Perspectives for Agroecosystem Management  Book

Perspectives for Agroecosystem Management


  • Author : Peter Schroder
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-08-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 0080556396

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Perspectives for Agroecosystem Management Book Description :

Sustainable agriculture is a key concept for scientists, researchers, and agricultural engineers alike. This book focuses on the FAM- project (FAM Munich Research Network on Agroecosystems) of the 1990s as a means to assessing, forecasting, and evaluating changes in the agroecosystems that are necessary for agricultural sustainability. The management of two separate management systems: an organic and an integrated farming system are described to provide an interdisciplinary approach Changes of matter fluxes in soils, changes of trace gas fluxes from soils, precision farming in a small scale heterogen landscape, influence of management changes on flora and fauna, as well as the development of agroecosystem models, the assessment of soil variability and the changes in nutrient status are important aspects of this book. * Contains detailed results and insight of a long-time project on agricultural sustainability * Provides an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive understanding by scientists and researchers of soil, plants, agriculture, and environment * Includes an international perspective

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management Book

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management


  • Author : Patrick J. Bohlen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-03-24
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420052152

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Sustainable Agroecosystem Management Book Description :

Emphasizes Centrality of the Ecosystem PerspectiveSustainable management of agroecosystems in the 21st century faces unprecedented challenges. Protecting the environment while feeding a burgeoning population that could reach nine billion by mid-century, preserving the world's biodiversity, and sustaining agriculture in an increasingly urban world i

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management Book

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management


  • Author : Patrick J. Bohlen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-03-24
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420052152

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Sustainable Agroecosystem Management Book Description :

Emphasizes Centrality of the Ecosystem PerspectiveSustainable management of agroecosystems in the 21st century faces unprecedented challenges. Protecting the environment while feeding a burgeoning population that could reach nine billion by mid-century, preserving the world's biodiversity, and sustaining agriculture in an increasingly urban world i

A History of Farming Systems Research Book

A History of Farming Systems Research


  • Author : Michael P. Collinson
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780851994055

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A History of Farming Systems Research Book Description :

Farming Systems Research (FSR) may be defined as a diagnostic process, providing a collection of methods for researchers to understand farm households and their decision-making. Its applications use this understanding to increase efficiency in the use of human and budgetary resources for agricultural development, including research, extension and policy formulation. Initiated by the then International Association for Farming Systems Research and Extension (now International Farming Systems Association) and developed with support from FAO, this book provides a detailed history of FSR. While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small-scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries.

Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems  Second Edition Book

Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems Second Edition


  • Author : Miguel Altieri
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2004-01-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 1560229233

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Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems Second Edition Book Description :

Explore the latest research on biological control! Completely updated for 2004, this new edition examines methods for making agricultural systems less susceptible to insect pests. Containing new findings and reports of strategies, Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems, Second Edition will show you how pests can be managed by enhancing beneficial biodiversity using agroecological diversification methods. Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems, Second Edition provides you with an essential overview of the role of biodiversity in agriculture and then gets specific, with new and updated information on: the agroecology of pest management plant diversity and pest outbreaks within agroecosystems diversification strategies for pest management how sustainable farming systems are designed You'll also explore: the role of plant diversity on the biology of beneficial insects insect regulation in diverse agroecosystems manipulation of plant diversity in agroecosystems ecological and socioeconomic implications The fact is, many modern agroecosystems are unstable as a consequence of constant human intervention in crop systems which ignore ecological principles. With case studies on a variety of crops and pests, Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystems, Second Edition explores entomological aspects of agriculture and analyzes the ecological basis for the maintenance of biodiversity. It will familiarize you with the theory and practice of enhancing biological pest control in agricultural systems by managing vegetational diversity via multiple cropping, cover cropping, rotations, and other spatial and temporal designs. With studies on intercropping, cover cropping, weed management, and crop-field border vegetation manipulation, this book covers the effects of these diverse systems on pest population density and the mechanisms underlying pest reduction in polycultures. Make it a part of your reference/teaching collection today!

Farmers and Plant Breeding Book

Farmers and Plant Breeding


  • Author : Ola Tveitereid Westengen
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-11-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429017001

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Farmers and Plant Breeding Book Description :

This book presents the history of, and current approaches to, farmer-breeder collaboration in plant breeding, situating this work in the context of sustainable food systems, as well as national and international policy and law regimes. Plant breeding is essential to food production, climate-change adaptation and sustainable development. This book brings together experienced practitioners and researchers involved in collaborative breeding programmes across a diversity of crops and agro-ecologies around the world. Case studies include collaborative sorghum and pearl millet breeding for water-stressed environments in West Africa, participatory rice breeding for intensive rice farming in the Mekong Delta, and evolutionary participatory quinoa breeding for organic agriculture in North America. While outlining the challenges, the volume also highlights the positive impacts, such as yield increases, farmers’ empowerment in the innovation and development processes, contributions to maintenance of crop genetic diversity and adaptation to climate change. This collection offers a range of perspectives on enabling conditions for farmer–breeder collaboration in plant breeding in relation to biodiversity agreements such as the Plant Treaty, trade agreements and related intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes, and national seed policies and laws. Relevant to a wide audience, including practitioners with experience in plant breeding and management of crop genetic resources and those with a broader interest in agriculture and development, as well as students of international cooperation and development, this volume is a timely addition to the literature.

Problems  Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management Book

Problems Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management


  • Author : Manish Kumar
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2012-03-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535101178

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Problems Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management Book Description :

Food security emerged as an issue in the first decade of the 21st Century, questioning the sustainability of the human race, which is inevitably related directly to the agricultural water management that has multifaceted dimensions and requires interdisciplinary expertise in order to be dealt with. The purpose of this book is to bring together and integrate the subject matter that deals with the equity, profitability and irrigation water pricing; modelling, monitoring and assessment techniques; sustainable irrigation development and management, and strategies for irrigation water supply and conservation in a single text. The book is divided into four sections and is intended to be a comprehensive reference for students, professionals and researchers working on various aspects of agricultural water management. The book seeks its impact from the diverse nature of content revealing situations from different continents (Australia, USA, Asia, Europe and Africa). Various case studies have been discussed in the chapters to present a general scenario of the problem, perspective and challenges of irrigation water use.

Perspectives in Agroecosystem Book

Perspectives in Agroecosystem


  • Author : Arvind Kumar
  • Publisher : Daya Books
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Agricultural ecology
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN 10 : 8170353114

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Perspectives in Agroecosystem Book Description :

Indian agriculture has witnessed a remarkable progress during the past three decades. Apart from high yielding varieties and modern agricultural technologies, a number of agricultural inputs have played a key role in achieving the phenomenal increase in agricultural production. The present book provides the state of agroecosystem vis-a-vis environment and outlines future directions so that sustainable agriculture is achived without causing extensive damage to the fragile agroecosystem. This book is a unique compilation of 71 research articles of eminent scientists, which would prove useful to students, teachers and research scholars in various disciplines of agricultural science. It would be also helpful to administrators and policy planners to devise strategy to provide pollution-free environment and food to the teeming population. Contents Chapter 1: Role of Vermicompost in Agroecosystem by Arvind Kumar and Chandan Bohra; Chapter 2: Use of Green Manure and Green Leaf Manure in Rice Agroecosystem by A Solaimalai, P T Ramesh and M Baskar; Chapter 3: Accumulated Soil Enzymes in a Soil Profile under Different Agroecosystem by V Sunitha and M A Singara Charya; Chapter 4: Cement Dust Pollution in Kashmir: Response of Phaseolus vulgaris to Cement Dust Treatment under Soil Amendments by A H Zargar, M Y Zargar and M A Khan; Chapter 5: Weed Control Efficiency of Different Herbicides in Transplanted Paddy under Temperate Conditions of Kashmir Himalaya by Zafar Reshi and B L Sapru; Chapter 6: Effect of Azospirillum Inoculation and Growth Regulators Application of Sunflower (Helianthus annus L) by D Reetha, D Stellan and M D Sundaram; Chapter 7: Climatic-Planning and Weather-Monitoring of Crop Production by Venkataraman; Chapter 8: Biodegradation of Lignocelulosic Paddy Straw by Soil Fungi by Ch Vijaya and M A Singaracharya; Chapter 9: Influence of Irrigation Schedules and Herbicide Application Methods on Nodulation in Groundnut by G M Sujith; Chapter 10: Effect of Rice-cum-Fi

Socio Metabolic Perspectives on the Sustainability of Local Food Systems Book

Socio Metabolic Perspectives on the Sustainability of Local Food Systems


  • Author : Eva Fraňková
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-01-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319692364

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Socio Metabolic Perspectives on the Sustainability of Local Food Systems Book Description :

This book delves into diverse local food systems and critically assesses their ecological and societal benefits and trade-offs, their limits and opportunities for improving sustainability of food production, and framework conditions which either hinder or promote their development. More and more people with gradually meat heavier diets will demand growth in food production, whilst our increasingly industrialized and globalized agri-food system has already caused serious sustainability problems in the past. This calls for a change in the way we produce, distribute and consume food. A re-emerging debate on food security and food sovereignty seems to support this quest. But what are the promising alternatives to mainstream developments? Such a discussion regarding sustainability of local food systems requires a sound systemic understanding and thus invites a socio-metabolic reading of local cases by analyzing the nexus between material and energy flows as well as land and time use. This approach is needed to complement the so far mostly qualitatively-based local food studies. Applying socio-metabolic approaches to local food systems fosters a better understanding of promises and pitfalls for sustainable pathways in the future.

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems Book

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems


  • Author : Devra Ivy Jarvis
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 023113648X

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Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems Book Description :

Describes how farmers manage, maintain, and benefit from biodiversity in agricultural production systems. Includes the most recent research and developments in the maintenance of local diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels.

Agricultural Resilience Book

Agricultural Resilience


  • Author : Sarah M. Gardner
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-31
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107067622

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Agricultural Resilience Book Description :

Offers an interdisciplinary exploration of resilience in agriculture, and implications for producers seeking to adapt to change and uncertainty.

Climate Change and Crop Production Book

Climate Change and Crop Production


  • Author : Noureddine Benkeblia
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-12-07
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315391847

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Climate Change and Crop Production Book Description :

Key features: Describes the effects and responses of the macro and micro levels of crops under the different components of climate change Reports on the adaptation and resilience of food production systems within the changing climate Covers how plants cope with the changing climate including physiological, biochemical, phenotype, and ecosystem responses Provides an in-depth discussion on the importance of agricultural education connected to climate change Presenting an overview of agroecology within the framework of climate change, this book looks at the impact of our changing climate on crop production and agroecosystems, reporting on how plants will cope with these changes, and how we can mitigate these negative impacts to ensure food production for the growing population. It explores the ways that farmers can confront the challenges of climate change, with contributed chapters from around the world demonstrating the different challenges associated with differing climates. Examples are provided of the approaches being taken right now to expand the ecological, physiological, morphological, and productive potential of a range of crop types. Giving readers a greater understanding of the mechanisms of plant resilience to climate change, this book provides new insights into improving the productivity of an individual crop species as well as bringing resistance and resiliency to the entire agroecosystem. It offers a strong foundation for changing research and education programs so that they build the resistance and resilience that will be needed for the uncertain climate future ahead.

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems Book

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems


  • Author : Devra Ivy Jarvis
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 023113648X

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Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems Book Description :

Describes how farmers manage, maintain, and benefit from biodiversity in agricultural production systems. Includes the most recent research and developments in the maintenance of local diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels.

Energy in Agroecosystems Book

Energy in Agroecosystems


  • Author : Gloria I. Guzman Casado
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-12
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315349909

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Energy in Agroecosystems Book Description :

Energy in Agroecosystems: A Tool for Assessing Sustainability is the first book on energy analysis that is up-to-date and specifically dedicated to agriculture. It is written from an agroecological perspective and goes beyond the conventional analysis of the efficient use of energy. The book provide a methodological guide to assess energy efficiency and sustainability from an eco-energetic point of view. Case studies from both Europe and America, which are representative of today’s most used scales of analysis (crop, farm, local or national) and the different farm management practices (traditional, industrialized, and contemporary organic), apply this methodology This book will be of primary interest to researchers, practitioners, and students working in the areas of agroecology, sustainable agriculture, environmental science, energy analysis, natural resources management, rural development and international development.

Biological Control Book

Biological Control


  • Author : Charles Vincent
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2007-08-20
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845932664

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Biological Control Book Description :

Biological control, the management of pests by the use of living organisms, has a long history of application to agriculture around the world. However, the effective use of beneficial organisms is constrained by environmental, legal, and economic restrictions, forcing researchers to adopt increasingly multi-disciplinary techniques in order to deploy successful biological control programs. It is this complex process, including the mindset and the social environment of the researcher as well as the science being pursued, that this book seeks to capture. Chapters reveal the experiences of scientists from the initial search for suitable control agents, to their release into ecosystems and finally to the beneficial outcomes which demonstrate the great success of biological control across diverse agro-ecosystems. Drawing together historical perspectives and approaches used in the development of biological control as well as outlining current debates surrounding terminology and differential techniques, Biological Control: A Global Perspective will be a valuable resource.

The Biology of Agroecosystems Book

The Biology of Agroecosystems


  • Author : Nicola Randall
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2019-10-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198737520

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The Biology of Agroecosystems Book Description :

Since the advent of agriculture approximately 12,000 years ago, human activity has created a unique set of ecosystems. However, the recent development of world markets, rapid technological advances, and other changes to farming practices have led to hugely increased pressures on farm habitats and organisms. Global human populations are rising and diets are becoming ever more complicated, leading to unrelenting requirements for increased levels of food production. Natural biotopes are becoming increasingly fragmented as agricultural activities expand around them. "Agroecosystems" now occur from the tropics to subarctic environments and comprise systems as varied as annual crops, perennial grasslands, orchards, and agroforestry systems. They presently cover almost 40% of the terrestrial land surface and significantly shape landscapes at a global scale. This key addition to the OUP Biology of Habitats Series provides a novel perspective on agroecosystems, summarising our current understanding of the basic and applied aspects of these important and complex habitats, whilst focusing on environmental concerns in the context of global change. The Biology of Agroecosystemsis is for both senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in agroecology, farmland ecology, conservation, and agriculture as well as the many professional ecologists, conservation biologists, and land managers requiring a concise overview of agroecology.

Combating Climate Change Book

Combating Climate Change


  • Author : Manjit S. Kang
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-03-26
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466566712

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Combating Climate Change Book Description :

The effects of climate change can already be felt around the world, and they will likely impact all facets of human civilization-from health, livelihood security, agricultural production, and shelter to international trade. Since anthropogenic factors are mainly to blame for the current trends in global warming, human intervention will be necessary

Agroecology in China Book

Agroecology in China


  • Author : Luo Shiming
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-27
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482249354

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Agroecology in China Book Description :

Key features: Reviews the development of agroecology in China, including research, practice, management, and education regarding challenges for rural and agricultural progress Presents information from sources not readily available in the West about agricultural development in China during the last several decades Provides models and indicates starting points for future research and practice Addresses how to meet future challenges of agroecosystems from the field to the table in China from scientific, technological, and management perspectives During the past 30 years, industrialization has fundamentally changed traditional rural life and agricultural practices in China. While the incomes of farmers have increased, serious issues have been raised concerning the environment, resource depletion, and food safety. In response, the Chinese government and Chinese scientists encouraged eco-agriculture, the practice of agroecology principles and philosophy, as a way to reduce the negative consequences of large-scale industrialized systems of farming. Agroecology in China: Science, Practice, and Sustainable Management represents the work of experts and leaders who have taught, researched, and expanded Chinese agroecology and eco-agriculture for more than 30 years. It reviews decades of agricultural change to provide an integrated analysis of the progress of research and development in agroecological farming practices. The book contains research on traditional and newly developed agricultural systems in China, including intercropping systems, rainfall harvest systems, and rice–duck, rice–fish, and rice–frog co-culture systems. It covers current eco-agriculture practices in the major regions of China according to climate conditions. The book closes with a discussion of the major technical approaches, necessary policy support, and possible major development stages that must occur to allow broader agroecological implementations toward the sustainability of future food syst

Current Perspective to Predict Actual Evapotranspiration Book

Current Perspective to Predict Actual Evapotranspiration


  • Author : Daniel Bucur
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-05-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535131731

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Current Perspective to Predict Actual Evapotranspiration Book Description :

Evapotranspiration is the largest outgoing water flux from the Earth's surface; its accurate quantification is critical for the crop development in conditions of the climate changes from recent decades, and it can contribute to a greater understanding of a range of agricultural ecosystem processes. To evaluate the hydric requirements of the crops, it was agreed that they should be reported to a maximum global evapotranspiration called potential evapotranspiration. To estimate this variable, a variety of methods were developed, each with its benefits as well as trade-offs. Their use, however, is laborious due to their complexity and of the large number of parameters required. In this book, specialists' concerns worldwide to develop simple but reliable methodologies - with less data requirement - which will give accurate and appropriate results - are presented. In addition, a study of the physics of the moisture evaporation process from porous media to elucidate what are the mechanisms of moisture migration from granular biopesticides is presented in the last chapter.

Managing Water and Agroecosystems for Food Security Book

Managing Water and Agroecosystems for Food Security


  • Author : Eline Boelee
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781780640884

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Managing Water and Agroecosystems for Food Security Book Description :

Water protection, food production and ecosystem health are worldwide issues. Changes in the global water cycle are affecting human well-being in many places, while widespread land and ecosystem degradation, driven by poor agricultural practices, is seriously limiting food production. Understanding the links between ecosystems, water, and food production is important to the health of all three, and sustainably managing these connections is becoming increasingly necessary. This book shows how sustainable ecosystems, especially agroecosystems, are essential for water management and food production.