Pathophysiology of Ischemia Reperfusion Injury and Use of Fingolimod in Cardioprotection Book

Pathophysiology of Ischemia Reperfusion Injury and Use of Fingolimod in Cardioprotection


  • Author : Naseer Ahmed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128182536

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Pathophysiology of Ischemia Reperfusion Injury and Use of Fingolimod in Cardioprotection Excerpt :

Pathophysiology of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury and Use of Fingolimod in Cardioprotection is a deep examination into the mechanisms of myocardial ischemiareperfusion injury and role of fingolimod as a cardioprotective agent through its antioxidant, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects. Dr. Ahmed explore the physiology and pathophysiology of myocardial metabolism under normal and ischemic conditions and focused on pharmacological cardioprotection. They provide a concise, yet rigorous discussion of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury, Myocardial Ischemia during Circulatory Arrest, Myocardial Reperfusion, Myocardial Protection related to Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury and Role of Fingolimod in Cardioprotection. Pathophysiology of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury and Use of Fingolimod in Cardioprotection is ideal for researchers, cardiovascular scientists, and clinical pharmacologists to further work in this challenging area and apply this knowledge to clinical trials for cardioprotection. Provides detailed and critical analysis of the latest research in the field from molecular basis to potential clinical relevance Examines the effect of fingolimod/sphingosine 1-phosphate in cardioprotection, pointing to future myocardial preventative strategies

Cardioprotection Book

Cardioprotection


  • Author : Derek Hausenloy
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2009-08-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191575488

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Cardioprotection Excerpt :

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide with 3.8 million men and 3.4 million women dying each year. Cardioprotection refers to the prevention of CHD and the clinical improvement in patients suffering from cardiovascular problems. This book focuses on the role of cardioprotection in surgery and the use of pharmacological therapies such as ACE-inhibitors, statins and beta-blockers in order to reduce the myocardial injury sustained by the patient and the significant risk of morbidity and mortality. It includes new cardioprotective strategies aimed at improving the clinical outcomes of patients in these settings, as well as current well-established methods for reducing myocardial injury in acute coronary syndrome patients.

Novel Therapeutic Targets and Emerging Treatments for Fibrosis Book

Novel Therapeutic Targets and Emerging Treatments for Fibrosis


  • Author : Chrishan S. Samuel
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2018-01-12
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889453726

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Novel Therapeutic Targets and Emerging Treatments for Fibrosis Excerpt :

For decades we have known that the overgrowth, hardening and scarring of tissues (so-called fibrosis) represents the final common pathway and best histological predictor of disease progression in most organs. Fibrosis is the culmination of both excess extracellular matrix deposition due to ongoing or severe injury, and a failure to regenerate. An inadequate wound repair process ultimately results in organ failure through a loss of function, and is therefore a major cause of morbidity and mortality in disease affecting both multiple and individual organs. Whilst the pathology of fibrosis and its significance are well understood, until recently we have known little about its molecular regulation. Current therapies are often indirect and non-specific, and only slow progression by a matter of months. The recent identification of novel therapeutic targets, and the development of new treatment strategies based on them, offers the exciting prospect of more efficacious therapies to treat this debilitating disorder. This Research Topic therefore compromises several up-to-date mini-reviews on currently known and emerging therapeutic targets for fibrosis including: the Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-family; epigenetic factors; Angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptors; mineralocorticoid receptors; adenosine receptors; caveolins; and the sphingosine kinase/sphingosine 1-phosphate and notch signaling pathways. In each case, mechanistic insights into how each of these factors contribute to regulating fibrosis progression are described, along with how they can be targeted (by existing drugs, small molecules or other mimetics) to prevent and/or reverse fibrosis and its contribution to tissue dysfunction and failure. Two additional reviews will discuss various anti-fibrotic therapies that have demonstrated efficacy at the experimental level, but are not yet clinically approved; and the therapeutic potential vs limitations of stem cell-based therapies for reducing fibrosis while facili

Kashmir Pending Book

Kashmir Pending


  • Author : Naseer Ahmed
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Comic books, strips, etc
  • Pages : 95
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015076865206

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Kashmir Pending Excerpt :

Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion Injuries  CIRI  Book

Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion Injuries CIRI


  • Author : Weijian Jiang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319901947

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Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion Injuries CIRI Excerpt :

This volume is focused on subjects related to cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injuries after acute stroke. All chapters are selected from the Sixth Elite Stroke meeting named Pangu Stroke Conference and written by members of world leading laboratories of stroke studies. The contents cover both clinical and bench studies, from basic components of cerebral arterial system to clinical reperfusion injury cases, from reperfusion caused programmed cell death and astrocyte activation to oxidative stress and nitric oxide after reperfusion, from extracellular matrix and inflammation to a role of diabetes after reperfusion, from small artery disorders to collateral circulation and blood pressure control after reperfusion. Wei-Jian Jiang, Chairman of New Era Stroke Care and Research Institute of PLA Rocket Force General Hospital, Beijing, China. Wengui Yu, Professor and Director of Comprehensive Stroke & Cerebrovascular Center, University of California, Irvine Yan Qu, Professor and Director of Neurosurgery at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, Xi’an, China. Zhongsong Shi, Professor of Neurosurgery at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Ben-yan Luo, Professor and Chair of Neurology at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University. John H. Zhang, Professor of Anesthesiology and Physiology at Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, USA.

Stem Cells Book

Stem Cells


  • Author : Mariusz Z. Ratajczak
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030312060

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Stem Cells Excerpt :

Since different types of stem cells for therapeutic applications have recently been proposed, this timely volume explores various sources of stem cells for tissue and organ regeneration and discusses their advantages and limitations. Also discussed are pros and cons for using embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and adult stem cells isolated from postnatal tissues. Different types of adult stem cells for therapeutic applications are also reviewed, including hematopoietic stem cells, epidermal stem cells, endothelial progenitors, neural stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and very small embryonic-like stem cells. This book also addresses paracrine effects of stem cells in regenerative medicine that are mediated by extracellular microvesicles and soluble secretome. Finally, potential applications of stem cells in cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, immunotherapy, and aging are presented. This is an ideal book for students and researchers working in the stem cell research field.

The Role of Bioactive Lipids in Cancer  Inflammation and Related Diseases Book

The Role of Bioactive Lipids in Cancer Inflammation and Related Diseases


  • Author : Kenneth V. Honn
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-09-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030217358

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The Role of Bioactive Lipids in Cancer Inflammation and Related Diseases Excerpt :

The Organizing Committee of the 15th International Conference on Bioactive Lipids in Cancer, Inflammation and Related Diseases compiled a group of junior investigators to provide reviews on the topics they presented at the Puerto Vallarta Bioactive Lipids conference, as part of the book series, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (AEMB). The book in this series will be titled Bioactive Lipids in Cancer, Inflammation and Related Diseases. Topics range from all classes of lipids including prostaglandins, resolvins, spingolipids, P450-derived lipids, endocannabanoids and phospholipids. The focus includes physiology, cell biology, and structural studies in organisms from bacteria to humans and how these studies addressed the role of lipids in various disease i.e. cancer, inflammation, diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and others.

Botanical Leads for Drug Discovery Book

Botanical Leads for Drug Discovery


  • Author : Bikarma Singh
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-05
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811559174

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Botanical Leads for Drug Discovery Excerpt :

Active botanical ingredients are a prime requirement for herbal formulations and discovering a drug is all about integration of science disciplines. In recent decades there has been a growing interest in treating wounds and diseases using traditional remedies based on local herbs, combined with chemical advances. Although this has led to the development of new bioactive ingredients from plants, there has been little success in terms of clinical trials and post-marketing studies to comply with FDA guidelines. Plants have been used as a source of medicine throughout history and continue to serve as the basis for many pharmaceuticals used today. However, despite the modern pharmaceutical industry being founded on botanical medicine, synthetic approaches to drug discovery have now become standard. Science-driven translational discovery and botanical development has created a new reality, leading to enormous changes in strategies, technologies and the disciplines involved, which have been embraced by the pharmaceutical and biotech industries. This book gathers scientific expertise and traditional knowledge to promote the discovery and development of new formulations and drugs based on active ingredients and to provide guidance on taking these to clinical trials. It discusses major topics, such as how the phytochemical composition of many plants has changed over time due to factors like cultivation, which can have both positive and negative effects on the levels of bioactive compounds. It also explores the importance of plants as a valuable source of therapeutic compounds as a result of their vast biosynthetic capacity, and classifies them according to their intended use, safety and regulatory status. Further, the book offers insights into the regulatory aspects of botanical products, which is an important issue when considering standardization and quality assessment, and also examines the commercial aspects of plant-derived medications and their proven role in the treatm

The Chemokine Receptors Book

The Chemokine Receptors


  • Author : Jeffrey K. Harrison
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597450201

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The Chemokine Receptors Excerpt :

This volume, new to The Receptors series, focuses on several areas, including the birth, maturation, and structure of Chemokines; Neutrophil, Dendritic, and Lymphocyte trafficking; and Chemokine Receptors in diseases such as AIDs and lung cancer. In particular the book contains cutting-edge information ranging from basic molecular and cellular mechanisms to physiological and pathological roles of chemokines.

Druggable Lipid Signaling Pathways Book

Druggable Lipid Signaling Pathways


  • Author : Yasuyuki Kihara
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-09-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030506216

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Druggable Lipid Signaling Pathways Excerpt :

Lipids are responsible not just for constituting cellular membrane but also for storing energy, transducing signaling, and modifying proteins. Bioactive lipids, or lipid mediators, transduce signaling as intracellular messenger like phosphoinoitides, and also regulate cell-cell communication through G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that are potentially valuable drug targets in many diseases. Until now, about 40 GPCRs within ~300 rhodopsin-like (class A) GPCRs, are identified as lipid GPCRs. Advances of lipid research have enabled to develop novel small molecules targeting lipid GPCRs for several diseases. Most notably, fingolimod (FTY720), a sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator, became the first FDA-approved medicine as an orally bioavailable drug for treating relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition to fingolimod, other drugs targeting lipid GPCRs had been developed such as latanoprost (prostaglandin F2a analogue, used for ocular hypertension and glaucoma), epoprostenol and treprostinil (prostaglandin I2 analogue, used for pulmonary arterial hypertension), montelukast and pranlukast (cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist, used for asthma and allergies), etc. Novel drugs are also expected like lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor antagonist for treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. Drug development targeting lipid signalling pathways are backdated to more than a century, when aspirin was synthesized and selling by Bayer, while the basic mechanism of aspirin's effects (block prostanoid synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenases) had not been discovered until 1970s. Nowadays, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin and ibuprophen are commonly used as antipyretic analgesics and available readily over-the-counter oral drugs. Both upstream and downstream enzymes, such as phospholipase A2s and prostaglandin E synthases, respectively, are also potential therapeutic targets for inflammatory diseases. Recent studies of lipid meta

Marijuana and the Cannabinoids Book

Marijuana and the Cannabinoids


  • Author : Mahmoud A. ElSohly
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN 10 : 9781592599479

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Marijuana and the Cannabinoids Excerpt :

Although primarily used today as one of the most prevalent illicit leisure drugs, the use of Cannabis sativa L., commonly referred to as marijuana, for medicinal purposes has been reported for more than 5000 years. Marijuana use has been shown to create numerous health problems, and, consequently, the expanding use beyond medical purposes into recreational use (abuse) resulted in control of the drug through international treaties. Much research has been carried out over the past few decades following the identification of the chemical structure of THC in 1964. The purpose of Marijuana and the Cannabinoids is to present in a single volume the comprehensive knowledge and experience of renowned researchers and scientists. Each chapter is written independently by an expert in his/her field of endeavor, ranging from the botany, the constituents, the chemistry and pharmacokinetics, the effects and consequences of illicit use on the human body, to the therapeutic potential of the cannabinoids.

Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology Book

Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology


  • Author : Hannsjörg W. Seyberth
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-09-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642201950

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Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology Excerpt :

The objective of this volume is to give an overview of the present state of the art of pediatric clinical pharmacology including developmental physiology, pediatric-specific pathology, special tools and methods for development of drugs for children (assessment of efficacy, toxicity, long-term safety etc.) as well as regulatory and ethical knowledge and skills. In the future, structural and educational changes have to lead back to a closer cooperation and interaction of pediatrics with (clinical) pharmacology and pharmacy.

Natural Products and Neuroprotection Book

Natural Products and Neuroprotection


  • Author : Cristina Angeloni
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-06-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039362165

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Natural Products and Neuroprotection Excerpt :

Neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, are the most common pathologies of the central nervous system currently without a cure. They share common molecular and cellular characteristics, including protein misfolding, mitochondrial dysfunction, glutamate toxicity, dysregulation of calcium homeostasis, oxidative stress, inflammation, and ageing, which contribute to neuronal death. Efforts to treat these diseases are often limited by their multifactorial etiology. Natural products, thanks to their multitarget activities, are considered promising alternatives for the treatment of neurodegeneration. This book deals with two different forms of natural products: extracts and isolated compounds. The study of the bioactivity of the extracts is extremely important as many studies have demonstrated the synergistic effect of the combination of different natural products. On the other hand, the investigation of the activity of specifically isolated natural products can be also important to understand their cellular and molecular mechanisms and to define the specific bioactive components in extracts or foods. This book can be considered an important contribution to knowledge of the neuroprotective effect of natural products and presents a great deal of information, related to both the benefits but also the limitations of their use in counteracting neurodegeneration.

Vascular Development Book

Vascular Development


  • Author : Derek J. Chadwick
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2007-08-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470319420

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Vascular Development Excerpt :

The formation of blood vessels is an essential aspect of embryogenesis in vertebrates. It is a central feature of numerous post-embryonic processes, including tissue and organ growth and regeneration. It is also part of the pathology of tumour formation and certain inflammatory conditions. In recent years, comprehension of the molecular genetics of blood vessel formation has progressed enormously and studies in vertebrate model systems, especially the mouse and the zebrafish, have identified a common set of molecules and processes that are conserved throughout vertebrate embryogenesis while, in addition, highlighting aspects that may differ between different animal groups. The discovery in the past decade of the crucial role of new blood vessel formation for the development of cancers has generated great interest in angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones), with its major implications for potential cancer-control strategies. In addition, there are numerous situations where therapeutic treatments either require or would be assisted by vasculogenesis (the de novo formation of blood vessels). In particular, post-stroke therapies could include treatments that stimulate neovascularization of the affected tissues. The development of such treatments, however, requires thoroughly understanding the developmental properties of endothelial cells and the basic biology of blood vessel formation. While there are many books on angiogenesis, this unique book focuses on exactly this basic biology and explores blood vessel formation in connection with tissue development in a range of animal models. It includes detailed discussions of relevant cell biology, genetics and embryogenesis of blood vessel formation and presents insights into the cross-talk between developing blood vessels and other tissues. With contributions from vascular biologists, cell biologists and developmental biologists, a comprehensive and highly interdisciplinary volume is the outc

Sudden arrhythmic death  from basic science to clinical practice Book

Sudden arrhythmic death from basic science to clinical practice


  • Author : Gareth D. Matthews
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2014-10-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889192694

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Sudden arrhythmic death from basic science to clinical practice Excerpt :

With upwards of 4.5 million deaths worldwide each year, and more than one tenth of these occurring in those with no previously documented heart disease, sudden arrhythmic death (SAD) is both a major public health burden and a highly emotive issue for society at large. Recent years have witnessed a marked expansion in our knowledge of the physiology underlying SAD, both in the context of hereditary and acquired cardiac disorders. Thanks largely to work in genetically modified animals, the growth in our understanding of mechanisms underlying arrhythmia in the hereditary channelopathies has been particularly marked. Our growing knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms underlying SAD has so far failed to spur substantial developments in clinical practice. Despite a large body of work in both humans and animals, it remains impossible to confidently identify those at high risk of SAD, making pre-emptive therapy a challenge. What is more, with the thankful exception of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and pharmacological agents in very specific situations, there has been depressingly little progress in finding new and effective therapies. This Research Topic aims to go some way towards bridging the gap between advances in basic science and the development and delivery of new therapies. It brings together original research contributions and review articles from key opinion leaders in the field, focusing on the direct clinical implications of the basic science research now and in the future