Phase Transitions in Polymers  The Role of Metastable States Book

Phase Transitions in Polymers The Role of Metastable States


  • Author : Stephen Z.D. Cheng
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 0080558208

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Phase Transitions in Polymers The Role of Metastable States Book Description :

A classical metastable state possesses a local free energy minimum at infinite sizes, but not a global one. This concept is phase size independent. We have studied a number of experimental results and proposed a new concept that there exists a wide range of metastable states in polymers on different length scales where their metastability is critically determined by the phase size and dimensionality. Metastable states are also observed in phase transformations that are kinetically impeded on the pathway to thermodynamic equilibrium. This was illustrated in structural and morphological investigations of crystallization and mesophase transitions, liquid-liquid phase separation, vitrification and gel formation, as well as combinations of these transformation processes. The phase behaviours in polymers are thus dominated by interlinks of metastable states on different length scales. This concept successfully explains many experimental observations and provides a new way to connect different aspects of polymer physics. * Written by a leading scholar and industry expert * Presents new and cutting edge material encouraging innovation and future research * Connects hot topics and leading research in one concise volume

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields Book

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields


  • Author : Sergey A. Vshivkov
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-05-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 381
  • ISBN 10 : 9781527534568

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Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields Book Description :

Generalized extensive experimental and theoretical data regarding the phase transitions of polymer systems in mechanical and magnetic fields provide the possibility to predict the results of external field effects on the structure and mutual solubility of components. The data on dynamic structuring in deformed polymer blends and solutions allow for the use of found regularities by the processing of polymer systems. The methods offered in this book allow for the connection of shift of phase diagrams in the mechanical field with changes in macromolecule sizes. The tutorials described here will help the reader to correctly build the phase diagrams of polymer systems using a variety of methods.

Phase Transition Dynamics Book

Phase Transition Dynamics


  • Author : Akira Onuki
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-06-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 714
  • ISBN 10 : 1139433164

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Phase Transition Dynamics Book Description :

Phase transition dynamics is centrally important to condensed matter physics. This 2002 book treats a wide variety of topics systematically by constructing time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau models for various systems in physics, metallurgy and polymer science. Beginning with a summary of advanced statistical-mechanical theories including the renormalization group theory, the book reviews dynamical theories, and covers the kinetics of phase ordering, spinodal decomposition and nucleation in depth. The phase transition dynamics of real systems are discussed, treating interdisciplinary problems in a unified manner. Topics include supercritical fluid dynamics, stress-diffusion coupling in polymers and mesoscopic dynamics at structural phase transitions in solids. Theoretical and experimental approaches to shear flow problems in fluids are reviewed. Phase Transition Dynamics provides a comprehensive account, building on the statistical mechanics of phase transitions covered in many introductory textbooks. It will be essential reading for researchers and advanced graduate students in physics, chemistry, metallurgy and polymer science.

Phase Transitions   1973 Book

Phase Transitions 1973


  • Author : H. K. Henisch
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483158624

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Phase Transitions 1973 Book Description :

Phase Transitions - 1973 is a collection of the proceedings of the Conference on Phase Transitions and Their Applications in Materials Science, held at Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, on May 23-25, 1973. The papers explore some of the practical applications of solid-state phase transitions and consequent precursor property modifications in metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers, macromolecules, and biological systems. Comprised of 41 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to applications of phase transitions in materials science, followed by a syncretist classification of phase transitions. Subsequent chapters discuss phase transitions in materials such as liquid crystals, PLZT ceramics, disordered semiconductors, silver iodide single crystals, and aluminum alloys. The structural aspects of phase transitions are also considered, along with the statistical mechanics of glass transition; thermal expansion and phase transitions in silica; phase transformation of Fe-Mn alloys induced by shock loading; and order-disorder transitions in biopolymers. This monograph will be of interest to physicists and materials scientists.

Phase Transitions in Foods Book

Phase Transitions in Foods


  • Author : Yrjö H. Roos
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1995-06-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 0080538738

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Phase Transitions in Foods Book Description :

Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers Book

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers


  • Author : William Kung
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812834973

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Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers Book Description :

This monograph represents an extension of the author''s original PhD thesis and includes a more thorough discussion on the concepts and mathematics behind his research works on the foam model, as applied to studying issues of phase stability and elasticity for various non-closed packed structures found in fuzzy and colloidal crystals, as well as on a renormalization-group analysis regarding the critical behavior of loop polymers upon which topological constraints are imposed. The common thread behind these two research works is their demonstration of the importance and effectiveness of utilizing geometrical and topological concepts for modeling and understanding soft systems undergoing phase transitions.

Phase Transitions in Foods Book

Phase Transitions in Foods


  • Author : Yrjo H Roos
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124079229

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Phase Transitions in Foods Book Description :

Phase Transitions in Foods, Second Edition, assembles the most recent research and theories on the topic, describing the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of change. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. It should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of non-fat food solids as "biopolymers" which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occurring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research

Order  Disorder and Criticality Book

Order Disorder and Criticality


  • Author : Yurij Holovatch
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812385833

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Order Disorder and Criticality Book Description :

This book reviews some of the classic aspects in the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, which has a long history. Recently, these aspects are attracting much attention due to essential new contributions. The topics presented in this book include : mathematical theory of the Ising model; equilibrium and non-equilibrium criticality of one-dimensional quantum spin chains; influence of structural disorder on the critical behaviour of the Potts model; criticality, fractality and multifractality of linked polymers; field-theoretical approaches in the super conducting phase transitions. The book is based on the review lectures that were given in Lviv (Ukraine) in March 2002 at the "Ising lectures" - a traditional annual workshop on phase transitions and critical phenomena which aims to bring together scientists working in the field of phase transitions with university students and those who are interested in the subject.

Polymer Phase Diagrams Book

Polymer Phase Diagrams


  • Author : R. Koningsveld
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN 10 : 0198556349

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Polymer Phase Diagrams Book Description :

Polymeric materials include plastics, gels, synthetic fibres, and rubbers. This text uses fundamental principles to classify phase separation phenomena in polymer systems, and describes simple molecular models explaining the observed behaviour.

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems Book

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems


  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-09-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128094310

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Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems Book Description :

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems is the first book that explains in depth the crystallization behavior of multiphase polymer systems. Polymeric structures are more complex in nature than other material structures due to their significant structural disorder. Most of the polymers used today are semicrystalline, and the subject of crystallization is still one of the major issues relating to the performance of semicrystalline polymers in the modern polymer industry. The study of the crystallization processes, crystalline morphologies and other phase transitions is of great significance for the understanding the structure-property relationships of these systems. Crystallization in block copolymers, miscible blends, immiscible blends, and polymer composites and nanocomposites is thoroughly discussed and represents the core coverage of this book. The book critically analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale. Various experimental techniques used for the characterization of polymer crystallization process are discussed. Written by experts in the field of polymer crystallization, this book is a unique source and enables professionals and students to understand crystallization behavior in multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers, polymer blends, composites and nanocomposites. Covers crystallization of multiphase polymer systems, including copolymers, blends and nanocomposites Features comprehensive, detailed information about the basic research, practical applications and new developments for these polymeric materials Analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale

Phase Transitions in Materials Book

Phase Transitions in Materials


  • Author : Brent Fultz
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-08-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 583
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107067240

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Phase Transitions in Materials Book Description :

A clear, concise and rigorous textbook covering phase transitions in the context of advances in electronic structure and statistical mechanics.

Phase Transitions in Liquid Crystals Book

Phase Transitions in Liquid Crystals


  • Author : Arthur N. Chester
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 505
  • ISBN 10 : 9781468491517

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Phase Transitions in Liquid Crystals Book Description :

The Nato Advanced Study Institute "Phase Transitions in Liquid Crystals" was held May 2-12, 1991, in Erice, Sicily. This was the 16th conference organized by the International School of Quantum Electronics, under the auspices of the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture. The subject of "Liquid Crystals" has made amazing progress since the last ISQE Course on this subject in 1985. The present Proceedings give a tutorial introduction to today's most important areas, as well as a review of current results by leading researchers. We have brought together some of the world's acknowledged experts in the field to summarize both the present state of their research and its background. Most of the lecturers attended all the lectures and devoted their spare hours to stimulating discussions. We would like to thank them all for their admirable contributions. The Institute also took advantage of a very active audience; most of the students were active researchers in the field and contributed with discussions and seminars. Some of these student seminars are also included in these Proceedings. We did not modify the original manuscripts in editing this book, but we did group them according to the following topics: 1) "Theoretical Foundations"; 2) "Thermotropic Liquid Crystals"; 3) "Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals"; 4) "Polymeric Liquid Crystals"; and 5) "Lyotropic Liquid Crystals".

Smart Polymers and their Applications Book

Smart Polymers and their Applications


  • Author : Maria Rosa Aguilar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-02-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097026

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Smart Polymers and their Applications Book Description :

Smart polymers are polymers that respond to different stimuli or changes in the environment. Smart Polymers and their Applications reviews the types, synthesis, properties, and applications of smart polymers. Chapters in part one focus on types of polymers, including temperature-, pH-, photo-, and enzyme-responsive polymers. Shape memory polymers, smart polymer hydrogels, and self-healing polymer systems are also explored. Part two highlights applications of smart polymers, including smart instructive polymer substrates for tissue engineering; smart polymer nanocarriers for drug delivery; the use of smart polymers in medical devices for minimally invasive surgery, diagnosis, and other applications; and smart polymers for bioseparation and other biotechnology applications. Further chapters discuss the use of smart polymers for textile and packaging applications, and for optical data storage. Smart Polymers and their Applications is a technical resource for chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the polymer industry; manufacturers in such sectors as medical, automotive, and aerospace engineering; and academic researchers in polymer science. Reviews the different types of smart polymer, discussing their properties, structure, design, and characterization Reviews applications of smart polymers in such areas as biomedical engineering, textiles, and food packaging

Responsive Gels  Volume Transitions 1 Book

Responsive Gels Volume Transitions 1


  • Author : Karel Dusek
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-03-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN 10 : 3662149346

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Responsive Gels Volume Transitions 1 Book Description :

Toyiochi Tanaka, Mitsuhiro Shibayama, "Phase Transitions and related Phenomena of Polymer Gels", Akira Onuki "Theory of Phase Transition in Polymer Gels", Alexei Khokhlov, Sergei Starodybtzev, Valentina Vasilevskaya "Conformational Transitions in Polymer Gels: Theory and Experiment", Michal Ilavsky " Effect on Phase Transition on Swellingand Mechanical Behavior of Synthetic Hydrogels", Shozaburo Saito , M. Konno, H. Inomata "Volume Phase Transition of N-Alkylacrylamide Gels", Ronald Siegel "Hydrophobic Weak Polyelectrolyte Gels: Studies of Swelling Equilibria and Kinetics".

Liquid Crystals Book

Liquid Crystals


  • Author : Satyen Kumar
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 483
  • ISBN 10 : 0521461324

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Liquid Crystals Book Description :

This 2001 book provides hands-on details of several important techniques for the study of liquid crystals.

Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter Book

Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter


  • Author : Tormod Riste
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461305514

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Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter Book Description :

This volume comprises the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Geilo, Norway, between 4 - 14 April 1989. This Institute was the tenth in a series held at Geilo on the subject of phase transitions. It was the first to be concerned with the growing area of soft condensed matter, which is neither ordinary solids nor ordinary liquids, but somewhere in between. The Institute brought together many lecturers, students and active researchers in the field from a wide range of NATO and some non-NATO countries, with financial support principally from the NATO Scientific Affairs Division but also from Institutt for energiteknikk, the Nor wegian Research Council for Science and the Humanities (NAVF), The Nordic Institute for Theoretical Atomic Physics (NORDITA), the Norwegian Physical Society and VISTA, a reserach cooperation between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and Den norske stats oljeselskap a.s (STATOIL). The organizing committee would like to thank all these contributors for their help in promoting an exciting and rewarding meeting, and in doing so are confident that they echo the appreciation also of all the participants. 50ft condensed matter is characterized by weak interactions between polyatomic constituents, by important·thermal fluctuations effects, by mechanical softness and by a rich range of behaviours. The main emphasis at this Institute was on the fundamental collective physics, but prepar ation techniques and industrial applications were also considered.

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels Book

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels


  • Author : Sutapa Biswas Majee
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-08-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535125099

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Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels Book Description :

This book is an Up-to-date and authoritative account on physicochemical principles, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications of hydrogels. It consists of eight contributions from different authors highlighting properties and synthesis of hydrogels, their characterization by various instrumental methods of analysis, comprehensive review on stimuli-responsive hydrogels and their diverse applications, and a special section on self-healing hydrogels. Thus, this book will equip academia and industry with adequate basic and applied principles related to hydrogels.

The Physics of Phase Transitions Book

The Physics of Phase Transitions


  • Author : Pierre Papon
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-07-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540333906

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The Physics of Phase Transitions Book Description :

This book occupies an important place at the crossroads of several fields central to materials sciences. The expanded second edition incorporates new developments in the states of matter physics, and includes end-of-chapter problems and complete answers.