Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Book

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering


  • Author : Ian Crossland
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-09-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096388

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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Excerpt :

The nuclear fuel cycle is characterised by the wide range of scientific disciplines and technologies it employs. The development of ever more integrated processes across the many stages of the nuclear fuel cycle therefore confronts plant manufacturers and operators with formidable challenges. Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering describes both the key features of the complete nuclear fuel cycle and the wealth of recent research in this important field. Part one provides an introduction to the nuclear fuel cycle. Radiological protection, security and public acceptance of nuclear technology are considered, along with the economics of nuclear power. Part two goes on to explore materials mining, enrichment, fuel element design and fabrication for the uranium and thorium nuclear fuel cycle. The impact of nuclear reactor design and operation on fuel element irradiation is the focus of part three, including water and gas-cooled reactors, along with CANDU and Generation IV designs. Finally, part four reviews spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering provides an important review for all those involved in the design, fabrication, use and disposal of nuclear fuels as well as regulatory bodies and researchers in this field. Provides a comprehensive and holistic review of the complete nuclear fuel cycle Reviews the issues presented by the nuclear fuel cycle, including radiological protection and security, public acceptance and economic analysis Discusses issues at the front-end of the fuel cycle, including uranium and thorium mining, enrichment and fuel design and fabrication

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Book

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering


  • Author : Damien FERON
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-02-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1072
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095343

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Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Excerpt :

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monito

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment Book
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Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment


  • Author : Kenneth L Nash
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-03-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857092274

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Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment Excerpt :

Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment process

Nuclear Engineering Book

Nuclear Engineering


  • Author : Malcolm Joyce
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2017-09-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081010518

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Nuclear Engineering Excerpt :

Nuclear Engineering: A Conceptual Introduction to Nuclear Power provides coverage of the introductory, salient principles of nuclear engineering in a comprehensive manner for those entering the profession at the end of their degree. The nuclear power industry is undergoing a renaissance because of the desire for low-carbon baseload electricity, the growing population, and environmental concerns about shale gas, so this book is a welcomed addition to the science. In addition, users will find a great deal of information on the change in the industry, along with other topical areas of interest that are uniquely covered. Intended for undergraduate students or early postgraduate students studying nuclear engineering, this new text will also be appealing to scientifically-literate non-experts wishing to be better informed about the ‘nuclear option'. Presents a succinct and clear explanation of the key facts and concepts on how nuclear engineering power systems function and how their related fuel supply cycles operate Provides full coverage of the nuclear fuel cycle, including its scientific and historical basis Describes a comprehensive range of relevant reactor designs, from those that are defunct, current, and in plan/construction for the future, including SMRs and GenIV Summarizes all major accidents and their impact on the industry and society

Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Book

Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle


  • Author : Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2009-01-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 0309185947

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Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Excerpt :

The so-called nuclear renaissance has increased worldwide interest in nuclear power. This potential growth also has increased, in some quarters, concern that nonproliferation considerations are not being given sufficient attention. In particular, since introduction of many new power reactors will lead to requiring increased uranium enrichment services to provide the reactor fuel, the proliferation risk of adding enrichment facilities in countries that do not have them now led to proposals to provide the needed fuel without requiring indigenous enrichment facilities. Similar concerns exist for reprocessing facilities. Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle summarizes key issues and analyses of the topic, offers some criteria for evaluating options, and makes findings and recommendations to help the United States, the Russian Federation, and the international community reduce proliferation and other risks, as nuclear power is used more widely. This book is intended for all those who are concerned about the need for assuring fuel for new reactors and at the same time limiting the spread of nuclear weapons. This audience includes the United States and Russia, other nations that currently supply nuclear material and technology, many other countries contemplating starting or growing nuclear power programs, and the international organizations that support the safe, secure functioning of the international nuclear fuel cycle, most prominently the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing Book

Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing


  • Author : Reid Peterson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429882548

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Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing Excerpt :

Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing provides insight into the fundamentals of separations in nuclear materials processing not covered in typical texts. This book integrates fuel cycle and waste processing into a single, coherent approach, demonstrating that the principles from one field can and should be applied to the other. It provides historical perspectives on nuclear materials processing, current assessment and challenges, and how past challenges were overcome. It also provides understanding of the engineering principles associated with handling nuclear materials. This book is aimed at researchers, graduate students, and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, nuclear engineering, and materials engineering.

The Future of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Book

The Future of Nuclear Fuel Cycle


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Energy policy
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN 10 : 0982800843

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The Future of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Excerpt :

"In this analysis we have presented a method that provides insight into future fuel cycle alternatives by clarifying the complexity of choosing an appropriate fuel cycle in the context of the distribution of burdens and benefits between generations. The current nuclear power deployment practices, together with three future fuel cycles were assessed."--Page 227.

Nuclear Engineering Handbook  Second Edition Book

Nuclear Engineering Handbook Second Edition


  • Author : Kenneth D. Kok
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 978
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315356303

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Nuclear Engineering Handbook Second Edition Excerpt :

Building upon the success of the first edition, the Nuclear Engineering Handbook, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of nuclear power engineering. Consisting of chapters written by leading experts, this volume spans a wide range of topics in the areas of nuclear power reactor design and operation, nuclear fuel cycles, and radiation detection. Plant safety issues are addressed, and the economics of nuclear power generation in the 21st century are presented. The Second Edition also includes full coverage of Generation IV reactor designs, and new information on MRS technologies, small modular reactors, and fast reactors.

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel Book

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel


  • Author : Robin Taylor
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-04-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422174

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Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel Excerpt :

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles. Part One introduces the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues. Parts Two and Three focus on aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods, while final chapters consider the cross-cutting aspects of engineering and process chemistry and the potential for implementation of advanced closed fuel cycles in different parts of the world. Expert introduction to the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel Detailed overview of past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues A lucid exploration of aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods

Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry Book

Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry


  • Author : Victor Nian
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128182574

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Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry Excerpt :

Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry: State of the art and future challenges presents an overview of a wide ranging scientific, engineering, policy, regulatory, and legal issues facing the nuclear power industry. Editor Victor Nian and his team of contributors deliver a much needed review of the latest developments in safety, security and safeguards (“Three S’s ) as well as other related and important subject matters within and beyond the nuclear power industry. This book is particularly insightful to countries with an interest in developing a nuclear power industry as well as countries where education to improve society’s opinion on nuclear energy is crucial to its future success. Advanced Security and Safeguarding in the Nuclear Power Industry covers the foundations of nuclear power production as well as the benefits and impacts of radiation to human society, international conventions, treaties, and standards on the “Three S’s , emergency preparedness and response, and civil liability in the event of a nuclear accident. The socio-technical and economic risks of civilian and military applications of atomic energy Putting into perspective the hazards of radioactive sources and health impacts of exposure to radiation Prevention and protection against severe nuclear accidents with a much needed update on lessons learnt from “Fukushima International conventions, treaties, legal frameworks, standards and best practices on “Three S’s , emergency preparedness and response, and civil liability Evolving technological and institutional challenges facing the nuclear power industry in the future

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Book

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization


  • Author : Salah Ud-Din Khan
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-06-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128189436

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Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Excerpt :

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region’s goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies Book

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies


  • Author : Michael I Ojovan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-01-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857090959

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Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies Excerpt :

Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies. The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms. With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle. Provides a comprehen

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry Book

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry


  • Author : Markus H.A. Piro
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-03-20
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081026519

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Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry Excerpt :

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and regulators, this book will provide the reader with a single reference from which to learn the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and radiochemistry. Consolidates the latest research on nuclear fuel chemistry into one comprehensive reference, covering all aspects of traditional and non-traditional nuclear fuel cycles Includes contributions from world-renowned experts from many countries representing government, industry and academia Covers a variety of fuel designs, including conventional uranium dioxide, mixed oxides, research reactor fuels, and molten salt fuels Written by experts with hands-on experience in the development of such designs

Fundamentals of the Neutron Flux Book

Fundamentals of the Neutron Flux


  • Author : Ned Xoubi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-10-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 0323908632

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Fundamentals of the Neutron Flux Excerpt :

Fundamentals of the Neutron Flux: Science, Technology and Applications is a unique reference which presents the study of nuclear science and engineering from the neutron flux perspective. It sharpens the reader's ability to develop creative solutions to complex problems and design challenges, using analytics, simulations and practical examples. It guides the reader through the modelling and evaluation of the neutron flux using nuclear and computational tools, giving them a well-rounded understanding of the neutron flux fundamentals, analysis and applications. The inclusion of case studies and practical examples from a variety of types of nuclear reactor, and the inclusion of practical solutions, empowers the reader to make sound decisions using computational, experimental and analytical tools to design, analyze and characterize new and advanced nuclear systems. This reference equips reactor designers and those working in innovative nuclear technologies with a solid understanding of the neutron flux and how it impacts on the design and operation of a nuclear power plant. It offers sounds guidance to those working and researching the neutron flux across a variety of disciplines, including submarine reactors and space generated neutrons. Presents the study of nuclear science and engineering from the neutron flux perspective and helps the reader develop creative solutions to common challenges Guides the reader through the modelling and evaluation of the neutron flux using nuclear and computational codes Includes case studies and practical examples from a variety of reactor type throughout