Organic Catalysis for Polymerisation Book

Organic Catalysis for Polymerisation


  • Author : Andrew Dove
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788011846

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Organic Catalysis for Polymerisation Excerpt :

In recent years polymerisation using organocatalysts has become an appealing alternative to more traditional metal-based catalysts. Conferring numerous advantages including low cost and ease of use, as well as the ability to precisely control the synthesis of advanced polymer structures, organocatalysts are increasingly used in polymer synthesis. Organic Catalysis for Polymerisation provides a holistic overview of the field, covering all process in the polymer synthesis pathway that are catalysed by organic catalysts. Sub-divided into two key sections for ease of use, the first focuses on recent developments in catalysis and the applications of catalysts to the full range of polymerisations that they have been utilised in; the second concerning monomers, arranges the field by monomer type and polymerisation mechanism. The book will therefore, provide a complimentary view of the field, providing both an overview of state-of-the-art catalyst development and also the best methodologies available to create specific polymer types. Edited by leading figures in the field and featuring contributions from researchers across the globe, this title will serve as an excellent reference for postgraduate students and researchers in both academia and industry interested in polymer chemistry, organic chemistry, catalysis and materials science.

Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization Book

Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization


  • Author : Walter Kaminsky
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642601781

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Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization Excerpt :

45 years after the discovery of transition metals and organometallics as cocatalysts for the polymerization of olefins and for organic synthesis, these compounds have not lost their fascination. The birthday of Karl Ziegler, the great pioneer in this metalorganic catalysis, is now 100 years ago. Polyolefins and polydienes produced by Ziegler-Natta catalysis are the most important plastics and elastomers. New impulses for the polymerization of olefins have been brought about by highly active metallocenes and other single site catalysts. Just by changing the ligands of the organometallic compounds, the structure of the polymers produced can be tailored in a wide manner. In invited lectures and posters, relevant aspects of the metalorganic catalysts for synthesis and polymerization are discussed in this book. This includes mechanism and kinetics, stereochemistry, material properties, and industrial applications.

Carbene Book

Carbene


  • Author : Satyen Saha
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2022-03-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839699290

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Carbene Excerpt :

Carbenes are important molecules in chemistry because of their photochemistry and high reactivity. They have many potential applications in medicinal and materials chemistry. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to carbenes and discusses their characteristics, structure, and synthesis procedures. It gives special emphasis to N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) and their metal complexes.

Catalytic Polymerization of Cycloolefins Book

Catalytic Polymerization of Cycloolefins


  • Author : V. Dragutan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2000-06-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1292
  • ISBN 10 : 0080528627

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Catalytic Polymerization of Cycloolefins Excerpt :

This book covers the most important topics concerning cationic Ziegler-Natta and ring-opening metathesis polymerization of cycloolefins. The work describes the major pathways that cycloolefins can follow under the action of specific catalytic systems, essentially vinyl and ring-opening polymerization, both reaction types allowing the manufacture of distinct products with wide applicability in modern technologies. The comprehensive data available on this subject are logically and systematically selected and reviewed throughout 18 chapters, according to the basic catalytic processes involved, types of monomers and catalysts employed, reaction conditions and application fields. The modern trends in design of chiral metallocene catalysts, well-defined living metathesis catalysts, catalysts tolerant toward functionalities and water systems are highlighted. The book discusses in detail the relevant aspects of these processes including reaction thermodynamics, kinetics, mechanisms and stereochemistry and correlates the structure of produced polymers with their chemical and physical-mechanical properties. Related important topics include Ziegler-Natta polymerization of olefins and dienes, atom transfer radical polymerization of vinyl compounds, metathesis of olefins and acetylenes, acyclic diene metathesis reaction, carbonyl olefination reaction, metathesis polymerization of acetylenes, metathesis degradation of polymers and ring-opening polymerization of heterocycles. Special emphasis is laid upon the manufacture of commerical products, new polymers and copolymers of potential interest for industry and design and synthesis of speciality polymers with particular structures and architectures and desired properties. The book critically evaluates the most recent achievements reported in this field and outlines the modern trends on the research and application of the catalytic processes for cycloolefin polymerization. For the first time, comprehensive information about the publ

Handbook of Coordination Catalysis in Organic Chemistry Book

Handbook of Coordination Catalysis in Organic Chemistry


  • Author : Penny A Chaloner
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1008
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483161440

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Handbook of Coordination Catalysis in Organic Chemistry Excerpt :

Handbook of Coordination Catalysis in Organic Chemistry presents the increasing importance of homogeneous catalysis by metal complexes. This book highlights special selectivities that can be obtained using coordination complexes as catalysts, including a discussion of homogeneous catalysts and closely related polymer supported complexes. Other topics include hydrogenation and related reactions, reactions of carbon monoxide, and additions to carbon-carbon multiple bonds. The isomerization reactions, reactions of the carbonyl group, formation of carbon-carbon bonds, and alkene metathesis are also deliberated. This publication is intended for organic chemists, but is also useful to specialists and researchers interested in the coordination catalysis in organic chemistry.

Metal Catalyzed Polymerization Book

Metal Catalyzed Polymerization


  • Author : Samir Chikkali
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351649957

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Metal Catalyzed Polymerization Excerpt :

The proposed book focusses on metal mediated/catalyzed “controlled/living radical polymerization” (CRP/LRP) methods. It surveys a wide variety of catalyzed polymerization reactions, making it essentially a “one stop” review in the field. A significant contribution to polymer science is “metathesis polymerization” discovered by Grubbs and others. The book will cover various metathesis polymerization methods and implications in polymer industry.

Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization Book

Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization


  • Author : Walter Kaminsky
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2011-11-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN 10 : 3642642926

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Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization Excerpt :

45 years after the discovery of transition metals and organometallics as cocatalysts for the polymerization of olefins and for organic synthesis, these compounds have not lost their fascination. The birthday of Karl Ziegler, the great pioneer in this metalorganic catalysis, is now 100 years ago. Polyolefins and polydienes produced by Ziegler-Natta catalysis are the most important plastics and elastomers. New impulses for the polymerization of olefins have been brought about by highly active metallocenes and other single site catalysts. Just by changing the ligands of the organometallic compounds, the structure of the polymers produced can be tailored in a wide manner. In invited lectures and posters, relevant aspects of the metalorganic catalysts for synthesis and polymerization are discussed in this book. This includes mechanism and kinetics, stereochemistry, material properties, and industrial applications.

Clay Mineral Catalysis of Organic Reactions Book

Clay Mineral Catalysis of Organic Reactions


  • Author : Benny K.G. Theng
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429879661

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Clay Mineral Catalysis of Organic Reactions Excerpt :

The book provides insight into the working of clays and clay minerals in speeding up a variety of organic reactions. Clay minerals are known to have a large propensity for taking up organic molecules and can catalyse numerous organic reactions due to fine particle size, extensive surface area, layer structure, and peculiar charge characteristics. They can be used as heterogeneous catalysts and catalyst carriers of organic reactions because they are non-corrosive, easy to separate from the reaction mixture, and reusable. Clays and clay minerals have an advantage over other solid acids as they are abundant, inexpensive, and non-polluting.

Green Polymerization Methods Book

Green Polymerization Methods


  • Author : Robert T. Mathers
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-03-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 352763617X

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Green Polymerization Methods Excerpt :

Designing polymers and developing polymerization processes that are safe, prevent pollution, and are more efficient in the use of materials and engergy is an important topic in modern chemistry. Today, green polymer research can be seen increasingly in academia nd industry. It tackles all aspects of polymers and polymerization - everything from chemical feedstocks, synthetic pathways, and reaction media to the nature of the final polymer as related to its inherent nontoxicity or degradability. This book summarizes and evaluates the latest developments in green polymerization methods. Specifically, new catalytic methods and processes which incorporate renewable resources will be discussed by leading experts in the field of polymer chemistry. This book is a must-have for Polymer Chemists, Chemists Working with/on Organometallics, Biochemists, Physical Chemists, Chemical Engineers, Biotechnologists, Materials Scientists, and Catalytic Chemists.

Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerisation and Related Chemistry Book

Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerisation and Related Chemistry


  • Author : Ezat Khosravi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 493
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401003735

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Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerisation and Related Chemistry Excerpt :

Since the last ASI in Turkey in Sept. 1995, the olefin metathesis has made remarkable strong developments with an incredible speed in various directions. New catalyst systems have been developed which have resulted in the synthesis of novel materials. Other fascinating developments have been the new catalysts for stereoselective metathesis and catalysts with considerable functional group tolerance. These new catalysts in addition to Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerisation (ROMP) and Acyclic Diene Metathesis (ADMET) are now powerful tools for Ring Closing Metathesis (RCM) and have found many applications in the synthesis of natural products. A lot of information has been established about all aspects of the olefin metathesis and there is a vast literature concerning the process, covering the initiators, mechanistic features and applications of this reaction in organic and polymer synthesis. The NATO ASI on rd th ROMP and Related Chemistry took place in Polanica-Zdroj, Poland during 3 to 15 Sept. 2000, to highlight the developments in this area and to discuss the prospects and visions for the year 2000 and beyond. The aims of the ASI were: to provide a platform for dissemination of knowledge; to promote communication between people who have a serious interest in this field of chemistry; to help establishing international scientific contacts and to provide an opportunity for the scientists with an appropriate scientific background to learn of recent developments in this field of science. There were 15 lecturers and 67 participants in this NATO ASI.

Cobalt Catalysis in Organic Synthesis Book

Cobalt Catalysis in Organic Synthesis


  • Author : Marko Hapke
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-12-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527814831

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Cobalt Catalysis in Organic Synthesis Excerpt :

Provides a much-needed account of the formidable "cobalt rush" in organic synthesis and catalysis Over the past few decades, cobalt has turned into one of the most promising metals for use in catalytic reactions, with important applications in the efficient and selective synthesis of natural products, pharmaceuticals, and new materials. Cobalt Catalysis in Organic Synthesis: Methods and Reactions provides a unique overview of cobalt-catalysed and -mediated reactions applied in modern organic synthesis. It covers a broad range of homogeneous reactions, like cobalt-catalysed hydrogenation, hydrofunctionalization, cycloaddition reactions, C-H functionalization, as well as radical and biomimetic reactions. First comprehensive book on this rapidly evolving research area Covers a broad range of homogeneous reactions, such as C-H activation, cross-coupling, synthesis of heterocyclic compounds (Pauson-Khand), and more Chapters on low-valent cobalt complexes as catalysts in coupling reactions, and enantioselective cobalt-catalyzed transformations are also included Can be used as a supplementary reader in courses of advanced organic synthesis and organometallic chemistry Cobalt Catalysis in Organic Synthesis is an ideal book for graduates and researchers in academia and industry working in the field of synthetic organic chemistry, catalysis, organometallic chemistry, and natural product synthesis.

Photoinitiators Book

Photoinitiators


  • Author : Jean-Pierre Fouassier
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-03-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527821280

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Photoinitiators Excerpt :

A comprehensive text that covers everything from the processes and mechanisms to the reactions and industrial applications of photoinitiators Photoinitiators offers a wide-ranging overview of existing photoinitiators and photoinitiating systems and their uses in ever-growing green technologies. The authors—noted experts on the topic—provide a concise review of the backgrounds in photopolymerization and photochemistry, explain the available structures, and examine excited state properties, involved mechanisms, and structure, reactivity, and efficiency relationships. The text also contains information on the latest developments and trends in the design of novel tailor-made systems. The book explores the role of current systems in existing and emerging processes and applications. Comprehensive in scope, it covers polymerization of thick samples and in-shadow areas, polymerization under LEDs, NIR light induced thermal polymerization, photoinitiators for novel specific and improved properties, and much more. Written by an experienced and internationally renowned team of authors, this important book: Provides detailed information about excited state processes, mechanisms, and design of efficient photoinitiator systems Discusses the performance of photoinitiators of polymerization by numerous examples of reactions and application Includes information on industrial applications Presents a review of current developments and challenges Offers an introduction to the background information necessary to understand the field Discusses the role played by photoinitiators in a variety of different polymerization reactions Written for polymer chemists, photochemists, and materials scientists, Photoinitiators will also earn a place on the bookshelves of photochemists seeking an authoritative, one-stop guide to the processes, mechanisms, and industrial applications of photoinitiators.

Theoretical Studies on Organic Catalysis  N Heterocyclic Carbene Catalyzed Ring Opening Polymerization and Initiation of Z selective Olefin Metathesis with Ruthenium Catalysts Book

Theoretical Studies on Organic Catalysis N Heterocyclic Carbene Catalyzed Ring Opening Polymerization and Initiation of Z selective Olefin Metathesis with Ruthenium Catalysts


  • Author : Xiaofei Dong
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1047735855

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Theoretical Studies on Organic Catalysis N Heterocyclic Carbene Catalyzed Ring Opening Polymerization and Initiation of Z selective Olefin Metathesis with Ruthenium Catalysts Excerpt :

The mechanism of NHC catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of lactide and the factors controlling the reactivities of photoswitchable NHC catalysts have been investigated with the DFT method. The general base mechanism is favored comparing to the nucleophilic mechanism for the ring-opening polymerization of lactide catalyzed by NHC. The reactivities of the NHC catalysts are determined by their electrophilicities. The NHCs which are highly electrophilic form adducts in the presence of alcohol. These mechanistic studies will help the design of novel multifunctional catalysts. The initiation mechanism of Z-selective ruthenium catalysts and the effects of anionic ligands on the initiation rates are studied with DFT calculation. The dissociative pathway is favored for the initiation and the metallacyclobutane cycloreversion is the rate determining step. Catalysts with more steric bulk and less nucleophilic ligands have higher initiation rates because of the structural differences between the precatalyst and the transition state.

Polymer Functionalized Graphene Book

Polymer Functionalized Graphene


  • Author : Arun Kumar Nandi
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2021-06-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788019682

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Polymer Functionalized Graphene Excerpt :

There is an immense variety of research on polymer functionalized graphene (PFG). Functionalization of graphene is necessary for improvement of the compatibility with polymers. Applications of these graphene polymer hybrids include in chemical and biological sensing, photovoltaic devices, supercapacitors and batteries, dielectric materials and drug/gene delivery vehicles. This book will shed light on the synthesis, properties and applications of these new materials, covering two methods (covalent and noncovalent) for producing polymer functionalized graphene. Chapters cover physical, optical, mechanical and electronic properties, applications of polymer functionalized graphene in energy harvesting and storage, and uses in biomedicine and bioengineering. Written by an expert in the field, Polymer Functionalized Graphene will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in polymer chemistry and nanoscience.

Redox Polymers for Energy and Nanomedicine Book

Redox Polymers for Energy and Nanomedicine


  • Author : Nerea Casado
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-10-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788018715

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Redox Polymers for Energy and Nanomedicine Excerpt :

Polymers with redox properties are electroactive macromolecules containing localized sites or groups that can be oxidized and reduced. Redox Polymers for Energy and Nanomedicine highlights trends in the chemistry, characterization and application of polymers with redox properties. Chapters cover batteries, supercapacitors, solar cells, biofuel cells, thermoelectric cells, drug delivery, biosensors, actuators and smart surfaces. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers working in polymer science, electrochemistry, energy research and nanomedicine.