Nucleation and Growth of Metals Book

Nucleation and Growth of Metals


  • Author : Paul-Henri Haumesser
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-07-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081012031

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Nucleation and Growth of Metals Excerpt :

Nucleation and Growth of Metals: From Thin Films to Nanoparticles explores how nucleation and growth phenomena condition the morphology and related characteristics of metallic thin films and nanoparticles to help control the functional properties of these objects. The book brings a rigorous theoretical approach to nucleation and growth phenomena, with a particular focus on the essential aspects and outcomes of this theory. The author explores a general framework for the nucleation and growth of condensed phases from liquid solutions. Practical situations are extensively described, providing state-of-the art information on Cu electroplating and related processes for the fabrication of advanced interconnects and elaboration of metallic nanoparticles. Derives the basic equations of nucleation from fundamental thermodynamic and kinetic relations Explores the main outcomes of a range of nucleation theories Features practical examples to further develop the theoretical aspects Provides state-of-the art information on Cu electroplating and related processes for the fabrication of advanced interconnects and elaboration of metallic nanoparticles

New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth Book

New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth


  • Author : Alexander E.S. Van Driessche
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319456690

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New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth Excerpt :

In the last decade, numerous studies have demonstrated the existence of alternative pathways to nucleation and crystallisation that oppose the classical view. Such proposed scenarios include multistage reactions proceeding via various precursor species and/or intermediate phases. The aim of this book is to review and discuss these recent advances in our understanding of the early stages of mineralisation through a series of contributions that address both experimental and theoretical studies about the formation and nature of initial precursor species (e.g., prenucleation clusters, dense liquid phases, amorphous nanoparticles, etc.) as well as their transformations leading to the stable mineral phase. Several chapters are devoted to cutting-edge analytical techniques used for investigating the above processes in situ, in real time and at conditions relevant to both natural and industrial processes. At the end of the book, the editors summarize the key questions that still need to be addressed in order to establish a complete picture of the nucleation and growth processes involved during the formation of minerals

Nucleation and Crystal Growth Book

Nucleation and Crystal Growth


  • Author : Keshra Sangwal
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-07-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119461586

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Nucleation and Crystal Growth Excerpt :

A unique text presenting practical information on the topic of nucleation and crystal growth processes from metastable solutions and melts Nucleation and Crystal Growth is a groundbreaking text thatoffers an overview and description of the processes and phenomena associated with metastability of solutions and melts. The author—a noted expert in the field—puts the emphasis on low-temperature solutions that are typically involved in crystallization in a wide range of industries. The text begins with a review of the basic knowledge of solutions and the fundamentals of crystallization processes. The author then explores topics related to the metastable state of solutions and melts from the standpoint of three-dimensional nucleation and crystal growth. Nucleation and Crystal Growth is the first text that contains a unified description and discussion of the many processes and phenomena occurring in the metastable zone of solutions and melts from the consideration of basic concepts of structure of crystallization. This important text: Outlines an interdisciplinary approach to the topic and offers an essential guide for crystal growth practitioners in materials science, physics, and chemical engineering Contains a comprehensive content that details the crystallization processes starting from the initial solutions and melts, all the way through nucleation, to the final crystal products Presents a unique focus and is the first book on understanding, and exploiting, metastability of solutions and melts in crystallization processes Written for specialists and researchers in the fields of materials science, condensed matter physics, and chemical engineering. Nucleation and Crystal Growth is a practical resource filled with hands-on knowledge of nucleation and crystal growth processes from metastable solutions and melts.

Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Book

Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes


  • Author : John Venables
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2000-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 0521785006

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Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Excerpt :

Graduate textbook and sourcebook on surface and thin film processes, with links to the World Wide Web.

Solidification and Solid State Transformations of Metals and Alloys Book

Solidification and Solid State Transformations of Metals and Alloys


  • Author : Maria Jose Quintana Hernandez
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-03-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128126080

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Solidification and Solid State Transformations of Metals and Alloys Excerpt :

Solidification and Solid-State Transformations of Metals and Alloys describes solidification and the industrial problems presented when manufacturing structural parts by casting, or semi-products for forging, in order to obtain large, flat or specifically shaped parts. Solidification follows the nucleation and growth model, which will also be applied in solid-state transformations, such as those taking place because of changes in solubility and allotropy or changes produced by recrystallization. It also explains the heat treatments that, through controlled heating, holding and cooling, allow the metals to have specific structures and properties. It also describes the correct interpretation of phase diagrams so the reader can comprehend the behaviour of iron, aluminium, copper, lead, tin, nickel, titanium, etc. and the alloys between them or with other metallic or metalloid elements. This book can be used by graduate and undergraduate students, as well as physicists, chemists and engineers who wish to study the subject of Metallic Materials and Physical Metallurgy, specifically industrial applications where casting of metals and alloys, as well as heat treatments are relevant to the quality assurance of manufacturing processes. It will be especially useful for readers with little to no knowledge on the subject, and who are looking for a book that addresses the fundamentals of manufacturing, treatment and properties of metals and alloys. Uses theoretical formulas to obtain realistic data from industrial operations Includes detailed explanations of chemical, physical and thermodynamic phenomena to allow for a more accessible approach that will appeal to a wider audience Utilizes micrographs to illustrate and demonstrate different solidification and transformation processes

Electrocrystallization Book

Electrocrystallization


  • Author : Alexander Milchev
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-05-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN 10 : 9780306475528

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Electrocrystallization Excerpt :

“Electrocrystallization is a particular case of a first order phase transition” and “Electrocrystallization is a particular case of electrochemical kinetics” are two statements that I have heard and read many times. I do not like them for a simple reason: it is annoying to see that the subject to which you have devoted more than 30 years of your life may be considered as a “particular case”. Therefore, I decided to write this book in which Electrocrystallization is the main subject. To become competent in the field of Electrocrystallization one should possess knowledge of Electrochemistry, Nucleation and Crystal Growth, which means knowledge of Physical Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. That is certainly difficult and in most cases those who study Electrocrystallization are either more electrochemists, or more physical chemists, or more physicists, very often depending on whom has been their teacher. Of course, there are scientists who consider themselves equally good in all those fields. Very frequently they are, unfortunately, equally bad. The difference is essential but strange enough, it is sometimes not easy to realize the truth immediately.

The Handbook of Surface Imaging and Visualization Book

The Handbook of Surface Imaging and Visualization


  • Author : Arthur T. Hubbard
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1995-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 950
  • ISBN 10 : 0849389119

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The Handbook of Surface Imaging and Visualization Excerpt :

This exciting new handbook investigates the characterization of surfaces. It emphasizes experimental techniques for imaging of solid surfaces and theoretical strategies for visualization of surfaces, areas in which rapid progress is currently being made. This comprehensive, unique volume is the ideal reference for researchers needing quick access to the latest developments in the field and an excellent introduction to students who want to acquaint themselves with the behavior of electrons, atoms, molecules, and thin-films at surfaces. It's all here, under one cover! The Handbook of Surface Imaging and Visualization is filled with sixty-four of the most powerful techniques for characterization of surfaces and interfaces in the material sciences, medicine, biology, geology, chemistry, and physics. Each discussion is easy to understand, succinct, yet incredibly informative. Data illustrate present research in each area of study. A wide variety of the latest experimental and theoretical approaches are included with both practical and fundamental objectives in mind. Key references are included for the reader's convenience for locating the most recent and useful work on each topic. Readers are encouraged to contact the authors or consult the references for additional information. This is the best ready reference available today. It is a perfect source book or supplemental text on the subject.

Crystal Growth for Beginners Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Crystal Growth for Beginners


  • Author : Ivan V. Markov
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812382450

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Crystal Growth for Beginners Excerpt :

This is the first-ever textbook on the fundamentals of nucleation, crystal growth and epitaxy. It has been written from a unified point of view and is thus a non-eclectic presentation of this interdisciplinary topic in materials science. The reader is required to possess some basic knowledge of mathematics and physics. All formulae and equations are accompanied by examples that are of technological importance. The book presents not only the fundamentals but also the state of the art in the subject. The second revised edition includes two separate chapters dealing with the effect of the Enrich-Schwoebel barrier for down-step diffusion, as well as the effect of surface active species, on the morphology of the growing surfaces. In addition, many other chapters are updated accordingly. Thus, it serves as a valuable reference book for both graduate students and researchers in materials science.

Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis Book

Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis


  • Author : Franklin Tao
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2014-06-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782621034

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Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis Excerpt :

Catalysis is a central topic in chemical transformation and energy conversion. Thanks to the spectacular achievements of colloidal chemistry and the synthesis of nanomaterials over the last two decades, there have also been significant advances in nanoparticle catalysis. Catalysis on different metal nanostructures with well-defined structures and composition has been extensively studied. Metal nanocrystals synthesized with colloidal chemistry exhibit different catalytic performances in contrast to metal nanoparticles prepared with impregnation or deposition precipitation. Additionally, theoretical approaches in predicting catalysis performance and understanding catalytic mechanism on these metal nanocatalysts have made significant progress. Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis is a comprehensive text on catalysis on Nanoparticles, looking at both their synthesis and applications. Chapter topics include nanoreactor catalysis; Pd nanoparticles in C-C coupling reactions; metal salt-based gold nanocatalysts; theoretical insights into metal nanocatalysts; and nanoparticle mediated clock reaction. This book bridges the gap between nanomaterials synthesis and characterization, and catalysis. As such, this text will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers in these exciting fields.

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization Book

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization


  • Author : Allan Myerson
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2002-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 0080533515

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Handbook of Industrial Crystallization Excerpt :

Crystallization is an important separation and purification process used in industries ranging from bulk commodity chemicals to specialty chemicals and pharmaceuticals. In recent years, a number of environmental applications have also come to rely on crystallization in waste treatment and recycling processes. The authors provide an introduction to the field of newcomers and a reference to those involved in the various aspects of industrial crystallization. It is a complete volume covering all aspects of industrial crystallization, including material related to both fundamentals and applications. This new edition presents detailed material on crystallization of biomolecules, precipitation, impurity-crystal interactions, solubility, and design. Provides an ideal introduction for industrial crystallization newcomers Serves as a worthwhile reference to anyone involved in the field Covers all aspects of industrial crystallization in a single, complete volume

Laser and Electron Beam Processing of Materials Book

Laser and Electron Beam Processing of Materials


  • Author : C.W. White
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 788
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323142533

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Laser and Electron Beam Processing of Materials Excerpt :

Laser and Electron Beam Processing of Materials contains the papers presented at the symposium on "Laser and Electron Beam Processing of Materials," held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in November 1979, sponsored by the Materials Research Society. The compilation presents reports and research papers on the use of directed energy sources, such as lasers and electron beams for materials processing. The majority of the materials presented emphasize results on semiconductor materials research. Substantial findings on research on metals, alloys, and other materials are presented as well. Topics covered by the papers include the use of scanned cw sources (both photons and electrons) to recrystallize amorphous layers, enhanced substitutional solubility, solute trapping, zone refining of impurities, and constitutional supercooling. The use of lasers and electron beams to anneal ion implant damage and contacts formation, processing of ion-implanted metals, and surface alloying of films deposited on metallic surfaces are also discussed. Metallurgists, engineers, and materials scientists will find the book very insightful.

Electrocrystallization Book

Electrocrystallization


  • Author : Alexander Milchev
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
  • Release Date : 2002-06-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 140207090X

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Electrocrystallization Excerpt :

The book is an up-to-date introduction to the fundamentals of the initial stages of Electrocrystallization, which are dominated by nucleation and growth of the first clusters of the new phase. It offers a readable exposition of the topic, in simple terms, providing a detailed theoretical description of the phenomena involved. The most relevant aspects of the experimental studies of electrochemical nucleation and growth are considered, as well, including some important methods for acquiring and analyzing experimental results. Having specific properties quite different from those of bulk materials, these small, nano-clusters have always attracted considerable attention, and many sophisticated methods have been developed for cluster studies. In spite of this, information on small clusters can still be obtained by simple experiments, and the book shows that Electrocrystallization is unique in this respect. In this special case the phase change may be controlled experimentally by controlling the voltage and current, two simple and easily measurable electrical quantities. Certainly, this is what makes electrochemical systems an attractive object of study both from a scientific and from a practical point of view.

Material and Environmental Science  Building Engineering  Biomedical and Bioinformatics Technologies Book

Material and Environmental Science Building Engineering Biomedical and Bioinformatics Technologies


  • Author : H.W. Liu
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release Date : 2013-09-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038261896

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Material and Environmental Science Building Engineering Biomedical and Bioinformatics Technologies Excerpt :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Advanced Engineering Materials and Architecture Science (ICAEMAS 2013), July 27-28, 2013, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China. The 163 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Material Science and Engineering; Chapter 2: Civil Engineering, Building and Construction Materials and Technologies, Architecture and Geo-engineering Applications; Chapter 3: Transportation and Traffic Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Urban and Landscape Planning; Chapter 4: Biomedical, Bioinformatics, Biology Systems and Medical Informatics; Chapter 5: Automation Methods in Industry and Manufacture, Modelling and Analysis; Chapter 6: Computing and Information Science; Chapter 7: Management Engineering.

Organometallic Chemistry Book

Organometallic Chemistry


  • Author : Ian J S Fairlamb
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2014-07-30
  • Genre: Reference
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN 10 : 9781849735834

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Organometallic Chemistry Excerpt :

A series of critical reviews and perspectives focussing on specific aspects of organometallic chemistry interfacing with other fields of study are provided. For this volume, the critical reviews cover topics such as the activation of "inert" carbon-hydrogen bonds, ligand design and organometallic radical species. For example, Charlie O'Hara discusses how mixed-metal compounds may perform the highly selective activation of C-H bonds and, in particular, how synergic relationships between various metals are crucial to this approach. The chemistry of a remarkable series of air-stable chiral primary phosphine ligands is discussed in some depth by Rachel Hiney, Arne Ficks, Helge M³ller-Bunz, Declan Gilheany and Lee Higham. This article focuses on the preparation of these ligands and also how they may be applied in various catalytic applications. Bas De Bruin reports on how ligand radical reactivity can be employed in synthetic organometallic chemistry and catalysis to achieve selectivity in radical-type transformations. As well as highlighting ligand-centered radical transformations in open-shell transition metals, an overview of the catalytic mechanism of Co(II)-catalysed olefin cyclopropanation is given, showing that enzyme-like cooperative metal-ligand-radical reactivity is no longer limited to real enzymes. Valuable and informative comprehensive reviews in the field of organometallic chemistry are also covered in this volume. For example, organolithium and organocuprate chemistry are reviewed by Joanna Haywood and Andrew Wheatley; aspects in Group 2 (Be-Ba) and Group 12 (Zn-Hg) compounds by Robert Less, Rebecca Melen and Dominic Wright; metal clusters by Mark Humphrey and Marie Cifuentes; and recent developments in the chemistry of the elements of Group 14 - focusing on low-coordination number compounds by Richard Layfield. This volume therefore covers many synthetic and applied aspects of modern organometallic chemistry which ought to be of interest to inorganic, or

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts


  • Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1976
  • Genre: Power resources
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OSU:32435025910423

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ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Excerpt :