Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-12-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444595812

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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and may lead to self-organized structures, fluctuations, instabilities, and evolutionary systems. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Third Edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing the natural phenomena. This third edition updates and expands on the first and second editions by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. The new edition contains a new chapter on stochastic approaches to include the statistical thermodynamics, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems in thermodynamic analysis. This new addition also comes with more examples and practice problems. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts A useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs to analyze some nonequilibrium, coupled, evolutionary, stochastic, and dissipative processes Highlights fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical, and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis including fluctuation and information theories Has 198 fully solved examples and 287 practice problems An Instructor Resource containing the Solution Manual can be obtained from the author: ydemirel2@unl.edu

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : S. R. De Groot
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release Date : 2013-01-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9780486153506

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Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Classic monograph treats irreversible processes and phenomena of thermodynamics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Covers statistical foundations and applications with chapters on fluctuation theory, theory of stochastic processes, kinetic theory of gases, more.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2002-11-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080479729

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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

The book begins with a brief review of equilibrium systems and transport and rate processes, then covers the following areas: theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics; dissipation function; entropy and exergy; analysis and case studies on using the second law of thermodynamics; economic impact of the nonequilibrium thermodynamics theory; analysis of transport and rate processes; membrane transport; dissipative structures and biological systems; and other thermodynamic approaches and extended nonequilibrium thermodynamics. · Summarizes new applications of thermodynamics as tools for design and optimisation · Covers second law and exergy analysis for sustainable development · Promotes understanding of the coupled phenomena of natural processes

Understanding Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Understanding Non equilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Georgy Lebon
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-01-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540742524

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Understanding Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Discover the many facets of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The first part of this book describes the current thermodynamic formalism recognized as the classical theory. The second part focuses on different approaches. Throughout the presentation, the emphasis is on problem-solving applications. To help build your understanding, some problems have been analyzed using several formalisms to underscore their differences and their similarities.

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I Book

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I


  • Author : Rouslan L. Stratonovich
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642773433

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Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I Excerpt :

This book gives the first detailed coherent treatment of a relatively young branch of statistical physics - nonlinear nonequilibrium and fluctuation-dissipative thermo dynamics. This area of research has taken shape fairly recently: its development began in 1959. The earlier theory -linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics - is in principle a simple special case of the new theory. Despite the fact that the title of this book includes the word "nonlinear", it also covers the results of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The presentation of the linear and nonlinear theories is done within a common theoretical framework that is not subject to the linearity condition. The author hopes that the reader will perceive the intrinsic unity of this discipline, and the uniformity and generality of its constituent parts. This theory has a wide variety of applications in various domains of physics and physical chemistry, enabling one to calculate thermal fluctuations in various nonlinear systems. The book is divided into two volumes. Fluctuation-dissipation theorems (or relations) of various types (linear, quadratic and cubic, classical and quantum) are considered in the first volume. Here one encounters the Markov and non-Markov fluctuation-dissipation theorems (FDTs), theorems of the first, second and third kinds. Nonlinear FDTs are less well known than their linear counterparts.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Systems Book

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Systems


  • Author : Signe Kjelstrup
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 451
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812779137

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Non equilibrium Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Systems Excerpt :

The purpose of this book is to encourage the use of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to describe transport in complex, heterogeneous media. With large coupling effects between the transport of heat, mass, charge and chemical reactions at surfaces, it is important to know how one should properly integrate across systems where different phases are in contact. No other book gives a prescription of how to set up flux equations for transports across heterogeneous systems.The authors apply the thermodynamic description in terms of excess densities, developed by Gibbs for equilibrium, to non-equilibrium systems. The treatment is restricted to transport into and through the surface. Using local equilibrium together with the balance equations for the surface, expressions for the excess entropy production of the surface and of the contact line are derived. Many examples are given to illustrate how the theory can be applied to coupled transport of mass, heat, charge and chemical reactions; in phase transitions, at electrode surfaces and in fuel cells. Molecular simulations and analytical studies are used to add insight.

Statistical Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes Book

Statistical Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes


  • Author : Joel Keizer
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461210542

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Statistical Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes Excerpt :

The structure of the theory ofthermodynamics has changed enormously since its inception in the middle of the nineteenth century. Shortly after Thomson and Clausius enunciated their versions of the Second Law, Clausius, Maxwell, and Boltzmann began actively pursuing the molecular basis of thermo dynamics, work that culminated in the Boltzmann equation and the theory of transport processes in dilute gases. Much later, Onsager undertook the elucidation of the symmetry oftransport coefficients and, thereby, established himself as the father of the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Com bining the statistical ideas of Gibbs and Langevin with the phenomenological transport equations, Onsager and others went on to develop a consistent statistical theory of irreversible processes. The power of that theory is in its ability to relate measurable quantities, such as transport coefficients and thermodynamic derivatives, to the results of experimental measurements. As powerful as that theory is, it is linear and limited in validity to a neighborhood of equilibrium. In recent years it has been possible to extend the statistical theory of nonequilibrium processes to include nonlinear effects. The modern theory, as expounded in this book, is applicable to a wide variety of systems both close to and far from equilibrium. The theory is based on the notion of elementary molecular processes, which manifest themselves as random changes in the extensive variables characterizing a system. The theory has a hierarchical character and, thus, can be applied at various levels of molecular detail.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Istvan Gyarmati
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642510670

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Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Although nearly three years have elapsed since the publication of this work in Hungarian, it was decided to publish the English edition in the same form as the original, apart from some minor modifications. Since, recent research has been directed to the development of an exact theory of non-linear irreversible processes; we suggest to readers interested in similar tasks - such as the continuation of this boo- that they should study some new publications: "On the most general form of the Thermodynamic Integral Principle", Z. phys. Chem. 239 (1968) 133, and particularly: "On the Governing Principle of Dissi pative Processes", Ann. Phys. 7 (1969) 23. I have to thank my wife and Mr. W.F.HEINZ for the translation of the very concise Hungarian text. I also wish to express my gratitude to Dr. L.KARADI and Mr. Gy. VINCZE for reading the typescript with such care and to Mrs. A. R6sZLER, who typed the manuscript with great patience. I am deeply indebted to Professor ISTVAN SZABO for making this edition available so quickly and for including my work in the "En gineering Science Library". Finally, I would like to express my thanks to Springer-Verlag for the excellent edition and to the editorial staff for their readiness to meet my wishes.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy Book

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy


  • Author : Axel Kleidon
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2004-11-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 3540224955

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Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy Excerpt :

The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Book

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics


  • Author : Phil Attard
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199662760

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Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Excerpt :

This title builds from basic principles to advanced techniques, and covers the major phenomena, methods, and results of time-dependent systems. It is a pedagogic introduction, a comprehensive reference manual, and an original research monograph--

Extended Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Extended Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Hatim Machrafi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351021937

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Extended Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics provides powerful tools departing not from empirical or statistical considerations but from fundamental thermodynamic laws, proposing final solutions that are readily usable and recognizable for students, researchers and industry. The book deals with methods that allow combining easily the present theory with other fields of science, such as fluid and solid mechanics, heat and mass transfer processes, electricity and thermoelectricity, and so on. Not only are such combinations facilitated, but they are incorporated into the developments in such a way that they become part of the theory. This book aims at providing for a systematic presentation of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in nanosystems with a high degree of applicability. Furthermore, the book deals with how physical properties of systems behave as a function of their size. Moreover, it provides for a systematic approach to understand the behavior of thermal, electrical, thermoelectric, photovoltaic and nanofluid properties in nanosystems. Experimental results are used to validate the theory, the comparison is analysed, justified and discussed, and the theory is then again used to understand better experimental observations. The new developments in this book, being recognizable in relation with familiar concepts, should make it appealing for academics and researchers to teach and apply and graduate students to use. The text in this book is intended to bring attention to how the theory can be applied to real-life applications in nanoscaled environments. Case studies, and applications of theories, are explored including thereby nanoporous systems, solar panels, nanomedicine drug permeation and properties of nanoporous scaffolds. Explores new generalized thermodynamic models Provides introductory context of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics within classical thermodynamics, theoretical fundamentals and several applications in nanosystems Provides for a systema

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics II Book

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics II


  • Author : Rouslan L. Stratonovich
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 225
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662030707

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Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics II Excerpt :

This two-volume work gives the first detailed coherent treatment of a relatively young branch of statistical physics - nonlinear nonequilibrium and fluctuational dissipative thermodynamics. This area of research has taken shape rather recently: its de~elopment began in 1959. The earlier theory - linear nonequilibrium ther modynamics - is in principle a simple special case of the new theory. Despite the fact that the title of the book includes the word 'nonlinear', it also covers the results of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The presentation of the linear and nonlinear theories is done within a common theoretical framework that is not subject to the linearity condition. The author hopes that the reader will perceive the intrinsic unjty of this dis cipline, the uniformity and generality of its constituent parts. This theory has a wide variety of applications in various domains of physics and physical chemistry, enabling one to calculate thermal fluctuations in various nonlinear systems. The book is divided into two volumes. Fluctuation-dissipation theorems (or relations) of various types (linear, quadratic and cubic, classical and quantum) are considered in the first volume. There one encounters the Markov and non-Markov fluctuation-dissipation theorems (FDTs), theorems of the first, second and third kinds. Nonlinear FDTs are less known than their linear counterparts. The present second volume of the book deals with the advanced theory. It consists of four chapters. The connection and interdependence of the material in the various chapters of both volumes are illustrated in the accompanying diagram.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Fluctuation Kinetics Book

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Fluctuation Kinetics


  • Author : Léon Brenig
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-11-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN 10 : 9783031044588

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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Fluctuation Kinetics Excerpt :

This book addresses research challenges in the rapidly developing area of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and fluctuation kinetics. This cross-disciplinary field comprises various topics, ranging from fundamental problems of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and thermodynamics to multiple applications in plasma, fluid mechanics, nonlinear science, systems of dissipative particles, and high-Q resonators. The purpose of this book is to bring together world-leading experts in the above fields to initiate a cross-fertilization among these active research areas. The book is dedicated to and honours the memory of Professor Slava Belyi who passed away unexpectedly on May 20, 2020. He was pioneering the theory of nonequilibrium fluctuations, in particular the application of the Callen-Welton fluctuation-dissipation theorem to nonequilibrium systems and its generalization. This and related problems also feature in the book.