Nucleation of Water Book

Nucleation of Water


  • Author : Ari Laaksonen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128143223

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Nucleation of Water Excerpt :

Nucleation of Water: From Fundamental Science to Atmospheric and Additional Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of the current state-of-the-art regarding the nucleation of water. It covers vapor-liquid, liquid-vapor, liquid-ice and vapor-ice transitions and describes basic kinetic and thermodynamic concepts in a manner understandable to researchers working on specific applications. The main focus of the book lies in atmospheric phenomena, but it also describes engineering and biological applications. Bubble nucleation, although not of major atmospheric relevance, is included for completeness. This book presents a single, go-to resource that will help readers understand the breadth and depth of nucleation, both in theory and in real-world examples. Offers a single, comprehensive work on water nucleation, including cutting- edge research on ice, cloud and bubble nucleation Written primarily for atmospheric scientists, but it also presents the theories in such a way that researchers in other disciplines will find it useful Written by one of the world’s foremost experts on ice nucleation

Ice Adhesion Book

Ice Adhesion


  • Author : K. L. Mittal
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-12-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119640370

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Ice Adhesion Excerpt :

This unique book presents ways to mitigate the disastrous effects of snow/ice accumulation and discusses the mechanisms of new coatings deicing technologies. The strategies currently used to combat ice accumulation problems involve chemical, mechanical or electrical approaches. These are expensive and labor intensive, and the use of chemicals raises serious environmental concerns. The availability of truly icephobic surfaces or coatings will be a big boon in preventing the devastating effects of ice accumulation. Currently, there is tremendous interest in harnessing nanotechnology in rendering surfaces icephobic or in devising icephobic surface materials and coatings, and all signals indicate that such interest will continue unabated in the future. As the key issue regarding icephobic materials or coatings is their durability, much effort is being spent in developing surface materials or coatings which can be effective over a long period. With the tremendous activity in this arena, there is strong hope that in the not too distant future, durable surface materials or coatings will come to fruition. This book contains 20 chapters by subject matter experts and is divided into three parts— Part 1: Fundamentals of Ice Formation and Characterization; Part 2: Ice Adhesion and Its Measurement; and Part 3: Methods to Mitigate Ice Adhesion. The topics covered include: factors influencing the formation, adhesion and friction of ice; ice nucleation on solid surfaces; physics of ice nucleation and growth on a surface; condensation frosting; defrosting properties of structured surfaces; relationship between surface free energy and ice adhesion to surfaces; metrology of ice adhesion; test methods for quantifying ice adhesion strength to surfaces; interlaboratory studies of ice adhesion strength; mechanisms of surface icing and deicing technologies; icephobicities of superhydrophobic surfaces; anti-icing using microstructured surfaces; icephobic surfaces: features and challenges;

Practical Meteorology Book

Practical Meteorology


  • Author : Roland Stull
  • Publisher : Sundog Publishing, LLC
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 942
  • ISBN 10 : 0888652836

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Practical Meteorology Excerpt :

A quantitative introduction to atmospheric science for students and professionals who want to understand and apply basic meteorological concepts but who are not ready for calculus.

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols Book

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols


  • Author : Colin D. O'Dowd
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1275
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402064746

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Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols Excerpt :

Atmospheric particles are ubiquitous in the atmosphere: they form the seeds for cloud droplets and they form haze layers, blocking out incoming radiation and contributing to a partial cooling of our climate. They also contribute to poor air quality and health impacts. A large fraction of aerosols are formed from nucleation processes – that is a phase transition from vapour to liquid or solid particles. Examples are the formation of stable clusters about 1 nm in size from molecular collisions and these in turn can grow into larger (100 nm or more) haze particles via condensation to the formation of ice crystals in mixed phase or cold clouds. This book brings together the leading experts from the nucleation and atmospheric aerosols research communities to present the current state-of-the-art knowledge in these related fields. Topics covered are: Nucleation Experiment & Theory, Binary, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Nucleation, Ion & Cluster Properties During Nucleation, Aerosol Characterisation & Properties, Aerosol Formation, Dynamics and Growth, Marine Aerosol Production, Aerosol-Cloud Interactions, Chemical Composition & Cloud Drop Activation, Remote Sensing of aerosol & clouds and Air Quality-Climate Interactions

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996 Book

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996


  • Author : M. Kulmala
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1996-08-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 967
  • ISBN 10 : 0080537820

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Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996 Excerpt :

This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 14th International Conference on Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols, Helsinki, 26 - 30 August 1996. The first conference of this series took place in Dublin (1955); second, Basel and Locarno (1956); third, Cambridge (1958); fourth, Frankfurt am Main and Heidelberg (1961); fifth, Clermont-Ferrand and Tolouse (1963); sixth, Albany and University Park (1966); seventh, Prague and Vienna (1969); eighth, Leningrad (1973); ninth, Galway (1977); tenth, Hamburg (1981); eleventh Budapest (1984); twelfth, Vienna (1988); thirteenth, Salt Lake City (1992). The Atmospheric Aerosol conference has been held jointly with the Nucleation Symposium since 1988 in Vienna in order to stimulate contacts between researchers in these closely related fields. The broad nature of the meeting and the scientific program resulted in 32 countries submitting papers for presentation. Covering both experimental and theoretical studies these papers are divided amongst the chapters on Nucleation, Stratospheric Aerosols and Ice Nucleation, Tropospheric Aerosols and Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interaction. In addition to these contributed papers invitations to present a plenary lecture on topics of particular current interest were accepted by P.J. Crutzen, J. Gras, J.L. Katz, A.A. Lushnikov, D. Oxtoby, J.E. Penner, Th. Peter, F. Raes, S.E. Schwartz, R. Strey and G. Vali. These plenary papers together with the contributed papers provide a well-balanced perspective of the current research over the entire field and highlight some important issues.

Anomalous Water  Nucleation  Growth and Properties Book

Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties


  • Author : George K. Swinzow
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1971
  • Genre: Polywater
  • Pages : 37
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D03547074G

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Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties Excerpt :

An anomalous liquid phase forming in an atmosphere of reduced water vapor pressure was investigated. The liquid was grown in capillary tubes. Technical experimental refinements resulted in high nucleation rates not previously observed. An examination of vapor pressures disclosed the relationship of nucleation growth and equilibria of anomalous water. The possibility of nucleation and growth of anomalous water on flat surfaces was confirmed by observation. Anomalous water was nucleated and grown on glass, quartz, Teflon, polyethylene and metal. Growth rates on free flat surfaces were higher, and the total amount of fluid obtained was several orders of magnitude higher, than those obtained from capillary tubes. Refractive indexes and other properties were measured directly. The new method of growing anomalous water outside capillary tubes is an advantage that may lead to large-scale production. Neither investigation of nor conclusion on the nature of the substance was made. Its low freezing temperature, high boiling temperature, low vapor pressure and high viscosity, reported by previous investigators and observed by the author, are of primary importance and justify a search for large-scale preparation methods. (Author).

Handbook of Weather  Climate  and Water Book

Handbook of Weather Climate and Water


  • Author : Thomas D. Potter
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2003-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1030
  • ISBN 10 : 9780471214908

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Handbook of Weather Climate and Water Excerpt :

This comprehensive, two-volume review of the atmospheric and hydrologic sciences promises to be the definitive reference for both professionals and laypersons for years to come. Volume I addresses atmospheric dynamics, physical meteorology, weather systems, and measurements, while Volume II contains information on the climate system, atmospheric chemistry, hydrology, and societal impacts.

Saline Water Conversion Report for     Book

Saline Water Conversion Report for


  • Author : United States. Office of Saline Water
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1966
  • Genre: Saline water conversion
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015068094112

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Saline Water Conversion Report for Excerpt :

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation Book

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation


  • Author : Pao K. Wang
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-03-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107005563

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Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation Excerpt :

New textbook on microphysics, thermodynamics and cloud-scale dynamics of clouds and precipitation, for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers and professionals.

Principles of Solidification Book

Principles of Solidification


  • Author : Bruce Chalmers
  • Publisher : Krieger Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 1977
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN 10 : CORNELL:31924004034116

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Principles of Solidification Excerpt :

Thermodynamics  Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds Book

Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds


  • Author : Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-08-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 801
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107016033

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Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds Excerpt :

This book advances understanding of cloud microphysics and provides a unified theoretical foundation for modeling cloud processes, for researchers and advanced students.

Aerosols Book

Aerosols


  • Author : V. Alexander STEFAN, Editor
  • Publisher : Stefan University Press
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781889545264

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Aerosols Excerpt :

Nucleation Theory Book

Nucleation Theory


  • Author : V.I. Kalikmanov
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-11-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048136438

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Nucleation Theory Excerpt :

One of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics is the occurrence of abrupt transitions in the structure of a substance at certain temperatures or pressures. These are first order phase transitions, and examples such as the freezing of water are familiar in everyday life. The conditions at which the transformation takes place can sometimes vary. For example, the freezing point of water is not always 0°C, but the liquid can be supercooled considerably if it is pure enough and treated carefully. The reason for this phenomenon is nucleation. This monograph covers all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena (phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories, microscopic and semi-microscopic approaches), with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. Also, it illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems. In spite of the familiarity of the involved phenomena, it is still impossible to calculate nucleation accurately, as the properties and the kinetics of the daughter phase are insufficiently well known. Existing theories based upon classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. The current challenge of this book is to go beyond such classical models and provide a more satisfactory theory by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations in order to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed, which attempt to relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases. This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in soft condensed matter physics and chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and