Overcoming Obstacles in Drug Discovery and Development Book

Overcoming Obstacles in Drug Discovery and Development


  • Author : Kan He
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-10-15
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 0128171340

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Overcoming Obstacles in Drug Discovery and Development Excerpt :

Overcoming Obstacles in Drug Discovery and Development: Surmounting the Insurmountable uses real-world case studies to illustrate how critical thinking and problem-solving skills are applied and necessary in the discovery and development of drugs. The book shows how the development of critical thinking to overcome issues plays an essential role in scientific and professional expertise. As addressing critical, unexpected problems during development often requires scientists to utilize critical thinking and imaginative problem-solving skills, this book is an ideal training manual on how to overcome obstacles. It will be essential to young scientists who want to develop the skills to successfully face challenges, learn from their mistakes, and further develop critical thinking skills. It will also be beneficial to experienced researchers who can learn from case studies of successful and unsuccessful drug development Provides real-world case studies in drug discovery and the development of drugs Illustrates the use of critical thinking and problem-solving in approaching preclinical and clinical problems in drug discovery and development Analyzes examples of successes and failures in drug discovery and development that have not previously been reported

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders Book

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2014-02-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 118
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309292498

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Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders Excerpt :

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders is the summary of a workshop convened by the IOM Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders to examine opportunities to accelerate early phases of drug development for nervous system drug discovery. Workshop participants discussed challenges in neuroscience research for enabling faster entry of potential treatments into first-in-human trials, explored how new and emerging tools and technologies may improve the efficiency of research, and considered mechanisms to facilitate a more effective and efficient development pipeline. There are several challenges to the current drug development pipeline for nervous system disorders. The fundamental etiology and pathophysiology of many nervous system disorders are unknown and the brain is inaccessible to study, making it difficult to develop accurate models. Patient heterogeneity is high, disease pathology can occur years to decades before becoming clinically apparent, and diagnostic and treatment biomarkers are lacking. In addition, the lack of validated targets, limitations related to the predictive validity of animal models - the extent to which the model predicts clinical efficacy - and regulatory barriers can also impede translation and drug development for nervous system disorders. Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders identifies avenues for moving directly from cellular models to human trials, minimizing the need for animal models to test efficacy, and discusses the potential benefits and risks of such an approach. This report is a timely discussion of opportunities to improve early drug development with a focus toward preclinical trials.

Transforming Clinical Research in the United States Book

Transforming Clinical Research in the United States


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-10-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN 10 : 0309163358

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Transforming Clinical Research in the United States Excerpt :

An ideal health care system relies on efficiently generating timely, accurate evidence to deliver on its promise of diminishing the divide between clinical practice and research. There are growing indications, however, that the current health care system and the clinical research that guides medical decisions in the United States falls far short of this vision. The process of generating medical evidence through clinical trials in the United States is expensive and lengthy, includes a number of regulatory hurdles, and is based on a limited infrastructure. The link between clinical research and medical progress is also frequently misunderstood or unsupported by both patients and providers. The focus of clinical research changes as diseases emerge and new treatments create cures for old conditions. As diseases evolve, the ultimate goal remains to speed new and improved medical treatments to patients throughout the world. To keep pace with rapidly changing health care demands, clinical research resources need to be organized and on hand to address the numerous health care questions that continually emerge. Improving the overall capacity of the clinical research enterprise will depend on ensuring that there is an adequate infrastructure in place to support the investigators who conduct research, the patients with real diseases who volunteer to participate in experimental research, and the institutions that organize and carry out the trials. To address these issues and better understand the current state of clinical research in the United States, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation held a 2-day workshop entitled Transforming Clinical Research in the United States. The workshop, summarized in this volume, laid the foundation for a broader initiative of the Forum addressing different aspects of clinical research. Future Forum plans include further examining regulatory, administrative, and structural barriers to the effecti

Drug Discovery and Development   Prospects and Challenges Book

Drug Discovery and Development Prospects and Challenges


  • Author : Muhammad Taher Bakhtiar
  • Publisher : IIUM PRESS
  • Release Date : 2021-08-11
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN 10 : 9789674911546

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Drug Discovery and Development Prospects and Challenges Excerpt :

This book is written to provide a brief overview concerning the latest drug discovery and its development based on the research studies that have been carried out until the present. The idea of preparing this book was inspired by the Holy Qur’an and the hadith, which guides us in all aspects of life, including disease management and treatment. This was supported by the traditional use of natural medicine by our ancestors. From the scientific point of view, we translate all those knowledge and information to be evidence-based modern medicines. We practised the common process of drug discovery development by identifying the potential molecule, followed by in vitro and in vivo experiments. The formulation is a crucial process to produce an efficient and effective drug delivery. Not to forget the future vision that “things would not give any meaning if it is not giving benefit to the people”. Commercialisation is one of the approaches to promote the product across the market and community. The book ends with the current issue of the COVID-19 global pandemic with regards to the treatment, natural medicine, and vaccination.

Artificial Intelligence in Oncology Drug Discovery and Development Book

Artificial Intelligence in Oncology Drug Discovery and Development


  • Author : John Cassidy
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-09-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789846898

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Artificial Intelligence in Oncology Drug Discovery and Development Excerpt :

There exists a profound conflict at the heart of oncology drug development. The efficiency of the drug development process is falling, leading to higher costs per approved drug, at the same time personalised medicine is limiting the target market of each new medicine. Even as the global economic burden of cancer increases, the current paradigm in drug development is unsustainable. In this book, we discuss the development of techniques in machine learning for improving the efficiency of oncology drug development and delivering cost-effective precision treatment. We consider how to structure data for drug repurposing and target identification, how to improve clinical trials and how patients may view artificial intelligence.

Drug Discovery and Development Book

Drug Discovery and Development


  • Author : Vishwanath Gaitonde
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-03-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789239751

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Drug Discovery and Development Excerpt :

The process of drug discovery and development is a complex multistage logistics project spanned over 10-15 years with an average budget exceeding 1 billion USD. Starting with target identification and synthesizing anywhere between 10k to 15k synthetic compounds to potentially obtain the final drug that reaches the market involves a complicated maze with multiple inter- and intra-operative fields. Topics described in this book emphasize the progresses in computational applications, pharmacokinetics advances, and molecular modeling developments. In addition the book also contains special topics describing target deorphaning in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, therapy treatment of some rare diseases, and developments in the pediatric drug discovery process.

Oral Formulation Roadmap from Early Drug Discovery to Development Book

Oral Formulation Roadmap from Early Drug Discovery to Development


  • Author : Elizabeth Kwong
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-01-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118907870

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Oral Formulation Roadmap from Early Drug Discovery to Development Excerpt :

Detailing formulation approaches by stage of discovery to early development, this book gives a “playbook” of practical and efficient strategies to formulate drug candidates with the least chance of failing in clinical development. • Comes from contributing authors with experience developing formulations on the frontlines of the pharmaceutical industry • Focuses on pre (or non-) clinical and early stage development, the phases where most compounds are used in drug research • Features case studies to illustrate practical challenges and solutions in formulation selection • Covers regulatory filing, drug metabolism and physical and chemical properties, toxicology formulation, biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS), screening approaches, early stage clinical formulation development, and outsourcing

Drug Research and Development for Adults Across the Older Age Span Book

Drug Research and Development for Adults Across the Older Age Span


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences Engineering and Medicine
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-10-22
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 0309685680

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Drug Research and Development for Adults Across the Older Age Span Excerpt :

There is a void in evidence-based information for making informed decisions on how to optimize care for older adults, particularly those 80 years and over. Because older adults are vastly underrepresented in clinical trials, there is a dearth of information about the appropriate use of drugs in this population. Yet older adults have higher rates of comorbidities and simultaneous use of multiple medications than the general population, and are the majority users of many medications. Additionally, age-related physiological and pathological changes, particularly for adults 80 years of age and older, can lead to significant differences in the pharmacokinetics (PK)2 and pharmacodynamics (PD)3 of a given drug compared to the general population. On August 5 and 6, 2020, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a workshop titled Drug Research and Development for Adults Across the Older Age Span. The workshop was designed to examine the challenges and opportunities in drug research and development for older adult populations, explore barriers that impede safety and efficacy studies in these populations, and share lessons learned for better understanding clinical pharmacology for populations over age 65. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

Protein Kinases in Drug Discovery Book

Protein Kinases in Drug Discovery


  • Author : Rossen Donev
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-02-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323853149

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Protein Kinases in Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Protein Kinases in Drug Discovery, Volume 124 discusses the latest information on protein kinases and how they modify other proteins by chemically adding phosphate groups to them. New chapters in this release include Transport Proteins and AMPs: Implications in Human Disease, Protein kinase CK2 inhibition as a pharmacological strategy, Emerging role of Protein kinase in diabetes mellitus: From Mechanism to therapy, Dual Roles of ATP-binding site in Protein Kinases: Orthosteric inhibition and Allosteric Regulation, Pseudokinases in drug discovery and development: progress, challenges and future prospects, Comparison of knowledge-based vs. combinatorial peptide library approaches for the identification of protein kinase substrates, and more. Contains timely chapters written by well-renown authorities in their field Includes a number of high-quality illustrations, figures and tables, and targets a very wide audience of specialists, researchers and students Integrates experimental and computational methods for studying the role of protein kinases in different diseases, along with sections on the design of suitable protein kinase inhibitors for use in the treatment of patients

Peptide Drug Discovery and Development Book

Peptide Drug Discovery and Development


  • Author : Miguel Castanho
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-10-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527636747

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Peptide Drug Discovery and Development Excerpt :

Filling a real knowledge gap, this handbook and ready reference is both modern and forward-looking in its emphasis on the "bench to bedside" translational approach to drug development. Clearly structured into three major parts, the book stakes out the boundaries of peptide drug development in the preclinical as well as clinical stages. The first part provides a general background and focuses on the characteristic strengths and weaknesses of peptide drugs. The second section contains five cases studies of peptides from diverse therapeutic fields, and the lessons to be learned from them, while the final part looks at new targets and opportunities, discussing several drug targets and diseases for which peptide drugs are currently being developed.

Handbook of Research on Natural Products and Their Bioactive Compounds as Cancer Therapeutics Book

Handbook of Research on Natural Products and Their Bioactive Compounds as Cancer Therapeutics


  • Author : Pandurangan, Ashok Kumar
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2022-03-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 643
  • ISBN 10 : 9781799892601

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Handbook of Research on Natural Products and Their Bioactive Compounds as Cancer Therapeutics Excerpt :

Many chemotherapeutic agents are available in today’s market that are highly effective against a variety of cancer types; however, the major drawbacks of these chemotherapeutic agents are the many side effects. As an alternative to these chemotherapeutic agents, there are a number of natural agents that are effective against cancer that have been tested in preclinical and clinical models over the years. These natural products must be documented and discussed in order to provide a thorough overview of all the options available for cancer treatment. The Handbook of Research on Natural Products and Their Bioactive Compounds as Cancer Therapeutics emphasizes the list of natural agents against all types of cancers and discusses the current state of research in the fields of natural products and their derivatives against cancer in preclinical and clinical models. This book also provides insight into the applications of meditation and mindfulness-based interventions in clinical and non-clinical conditions. Covering topics such as cancer therapy, antioxidants, and flavonoids, it is ideal for students, research scholars, academicians, professors, scientists, oncologists, doctors, and medical practitioners.

Emerging Nanotechnologies for Diagnostics  Drug Delivery and Medical Devices Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Emerging Nanotechnologies for Diagnostics Drug Delivery and Medical Devices


  • Author : Ashim K Mitra
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2017-02-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323429979

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Emerging Nanotechnologies for Diagnostics Drug Delivery and Medical Devices Excerpt :

Emerging Nanotechnologies for Diagnostics, Drug Delivery and Medical Devices covers the modern micro and nanotechnologies used for diagnosis, drug delivery, and theranostics using micro, nano, and implantable systems. In-depth coverage of all aspects of disease treatment is included. In addition, the book covers cutting-edge research and technology that will help readers gain knowledge of novel approaches and their applications to improve drug/agent specificity for diagnosis and efficient disease treatment. It is a comprehensive guide for medical specialists, the pharmaceutical-industry, and academic researchers discussing the impact of nanotechnology on diagnosis, drug delivery, and theranostics. Gives readers working in immunology, drug delivery, and medicine a greater awareness on how novel nanotechnology orientated methods can help improve treatment Provides readers with backgrounds in nanotechnology, chemistry, and materials science an understanding on how nanotechnology is used in immunology and drug delivery Includes focused coverage of the use of nanodevices in diagnostics, therapeutics, and theranostics not offered by other books

Technological Challenges in Antibiotic Discovery and Development Book

Technological Challenges in Antibiotic Discovery and Development


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 48
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309298179

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Technological Challenges in Antibiotic Discovery and Development Excerpt :

Technological Challenges in Antibiotic Discovery and Development is the summary of a workshop convened by the Chemical Sciences Roundtable in September 2013 to explore the current state of antibiotic discovery and examine the technology available to facilitate development. Through formal presentations and panel discussions, participants from academia, industry, federal research agencies discussed the technical challenges present and the incentives and disincentives industry faces in antibiotic development, and identified novel approaches to antibiotic discovery. Antibiotic resistance is a serious and growing problem in modern medicine and it is emerging as a pre-eminent public health threat. Each year in the United States alone, at least two million acquire serious infections with bacteria that are resistant to one or more antibiotics, and at least 23,000 people die annually as a direct result of these antibiotic-resistant infections. In addition to the toll on human life, antibiotic-resistant infections add considerable and avoidable costs to the already overburdened U.S. health care system. This report explores the challenges in overcoming antibiotic resistance, screening for new antibiotics, and delivering them to the sites of infection in the body. The report also discusses a path forward to develop the next generation of potent antimicrobial compounds capable of once again tilting the battle against microbial pathogens in favor of humans. Technological Challenges in Antibiotic Discovery and Development gives a broad view of the landscape of antibiotic development and the technological challenges and barriers to be overcome.

RNA Interference Book

RNA Interference


  • Author : Paul H. Johnson
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-03-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 0470934670

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RNA Interference Excerpt :

RNA Interference: Application to Drug Discovery and Challenges to Pharmaceutical Development provides a general overview of this rapidly emerging field, with a strong emphasis on issues and aspects that are important to a drug development team. The first part covers more general background of RNA interference and its application in drug discovery. In the second part, the book addresses siRNA (small interfering RNA), a pharmaceutically potent form, and its use and delivery in therapeutics along with manufacturing and delivery aspects.

Pharmacokinetic Challenges in Drug Discovery Book

Pharmacokinetic Challenges in Drug Discovery


  • Author : O. Pelkonen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662043837

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Pharmacokinetic Challenges in Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Despite increased spending on research and development, the number of new medicines marketed successfully continues to decline. The Pharmaceutical industry is therefore focussing on ways to reduce attrition by addressing frequent reasons for clinical drug failures very early in the drug discovery process. One of the biggest challenges is the pharmacokinetic (PK) optimisation of drug candidates tailored and predicted to have appropriate absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) characteristics in human. This book describes how traditional pbarmacokinetic approaches and methods are being re-invented' to meet specific needs dictated by the dynamics of the drug discovery process. The book gives an overview of state-of-the-art tools and their use in the decision-making process is discussed by a number of scientists from leading pharmaceutical companies.