Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book

Origin and Evolution of Viruses


  • Author : Esteban Domingo
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-06-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 0080564968

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Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book Description :

New viral diseases are emerging continuously. Viruses adapt to new environments at astounding rates. Genetic variability of viruses jeopardizes vaccine efficacy. For many viruses mutants resistant to antiviral agents or host immune responses arise readily, for example, with HIV and influenza. These variations are all of utmost importance for human and animal health as they have prevented us from controlling these epidemic pathogens. This book focuses on the mechanisms that viruses use to evolve, survive and cause disease in their hosts. Covering human, animal, plant and bacterial viruses, it provides both the basic foundations for the evolutionary dynamics of viruses and specific examples of emerging diseases. * NEW - methods to establish relationships among viruses and the mechanisms that affect virus evolution * UNIQUE - combines theoretical concepts in evolution with detailed analyses of the evolution of important virus groups * SPECIFIC - Bacterial, plant, animal and human viruses are compared regarding their interation with their hosts

Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book

Origin and Evolution of Viruses


  • Author : Esteban Domingo
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1999-06-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080538235

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Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book Description :

Are infectious diseases caused by novel entities, viruses that have rapidly evolved into more pathogenic forms, or viruses that have crossed species divides and become more virulent in their alternative host? These questions and how new diseases such as AIDS emerged have prompted renewed interest in the ways viruses originated and co-evolved with their hosts. Origin and Evolution of Viruses presents a full and clear description of general viral concepts and specific viral systems, and provides an excellent foundation to our understanding of how viruses emerged. This unique and comprehensive work is essential reading for all researchers in virology, molecular biology and related areas, as well as evolutionary biologists interested in phylogenetic approaches to molecular evolution. The reader is taken on an illumination journey--in time and concepts--from the first primitive replicons to their present-day complex viral counterparts. Apart from the obvious interest, as humans are potential hosts for these viruses, there is also a great deal of academic interest in the evolutionary aspects of this simple group of organisms, since information can be gained about the origin of stains/species and evolutionary patterns that might be applicable to higher species. The book addresses: * Nature and evolution of early replicons * DNA and RNA viruses in both plants and animals * Viral origin, mutation, and survival * Antigenic variation in influenza virus * Interplay between host evolution and DNA virus evolution * Emergence of viral-induced diseases, e.g. hepatitis, influenza and HIV

Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book

Origin and Evolution of Viruses


  • Author : Esteban Domingo
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1999-07-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 499
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015042596174

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Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book Description :

Are infectious diseases caused by novel entities, viruses that have rapidly evolved into more pathogenic forms, or viruses that have crossed species divides and become more virulent in their alternative host? These questions and how new diseases such as AIDS emerged have prompted renewed interest in the ways viruses originated and co-evolved with their hosts. Origin and Evolution of Viruses presents a full and clear description of general viral concepts and specific viral systems, and provides an excellent foundation to our understanding of how viruses emerged. This unique and comprehensive work is essential reading for all researchers in virology, molecular biology and related areas, as well as evolutionary biologists interested in phylogenetic approaches to molecular evolution. The reader is taken on an illumination journey--in time and concepts--from the first primitive replicons to their present-day complex viral counterparts. Apart from the obvious interest, as humans are potential hosts for these viruses, there is also a great deal of academic interest in the evolutionary aspects of this simple group of organisms, since information can be gained about the origin of stains/species and evolutionary patterns that might be applicable to higher species. The book addresses: * Nature and evolution of early replicons * DNA and RNA viruses in both plants and animals * Viral origin, mutation, and survival * Antigenic variation in influenza virus * Interplay between host evolution and DNA virus evolution * Emergence of viral-induced diseases, e.g. hepatitis, influenza and HIV

Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales Book

Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales


  • Author : Arne T. Skjeltorp
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-09-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402087615

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Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales Book Description :

Evolution is a critical challenge for many areas of science, technology and development of society. The book reviews general evolutionary facts such as origin of life and evolution of the genome and clues to evolution through simple systems. Emerging areas of science such as "systems biology" and "bio-complexity" are founded on the idea that phenomena need to be understood in the context of highly interactive processes operating at different levels and on different scales. This is where physics meets complexity in nature, and where we must begin to learn about complexity if we are to understand it. Similarly, there is an increasingly urgent need to understand and predict the evolutionary behavior of highly interacting man-made systems, in areas such as communications and transport, which permeate the modern world. The same applies to the evolution of human networks such as social, political and financial systems, where technology has tended to vastly increase both the complexity and speed of interaction, which is sometimes effectively instantaneous. The book contains reviews on such diverse areas as evolution experiments with microorganisms, the origin and evolution of viruses, evolutionary dynamics of genes and environment in cancer development, aging as an evolution-facilitating program, evolution of vision and evolution of financial markets.

Viruses Book

Viruses


  • Author : Joseph Panno
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 0816068550

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Viruses Book Description :

Learn all about viruses in this New Biology book.

Virus as Populations Book

Virus as Populations


  • Author : Esteban Domingo
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128009949

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Virus as Populations Book Description :

Virus as Populations: Composition, Complexity, Dynamics, and Biological Implications explains fundamental concepts that arise from regarding viruses as complex populations when replicating in infected hosts. Fundamental phenomena in virus behavior, such as adaptation to changing environments, capacity to produce disease, probability to be transmitted or response to treatment, depend on virus population numbers and in the variations of such population numbers. Concepts such as quasispecies dynamics, mutations rates, viral fitness, the effect of bottleneck events, population numbers in virus transmission and disease emergence, new antiviral strategies such as lethal mutagenesis, and extensions of population heterogeneity to nonviral systems are included. These main concepts of the book are framed in recent observations on general virus diversity derived from metagenomic studies, and current views on the origin of viruses and the role of viruses in the evolution of the biosphere. Features current views on the key steps in the origin of life and origins of viruses Includes examples relating ancestral features of viruses with their current adaptive capacity Explains complex phenomena in an organized and coherent fashion that is easy to comprehend and enjoyable to read Considers quasispecies as a framework to understand virus adaptability and disease processes

Molecular Basis of Virus Evolution Book

Molecular Basis of Virus Evolution


  • Author : Adrian J. Gibbs
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-11-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN 10 : 0521022894

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Molecular Basis of Virus Evolution Book Description :

This 1995 book covers virus evolution, genetics and interaction with host for virologists and evolutionists.

Origin of Group Identity Book

Origin of Group Identity


  • Author : Luis P. Villarreal
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-12-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN 10 : 0387779981

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Origin of Group Identity Book Description :

A sense of belonging is basic to the human experience. But in this, humans are not unique. Essentially all life, from bacteria to humans, have ways by which it determines which members belong and which do not. This is a basic cooperative nature of life I call group membership which is examined in this book. However, cooperation of living things is not easily accounted for by current theory of evolutionary biology and yet even viruses display group membership. That viruses have this feature would likely seem coincidental or irrelevant to most scientist as having any possible relationship to human group identity. Surely such simple molecular-based relationships between viruses are unrelated to the complex cognitive and emotional nature of human group membership. Yet viruses clearly affect bacterial group membership, which are the most diverse and abundant cellular life form on Earth and from which all life has evolved. Viruses are the most ancient, numerous and adaptable biological entities we know. And we have long recognized them for the harm and disease they can cause, and they have been responsible for the greatest numbers of human deaths. However, with the sequencing of entire genomes and more recently with the shotgun sequencings of habitats, we have come to realize viruses are the black hole of biology; a giant force that has until recently been largely unseen and historically ignored by evolutionary biology. Viruses not only can cause acute disease, but also persist as stable unseen agents in their host.

Viruses  Essential Agents of Life Book

Viruses Essential Agents of Life


  • Author : Günther Witzany
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-11-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400748996

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Viruses Essential Agents of Life Book Description :

A renaissance of virus research is taking centre stage in biology. Empirical data from the last decade indicate the important roles of viruses, both in the evolution of all life and as symbionts of host organisms. There is increasing evidence that all cellular life is colonized by exogenous and/or endogenous viruses in a non-lytic but persistent lifestyle. Viruses and viral parts form the most numerous genetic matter on this planet.

The Major Transitions in Evolution Book
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The Major Transitions in Evolution


  • Author : John Maynard Smith
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1997-10-30
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 019850294X

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The Major Transitions in Evolution Book Description :

During evolution there have been several major changes in the way genetic information is organized and transmitted from one generation to the next. These transitions include the origin of life itself, the first eukaryotic cells, reproduction by sexual means, the appearance of multicellular plants and animals, the emergence of cooperation and of animal societies. This is the first book to discuss all these major transitions and their implications for our understanding of evolution.Clearly written and illustrated with many original diagrams, this book will be welcomed by students and researchers in the fields of evolutionary biology, ecology, and genetics.

The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses Book

The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses


  • Author : Edward C. Holmes
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-06-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199211128

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The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses Book Description :

While the study of viral evolution has developed rapidly in the last 30 years, little attention has been directed toward linking the mechanisms of viral evolution to the epidemiological outcomes of these processes. This book intends to fill this gap by considering the patterns and processes of viral evolution at all its spatial and temporal scales.

Viruses and the Evolution of Life Book

Viruses and the Evolution of Life


  • Author : Luis P. Villarreal
  • Publisher : Amer Society for Microbiology
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 395
  • ISBN 10 : 1555813097

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Viruses and the Evolution of Life Book Description :

Viruses and the Evolution of Life is an intriguing presentation of the virus–host relationship, as revealed through an examination of host evolution. This new volume avails the informed reader of a new perspective on the evolution of life while targeting the expert reader with discussions of specific scientific literature. Addresses the adaptation and evolution of viruses and, more importantly, the role of viruses in evolutionary biology Develops integrated themes for study of virology Contributes valuable information to the understanding of the virus–host relationship Integrates the relationship between genetic parasites found in host genomes with the virology of the host Communicates basic principles to the informed reader while presenting a scholarly evaluation of literature to challenge the specialist Written by one of the foremost experts in the field

Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems Book

Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems


  • Author : Ricard Solé
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-12-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691158846

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Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems Book Description :

How complex systems theory sheds new light on the adaptive dynamics of viral populations Viruses are everywhere, infecting all sorts of living organisms, from the tiniest bacteria to the largest mammals. Many are harmful parasites, but viruses also play a major role as drivers of our evolution as a species and are essential regulators of the composition and complexity of ecosystems on a global scale. This concise book draws on complex systems theory to provide a fresh look at viral origins, populations, and evolution, and the coevolutionary dynamics of viruses and their hosts. New viruses continue to emerge that threaten people, crops, and farm animals. Viruses constantly evade our immune systems, and antiviral therapies and vaccination campaigns can be powerless against them. These unique characteristics of virus biology are a consequence of their tremendous evolutionary potential, which enables viruses to quickly adapt to any environmental challenge. Ricard Solé and Santiago Elena present a unified framework for understanding viruses as complex adaptive systems. They show how the application of complex systems theory to viral dynamics has provided new insights into the development of AIDS in patients infected with HIV-1, the emergence of new antigenic variants of the influenza A virus, and other cutting-edge advances. Essential reading for biologists, physicists, and mathematicians interested in complexity, Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems also extends the analogy of viruses to the evolution of other replicators such as computer viruses, cancer, and languages.

Viruses Book

Viruses


  • Author : Michael G. Cordingley
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-06-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN 10 : 9780674972087

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Viruses Book Description :

While viruses—the world’s most abundant biological entities—are not technically alive, they invade, replicate, and evolve within living cells. Michael Cordingley goes beyond our familiarity with infections to show how viruses spur evolutionary change in their hosts and shape global ecosystems, from ocean photosynthesis to drug-resistant bacteria.

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Michel Tibayrenc
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-01-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128001530

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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book Description :

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease