Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science Book
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Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-10-23
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN 10 : 0080466621

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Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science Excerpt :

Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area Contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science Book

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science


  • Author : Paul Thagard
  • Publisher : North Holland
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 0444515402

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Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science Excerpt :

Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Key Features - Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science - Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area - All contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research - Contributions clearly written for an interdisciplinary audience - Contributions are long and thorough Key Features - Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science - Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area - All contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research - Contributions clearly written for an interdisciplinary audience - Contributions are long and thorough

Philosophy of Mind Book

Philosophy of Mind


  • Author : William Bechtel
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317785415

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Philosophy of Mind Excerpt :

Specifically designed to make the philosophy of mind intelligible to those not trained in philosophy, this book provides a concise overview for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences. Emphasizing the relevance of philosophical work to investigations in other cognitive sciences, this unique text examines such issues as the meaning of language, the mind-body problem, the functionalist theories of cognition, and intentionality. As he explores the philosophical issues, Bechtel draws connections between philosophical views and theoretical and experimental work in such disciplines as cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology.

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Cognitive Science Book

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Cognitive Science


  • Author : Adam J. Lerner
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-05-25
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000063127

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Current Controversies in Philosophy of Cognitive Science Excerpt :

Cognitive science is the study of minds and mental processes. Psychology, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy, among other subdisciplines, contribute to this study. In this volume, leading researchers debate five core questions in the philosophy of cognitive science: Is an innate Universal Grammar required to explain our linguistic capacities? Are concepts innate or learned? What role do our bodies play in cognition? Can neuroscience help us understand the mind? Can cognitive science help us understand human morality? For each topic, the volume provides two essays, each advocating for an opposing approach. The editors provide study questions and suggested readings for each topic, helping to make the volume accessible to readers who are new to the debates.

Cognition and Perception Book

Cognition and Perception


  • Author : Athanassios Raftopoulos
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-17
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262258418

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Cognition and Perception Excerpt :

An argument that there are perceptual mechanisms that retrieve information in cognitively and conceptually unmediated ways and that this sheds light on various philosophical issues. In Cognition and Perception, Athanassios Raftopoulos discusses the cognitive penetrability of perception and claims that there is a part of visual processes (which he calls “perception”) that results in representational states with nonconceptual content; that is, a part that retrieves information from visual scenes in conceptually unmediated, “bottom-up,” theory-neutral ways. Raftopoulos applies this insight to problems in philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, and epistemology, and examines how we access the external world through our perception as well as what we can know of that world. To show that there is a theory-neutral part of existence, Raftopoulos turns to cognitive science and argues that there is substantial scientific evidence. He then claims that perception induces representational states with nonconceptual content and examines the nature of the nonconceptual content. The nonconceptual information retrieved, he argues, does not allow the identification or recognition of an object but only its individuation as a discrete persistent object with certain spatiotemporal properties and other features. Object individuation, however, suffices to determine the referents of perceptual demonstratives. Raftopoulos defends his account in the context of current discussions on the issue of the theory-ladenness of perception (namely the Fodor-Churchland debate), and then discusses the repercussions of his thesis for problems in the philosophy of science. Finally, Raftopoulos claims that there is a minimal form of realism that is defensible. This minimal realism holds that objects, their spatiotemporal properties, and such features as shape, orientation, and motion are real, mind-independent properties in the world.

Cognitive Science Book

Cognitive Science


  • Author : Rom Harre
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release Date : 2002-02-18
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 337
  • ISBN 10 : 9781847871282

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Cognitive Science Excerpt :

This is the first major textbook to offer a truly comprehensive review of cognitive science in its fullest sense. Ranging from artificial intelligence models of neural processes and cognitive psychology to recent discursive and cultural theories, Rom Harré offers an original yet accessible integration of the field. At its core, this textbook addresses the question ′How can psychology become a science?′. The answer is based on a clear account of method and explanation in the natural sciences and how they can be adapted to psychological research. Rom Harré has used his experience of both the natural and the human sciences to create a text on which exciting and insightful courses can be built in many ways. The text is based on the idea that underlying the long history of attempts to create a scientific psychology there are many unexamined presuppositions that must be brought to light. Whether describing language, categorization, memory, the brain or connectionism the book always links our intuitions about how we think, feel and act in the contexts of everyday life to the latest accounts of the neural tools with which we accomplish the cognitive tasks demanded of us. Computational and biological models are used to link the discursive analysis of everyday cognition to the necessary activities of the brain and nervous system. Fluently written and well structured, this is an ideal text for students who want to gain a comprehensive view of the current state of the art with its seeming divergence into studies of meanings and studies of neurology. The book is divided into four basic modules, with suggestions for three lectures in each. The plan is related to the overall pattern of the semester programme. The reader is guided with helpful learning points, sections of study questions for review, and key readings for each chapter. Cognitive Science: A Philosophical Introduction, with its remarkable sweep of themes, past and present, truly introduces ′the science of the m

Philosophy of Science Book

Philosophy of Science


  • Author : William Bechtel
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-16
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317767480

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Philosophy of Science Excerpt :

This text focuses on two major issues: the nature of scientific inquiry and the relations between scientific disciplines. Designed to introduce the basic issues and concepts in the philosophy of science, Bechtel writes for an audience with little or no philosophical background. The first part of the book explores the legacy of Logical Positivism and the subsequent post-Positivistic developments in the philosophy of science. The second section examines arguments for and against using a model of theory reduction to integrate scientific disciplines. The book concludes with a chapter describing non-reductionist approaches for relating scientific disciplines using psycholinguistic and cognitive neuroscience models.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science Book

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science


  • Author : Eric Margolis
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-02-23
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195309799

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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science Excerpt :

This volume offers an overview of the philosophy of cognitive science that balances breadth and depth, with chapters covering every aspect of the psychology and cognitive anthropology.

Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge Book

Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge


  • Author : Sorin Bangu
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-02-01
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351998444

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Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge Excerpt :

This book is meant as a part of the larger contemporary philosophical project of naturalizing logico-mathematical knowledge, and addresses the key question that motivates most of the work in this field: What is philosophically relevant about the nature of logico-mathematical knowledge in recent research in psychology and cognitive science? The question about this distinctive kind of knowledge is rooted in Plato’s dialogues, and virtually all major philosophers have expressed interest in it. The essays in this collection tackle this important philosophical query from the perspective of the modern sciences of cognition, namely cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge contributes to consolidating a new, emerging direction in the philosophy of mathematics, which, while keeping the traditional concerns of this sub-discipline in sight, aims to engage with them in a scientifically-informed manner. A subsequent aim is to signal the philosophers’ willingness to enter into a fruitful dialogue with the community of cognitive scientists and psychologists by examining their methods and interpretive strategies.

Representations Book

Representations


  • Author : Jerry A. Fodor
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1983
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262560276

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Representations Excerpt :

A collection of eleven essays dealing with methodological and empirical issues incognitive science and in the philosophy of mind, Representations convincingly connects philosophicalspeculation to concrete empirical research.One of the outstanding methodological issues dealt withis the status of functionalism considered as an alternative to behavioristic and physicalisticaccounts. of mental states and properties. The other issue is the status of reductionism consideredas an account of the relation between the psychological and physical sciences. The first chapterspresent the main lines of argument which have made functionalism the currently favored philosophicalapproach to ontology of the mental.The outlines of a psychology of propositional attitudes whichemerges from consideration of current developments in cognitive science are contained in theremaining essays.Not all of these essays are re-presentations. The new introductory essay seeks topresent an overview and gives some detailed proposals about the contribution that functionalismmakes to the solutions of problems about intentionality. The concluding essay, also not previouslypublished, is a sustained examination of the relation between theories about the structure ofconcepts and theories about how they are learned. Finally, the essay "Three cheers for propositionalattitudes", a critical examination of some of D. C. Dennett's ideas, has been completely rewrittenfor this volume. A Bradford Book.

Philosophical Applications Of Cognitive Science Book

Philosophical Applications Of Cognitive Science


  • Author : Alvin I. Goldman
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-03-08
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429972980

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Philosophical Applications Of Cognitive Science Excerpt :

One of the most fruitful interdisciplinary boundaries in contemporary scholarship is that between philosophy and cognitive science. Now that solid empirical results about the activities of the human mind are available, it is no longer necessary for philosophers to practice armchair psychology.In this short, accessible, and entertaining book, Alvin Goldman presents a masterly survey of recent work in cognitive science that has particular relevance to philosophy. Besides providing a valuable review of the most suggestive work in cognitive and social psychology, Goldman demonstrates conclusively that the best work in philosophy in a surprising number of different fields,including philosophy of science, epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics as well as philosophy of mind,must take into account empirical breakthroughs in psychology.One of those rare texts that will also be useful for professionals, Philosophical Applications of Cognitive Science is appropriate for students in a wide range of philosophy courses. It will also interest researchers and students in psychology who are intrigued by the wider theoretical implications of their work.

Dictionary of Cognitive Science Book

Dictionary of Cognitive Science


  • Author : Olivier Houdé
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2004-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135456351

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Dictionary of Cognitive Science Excerpt :

A translation of the renowned French reference book, Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives , the Dictionary of Cognitive Science presents comprehensive definitions in more than 120 subjects. Topics range from 'Abduction' to 'Writing', and each entry is covered from as many perspectives as possible within the domains of psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. The editor and his advisory board, each a specialist in one of these areas, have brought together 60 internationally recognized scholars to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the most current and dynamic thinking in the cognitive sciences.

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science Book
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Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science


  • Author : Alvin I. Goldman
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN 10 : 0262571005

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Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science Excerpt :

This collection of readings shows how cognitive science can influence most of the primary branches of philosophy, as well as how philosophy critically examines the foundations of cognitive science. Its broad coverage extends beyond current texts that focus mainly on the impact of cognitive science on philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology, to include materials that are relevant to five other branches of philosophy: epistemology, philosophy of science (and mathematics), metaphysics, language, and ethics. The readings are organized by philosophical fields, with selections evenly divided between philosophers and cognitive scientists. They draw on research in numerous areas of cognitive science, including cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, psychology of reasoning and judgment, artificial intelligence, linguistics, and neuropsychology. There are timely treatments of current topics and debates such as the innate understanding of number, children's theory of mind, self-knowledge, consciousness, connectionism, and ethics and cognitive science.

Metaphysics and Cognitive Science Book

Metaphysics and Cognitive Science


  • Author : Alvin I. Goldman
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-27
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190639686

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Metaphysics and Cognitive Science Excerpt :

This volume illustrates how the methodology of metaphysics can be enriched with the help of cognitive science. Few philosophers nowadays would dispute the relevance of cognitive science to the metaphysics of mind, but this volume mainly concerns the relevance of metaphysics to phenomena that are not themselves mental. The volume is thus a departure from standard analytical metaphysics. Among the issues to which results from cognitive science are brought to bear are the metaphysics of time, of morality, of meaning, of modality, of objects, and of natural kinds, as well as whether God exists. A number of chapters address the enterprise of metaphysics in general. In traditional analytical metaphysics, intuitions play a prominent role in the construction of, and assessment of theories. Cognitive science can be brought to bear on the issue of the reliability of intuitions. Some chapters point out how results from cognitive science can be deployed to debunk certain intuitions, and some point out how results can be deployed to help vindicate certain intuitions. Many metaphysicians have taken to heart the moral that physics should be taken into account in addressing certain metaphysical issues. The overarching point of the volume is that in many instances beyond the nature of the mind itself, cognitive science should also be consulted.

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience Book

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience


  • Author : Antti Revonsuo
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-06-17
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134783090

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Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience Excerpt :

Consciousness seems to be an enigmatic phenomenon: it is difficult to imagine how our perceptions of the world and our inner thoughts, sensations and feelings could be related to the immensely complicated biological organ we call the brain. This volume presents the thoughts of some of the leading philosophers and cognitive scientists who have recently participated in the discussion of the status of consciousness in science. The focus of inquiry is the question: "Is it possible to incorporate consciousness into science?" Philosophers have suggested different alternatives -- some think that consciousness should be altogether eliminated from science because it is not a real phenomenon, others that consciousness is a real, higher-level physical or neurobiological phenomenon, and still others that consciousness is fundamentally mysterious and beyond the reach of science. At the same time, however, several models or theories of the role of conscious processing in the brain have been developed in the more empirical cognitive sciences. It has been suggested that non-conscious processes must be sharply separated from conscious ones, and that the necessity of this distinction is manifested in the curious behavior of certain brain-damaged patients. This book demonstrates the dialogue between philosophical and empirical points of view. The writers present alternative solutions to the brain-consciousness problem and they discuss how the unification of biological and psychological sciences could thus become feasible. Covering a large ground, this book shows how the philosophical and empirical problems are closely interconnected. From this interdisciplinary exploration emerges the conviction that consciousness can and should be a natural part of our scientific world view.