On the Animal Masks in the Autobiographical Graphic Novel  MAUS  by Art Spiegelman Book

On the Animal Masks in the Autobiographical Graphic Novel MAUS by Art Spiegelman


  • Author : Özlem Arslan
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-07-23
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 20
  • ISBN 10 : 3346023516

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On the Animal Masks in the Autobiographical Graphic Novel MAUS by Art Spiegelman Excerpt :

Seminar paper from the year 2019 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Wuppertal (Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften), course: The Holocaust in Eastern Europe in History and American Literature, language: English, abstract: This term paper aims to examine the function of the animal masks in Art Spiegelman's graphic novel "Maus" with the question in mind whether it trivializes the Holocaust or not. The paper will begin with an introduction to the different types of animal heads and the possible reasons for the choice of the artist by giving some historical background. The main part will discuss the use of the animal masks and its functions by analyzing significant panels from "MAUS". Finally, the paper will also contain a conclusion in which the results will be summarized. "MAUS" is an autobiographically written graphic novel by Art Spiegelman which consists of two parts, "Maus I" (1986) and "Maus II" (1992), and tells the story of the artist's parents, Anja and Vladek, who survived the Holocaust and the reader also gets a view on the afterlife of Vladek and his relationship with his son "Artie". Art Spiegelman received a lot of praise and was celebrated in the press for his work. Amongst other achievements, he was honored with the Pulitzer Prize for "MAUS" in 1992. However, his graphic novel was also criticized for the use of animal masks for the characters. To elaborate on this, Spiegelman chose to depict the affiliation to a religion or culture of characters by using animal make in the past and present time of the graphic novel. For example, cats for Germans, mice for Jews and pigs for Poles. Especially the representation of Jews as mice and Poles as pigs caused many negative critiques from Jewish and Polish people themselves. Furthermore, Spiegelman's presentation method was criticized for naturalizing something unnatural, which means it was perceived as trivializing the Holocaust and by that insulting the victims. Even though t

On the Animal Masks in the Autobiographical Graphic Novel  MAUS  by Art Spiegelman Book

On the Animal Masks in the Autobiographical Graphic Novel MAUS by Art Spiegelman


  • Author : Özlem Arslan
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2019-09-30
  • Genre: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN 10 : 9783346023506

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On the Animal Masks in the Autobiographical Graphic Novel MAUS by Art Spiegelman Excerpt :

Seminar paper from the year 2019 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Wuppertal (Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften), course: The Holocaust in Eastern Europe in History and American Literature, language: English, abstract: This term paper aims to examine the function of the animal masks in Art Spiegelman’s graphic novel "Maus" with the question in mind whether it trivializes the Holocaust or not. The paper will begin with an introduction to the different types of animal heads and the possible reasons for the choice of the artist by giving some historical background. The main part will discuss the use of the animal masks and its functions by analyzing significant panels from "MAUS". Finally, the paper will also contain a conclusion in which the results will be summarized. "MAUS" is an autobiographically written graphic novel by Art Spiegelman which consists of two parts, "Maus I" (1986) and "Maus II" (1992), and tells the story of the artist’s parents, Anja and Vladek, who survived the Holocaust and the reader also gets a view on the afterlife of Vladek and his relationship with his son "Artie". Art Spiegelman received a lot of praise and was celebrated in the press for his work. Amongst other achievements, he was honored with the Pulitzer Prize for "MAUS" in 1992. However, his graphic novel was also criticized for the use of animal masks for the characters. To elaborate on this, Spiegelman chose to depict the affiliation to a religion or culture of characters by using animal make in the past and present time of the graphic novel. For example, cats for Germans, mice for Jews and pigs for Poles. Especially the representation of Jews as mice and Poles as pigs caused many negative critiques from Jewish and Polish people themselves. Furthermore, Spiegelman’s presentation method was criticized for naturalizing something unnatural, which means it was perceived as trivializing the Holocaust and by that insulting the victims. Even thou

Picturing Identity Book

Picturing Identity


  • Author : Hertha D. Sweet Wong
  • Publisher : UNC Press Books
  • Release Date : 2018-05-02
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781469640716

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Picturing Identity Excerpt :

In this book, Hertha D. Sweet Wong examines the intersection of writing and visual art in the autobiographical work of twentieth- and twenty-first-century American writers and artists who employ a mix of written and visual forms of self-narration. Combining approaches from autobiography studies and visual studies, Wong argues that, in grappling with the breakdown of stable definitions of identity and unmediated representation, these writers-artists experiment with hybrid autobiography in image and text to break free of inherited visual-verbal regimes and revise painful histories. These works provide an interart focus for examining the possibilities of self-representation and self-narration, the boundaries of life writing, and the relationship between image and text. Wong considers eight writers-artists, including comic-book author Art Spiegelman; Faith Ringgold, known for her story quilts; and celebrated Indigenous writer Leslie Marmon Silko. Wong shows how her subjects formulate webs of intersubjectivity shaped by historical trauma, geography, race, and gender as they envision new possibilities of selfhood and fresh modes of self-narration in word and image.

Comics  Manga  and Graphic Novels  A History of Graphic Narratives Book

Comics Manga and Graphic Novels A History of Graphic Narratives


  • Author : Robert Petersen
  • Publisher : Praeger
  • Release Date : 2010-11-18
  • Genre: Comics & Graphic Novels
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9780313363313

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Comics Manga and Graphic Novels A History of Graphic Narratives Excerpt :

This text examines comics, graphic novels, and manga with a broad, international scope that reveals their conceptual origins in antiquity. • Includes numerous illustrations of British satirical prints, Japanese woodblock prints, and the art of prominent illustrators • Includes a chapter on the latest developments in digital comics

Studying Comics and Graphic Novels Book

Studying Comics and Graphic Novels


  • Author : Karin Kukkonen
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-09-10
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118499931

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Studying Comics and Graphic Novels Excerpt :

This introduction to studying comics and graphic novels is a structured guide to a popular topic. It deploys new cognitive methods of textual analysis and features activities and exercises throughout. Deploys novel cognitive approaches to analyze the importance of psychological and physical aspects of reader experience Carefully structured to build a sequenced, rounded introduction to the subject Includes study activities, writing exercises, and essay topics throughout Dedicated chapters cover popular sub-genres such as autobiography and literary adaptation

Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty First Centuries Book

Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty First Centuries


  • Author : Timo Müller
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2017-01-11
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110422429

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Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty First Centuries Excerpt :

Increasing specialization within the discipline of English and American Studies has shifted the focus of scholarly discussion toward theoretical reflection and cultural contexts. These developments have benefitted the discipline in more ways than one, but they have also resulted in a certain neglect of close reading. As a result, students and researchers interested in such material are forced to turn to scholarship from the 1960s and 1970s, much of which relies on dated methodological and ideological presuppositions. The handbook aims to fill this gap by providing new readings of texts that figure prominently in the literature classroom and in scholarly debate − from James’s The Ambassadors to McCarthy’s The Road. These readings do not revert naively to a time “before theory.” Instead, they distil the insights of literary and cultural theory into concise introductions to the historical background, the themes, the formal strategies, and the reception of influential literary texts, and they do so in a jargon-free language accessible to readers on all levels of qualification.

Alternative Comics Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Alternative Comics


  • Author : Charles Hatfield
  • Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
  • Release Date : 2009-11-12
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781604735871

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Alternative Comics Excerpt :

In the 1980s, a sea change occurred in comics. Fueled by Art Spiegel- man and Françoise Mouly's avant-garde anthology Raw and the launch of the Love & Rockets series by Gilbert, Jaime, and Mario Hernandez, the decade saw a deluge of comics that were more autobiographical, emotionally realistic, and experimental than anything seen before. These alternative comics were not the scatological satires of the 1960s underground, nor were they brightly colored newspaper strips or superhero comic books. In Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature, Charles Hatfield establishes the parameters of alternative comics by closely examining long-form comics, in particular the graphic novel. He argues that these are fundamentally a literary form and offers an extensive critical study of them both as a literary genre and as a cultural phenomenon. Combining sharp-eyed readings and illustrations from particular texts with a larger understanding of the comics as an art form, this book discusses the development of specific genres, such as autobiography and history. Alternative Comics analyzes such seminal works as Spiegelman's Maus, Gilbert Hernandez's Palomar: The Heartbreak Soup Stories, and Justin Green's Binky Brown Meets the Holy Virgin Mary. Hatfield explores how issues outside of cartooning-the marketplace, production demands, work schedules-can affect the final work. Using Hernandez's Palomar as an example, he shows how serialization may determine the way a cartoonist structures a narrative. In a close look at Maus, Binky Brown, and Harvey Pekar's American Splendor, Hatfield teases out the complications of creating biography and autobiography in a substantially visual medium, and shows how creators approach these issues in radically different ways.

Encyclopedia of American Jewish History Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Encyclopedia of American Jewish History


  • Author : Stephen Harlan Norwood
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 775
  • ISBN 10 : 9781851096381

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Encyclopedia of American Jewish History Excerpt :

Traces the history of Jews in the United States, providing demographics and information on their influence on and participation in American culture, leading figures, organizations, and communities.

Reading Lessons in Seeing Book

Reading Lessons in Seeing


  • Author : Michael A. Chaney
  • Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
  • Release Date : 2017-02-17
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781496810281

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Reading Lessons in Seeing Excerpt :

Literary scholar Michael A. Chaney examines graphic novels to illustrate that in form and function they inform readers on how they ought to be read. His arguments result in an innovative analysis of the various knowledges that comics produce and the methods artists and writers employ to convey them. Theoretically eclectic, this study attends to the lessons taught by both the form and content of today's most celebrated graphic novels. Chaney analyzes the embedded lessons in comics and graphic novels through the form's central tropes: the iconic child storyteller and the inherent childishness of comics in American culture; the use of mirrors and masks as ciphers of the unconscious; embedded puzzles and games in otherwise story-driven comic narratives; and the form's self-reflexive propensity for showing its work. Comics reveal the labor that goes into producing them, embedding lessons on how to read the "work" as a whole. Throughout, Chaney draws from a range of theoretical insights from psychoanalysis and semiotics to theories of reception and production from film studies, art history, and media studies. Some of the major texts examined include Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis; Chris Ware's Jimmy Corrigan: The Smartest Kid on Earth; Joe Sacco's Palestine; David B.'s Epileptic; Kyle Baker's Nat Turner; and many more. As Chaney's examples show, graphic novels teach us even as they create meaning in their infinite relay between words and pictures.

The Graphic Novel Book

The Graphic Novel


  • Author : Jan Baetens
  • Publisher : Leuven University Press
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9058671097

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The Graphic Novel Excerpt :

The essays collected in this volume were first presented at the international and interdisciplinary conference on the Graphic Novel hosted by the Institute for Cultural Studies (University of Leuven) in 2000.The issues discusses by the conference are twofold. Firstly, that of trauma representation, an issue escaping by definition from any imaginable specific field. Secondly, that of a wide range of topics concerning the concept of "visual narrative," an issue which can only be studied by comparing as many media and practices as possible.The essays of this volume are grouped here in two major parts, their focus depending on either a more general topic or on a very specific graphic author. The first part of the book, "Violence and trauma in the Graphic Novel", opens with a certain number of reflections on the representation of violence in literary and visual graphic novels, and continues with a whole set of close readings of graphic novels by Art Spiegelman (Maus I and II) and Jacques Tardi (whose masterwork "C'?tait la guerre des tranch'es" is still waiting for its complete English translation). The second part of the book presents in the first place a survey of the current graphic novel production, and insists sharply on the great diversity of the range in the various 'continental' traditions (for instance underground 'comix', and feminist comics, high-art graphic novels, critical superheroes-fiction) whose separation is nowadays increasingly difficult to maintain. It continues and ends with a set of theoretical interventions where not only the reciprocal influences of national and international traditions, but also those between genres and media are strongly forwarded, the emphasis being here mainly on problems concerning ways of looking and positions of spectatorship.

The Animal Metaphor in Art Spiegelman s  Maus  Book

The Animal Metaphor in Art Spiegelman s Maus


  • Author : Simon Essig
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2014-08-19
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN 10 : 9783656721246

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The Animal Metaphor in Art Spiegelman s Maus Excerpt :

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject English - Literature, Works, grade: 1,0, University of Tubingen (Philosophische Fakultät), course: Popular Culture, language: English, abstract: Representing the Holocaust in a comic book is a daring enterprise; doing it with animal figures is even bolder. Spiegelman's work Maus braves many conventions of dealing with the Holocaust but reconstructs it in an unprecedented and unique manner. By exceeding literary boundaries and generic expectations, it is thus an essential addition to Holocaust literature. [...] This paper analyzes the animal metaphor in Spiegelman's Maus. It examines and discusses the different spheres in which the functions of the animal metaphor become evident. First, this paper traces back to the origins of using animals in literature. After a brief historical introduction of the sources and the development of animal figures, chapter 2 explains their literary function and their significance in comic books. Chapter 3 delivers a brief overview of Maus. It includes a synopsis of the comic's plot as well as a summary of its reception. Chapter 4, the main part of this paper, investigates the various functions and receptions of the animal metaphor in Maus from different perspectives. In chapter 4.1, Spiegelman's personal explanations reveal how Maus's animal characters function for him as a second generation witness. Chapter 4.2 focuses upon these implications brought into play with the use of the mask. A further subject, discussed in chapter 4.3, is how the animal imagery serves as a distancing and defamiliarizing device in order to deal with the horror of the Holocaust. Chapter 4.4 discusses the interconnection between both features. In chapter 4.5, the examination tries further to comprehend how the animal metaphor contributes to the reconstruction of ethnicity and identity in Maus. Since any analysis of a comic book must not neglect its visual dimension, chapter 4.6 considers Maus's drawing style and

Why animals are used in literature and comics  The thought behind Art Spiegelman   s Cat and mouse game Book

Why animals are used in literature and comics The thought behind Art Spiegelman s Cat and mouse game


  • Author : Ahmet Deniz
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2021-02-03
  • Genre: Foreign Language Study
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN 10 : 9783346339546

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Why animals are used in literature and comics The thought behind Art Spiegelman s Cat and mouse game Excerpt :

Seminar paper from the year 2020 in the subject Didactics - English - Literature, Works, University of Passau, language: English, abstract: The aim of this paper is to find out the reason why animal characters are so common in graphic novels and also if there is a deeper meaning behind the concrete chosen animals. Because it would go beyond the scope of this papers purpose I will just pick the animal metaphor in Spiegelman’s work ,,Maus“ as an example, as it is best suited for this topic in my opinion. After trying to find a definition of the medium comic at the beginning, a brief overview of the animal metaphor in literature is given. In the next step, the meaning and history of animals in comics is clarified and it is also briefly explained why comic authors decide to choose animal characters in their works that symbolically replace people. Last but not least, the main part of this homework follows, in which the animal metaphor in Art Spiegelman’s "Maus“ is taken apart. First the reader is given a brief overview of the content of the comic, then some concrete examples from the work are given. The next one explains why Art Spiegelman exactly chose the animals that represent the different nations of the world that appear in his comic. Since the work was discussed very controversially in public, its reception is quickly discussed too. The seminar paper is rounded off with a summarizing conclusion.

Characterization and Symbolism in  Maus  Book

Characterization and Symbolism in Maus


  • Author : Patrick Spieß
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013-12
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN 10 : 3656562407

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Characterization and Symbolism in Maus Excerpt :

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2,3, Martin Luther University, language: English, abstract: This seminar paper deals with the graphic novel "Maus" by Art Spiegelman. The book was published in two volumes. The first volume with the subtitle: "My Father Bleeds History"(1986) and the second volume had the subtitle: "And Here My Troubles Began" (1991). The novel is about the genocide of European Jews. The action is centered on the Holocaust survivor Vladek Spiegelman, who was imprisoned in Auschwitz. His son Art Spiegelman reconstructs the story of his father by interviewing him and taking notes. During the novel the author Art Spiegelman informs the reader also about his mother Anja and himself. First of all, there is the question of how to deal with the medium comic, because comics represent actually funny stories but the Holocaust is anything but funny thus they are extreme opposites. However, Spiegelman started a new era of comics, because he showed which opportunities exist in this medium and introduced the genre to a mass audience. He was able to do this, because he does not want to tell the complete history of the Holocaust but only a story of a survivor. The book includes three different time levels. The first one is the tale of woe of his father, who survives the Holocaust, the second one is where Art interviews his father about his experiences and memories and the third time level acts after Vladek's death and shows Art working on the second volume of "Maus." Due to the jumping between the time levels emerges close connection between present and past, thereby the story appears truer. The exact title of this seminar paper is Characterization and symbolism in "Maus" and will deal with the question of what happens with stereotypes of nationalism and how Spiegelman reflect personalities. First, the genre of the book will be examined by characteristics of fables and allegories. Furthermore

Superman Is Jewish  Book

Superman Is Jewish


  • Author : Harry Brod
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 2016-01-12
  • Genre: Comics & Graphic Novels
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9781416595311

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Superman Is Jewish Excerpt :

"Harry Brod situates superheroes within the course of Jewish-American history: they are aliens in a foreign land, like Superman; figures plagued by guilt for abandoning their families, like Spider-Man; and outsiders persecuted for being different, like the X-Men. Brod blends humor and sharp observation as he considers the overt and discreet Jewish characteristics of these well-known figures and explores how their creators integrated their Jewish identities and their creativity."--From publisher description.

Maus Book
Score: 4.5
From 3 Ratings

Maus


  • Author : Art Spiegelman
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 159
  • ISBN 10 : 0394747232

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Maus Excerpt :