Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Foods Book

Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Foods


  • Author : Martin Rose
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-05-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857098917

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Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Foods Excerpt :

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and toxic elements, such as dioxins, flame retardants, lead and mercury, are substances of major concern for the food industry, the regulator and the public. They persist in the environment, accumulate in food chains and may adversely affect human health if ingested over certain levels or with prolonged exposure. Persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals in foods explores the scientific and regulatory challenges of ensuring that our food is safe to eat. Part one provides an overview of regulatory efforts to screen, monitor and control persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals in foods and includes case studies detailing regulatory responses to food contamination incidents. Part two moves on to highlight particular POPs, toxic metals and metalloids in foods, including dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), mercury, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and phthalates. Persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals in foods is a standard reference for those in the food industry responsible for food safety, laboratories testing for food chemical safety, regulatory authorities responsible for ensuring the safety of food, and researchers in industry and academia interested in the science supporting food chemical safety. Includes case studies which detail regulatory responses to food contamination incidents Considers the uptake and transfer of persistent organic pollutants in the food chain and the risk assessment of contaminates in food Details perticular persistent organic pollutants, toxic metals and metalloids in foods including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), mercury and arsenic among others

Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment Book

Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment


  • Author : Narendra Kumar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-09-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000415179

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Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment Excerpt :

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are toxic, degradation resistant, bio accumulative, and display wide spatial distribution which has been linked to mutagenic, reproductive and immunological disorders. In Stockholm Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are toxic, degradation resistant, bio-accumulative, and display wide spatial distribution, which has been linked to mutagenic, reproductive, and immunological disorders. At the Stockholm Convention, a global treaty was signed to minimize and ultimately eliminate the release of POPs into the environment. The present compilation regarding POPs focusses on the sources, atmospheric behavior, terrestrial and aquatic food chain transfer, human exposure, and fate aspects of this important class of chemicals, including topical issues like temporal trends in contamination. Furthermore, the chemical characteristics of individual POPs are also addressed. Features: Provides better understanding of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and how they affect humans and ecosystems. Includes genesis, categories, environmental fate and behavior, and associated hazards. Reviews analytical techniques involved in detection, human exposure and management. Discusses environmental dynamics of POPs. Focuses on the comprehensive account of PCDD/Fs, PCBs, PAH and other organochlorine POPs, such as DDT, lindane, and dieldrin. This book is aimed at researchers, professionals and graduate students in Life Science, Occupational Health and Safety, Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering.

Advances in the Determination of Xenobiotics in Foods Book

Advances in the Determination of Xenobiotics in Foods


  • Author : Belen Gomara
  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2019-10-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 501
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811421570

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Advances in the Determination of Xenobiotics in Foods Excerpt :

Determining the presence of different types of toxic compounds (or xenobiotics) in food requires precise analytical methodologies. Examples of these techniques include separation techniques coupled to mass spectrometry, Variations in methods used depend on the physicochemical properties of each xenobiotic being tested for. Advances in the Determination of Xenobiotics in Foods explains recent developments in the field of xenobiotic determination in food. Readers are introduced to xenobiotic testing techniques through extensive reviews. Chapters also cover details about contaminants coming from food contact materials (such as plasticizers, food additives, polymer monomers/oligomers and non-intentionally added substances), substances used for food processing and sensing (nanoparticles), and residues of pesticides (that can also be present in the final food product). The book also includes information about specific xenobiotics that, due to their global distribution in the environment, are also likely to enter the food chain. Some of them are regulated (persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals) but there are many other types of contaminants (halogenated flame-retardants, perfluorinated compounds and micro- and nanoplastics) that must also be controlled. In addition, some xenobiotics could be present in the final food consumed because of food treatments (acrylamide, furan, heterocyclic aromatic amines, and glycidol esters). Finally, the concluding chapters of the book are devoted to the presence of natural contaminants such as mycotoxins and biogenic amines. The combination of extensive information of analytical techniques for xenobiotics along with a categorical treatment of food contaminants makes this volume a handy reference for food science and technology students and technicians involved in food safety and processing management roles. SERIES INTRODUCTION: This book series presents reviews, and reference monographs on all aspects of food science and technology

Management of Contaminants of Emerging Concern  CEC  in Environment Book

Management of Contaminants of Emerging Concern CEC in Environment


  • Author : Pardeep Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-03-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128222645

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Management of Contaminants of Emerging Concern CEC in Environment Excerpt :

Management of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC) in Environment provides information about new concepts and latest developments in origin, reaction pathways, transportation, transformation products, identification, and adverse effects of CEC, as well as recent remediation technologies and tools for CEC. The book explores processes such as nanotechnology for the degradation of CEC by using various heterogeneous catalysts. The chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects and can serve as a baseline for future studies. So, Management of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC) in Environment is an indispensable resource for university students, teachers, and researchers, especially those working in the area of remediation and management of contaminants of emerging concern. Takes a holistic approach, focusing on the origin of contaminants, type of contaminants, remediation technologies, regulations and legal aspects Applies chemical, physical and biological processes for the treatment of emerging contaminants Written by a team of internationally reputed and rising researchers

Animal Feed Contamination Book

Animal Feed Contamination


  • Author : J Fink-Gremmels
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-06-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857093615

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Animal Feed Contamination Excerpt :

The production of animal feed increasingly relies on the global acquisition of feed material, increasing the risk of chemical and microbiological contaminants being transferred into food-producing animals. Animal feed contamination provides a comprehensive overview of recent research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health. Part one focuses on the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products. Analysis of contamination by persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals follows in part two, before the problem of natural toxins is considered in part three. Veterinary medicinal products as contaminants are explored in part four, along with a discussion of the use of antimicrobials in animal feed. Part five goes on to highlight the risk from emerging technologies. Finally, part six explores feed safety and quality management by considering the safe supply and management of animal feed, the process of sampling for contaminant analysis, and the GMP+ feed safety assurance scheme. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Animal feed contamination is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for food safety control in the food and feed industries, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Provides a comprehensive review of research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health Examines the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products Analyses contamination by persistant organic pollutants, toxic metals and natural toxins

Chemical hazards in foods of animal origin Book

Chemical hazards in foods of animal origin


  • Author : Frans J.M. Smulders
  • Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
  • Release Date : 2019-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9789086868773

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Chemical hazards in foods of animal origin Excerpt :

The authorship of this book is comprised of a total of 65 experts of worldwide repute, originating from 13 different countries and representing various scientific disciplines such as human and veterinary medicine, agricultural sciences, (micro)biology, pharmacology/toxicology, nutrition, (food) chemistry and risk assessment science. In 25 chapters the various chemical hazards - 'avoidable' or 'unavoidable' and possibly prevailing in major foods of animal origin [muscle foods (including fish), milk and dairy, eggs, honey] - are identified and characterised, the public health risks associated with the ingestion of animal food products that may be contaminated with such xenobiotic chemical substances are discussed in detail, and options for risk mitigation are presented. This volume targets an audience with both an industry and academic background, and particularly those professionals who are (or students who aspire to become) involved in risk management of foods of animal origin.

Soil pollution  a hidden reality Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Soil pollution a hidden reality


  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2018-04-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251305058

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Soil pollution a hidden reality Excerpt :

This document presents key messages and the state-of-the-art of soil pollution, its implications on food safety and human health. It aims to set the basis for further discussion during the forthcoming Global Symposium on Soil Pollution (GSOP18), to be held at FAO HQ from May 2nd to 4th 2018. The publication has been reviewed by the Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soil (ITPS) and contributing authors. It addresses scientific evidences on soil pollution and highlights the need to assess the extent of soil pollution globally in order to achieve food safety and sustainable development. This is linked to FAO’s strategic objectives, especially SO1, SO2, SO4 and SO5 because of the crucial role of soils to ensure effective nutrient cycling to produce nutritious and safe food, reduce atmospheric CO2 and N2O concentrations and thus mitigate climate change, develop sustainable soil management practices that enhance agricultural resilience to extreme climate events by reducing soil degradation processes. This document will be a reference material for those interested in learning more about sources and effects of soil pollution.

Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems Book

Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems


  • Author : Donat-P. Häder
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030756024

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Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems Excerpt :

This book provides examples of pollutants, such as accidental oil spills and non-degradable plastic debris, which affect marine organisms of all taxa. Terrestrial runoff washes large amounts of dissolved organic materials from agriculture and industry, toxic heavy metals, pharmaceuticals, and persistent organic pollutants which end up into rivers, coastal habitats, and open waters. While this book is not intended to encyclopaedically list all kinds of pollution, it rather exemplifies the problems by concentrating on a number of serious and prominent recent developments. The chapters in this book also discuss measures to decrease and remove aquatic pollution to mitigate the stress on aquatic organisms. Aquatic ecosystems provide a wide range of ecological and economical services. In addition to providing a large share of the staple diet for a fast growing human population, oceans absorb most of the anthropogenically emitted carbon dioxide and mitigate climate change. As well as rising temperatures and ocean acidification, pollution poses increasing problems for aquatic ecosystems and organisms reducing its functioning and services which are exposed to a plethora of stress factors.

Hazardous Substances and Human Health Book

Hazardous Substances and Human Health


  • Author : Till M. Bachmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444522184

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Hazardous Substances and Human Health Excerpt :

There is widespread public concern about hazardous chemicals that are contained in air, soil, water and food. Policy has therefore adopted a series of laws and regulations concerning emissions into and concentration levels in different media including food. As policy makers do not only have to consider the protection of the environment but also need to ensure a well-functioning economy at the same time, these limit or target values need to be set in a balanced way. The main problem, however, is to compare the costs for achieving these targets with the benefits to society by having a smaller exposure to hazardous substances (cost-benefit analysis). This book sets out to improve the reliability of cost-benefit analyses particularly of hazardous substances present in air, water, soil and food. It suggests that the human health risk assessment of chemicals is performed in a bottom-up analysis, i.e., following a spatially resolved multimedia modelling approach. In order to support cost-benefit analyses, the approach is accompanied by monetary valuation of human health impacts, yielding so-called external costs. Results for selected priority metals show that these external costs are small compared to those by the classical air pollutants and involve rather long time horizons touching on the aspect of intergenerational equity within sustainable development. When including further hazardous substances, the total external costs attributable to contaminants are expected to be more substantial.

Inorganic Pollutants in Water Book

Inorganic Pollutants in Water


  • Author : Pooja Devi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-03-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128189658

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Inorganic Pollutants in Water Excerpt :

Inorganic Pollutants in Water provides a clear understanding of inorganic pollutants and the challenges they cause in aquatic environments. The book explores the point of source, how they enter water, the effects they have, and their eventual detection and removal. Through a series of case studies, the authors explore the success of the detection and removal techniques they have developed. Users will find this to be a single platform of information on inorganic pollutants that is ideal for researchers, engineers and technologists working in the fields of environmental science, environmental engineering and chemical engineering/ sustainability. Through this text, the authors introduce new researchers to the problem of inorganic contaminants in water, while also presenting the current state-of-the-art in terms of research and technologies to tackle this problem. Presents existing solutions to pollution problems, along with their challenges Includes case studies that detail success stories, challenges and the implementation of these tools Provides solutions that are both economically and ecologically sustainable

Animal Feed Contamination Book

Animal Feed Contamination


  • Author : Johanna Fink-Gremmels
  • Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 1845697251

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Animal Feed Contamination Excerpt :

The production of animal feed increasingly relies on the global acquisition of feed material, increasing the risk of chemical and microbiological contaminants being transferred into food-producing animals. Animal feed contamination provides a comprehensive overview of recent research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health. Part one focuses on the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products. Analysis of contamination by persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals follows in part two, before the problem of natural toxins is considered in part three. Veterinary medicinal products as contaminants are explored in part four, along with a discussion of the use of antimicrobials in animal feed. Part five goes on to highlight the risk from emerging technologies. Finally, part six explores feed safety and quality management by considering the safe supply and management of animal feed, the process of sampling for contaminant analysis, and the GMP+ feed safety assurance scheme. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Animal feed contamination is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for food safety control in the food and feed industries, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Provides a comprehensive review of research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health Examines the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products Analyses contamination by persistant organic pollutants, toxic metals and natural toxins

Northern Lights Against POPs Book

Northern Lights Against POPs


  • Author : Inuit Circumpolar Conference
  • Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN 10 : 9780773524484

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Northern Lights Against POPs Excerpt :

Northern Lights Against POPs tells the many-faceted scientific, policy, legal, and advocacy story that led to the Stockholm convention. Unique in its perspective, scope, and breadth, it reveals the key links among environmental and health science, international politics, advocacy, law, and global negotiations. Never before have public health concerns articulated by northern Indigenous peoples in Canada and throughout the circumpolar Arctic had such a direct impact on global policy-making. Authors show how research on POPs (persistent organic pollutants) in the Arctic from the mid-1980s influenced international negotiations and analyze the potential for the convention to be effective. Contributors include elected representatives, researchers, civil servants, Indigenous people who participated in the negotiations, and scientists who provided the compelling Arctic data that prompted the United Nations Environment Programme to sponsor negotiations. Contributors include David Anderson (Minister of the Environment, Canada); Nigel Bankes (University of Calgary); John Buccini (Consultant, former chair of the Global POPs Negotiations); Sheila Watt-Cloutier (Inuit Circumpolar Conference-Canada); Barry Commoner, Paul Woods Bartlett, Holger Eisl, Kimberly Couchot (Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, City University of New York); Eric Dewailly (Laval University); David Downie (Director of Educational Partnerships, Columbia Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York); Terry Fenge (Inuit Circumpolar Conference-Canada); Henry Huntington (Consultant, Anchorage) and Michelle Sparck (Circumpolar Conservation Union, Washington, D.C.); Harriet Kuhnlein, Laurie Chan (Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment, McGill University), and Olivier Receveur (formerly Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment, McGill University); Lars-Otto Reiersen (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme Secretariat,Oslo); Henrik Selin (Massachusetts In

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Book

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health


  • Author : R M Harrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-10-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839160448

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Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Excerpt :

Both genes and environment have profound effects upon our health. While some environmental factors such as polluted air are high in the public consciousness, there are many other pathways for people’s exposure to toxic chemicals, such as through food, water and contaminated land. It is not only chemicals that can affect health; environmental radioactivity, pathogenic organisms and our changing climate also have implications for public health, and all contribute to the global burden of disease, leading to both disability and deaths of millions of people annually across the world. An understanding of the pathways of environmental exposure, and its effects upon health is key to developing regulations and behaviours that reduce or prevent exposure, and the consequent impacts upon health. Covering topics from dietary exposure to chemicals through to the health effects of climate change, this book brings together contributors from around the world to highlight the latest science on the impacts of environmental pollutant exposure upon public health.

Encyclopedia of Food and Health Book

Encyclopedia of Food and Health


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-08-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 4006
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123849533

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Encyclopedia of Food and Health Excerpt :

The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward. Users will find this to be a meticulously organized resource of the best available summary and conclusions on each topic. Written from a truly international perspective, and covering of all areas of food science and health in over 550 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter, this updated encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both research and educational needs. Identifies the essential nutrients and how to avoid their deficiencies Explores the use of diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health Compiles methods for detection and quantitation of food constituents, food additives and nutrients, and contaminants Contains coverage of all areas of food science and health in nearly 700 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter

Pollution Book

Pollution


  • Author : Anne E. Maczulak
  • Publisher : Infobase Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN 10 : 9781438126333

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Pollution Excerpt :

Explains what pollution is, describes some of the ways in which our air and water are being polluted, and what is being done about it.