Optimally Irrational Book

Optimally Irrational


  • Author : Lionel Page
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-10-31
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9781009209199

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Optimally Irrational Excerpt :

The seemingly irrational, puzzling aspects of human behaviour are not bugs, but features. Improving our navigation of the real world.

Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality Book

Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality


  • Author : Sarah Stroud
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2003-09-04
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199257362

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Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality Excerpt :

Among the many practical failures that threaten us, weakness of will or akrasia is often considered to be a paradigm of irrationality. The eleven new essays in this collection, written by an excellent international team of philosophers, some well-established, some younger scholars, give a rich overview of the current debate over weakness of will and practical irrationality more generally.Issues covered include classical questions such as the distinction between weakness and compulsion, the connection between evaluative judgement and motivation, the role of emotions in akrasia, rational agency, and the existence of the will. The also include new topics, such as group akrasia, strength of will, the nature of correct choice, the structure of decision theory, the temporality of prudential reasons, and emotional rationality. Because these questions cut across philosophy of mind andethics, the collection will be essential reading for scholars, postgraduates, and upper-level undergraduates in both these fields.

Optimally Irrational Book

Optimally Irrational


  • Author : Lionel Page
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-11-03
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 0
  • ISBN 10 : 1009209205

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Optimally Irrational Excerpt :

For a long time, economists have assumed that we were cold, self-centred, rational decision makers - so-called Homo economicus; the last few decades have shattered this view. The world we live in and the situations we face are of course rich and complex, revealing puzzling aspects of our behaviour. Optimally Irrational argues that our improved understanding of human behaviour shows that apparent 'biases' are good solutions to practical problems - that many of the 'flaws' identified by behavioural economics are actually adaptive solutions. Page delivers an ambitious overview of the literature in behavioural economics and, through the exposition of these flaws and their meaning, presents a sort of unified theory of behaviouralism, cognitive psychology and evolutionary biology. He gathers theoretical and empirical evidence about the causes of behavioural 'biases' and proposes a big picture of what the discipline means for economics.

Hatred Book

Hatred


  • Author : Berit Brogaard
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Hate
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190084448

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Hatred Excerpt :

"Hatred: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion The first in-depth philosophical analysis of personal hate and group hate, Hate: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion explores how personal hatred can foster domestic violence and emotional abuse, how hate-proneness is a main contributor to the aggressive tendencies of borderlines, narcissists and psychopaths, how seemingly ordinary people embark on some of history's worst hate crimes, and how cohesive groups, subjected to spontaneous forces of group polarization, can develop extremist viewpoints of the sort that motivate hate crimes, mass shootings, and terrorism. The book's first part explores hate in intimate relationships, looking for an answer to the question of why our intimate relationships can survive hate and resentment, but not disrespect or contempt. Berit "Brit" Brogaard shows that where contempt creates an irreparable power imbalance, hate is tied to fear, which our brains may reinterpret as thrill, attraction and excitement. But this can also make hate a dangerous emotion that convinces people to hang onto abusive relationships. When tied to vengeance and the dark triad of personality, hate is not only dangerous but also dehumanizing. Vengeance and the dark personalities are not essential to hate, however. Without them, hate can have more admirable ends. The book's second part explores the polarizing forces that can bias cohesive groups of like-minded individuals and contribute to what is effectively a hate crisis. Drawing on history, politics, legal theory, philosophy, and psychology, Brogaard shows how cultural myths about femininity, ethnic groups, and the land of opportunity perpetuate misogyny, white supremacy and anti-Semitism. But, she argues, politicians and policymakers have it in their power to address the hate crisis through legislation that preserves the original incentive behind the first-amendment right to free speech"--

On Rationality  Artificial Intelligence And Economics Book

On Rationality Artificial Intelligence And Economics


  • Author : Daniel Muller
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2022-03-09
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811255137

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On Rationality Artificial Intelligence And Economics Excerpt :

The world we live in presents plenty of tricky, impactful, and hard-tomake decisions to be taken. Sometimes the available options are ample, at other times they are apparently binary, either way, they often confront us with dilemmas, paradoxes, and even denial of values.In the dawn of the age of intelligence, when robots are gradually taking over most decision-making from humans, this book sheds a bit of light on decision rationale. It delves into the limits of these decision processes (for both humans and machines), and it does so by providing a new perspective that is somehow opposed to orthodox economics. All Economics reflections in this book are underlined and linked to Artificial Intelligence.The authors hope that this comprehensive and modern analysis, firmly grounded in the opinions of various groundbreaking Nobel laureate economists, may be helpful to a broad audience interested in how decisions may lead us all to flourishing societies. That is, societies in which economic blunders (caused by over simplification of problems and super estimation of tools) are reduced substantially.

Fuzzy Rationality Book

Fuzzy Rationality


  • Author : Kofi Kissi Dompere
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2009-07-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540880837

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Fuzzy Rationality Excerpt :

Philosophy involves a criticism of scientific knowledge, not from a point of view ultimately different from that of science, but from a point of view less concerned with details and more concerned with the h- mony of the body of special sciences. Here as elsewhere, while the older logic shut out possibilities and imprisoned imagination within the walls of the familiar, the newer logic shows rather what may happen, and refuses to decide as to what must happen. Bertrand Russell At any particular stage in the development of humanity knowledge comes up against limits set by the necessarily limited character of the experience available and the existing means of obtaining knowledge. But humanity advances by overcoming such limits. New experience throws down the limits of old experience; new techniques, new means of obtaining knowledge throw down the limits of old techniques and old means of obtaining knowledge. New limits then once again appear. But there is no more reason to suppose these new limits absolute and final than there was to suppose the old ones absolute and final.

The Future of the Philosophy of Economics Book

The Future of the Philosophy of Economics


  • Author : Constanze Binder
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-04-19
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315462035

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The Future of the Philosophy of Economics Excerpt :

Originating from the International Network for Economic Method conference, hosted by the Erasmus Institute for Economics and Philosophy (EIPE) at the Erasmus University Rotterdam in 2013, this book chooses key themes that reflect on fascinating new developments in the philosophy of economics. Contributions discuss new avenues and debates in important and upcoming areas, such as the philosophy of economic policy making, decision theory, ethics, and new questions in economic methodology. The book offers an excellent insight into cutting edge research in these fields that are about to shape the future of the philosophy of economics. This book was originally published as a special issue of The Journal of Economic Methodology.

The ADD Myth Book

The ADD Myth


  • Author : Martha Burge
  • Publisher : Mango Media Inc.
  • Release Date : 2012-09-01
  • Genre: Family & Relationships
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN 10 : 9781609256395

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The ADD Myth Excerpt :

This radical new approach to ADD and ADHD reframes the diagnosis and offers a way to transform so-called symptoms into gifts. Despite the millions of people taking medication for attention deficit disorders, there remains no objective method of diagnosis for ADHD. Now author and ADHD coach Martha Burge proposes a different understanding and solution for those diagnosed. In The ADD Myth, Burge argues that what is commonly understood as ADHD is actually five intense personality traits: sensual, psychomotor, intellectual, creative, and emotional. Once the supposed ADD symptoms are properly understood, people with these intense personality traits can develop them into gifts. After having two sons diagnosed with ADHD, and witnessing their serious reaction to drug treatments, Martha began a search for a new approach and a more natural treatment. In The ADD Myth, she shares personal stories, practical steps, and daily practices for developing one's intense nature with the least amount of suffering.

Social Norms  Bounded Rationality and Optimal Contracts Book

Social Norms Bounded Rationality and Optimal Contracts


  • Author : Suren Basov
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-20
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811010415

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Social Norms Bounded Rationality and Optimal Contracts Excerpt :

This book investigates the ways in which social norms and bounded rationality shape different contracts in the real world. It brings into focus existing research into optimal contracts, draws important lessons from that research, and outlines prospects for future investigation. Bounded rationality has acknowledged effects on the power of incentive provisions, such as deviations from sufficient statistic theorem, the power of optimal incentives, and the effects of optimal contracts in multicultural environments. The introduction of social norms to bounded rationality opens up new avenues of investigation into contracts and mechanism design. This book makes an important contribution to the study of bounded rationality by pulling together many separate strands of research in the area of mechanism design, and providing detailed analysis of the impact of societal values on contracts.

The Straight Line Book

The Straight Line


  • Author : Tom Waidzunas
  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Release Date : 2015-11-20
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781452945521

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The Straight Line Excerpt :

To be taken seriously, therapies that claim to “cure” homosexuality wrap themselves in lab coats. Even though the fit is bad, and such therapies and their theorists now inhabit the scientific fringe, the science of sexuality has made some adjustments, too, Tom Waidzunas tells us in this provocative work. Intervening in the politics of sexuality and science, The Straight Line argues that scientific definitions of sexual orientation do not merely reflect the results of investigations into human nature, but rather emerge through a process of social negotiation between opposing groups. The demedicalization of homosexuality and the discrediting of reparative therapies, ex-gay ministries, and reorientation research have, Waidzunas contends, required scientists to enforce key boundaries around scientific expertise and research methods. Drawing on extensive participant observation at conferences for ex-gays, reorientation therapists, mainstream psychologists, and survivors of ex-gay therapy, as well as interviews with experts and activists, The Straight Line traces reorientation debates in the United States from the 1950s to the present, following homosexuality therapies from the mainstream to the margins. As the ex-gay movement has become increasingly transnational in recent years, Waidzunas turns to Uganda, where ideas about the scientific nature of homosexuality influenced the passage of the Anti-Homosexuality Act of 2014. While most studies treat the ex-gay movement as a religious phenomenon, this book looks at how the movement, in its attempts to establish legitimacy, has engaged with scientific institutions, shaping virulent anti-gay public policy.

Interactions in the Classroom Book

Interactions in the Classroom


  • Author : Jeffrey W. Trawick-Smith
  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN 10 : UVA:X002423785

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Interactions in the Classroom Excerpt :

Resources in Education Book

Resources in Education


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:30000007201381

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Resources in Education Excerpt :

Behavioural Sports Economics Book

Behavioural Sports Economics


  • Author : Hannah Josepha Rachel Altman
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-12-20
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000522693

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Behavioural Sports Economics Excerpt :

Economists have entered into the realm of sports to provide what they believe to be more cogent explanations for sport-related behaviour and to suggest ways in which incentives can improve sports outcomes. But prices and income, the traditional workhorses of conventional economics, can only provide partial explanations and understandings. Drawing on a bounded rationality approach to behavioural economics, this book demonstrates the analytical insights to be gained by supplementing the conventional economics toolbox with psychological, cognitive, sociological, and institutional factors. The international cast list of contributors cover a wide range of sports topics on which a behavioural approach can reveal new insights. These include preferences, managerial, efficiency, choking, doping, favouritism, athlete well- being, and spectator behaviour. Throughout the book, there is an emphasis on the cognitive limits to smart decision-making as well as the critical role played by the decision-making environment. This volume demonstrates that adopting a bounded rationality approach, complimented with other behaviouralist approaches, helps to better explain sport-related behavioural, sub-optimal behavioural, and market failures. It also provides insights that could be used to improve sports outcomes and the well-being of those involved in sports and to better configure policy to enhance sports performance. This groundbreaking book will be an indispensable reference to students and scholars of sports economics, sports management, and sports science.

Behavioural Finance for Private Banking Book

Behavioural Finance for Private Banking


  • Author : Thorsten Hens
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-07-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470742075

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Behavioural Finance for Private Banking Excerpt :

A complete framework for applications of behavioral finance in private banking, Behavioural Finance for Private Banking considers client needs specific to private banking like personal circumstances, objectives, and attitude to risk. This book includes the theoretical foundations of investment decision-making, an introduction to behavioral biases, an explanation of cultural differences in global business, a guide to asset allocation over the life cycle of the investment, and several case studies to illustrate how can be applied. A must-read for anyone in private banking, this book demonstrates how to satisfy client needs.