Optofluidics  Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibres Book

Optofluidics Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibres


  • Author : Stavros Pissadakis
  • Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
  • Release Date : 2015-05-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 178242329X

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Optofluidics Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibres Excerpt :

Combining the positive characteristics of microfluidics and optics, microstructured optical fibres (MOFs) have revolutionized the field of optoelectronics. Tailored guiding, diffractive structures and photonic band-gap effects are used to produce fibres with highly specialised, complex structures, facilitating the development of novel kinds of optical fibre sensors and actuators. Part One outlines the key materials and fabrication techniques used for microstructured optical fibres. Microfluidics and heat flows, MOF-based metamaterials, novel and liquid crystal infiltrated photonic crystal fibre (PCF) designs, MOFs filled with carbon nanotubes and melting of functional inorganic glasses inside PCFs are all reviewed. Part Two then goes on to investigate sensing and optofluidic applications, with the use of MOFs in structural sensing, sensing units and mechanical sensing explored in detail. PCF's for switching applications are then discussed before the book concludes by reviewing MOFs for specific nucleic acid detection and resonant bio- and chemical sensing. Provides users with the necessary knowledge to successfully design and implement microstructured optical fibres for a broad range of uses Outlines techniques for developing both traditional and novel types of optical fibre Highlights the adaptability of microstructured optical fibres achieved via the use of optofluidics, sensors and actuators, by presenting a diverse selection of applications

Optofluidics  Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibers Book

Optofluidics Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibers


  • Author : Stavros Pissadakis
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-05-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782423478

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Optofluidics Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibers Excerpt :

Combining the positive characteristics of microfluidics and optics, microstructured optical fibres (MOFs) have revolutionized the field of optoelectronics. Tailored guiding, diffractive structures and photonic band-gap effects are used to produce fibres with highly specialised, complex structures, facilitating the development of novel kinds of optical fibre sensors and actuators. Part One outlines the key materials and fabrication techniques used for microstructured optical fibres. Microfluidics and heat flows, MOF-based metamaterials, novel and liquid crystal infiltrated photonic crystal fibre (PCF) designs, MOFs filled with carbon nanotubes and melting of functional inorganic glasses inside PCFs are all reviewed. Part Two then goes on to investigate sensing and optofluidic applications, with the use of MOFs in structural sensing, sensing units and mechanical sensing explored in detail. PCF’s for switching applications are then discussed before the book concludes by reviewing MOFs for specific nucleic acid detection and resonant bio- and chemical sensing. Provides users with the necessary knowledge to successfully design and implement microstructured optical fibres for a broad range of uses Outlines techniques for developing both traditional and novel types of optical fibre Highlights the adaptability of microstructured optical fibres achieved via the use of optofluidics, sensors and actuators, by presenting a diverse selection of applications

Advances in Optofluidics Book

Advances in Optofluidics


  • Author : Xuming Zhang
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2018-08-15
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038970958

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Advances in Optofluidics Excerpt :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Advances in Optofluidics" that was published in Micromachines

Polymer Optical Fibres Book

Polymer Optical Fibres


  • Author : Christian-Alexander Bunge
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-08-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000564

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Polymer Optical Fibres Excerpt :

Polymer Optical Fibres: Fibre Types, Materials, Fabrication, Characterization, and Applications explores polymer optical fibers, specifically their materials, fabrication, characterization, measurement techniques, and applications. Optical effects, including light propagation, degrading effects of attenuation, scattering, and dispersion, are explained. Other important parameters like mechanical strength, operating temperatures, and processability are also described. Polymer optical fibers (POF) have a number of advantages over glass fibers, such as low cost, flexibility, low weight, electromagnetic immunity, good bandwidth, simple installation, and mechanical stability. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of materials, fabrication, properties, measurement techniques, and applications of POF Focuses on industry needs in communication, illumination and sensors, the automotive industry, and medical and biotechnology Features input from leading experts in POF technology, with experience spanning optoelectronics, polymer, and textiles Explains optical effects, including light propagation, degrading effects of attenuation, scattering, and dispersion

Luminescence Thermometry Book

Luminescence Thermometry


  • Author : Miroslav Dramićanin
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-04-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081020302

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Luminescence Thermometry Excerpt :

Luminescence Thermometry: Methods, Materials, and Applications presents the state-of-the art applications of luminescence thermometry, giving a detailed explanation of luminescence spectroscopic schemes for the read-out of temperature, while also describing the diverse materials that are capable of sensing temperature via luminescence. Chapters cover the fundamentals of temperature, traditional thermometers and their figures of merit, a concise description of optical thermometry methods, luminescence and instrumentation, and an explanation of the ways in which increases in temperature quench luminescence. Additional sections focus on materials utilized for luminescence thermometry and the broad range of applications for luminescence thermometry, including temperature measurement at the nanoscale and the application of multifunctional luminescent materials. Provides an overview of luminescence thermometry applications, including high-temperature, biomedical, nanoscale and multifunctional Delves into luminescence thermometry by materials group, including Rare-earth and transition Metal Ion Doped, Semiconductors, Quantum Dots and Organic materials Gives a concise introduction of the latest methods of temperature measurement, including luminescence spectroscopic schemes and methods of analysis

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics Book

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics


  • Author : Joseph W. Haus
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782424871

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Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics Excerpt :

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy. This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics. Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors. Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers Book

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers


  • Author : Tolga Tekin
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-11-01
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081005132

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Optical Interconnects for Data Centers Excerpt :

Current data centre networks, based on electronic packet switches, are experiencing an exponential increase in network traffic due to developments such as cloud computing. Optical interconnects have emerged as a promising alternative offering high throughput and reduced power consumption. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers reviews key developments in the use of optical interconnects in data centres and the current state of the art in transforming this technology into a reality. The book discusses developments in optical materials and components (such as single and multi-mode waveguides), circuit boards and ways the technology can be deployed in data centres. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers is a key reference text for electronics designers, optical engineers, communications engineers and R&D managers working in the communications and electronics industries as well as postgraduate researchers. Summarizes the state-of-the-art in this emerging field Presents a comprehensive review of all the key aspects of deploying optical interconnects in data centers, from materials and components, to circuit boards and methods for integration Contains contributions that are drawn from leading international experts on the topic

Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks Book

Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks


  • Author : R Budampati
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-10-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422372

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Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks Excerpt :

Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks: Monitoring, Control and Automation explores the explosive growth that has occurred in the use of wireless sensor networks in a variety of applications during the last few years. As wireless technology can reduce costs, increase productivity, and ease maintenance, the book looks at the progress in standardization efforts regarding reliability, security, performance, power consumption, and integration. Early sections of the book discuss issues such as media access control (MAC), antenna design and site survey, energy harvesting, and explosion-proof design. Subsequent sections present WSN standards, including ISA100, ZigBeeTM, WifiTM, WirelessHARTTM and 6loWPAN, and the applications of WSNs in the oil and gas, chemical, food, and nuclear power industries. Reviews technologies and standards for industrial wireless sensor networks Considers particular applications for the technology and their ability to reduce costs, increase productivity, and ease maintenance Focuses on industry needs and standardization efforts regarding reliability, security, performance, power consumption, and integration.

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation  NDE  Methods Book

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods


  • Author : Gerhard Huebschen
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-03-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000571

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Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods Excerpt :

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures. Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries. Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress. Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials

Advances in Chemical Mechanical Planarization  CMP  Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Advances in Chemical Mechanical Planarization CMP


  • Author : Suryadevara Babu
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081002186

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Advances in Chemical Mechanical Planarization CMP Excerpt :

Advances in Chemical Mechanical Planarization (CMP) provides the latest information on a mainstream process that is critical for high-volume, high-yield semiconductor manufacturing, and even more so as device dimensions continue to shrink. The technology has grown to encompass the removal and planarization of multiple metal and dielectric materials and layers both at the device and the metallization levels, using different tools and parameters, requiring improvements in the control of topography and defects. This important book offers a systematic review of fundamentals and advances in the area. Part One covers CMP of dielectric and metal films, with chapters focusing on the use of particular techniques and processes, and on CMP of particular various materials, including ultra low-k materials and high-mobility channel materials, and ending with a chapter reviewing the environmental impacts of CMP processes. Part Two addresses consumables and process control for improved CMP, and includes chapters on the preparation and characterization of slurry, diamond disc pad conditioning, the use of FTIR spectroscopy for characterization of surface processes, and approaches for defection characterization, mitigation, and reduction. Considers techniques and processes for CMP of dielectric and metal films Includes chapters devoted to CMP for particular materials Addresses consumables and process control for improved CMP

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides Book

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides


  • Author : Gertjan Koster
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-05-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422556

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Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides Excerpt :

The atomic arrangement and subsequent properties of a material are determined by the type and conditions of growth leading to epitaxy, making control of these conditions key to the fabrication of higher quality materials. Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides reviews the techniques involved in such processes and highlights recent developments in fabrication quality which are facilitating advances in applications for electronic, magnetic and optical purposes. Part One reviews the key techniques involved in the epitaxial growth of complex metal oxides, including growth studies using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, pulsed laser deposition, hybrid molecular beam epitaxy, sputtering processes and chemical solution deposition techniques for the growth of oxide thin films. Part Two goes on to explore the effects of strain and stoichiometry on crystal structure and related properties, in thin film oxides. Finally, the book concludes by discussing selected examples of important applications of complex metal oxide thin films in Part Three. Provides valuable information on the improvements in epitaxial growth processes that have resulted in higher quality films of complex metal oxides and further advances in applications for electronic and optical purposes Examines the techniques used in epitaxial thin film growth Describes the epitaxial growth and functional properties of complex metal oxides and explores the effects of strain and defects

Laser Additive Manufacturing Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Laser Additive Manufacturing


  • Author : Milan Brandt
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-09-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081004340

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Laser Additive Manufacturing Excerpt :

Laser Additive Manufacturing: Materials, Design, Technologies, and Applications provides the latest information on this highly efficient method of layer-based manufacturing using metals, plastics, or composite materials. The technology is particularly suitable for the production of complex components with high precision for a range of industries, including aerospace, automotive, and medical engineering. This book provides a comprehensive review of the technology and its range of applications. Part One looks at materials suitable for laser AM processes, with Part Two discussing design strategies for AM. Parts Three and Four review the most widely-used AM technique, powder bed fusion (PBF) and discuss other AM techniques, such as directed energy deposition, sheet lamination, jetting techniques, extrusion techniques, and vat photopolymerization. The final section explores the range of applications of laser AM. Provides a comprehensive one-volume overview of advances in laser additive manufacturing Presents detailed coverage of the latest techniques used for laser additive manufacturing Reviews both established and emerging areas of application

Photodetectors Book

Photodetectors


  • Author : Bahram Nabet
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-10-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782424680

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Photodetectors Excerpt :

Photodetectors: Materials, Devices and Applications discusses the devices that convert light to electrical signals, key components in communication, computation, and imaging systems. In recent years, there has been significant improvement in photodetector performance, and this important book reviews some of the key advances in the field. Part one covers materials, detector types, and devices, and includes discussion of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, low-temperature grown gallium arsenide, plasmonic, Si photomultiplier tubes, and organic photodetectors, while part two focuses on important applications of photodetectors, including microwave photonics, communications, high-speed single photon detection, THz detection, resonant cavity enhanced photodetection, photo-capacitors and imaging. Reviews materials, detector types and devices Addresses fabrication techniques, and the advantages and limitations and different types of photodetector Considers a range of application for this important technology Includes discussions of silicon photonics, detectors based on reduced dimensional charge systems, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanowires, and more

Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing Book

Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing


  • Author : Roel Gronheid
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-07-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081002612

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Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing Excerpt :

The directed self-assembly (DSA) method of patterning for microelectronics uses polymer phase-separation to generate features of less than 20nm, with the positions of self-assembling materials externally guided into the desired pattern. Directed self-assembly of Block Co-polymers for Nano-manufacturing reviews the design, production, applications and future developments needed to facilitate the widescale adoption of this promising technology. Beginning with a solid overview of the physics and chemistry of block copolymer (BCP) materials, Part 1 covers the synthesis of new materials and new processing methods for DSA. Part 2 then goes on to outline the key modelling and characterization principles of DSA, reviewing templates and patterning using topographical and chemically modified surfaces, line edge roughness and dimensional control, x-ray scattering for characterization, and nanoscale driven assembly. Finally, Part 3 discusses application areas and related issues for DSA in nano-manufacturing, including for basic logic circuit design, the inverse DSA problem, design decomposition and the modelling and analysis of large scale, template self-assembly manufacturing techniques. Authoritative outlining of theoretical principles and modeling techniques to give a thorough introdution to the topic Discusses a broad range of practical applications for directed self-assembly in nano-manufacturing Highlights the importance of this technology to both the present and future of nano-manufacturing by exploring its potential use in a range of fields

Wireless MEMS Networks and Applications Book

Wireless MEMS Networks and Applications


  • Author : Deepak Uttamchandani
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-08-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081004500

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Wireless MEMS Networks and Applications Excerpt :

Wireless MEMS Networks and Applications reviews key emerging applications of MEMS in wireless and mobile networks. This book covers the different types of wireless MEMS devices, also exploring MEMS in smartphones, tablets, and the MEMS used for energy harvesting. The book reviews the range of applications of wireless MEMS networks in manufacturing, infrastructure monitoring, environmental monitoring, space applications, agricultural monitoring for food safety, health applications, and systems for smart cities. Focuses on the use of MEMS in the emerging area of wireless applications Contains comprehensive coverage of the range of applications of MEMS for wireless networks Presents an international range of expert contributors who identify key research in the field