Particle Physics and Cosmology  the Fabric of Spacetime Book

Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-09-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080550602

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Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime Excerpt :

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime . It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

The Fabric of the Cosmos Book
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The Fabric of the Cosmos


  • Author : Brian Greene
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release Date : 2007-12-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9780307428530

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The Fabric of the Cosmos Excerpt :

From Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading physicists and author of the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Elegant Universe, comes a grand tour of the universe that makes us look at reality in a completely different way. Space and time form the very fabric of the cosmos. Yet they remain among the most mysterious of concepts. Is space an entity? Why does time have a direction? Could the universe exist without space and time? Can we travel to the past? Greene has set himself a daunting task: to explain non-intuitive, mathematical concepts like String Theory, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and Inflationary Cosmology with analogies drawn from common experience. From Newton’s unchanging realm in which space and time are absolute, to Einstein’s fluid conception of spacetime, to quantum mechanics’ entangled arena where vastly distant objects can instantaneously coordinate their behavior, Greene takes us all, regardless of our scientific backgrounds, on an irresistible and revelatory journey to the new layers of reality that modern physics has discovered lying just beneath the surface of our everyday world.

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics Book

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics


  • Author : Hans Volker Klapdor-Kleingrothaus
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814293785

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Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics Excerpt :

Dark matter and dark energy are one of the central mysteries in modern physics, although modern astrophysical and cosmological observations and particle physics experiments can and will provide vital clues in uncovering its true nature. The DARK 2009 Conference brought together World?s leading researchers in both astrophysics and particle physics, providing an opportunity and platform to present their latest results to the community. The topics covered are wide-ranging, from terrestrial underground experiments to space experimental efforts to search for dark matter, and on the theoretical aspects, from the generating of a fifth family as origin of dark matter, extra dimensions and dark matter to non-standard Wigner classes and dark matter. One of the new highlights was certainly a possible connection between a neutrino mass as observed by nuclear double beta decay and the dark energy. Highly important and relevant in its field, the book presents a vital snapshot of the sometimes seemingly disparate areas of dark matter research and offers an exciting overview of current ideas and future directions.

String Theory and the Real World  From particle physics to astrophysics Book

String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-07-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080951515

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String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics Excerpt :

This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics." Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Astroparticle Physics Book

Astroparticle Physics


  • Author : Claus Grupen
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030273392

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Astroparticle Physics Excerpt :

Describes the branch of astronomy in which processes in the universe are investigated with experimental methods employed in particle-physics experiments. After a historical introduction the basics of elementary particles, Explains particle interactions and the relevant detection techniques, while modern aspects of astroparticle physics are described in a chapter on cosmology. Provides an orientation in the field of astroparticle physics that many beginners might seek and appreciate because the underlying physics fundamentals are presented with little mathematics, and the results are illustrated by many diagrams. Readers have a chance to enter this field of astronomy with a book that closes the gap between expert and popular level.

Post Planck Cosmology Book

Post Planck Cosmology


  • Author : Cédric Deffayet
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2015-02-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 545
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198728856

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Post Planck Cosmology Excerpt :

This book gathers the lecture notes of the 100th Les Houches Summer School, which was held in July 2013. These lectures represent a comprehensive pedagogical survey of the frontier of theoretical and observational cosmology just after the release of the first cosmological results of the Planck mission. The Cosmic Microwave Background is discussed as a possible window on the still unknown laws of physics at very high energy and as a backlight for studying the late-time Universe. Other lectures highlight connections of fundamental physics with other areas of cosmology and astrophysics, the successes and fundamental puzzles of the inflationary paradigm of cosmic beginning, the themes of dark energy and dark matter, and the theoretical developments and observational probes that will shed light on these cosmic conundrums in the years to come.

Concepts in Particle Physics Book

Concepts in Particle Physics


  • Author : V Parameswaran Nair
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2017-11-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9789813227576

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Concepts in Particle Physics Excerpt :

The 2013 discovery of the Higgs boson posed a challenge to both physics undergraduates and their instructors. Since particle physics is seldom taught at the undergraduate level, the question "what is the Higgs and why does its discovery matter?" is a common question among undergraduates. Equally, answering this question is a problem for physics instructors. This book is an attempt to put the key concepts of particle physics together in an appealing way, and yet give enough extra tidbits for students seriously considering graduate studies in particle physics. It starts with some recapitulation of relativity and quantum mechanics, and then builds on it to give both conceptual ideas regarding the Standard Model of particle physics as well as technical details. It is presented in an informal lecture style, and includes "remarks" sections where extra material, history, or technical details are presented for the interested student. The last lecture presents an assessment of the open questions, and where the future might take us.

String Cosmology Book

String Cosmology


  • Author : Johanna Erdmenger
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-07-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527628070

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String Cosmology Excerpt :

This relatively new field applies equations from string theory to solve the questions of early cosmology, since the standard picture of our universe emerging from a 'big bang' leaves many fundamental issues unanswered. String theory, on the other hand, postulates that fundamental ingredients of nature are not zero-dimensional point particles but tiny one-dimensional filaments. This theory harmoniously unites quantum mechanics and general relativity -- the previously known laws of the small and the large -- which are otherwise incompatible. The field of string cosmology has matured considerably over the past few years, attracting many new adherents. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of the topic, it is difficult for practitioners to be conversant with all the many different aspects. This book thus fills a huge gap by bringing together all the different strains of research into one single volume. The resulting collection of selected articles presents the latest, ongoing results from renowned experts currently working in the field. From the contents: * Introduction to Cosmology and String Theory * String Inflation: Brane Inflation and Inflation from Moduli * Cosmic Superstrings * The CMB as a Possible Probe of String Theory * String Gas Cosmology * Gauge-gravity Duality and String Cosmology * Heterotic M-theory and C A welcome addition to the literature for graduate students, students in astronomy, astronomers, mathematicians and theoretical physicists.

Dynamos Book

Dynamos


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080560533

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Dynamos Excerpt :

Dynamos is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "Dynamos". Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in Dynamos Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics Book

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics


  • Author : Freddy Bouchet
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192597458

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Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics Excerpt :

This volume, number 109 of the Les Houches Summer School series, presents the lectures held in August 2017 on the subject of turbulent flows in climate dynamics. Leading scientists in the fields of climate dynamics, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, geophysical fluid dynamics, physics and non-linear sciences present their views on this fast growing and interdisciplinary field of research, by venturing upon fundamental problems of atmospheric convection, clouds, large scale circulation, and predictability. Climate is controlled by turbulent flows. Turbulent motions are responsible for the bulk of the transport of energy, momentum, and water vapor in the atmosphere, which determine the distribution of temperature, winds, and precipitation on Earth. The aim of this book is to survey what is known about how turbulent flows control climate, what role they may play in climate change, and to outline where progress in this important area can be expected, given today's computational and observational capabilities. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides an essential background to future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to masters and PhD students and all researchers wishing to enter this field.

Current Trends in Atomic Physics Book

Current Trends in Atomic Physics


  • Author : Antoine Browaeys
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2019-05-14
  • Genre: SCIENCE
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198837190

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Current Trends in Atomic Physics Excerpt :

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at Session CVII of the summer school in physics, entitled "Current Trends in Atomic Physics" and held in July, 2016 in Les Houches, France. Atomic physics provides a paradigm for exploring few-body quantum systems with unparalleled control. In recent years, this ability has been applied in diverse areas including condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and ultra-fast phenomena as well as foundational aspects of quantum physics. This book addresses these topics by presenting developments and current trends via a series of tutorials and lectures presented by international leading investigators.

From Molecules to Living Organisms Book

From Molecules to Living Organisms


  • Author : Eva Pebay-Peyroula
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-01-07
  • Genre: Biophysics
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198752950

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From Molecules to Living Organisms Excerpt :

The book gathers lecture notes of courses given at the 2014 summer school on integrated biology in Les Houches, France, Session CII. It addresses an emerging field ranging from molecules to cells and to organisms. Through examples it presents a new way of thinking using a combination of interdisciplinary and cutting-edge methods, bridging physics and biology beyond current biophysics. Important novel developments are expected in the coming years that may well introduce paradigm shifts in biological science. The school had the ambition to prepare participants to become major actors in these breakthroughs. The power of integrated approaches is illustrated through two cases: interactions between viruses and host cells, and flower development. The role of forces in biology, as well as their mathematical modeling, is illustrated in both processes: how they allow flower organs to emerge or how they control membrane fusion during virus budding. The book also underlines the importance of conformational changes and dynamics of proteins particularly during membrane processes. It explains how membrane proteins can be handled and studied by molecular simulations. Finally, the book also contains concepts in cell biology, in thermodynamics and several novel approaches such as in-cell NMR. Altogether, the chapters show how examining a biological system from different viewpoints based on multidisciplinary aspects often leads to enriching controversial arguments.

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics Book

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics


  • Author : Claudio Chamon
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-02-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191088797

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Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics Excerpt :

This book contains lecture notes by world experts on one of the most rapidly growing fields of research in physics. Topological quantum phenomena are being uncovered at unprecedented rates in novel material systems. The consequences are far reaching, from the possibility of carrying currents and performing computations without dissipation of energy, to the possibility of realizing platforms for topological quantum computation.The pedagogical lectures contained in this book are an excellent introduction to this blooming field. The lecture notes are intended for graduate students or advanced undergraduate students in physics and mathematics who want to immerse in this exciting XXI century physics topic. This Les Houches Summer School presents an overview of this field, along with a sense of its origins and its placement on the map of fundamental physics advancements. The School comprised a set of basic lectures (part 1) aimed at a pedagogical introduction of the fundamental concepts, which was accompanied by more advanced lectures (part 2) covering individual topics at the forefront of today's research in condensed-matter physics.

Statistical Physics  Optimization  Inference and Message passing Algorithms Book

Statistical Physics Optimization Inference and Message passing Algorithms


  • Author : Florent Krzakala
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-01-16
  • Genre: Algorithms
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198743736

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Statistical Physics Optimization Inference and Message passing Algorithms Excerpt :

In the last decade, there has been an increasing convergence of interest and methods between theoretical physics and fields as diverse as probability, machine learning, optimization and compressed sensing. In particular, many theoretical and applied works in statistical physics and computer science have relied on the use of message passing algorithms and their connection to statistical physics of spin glasses. The aim of this book, especially adapted to PhD students, post-docs, and young researchers, is to present the background necessary for entering this fast developing field.