Paleoclimatology Book

Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Raymond S. Bradley
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1999-02-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 613
  • ISBN 10 : 0080538347

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Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

Raymond S. Bradley provides his readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all of the important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction, dating and paleoclimate modeling. Two comprehensive chapters on dating methods provide the foundation for all paleoclimatic studies and are followed by up-to-date coverage of ice core research, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, tree rings and historical records. New methods using alkenones in marine sediments and coral studies are also described. Paleoclimatology, Second Edition, is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying climatology, paleoclimatology and paleooceanography worldwide, as well as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers, appealing to archaeologists and scientists interested in environmental change. * Contains two up-to-date chapters on dating methods * Consists of the latest coverage of ice core research, marine sediment and coral studies, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, tree rings, and historical records * Describes the newest methods using alkenones in marine sediments and long continental pollen records * Addresses all important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction * Includes an extensive chapter on the use of models in paleoclimatology * Extensive and up-to-date bibliography * Illustrated with numerous comprehensive figure captions

Principles of Paleoclimatology Book
Score: 3
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Principles of Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Thomas M. Cronin
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 1999-07-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 0231503040

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Principles of Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers—understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species? This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the history of the Earth's climate—the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation—and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses. These paleoclimate records provide a baseline against which we can compare modern climate trends. Designed to give a fundamental background—including both history and methodology—to the discipline of paleoclimatology, this book is the first to advance our understanding of how climate change develops, how those changes are detected, and how the climate of the past can shape the climate of the future.

Paleoclimatology Book

Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Gilles Ramstein
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-11-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030249823

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Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

This two-volume book provides a comprehensive, detailed understanding of paleoclimatology beginning by describing the “proxy data” from which quantitative climate parameters are reconstructed and finally by developing a comprehensive Earth system model able to simulate past climates of the Earth. It compiles contributions from specialists in each field who each have an in-depth knowledge of their particular area of expertise. The first volume is devoted to “Finding, dating and interpreting the evidence”. It describes the different geo-chronological technical methods used in paleoclimatology. Different fields of geosciences such as: stratigraphy, magnetism, dendrochronology, sedimentology, are drawn from and proxy reconstructions from ice sheets, terrestrial (speleothems, lakes, and vegetation) and oceanic data, are used to reconstruct the ancient climates of the Earth. The second volume, entitled “Investigation into ancient climates,” focuses on building comprehensive models of past climate evolution. The chapters are based on understanding the processes driving the evolution of each component of the Earth system (atmosphere, ocean, ice). This volume provides both an analytical understanding of each component using a hierarchy of models (from conceptual to very sophisticated 3D general circulation models) and a synthetic approach incorporating all of these components to explore the evolution of the Earth as a global system. As a whole this book provides the reader with a complete view of data reconstruction and modeling of the climate of the Earth from deep time to present day with even an excursion to include impacts on future climate.

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments Book

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments


  • Author : Vivien Gornitz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-10-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1062
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402045516

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Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments Excerpt :

One of Springer’s Major Reference Works, this book gives the reader a truly global perspective. It is the first major reference work in its field. Paleoclimate topics covered in the encyclopedia give the reader the capability to place the observations of recent global warming in the context of longer-term natural climate fluctuations. Significant elements of the encyclopedia include recent developments in paleoclimate modeling, paleo-ocean circulation, as well as the influence of geological processes and biological feedbacks on global climate change. The encyclopedia gives the reader an entry point into the literature on these and many other groundbreaking topics.

Limnology  Climatology and Paleoclimatology of the East African Lakes Book

Limnology Climatology and Paleoclimatology of the East African Lakes


  • Author : A. Ivan Johnson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-08-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351435321

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Limnology Climatology and Paleoclimatology of the East African Lakes Excerpt :

The large lakes of the East African Rift Valley are among the oldest on Earth, and are vital resources for the people of their basins. They are unique among the large lakes of the world in terms of their sensitivity to climatic change, rich and diverse populations of endemic species, circulation dynamics and water-column chemistry, and long, continuous records of past climatic change. A comprehensive study of the large African lakes is long overdue. The scientific justification for such an effort is noted in the previous paragraph and is illustrated in great detail in this volume. Societal need for the sustainable utilization of these lakes offers an even more compelling reason for examination of biological food webs, water quality, and past climate variability in East Africa. The lakes provide the most important source of protein for the people of the African Rift Valley, and fish populations are shifting dramatically in response to fishing pressure, introduction of exotic species, land use impact on water quality, and perhaps climatic change. Current estimates of primary productivity, the underpinning of the food resource, are extremely crude and based on only a few spot measurements.

Dynamical Paleoclimatology Book
Score: 3
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Dynamical Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Barry Saltzman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN 10 : 9780126173314

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Dynamical Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate. Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references. Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references

Paleoclimatology Book

Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Colin P. Summerhayes
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-06-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119591474

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Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

Life on our planet depends upon having a climate that changes within narrow limits – not too hot for the oceans to boil away nor too cold for the planet to freeze over. Over the past billion years Earth’s average temperature has stayed close to 14-15°C, oscillating between warm greenhouse states and cold icehouse states. We live with variation, but a variation with limits. Paleoclimatology is the science of understanding and explaining those variations, those limits, and the forces that control them. Without that understanding we will not be able to foresee future change accurately as our population grows. Our impact on the planet is now equal to a geological force, such that many geologists now see us as living in a new geological era – the Anthropocene. Paleoclimatology describes Earth’s passage through the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 800 million years, including the glaciations of Snowball Earth in a world that was then free of land plants. It describes the operation of the Earth’s thermostat, which keeps the planet fit for life, and its control by interactions between greenhouse gases, land plants, chemical weathering, continental motions, volcanic activity, orbital change and solar variability. It explains how we arrived at our current understanding of the climate system, by reviewing the contributions of scientists since the mid-1700s, showing how their ideas were modified as science progressed. And it includes reflections based on the author’s involvement in palaeoclimatic research. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. It will be an invaluable course reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students in geology, climatology, oceanography and the history of science.

Paleoclimatology Book

Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Thomas J. Crowley
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre: Paleoclimatology.
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822005692058

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Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

Paleoclimatology is a review of the history of the climate of the Earth from the time of its formation four-and-a-half billion years ago to the present. The field, according to John Imbrie, a leading paleontologist at Brown University, is ripe for synthesis, with broad implications in geology, geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, and the atmospheric sciences. In this work, the author addresses several topics rarely discussed in paleoclimate summaries, including the modeling of Paleozoic climates and the environmental consequences of asteroid impacts. Observational results are generally separated from modeling studies in the discussion of individual time periods. In fact, the entire issue of modeling past climate fluctuations is specifically examined, with an emphasis on those areas where models and data disagree. In addition to offering the principal results from paleoclimate studies, the book identifies areas for future research and offers a frame of reference for interpreting the likely consequences of greenhouse warming. The work will serve as an upper division or graduate-level text, and will also be useful to working scientists in a number of other fields.

Late Neogene Chronostratigraphy  Biostratigraphy  Biochronology and Paleoclimatology Book

Late Neogene Chronostratigraphy Biostratigraphy Biochronology and Paleoclimatology


  • Author : William A. Berggren
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1973
  • Genre: Geology, Stratigraphic
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822008856189

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Late Neogene Chronostratigraphy Biostratigraphy Biochronology and Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

The integration of modern paleomagnetic, radiometric, and biostratigraphic studies has provided an accurate geochronological framework for the past 10 million years--the Late Neogene. Marine zones based on calcareous and siliceous planktonic organisms are recognized from the sub-Arctic region to the sub-Antarctic and their correlation to the paleomagnetic time scale is now feasible in some detail for the past 5 my. Likewise, the relationship of geochemically calibrated mammalian biochronology to the marine succession has been greatly improved. Within this framework of time it is possible to delineate the history of major features in Late Neogene paleontology, climatology, and oceanography. (Author).

Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology  Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport Book

Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport


  • Author : Margaret Leinen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 909
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400909953

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Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport Excerpt :

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modem and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport" (held at Oracle, Arizona, USA from November 17-19, 1987) brought together atmospheric chemists, physicists, and meteorologists who study the origin and transport of modem-day mineral and biological aerosols with geologists and paleobotanists who study the sedimentary record of eolian and hydrologic processes along with modelers who study and conceptualize the processes influencing atmospheric transport at present and in the past. Presentations at the workshop provided a guide to our present knowledge of the entire spectrum of processes and phenomena important to the generation, transport, and deposition of eolian terrigenous material that ultimately becomes part of the geologic record and the modeling techniques that used to represent these processes. The presenta tions on the geologic record of eolian deposition documented our present understanding of the na~e and causes of climate change on time scales of the last glacial ages (tens of thousands of years) to time scales over which the arrangement of continents, mountains, and oceans has changed sub stantially (tens of millions of years). There has been a growing recognition of the importance of global climatic changes to the future well-being of humanity. In particular, the climatic response to human alterations to the earth's surface and chemical composition has led to concern over the agricultural, ecological, and societal impacts of such potential global changes.

Boron Proxies in Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology Book

Boron Proxies in Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology


  • Author : Bärbel Hönisch
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-02-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119010647

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Boron Proxies in Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology Excerpt :

Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions do not only warm our planet but also acidify our oceans. It is currently unclear to which degree Earth’s climate and marine life will be impacted by these changes but information from Earth history, particularly the geochemical signals of past environmental changes stored in the fossil remains of marine organisms, can help us predict possible future changes. This book aims to be a primer for scientists who seek to apply boron proxies in marine carbonates to estimate past seawater carbonate chemistry and atmospheric pCO2. Boron proxies (δ11B and B/Ca) were introduced nearly three decades ago, with subsequent strides being made in understanding their mechanistic functioning. This text reviews current knowledge about the aqueous systematics, the inorganic and biological controls on boron isotope fractionation and incorporation into marine carbonates, as well as the analytical techniques for measurement of boron proxies. Laboratory and field calibrations of the boron proxies are summarized, and similarities between modern calibrations are explored to suggest estimates for proxy sensitivities in marine calcifiers that are now extinct. Example applications illustrate the potential for reconstructing paleo-atmospheric pCO2 from boron isotopes. Also explored are the sensitivity of paleo-ocean acidity and pCO2 reconstructions to boron isotope proxy systematics that are currently less well understood, including the elemental and boron isotopic composition of seawater through time, seawater alkalinity, temperature and salinity, and their collective impact on the uncertainty of paleo-reconstructions. The B/Ca proxy is based on the same mechanistic principles as the boron isotope proxy, but empirical calibrations suggest seawater pH is not the only controlling factor. B/Ca therefore has the potential to provide a second carbonate parameter that could be paired with δ11B to fully constrain the ocean carbonate system, but the associated u