Palaeobiology of Giant Flightless Birds Book

Palaeobiology of Giant Flightless Birds


  • Author : Delphine Angst
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-11-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081011430

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Palaeobiology of Giant Flightless Birds Excerpt :

The fossil record of giant flightless birds extends back to the Late Cretaceous, more than 70 million years ago, but our understanding of these extinct birds is still incomplete. This is partly because the number of specimens available is sometimes limited, but also because widely different approaches have been used to study them, with sometimes contradictory results. This book summarizes the current knowledge of the paleobiology of seven groups of giant flightless birds: Dinornithiformes, Aepyornithiformes, Dromornithidae, Phorusrhacidae, Brontornithidae, Gastornithidae and Gargantuavis. The first chapter presents the global diversity of these birds and reviews the tools and methods used to study their paleobiology. Chapters 2 to 8 are each dedicated to one of the seven groups of extinct birds. Finally, a conclusion offers a global synthesis of the information presented in the book in an attempt to define a common evolutionary model. Focuses on the giant flightless birds that evolved independently in different parts of the world since the Cretaceous period Covers a number of different families with different evolutionary histories, providing a source of interesting comparisons Provides emphasis on the palaeobiology of these birds, including their evolution, adaptations, mode of life, ecology and extinction

Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs Book
Score: 1
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Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs


  • Author : Alan Feduccia
  • Publisher : BrownWalker Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781599426068

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Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs Excerpt :

Birds and dinosaurs have dominated human interest for decades. In this well-supported revolutionary view of the field, critical questions are explored with credible evidence and biological thought. Are birds derived directly from advanced dinosaurs, or are they closely related dinosaur cousins? Did flight originate via the natural "gravity-assisted" trees-down model, or from the improbable “gravity-resisted” ground-up model? Were the earliest birds ground-predators or trunk-climbing gliders? Were dinosaurs hot-blooded with insulating protofeathers, or highly active, cold-blooded reptiles? These are among the questions addressed in this path-breaking book. Current consensus suggests that early birds were earth-bound and flight began on the ground. Reversing that logic, since birds are hot-blooded, by inference so too were dinosaurs, and extraordinarily complex feathers, flight brain and inner ear, evolved before flight in dinosaurs. The iconic early bird Archaeopteryx, despite innumerable flight and arboreal features, is now displayed as an earth-bound predator that could not fly. In reality, we have yet to provide satisfactory explanations for much of the biological origin and early evolution of birds. Among the questions addressed is whether truly feathered dinosaurs are in reality lost or "hidden birds?" The architectural complexity of feathers leads the author to the conclusion that if an animal has evolved extraordinarily complex, aerodynamically-designed feathers, an avian flight hand, flight membranes, and a flight brain, it's a bird. Birds and dinosaurs captivate and enchant the human imagination. These intriguing animals have dominated the field of paleontology and evolution for the past half century, engendering heated debate on avian ancestry, the origin of flight and feathers, and the biology of their fossils. Are birds living dinosaurs? In this series of entertainingly contentious and captivating essays evolutionary biologist Alan Feduccia writes wit

Noah s Ravens Book

Noah s Ravens


  • Author : James O. Farlow
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9780253037169

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Noah s Ravens Excerpt :

How can the tracks of dinosaurs best be interpreted and used to reconstruct them? In many Mesozoic sedimentary rock formations, fossilized footprints of bipedal, three-toed (tridactyl) dinosaurs are preserved in huge numbers, often with few or no skeletons. Such tracks sometimes provide the only clues to the former presence of dinosaurs, but their interpretation can be challenging: How different in size and shape can footprints be and yet have been made by the same kind of dinosaur? How similar can they be and yet have been made by different kinds of dinosaurs? To what extent can tridactyl dinosaur footprints serve as proxies for the biodiversity of their makers? Profusely illustrated and meticulously researched, Noah's Ravens quantitatively explores a variety of approaches to interpreting the tracks, carefully examining within-species and across-species variability in foot and footprint shape in nonavian dinosaurs and their close living relatives. The results help decipher one of the world's most important assemblages of fossil dinosaur tracks, found in sedimentary rocks deposited in ancient rift valleys of eastern North America. Those often beautifully preserved tracks were among the first studied by paleontologists, and they were initially interpreted as having been made by big birds—one of which was jokingly identified as Noah's legendary raven.

Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution Book
Score: 5
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Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution


  • Author : A.J. Boucot
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483290812

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Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution Excerpt :

This book is the culmination of many years of research by a scientist renowned for his work in this field. It contains a compilation of the data dealing with the known stratigraphic ranges of varied behaviors, chiefly animal with a few plant and fungal, and coevolved relations. A significant part of the data consists of ``frozen behavior'', i.e. those in which an organism has been preserved while actually ``doing'' something, as contrasted with the interpretations of behavior of an organism deduced from functional morphology, important as the latter may be. The conclusions drawn from this compilation suggest that both behaviors and coevolved relations appear infrequently, following which there is relative fixity of the relation, i.e., two rates of evolution, very rapid and essentially zero. This conclusion complies well with the author's prior conclusion that community evolution followed the same rate pattern. In fact, communities are regarded here, as in large part, expressions of both behavior and coevolved relations, rather than as random aggregates controlled almost wholly by varied, unrelated physical parameters tracked by organisms, i.e., the concept that communities have no biologic reality, being merely statistical abstractions. The book is illustrated throughout with more than 400 photographs and drawings. It will be of interest to ethologists, evolutionists, parasitologists, paleontologists, and palaeobiologists at research and post-graduate levels.

Paleobiology Book

Paleobiology


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1992
  • Genre: Electronic journals
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : UCAL:B4339576

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Paleobiology Excerpt :

Bringing Fossils To Life  An Introduction To Paleobiology Book

Bringing Fossils To Life An Introduction To Paleobiology


  • Author : Donald R. Prothero
  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822033408733

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Bringing Fossils To Life An Introduction To Paleobiology Excerpt :

This is the first text to combine both paleontology and paleobiology. Traditional textbooks treat these separately, despite the recent trend to combine them in teaching. It bridges the gap between purely theoretical paleobiology and purely descriptive invertebrate paleontology books. The text is targeted at undergraduate geology and biology majors, with the emphasis on organisms, rather than dead objects to be described and catalogued. Current ideas from modern biology, ecology, population genetics, and many other concepts will be applied to the study of the fossil record.

Dragons in the Dust Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Dragons in the Dust


  • Author : Ralph E. Molnar
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 0253343747

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Dragons in the Dust Excerpt :

What caused their extinction remains a mystery, and one that makes an intriguing conclusion to this portrait of a true dragon of the past.

Avian Evolution Book

Avian Evolution


  • Author : Gerald Mayr
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-09-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119020738

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Avian Evolution Excerpt :

Knowledge of the evolutionary history of birds has much improved in recent decades. Fossils from critical time periods are being described at unprecedented rates and modern phylogenetic analyses have provided a framework for the interrelationships of the extant groups. This book gives an overview of the avian fossil record and its paleobiological significance, and it is the only up-to-date textbook that covers both Mesozoic and more modern-type Cenozoic birds in some detail. The reader is introduced to key features of basal avians and the morphological transformations that have occurred in the evolution towards modern birds. An account of the Cenozoic fossil record sheds light on the biogeographic history of the extant avian groups and discusses fossils in the context of current phylogenetic hypotheses. This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background in biology and geology.

Biosphere Book

Biosphere


  • Author : Dana Desonie
  • Publisher : Infobase Publishing
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Biodiversity conservation
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN 10 : 9781438105635

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Biosphere Excerpt :

Earth's astonishing diversity of life - in coral reefs, Arctic tundra, tropical rainforests, deep-sea hot springs, and many others - is amazing for its beauty and for the ecosystem services it provides. This book discusses how ecosystems must be set aside, habitats restored, and global warming thwarted.

The Origin and Evolution of Birds Book
Score: 2
From 2 Ratings

The Origin and Evolution of Birds


  • Author : Alan Feduccia
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release Date : 1999-01-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN 10 : 0300078617

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The Origin and Evolution of Birds Excerpt :

An exploration of all that is known about the origin of birds and of avian flight. It draws on fossil evidence and studies of the structure and biochemistry of living birds to present knowledge and data on avian evolution and to propose a new model of this evolutionary process.

Magnificent Mihirungs Book

Magnificent Mihirungs


  • Author : Peter F. Murray
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 0253342821

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Magnificent Mihirungs Excerpt :

Over millions of years, Australia's unique biodiversity has produced a large cabinet of curiosities. Among the weirder members of this group were the Mihirungs, members of the now extinct family Dromornithidae. Made up of several genera of flightless birds—among them one of the very largest birds that ever lived—the dromornithids ranged from 60-kilogram beasts, 1.5 meters tall, to giants twice that size, weighing nearly half a metric ton. They were, by orders of magnitude, the largest "geese" that ever lived. One species was comparable in size to the Ele-phantbird of Madagascar and the Giant Moa of New Zealand. This book is the first major study of this unique and highly diverse group. It aims to present as complete a synthesis as possible of current information about this fascinating family of birds.

Strickberger s Evolution Book

Strickberger s Evolution


  • Author : Brian K. Hall
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release Date : 2011-06-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 779
  • ISBN 10 : 9781449663902

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Strickberger s Evolution Excerpt :

Thoroughly updated and reorganized, Strickberger's Evolution, Fourth Edition, presents biology students with a basic introduction to prevailing knowledge and ideas about evolution, discussing how, why, and where the world and its organisms changed throughout history. Keeping consistent with Strickberger's engaging writing style, the authors carefully unfold a broad range of philosophical and historical topics that frame the theories of today including cosmological and geological evolution and its impact on life, the origins of life on earth, the development of molecular pathways from genetic systems to organismic morphology and function, the evolutionary history of organisms from microbes to animals, and the numerous molecular and populational concepts that explain the earth's dynamic evolution. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia Book

Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia


  • Author : Sergio F. Vizcaíno
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 381
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521194617

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Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia Excerpt :

A comprehensive compilation of important mammalian groups of the Santa Cruz Formation fossils, for academic researchers and graduate students.

Encyclopedia of Geology Book

Encyclopedia of Geology


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 5622
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081029091

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Encyclopedia of Geology Excerpt :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study