hands-on approach to bioclimatic building design in Africa. Bioclimatic design is at the core of urban sustainability, and is a critical issue in Africa, where “imported” building typologies are being used at an increasing pace, disregarding the local context and consequently causing damage to the environment, to the economy, and to the culture itself. This book provides a concise set of sustainable design guidelines to be applied in both new buildings and the refurbishment of old buildings, and integrates bioclimatic design strategies with other sustainability issues such as: cultural aspects, affordability, and urban planning. Chapters are fully illustrated with photographs and drawings and include best-practice examples and strategies making it accessible to engineers, architects, students and a broad range of professionals in the building industry. Encompasses all climatic regions in Africa; Integrates bioclimatic design strategies with other sustainability issues; Discusses new design to refurbishment, from urban to rural, including office buildings, residential, tourism, social housing and self building.

Building Information Modelling  Building Performance  Design and Smart Construction Book

Building Information Modelling Building Performance Design and Smart Construction


  • Author : Mohammad Dastbaz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-03-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319503462

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Building Information Modelling Building Performance Design and Smart Construction Excerpt :

This book charts the path toward high performance sustainable buildings and the smart dwellings of the future. The volume clearly explains the principles and practices of high performance design, the uses of building information modelling (BIM), and the materials and methods of smart construction. Power Systems, Architecture, Material Science, Civil Engineering and Information Systems are all given consideration, as interdisciplinary endeavours are at the heart of this green building revolution.

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans Book

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans


  • Author : Paul O. Awoyera
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-12-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 499
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128241066

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The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans Excerpt :

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced with Fillers and Pozzolans presents a review on the use of by-products, fillers and pozzolanic materials in the development of concrete, with an emphasis on structural integrity. The volume is broken down into key sections, including a review of the types of materials that are used as latent hydraulic supplements, fillers and pozzolans for making recycled aggregate concrete, rheology and hydration phenomenon, the mechanical and microscale nature of concrete, and the impact of fillers and pozzolans on the workability of concrete with case studies. Durability and strength development are also discussed. The final section looks at issues such as performance effect, LCA, environmental impact, sustainability and cost benefit analysis. With detailed case studies throughout, this volume will provide useful information for all stakeholders involved in the built environment, including materials scientists, civil engineers, builders, architects and policymakers. Identifies several potential by-products, fillers and pozzolans for the development of durable concrete Acts as a guidebook for constructors and researchers working in the broad field of material science, engineering and in-situ application Presents the durability properties of concrete made of by-products, fillers and pozzolans