Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing Book

Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing


  • Author : Su-Ting Han
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-05-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128226063

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Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing Book Description :

Photo-Electroactive Non-Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing summarizes advances in the development of photo-electroactive memories and neuromorphic computing systems, suggests possible solutions to the challenges of device design, and evaluates the prospects for commercial applications. Sections covers developments in electro-photoactive memory, and photonic neuromorphic and in-memory computing, including discussions on design concepts, operation principles and basic storage mechanism of optoelectronic memory devices, potential materials from organic molecules, semiconductor quantum dots to two-dimensional materials with desirable electrical and optical properties, device challenges, and possible strategies. This comprehensive, accessible and up-to-date book will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers in solid-state electronics. It is an invaluable systematic introduction to the memory characteristics, operation principles and storage mechanisms of the latest reported electro-photoactive memory devices. Reviews the most promising materials to enable emerging computing memory and data storage devices, including one- and two-dimensional materials, metal oxides, semiconductors, organic materials, and more Discusses fundamental mechanisms and design strategies for two- and three-terminal device structures Addresses device challenges and strategies to enable translation of optical and optoelectronic technologies

Resistive Switching Book

Resistive Switching


  • Author : Daniele Ielmini
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-12-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527680948

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Resistive Switching Book Description :

With its comprehensive coverage, this reference introduces readers to the wide topic of resistance switching, providing the knowledge, tools, and methods needed to understand, characterize and apply resistive switching memories. Starting with those materials that display resistive switching behavior, the book explains the basics of resistive switching as well as switching mechanisms and models. An in-depth discussion of memory reliability is followed by chapters on memory cell structures and architectures, while a section on logic gates rounds off the text. An invaluable self-contained book for materials scientists, electrical engineers and physicists dealing with memory research and development.

Learning in Energy Efficient Neuromorphic Computing  Algorithm and Architecture Co Design Book

Learning in Energy Efficient Neuromorphic Computing Algorithm and Architecture Co Design


  • Author : Nan Zheng
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-10-18
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119507390

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Learning in Energy Efficient Neuromorphic Computing Algorithm and Architecture Co Design Book Description :

Explains current co-design and co-optimization methodologies for building hardware neural networks and algorithms for machine learning applications This book focuses on how to build energy-efficient hardware for neural networks with learning capabilities—and provides co-design and co-optimization methodologies for building hardware neural networks that can learn. Presenting a complete picture from high-level algorithm to low-level implementation details, Learning in Energy-Efficient Neuromorphic Computing: Algorithm and Architecture Co-Design also covers many fundamentals and essentials in neural networks (e.g., deep learning), as well as hardware implementation of neural networks. The book begins with an overview of neural networks. It then discusses algorithms for utilizing and training rate-based artificial neural networks. Next comes an introduction to various options for executing neural networks, ranging from general-purpose processors to specialized hardware, from digital accelerator to analog accelerator. A design example on building energy-efficient accelerator for adaptive dynamic programming with neural networks is also presented. An examination of fundamental concepts and popular learning algorithms for spiking neural networks follows that, along with a look at the hardware for spiking neural networks. Then comes a chapter offering readers three design examples (two of which are based on conventional CMOS, and one on emerging nanotechnology) to implement the learning algorithm found in the previous chapter. The book concludes with an outlook on the future of neural network hardware. Includes cross-layer survey of hardware accelerators for neuromorphic algorithms Covers the co-design of architecture and algorithms with emerging devices for much-improved computing efficiency Focuses on the co-design of algorithms and hardware, which is especially critical for using emerging devices, such as traditional memristors or diffusive memristors, for neuromorphic

Neuromorphic Computing and Beyond Book

Neuromorphic Computing and Beyond


  • Author : Khaled Salah Mohamed
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030372248

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Neuromorphic Computing and Beyond Book Description :

This book discusses and compares several new trends that can be used to overcome Moore’s law limitations, including Neuromorphic, Approximate, Parallel, In Memory, and Quantum Computing. The author shows how these paradigms are used to enhance computing capability as developers face the practical and physical limitations of scaling, while the demand for computing power keeps increasing. The discussion includes a state-of-the-art overview and the essential details of each of these paradigms.

Advances in Memristors  Memristive Devices and Systems Book

Advances in Memristors Memristive Devices and Systems


  • Author : Sundarapandian Vaidyanathan
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-02-15
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 511
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319517247

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Advances in Memristors Memristive Devices and Systems Book Description :

This book reports on the latest advances in and applications of memristors, memristive devices and systems. It gathers 20 contributed chapters by subject experts, including pioneers in the field such as Leon Chua (UC Berkeley, USA) and R.S. Williams (HP Labs, USA), who are specialized in the various topics addressed in this book, and covers broad areas of memristors and memristive devices such as: memristor emulators, oscillators, chaotic and hyperchaotic memristive systems, control of memristive systems, memristor-based min-max circuits, canonic memristors, memristive-based neuromorphic applications, implementation of memristor-based chaotic oscillators, inverse memristors, linear memristor devices, delayed memristive systems, flux-controlled memristive emulators, etc. Throughout the book, special emphasis is given to papers offering practical solutions and design, modeling, and implementation insights to address current research problems in memristors, memristive devices and systems. As such, it offers a valuable reference book on memristors and memristive devices for graduate students and researchers with a basic knowledge of electrical and control systems engineering.

Carbon Based Smart Materials Book

Carbon Based Smart Materials


  • Author : Constantinos A. Charitidis
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2020-04-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110479133

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Carbon Based Smart Materials Book Description :

Presents technologies and key concepts to produce suitable smart materials and intelligent structures for sensing, information and communication technology, biomedical applications (drug delivery, hyperthermia therapy), self-healing, flexible memories and construction technologies. Novel developments of environmental friendly, cost-effective and scalable production processes are discussed by experts in the field.

Electronics in Textiles and Clothing Book

Electronics in Textiles and Clothing


  • Author : L. Ashok Kumar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498715515

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Electronics in Textiles and Clothing Book Description :

Electronics in Textiles and Clothing: Design, Products and Applications covers the fundamentals of electronics and their applications in textiles and clothing product development. The book emphasizes the interface between electronics and textile materials, detailing diverse methods and techniques used in industrial practice. It explores ways to integrate textile materials with electronics for communicating/signal transferring applications. It also discusses wearable electronic products for industrial applications based on functional properties and end users in sectors such as defense, medicine, health monitoring, and security. The book details the application of wearable electronics and outlines the textile fibres used for wearable electronics. It includes coverage of different yarn types and fabric production techniques and modifications needed on conventional machines for developing fabrics using specialty yarns. The coverage includes problems faced during the production processes and their solutions. Novel sensors, specialty yarns, Body Sensor Networks (BSN), and the development of flexible solar tents used for power generation round out the coverage. The book then concludes with discussions of the development of fabric-integrated wearable electronic products for use in mobihealth care systems, smart cloth for ambulatory remote monitoring, electronic jerkin, heating gloves, and pneumatic gloves. Based mainly on the authors’ projects and field work, the book takes a practical approach to the issues involved in designing electronic circuits and their possibilities for signals, giving you an understanding of problems that can occur when executing the work. It also describes the future scope of e-textiles using conductive materials for medical, healthcare textile product development, and safety aspects. The text provides guidelines for the development of wearable textiles, giving a new meaning to the term human-machine symbiosis in the context of pervasive/invisibl

Neuromorphic Cognitive Systems Book

Neuromorphic Cognitive Systems


  • Author : Huajin Tang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-04-17
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319553108

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Neuromorphic Cognitive Systems Book Description :

This book presents neuromorphic cognitive systems from a learning and memory-centered perspective. It illustrates how to build a system network of neurons to perform spike-based information processing, computing, and high-level cognitive tasks. It is beneficial to a wide spectrum of readers, including undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers who are interested in neuromorphic computing and neuromorphic engineering, as well as engineers and professionals in industry who are involved in the design and applications of neuromorphic cognitive systems, neuromorphic sensors and processors, and cognitive robotics. The book formulates a systematic framework, from the basic mathematical and computational methods in spike-based neural encoding, learning in both single and multi-layered networks, to a near cognitive level composed of memory and cognition. Since the mechanisms for integrating spiking neurons integrate to formulate cognitive functions as in the brain are little understood, studies of neuromorphic cognitive systems are urgently needed. The topics covered in this book range from the neuronal level to the system level. In the neuronal level, synaptic adaptation plays an important role in learning patterns. In order to perform higher-level cognitive functions such as recognition and memory, spiking neurons with learning abilities are consistently integrated, building a system with encoding, learning and memory functionalities. The book describes these aspects in detail.

Neuro inspired Computing Using Resistive Synaptic Devices Book

Neuro inspired Computing Using Resistive Synaptic Devices


  • Author : Shimeng Yu
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 269
  • ISBN 10 : 3319543121

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Neuro inspired Computing Using Resistive Synaptic Devices Book Description :

This book summarizes the recent breakthroughs in hardware implementation of neuro-inspired computing using resistive synaptic devices. The authors describe how two-terminal solid-state resistive memories can emulate synaptic weights in a neural network. Readers will benefit from state-of-the-art summaries of resistive synaptic devices, from the individual cell characteristics to the large-scale array integration. This book also discusses peripheral neuron circuits design challenges and design strategies. Finally, the authors describe the impact of device non-ideal properties (e.g. noise, variation, yield) and their impact on the learning performance at the system-level, using a device-algorithm co-design methodology.

Nanoelectronics and Information Technology Book

Nanoelectronics and Information Technology


  • Author : Rainer Waser
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-05-29
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 1040
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527409273

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Nanoelectronics and Information Technology Book Description :

This outstanding textbook provides an introduction to electronic materials and device concepts for the major areas of current and future information technology. On about 1,000 pages, it collects the fundamental concepts and key technologies related to advanced electronic materials and devices. The obvious strength of the book is its encyclopedic character, providing adequate background material instead of just reviewing current trends. It focuses on the underlying principles which are illustrated by contemporary examples. The third edition now holds 47 chapters grouped into eight sections. The first two sections are devoted to principles, materials processing and characterization methods. Following sections hold contributions to relevant materials and various devices, computational concepts, storage systems, data transmission, imaging systems and displays. Each subject area is opened by a tutorial introduction, written by the editor and giving a rich list of references. The following chapters provide a concise yet in-depth description in a given topic. Primarily aimed at graduate students of physics, electrical engineering and information technology as well as material science, this book is equally of interest to professionals looking for a broader overview. Experts might appreciate the book for having quick access to principles as well as a source for getting insight into related fields.

Internet of Things in Smart Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development Book

Internet of Things in Smart Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development


  • Author : G. R. Kanagachidambaresan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-05-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030343286

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Internet of Things in Smart Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development Book Description :

This book provides solution for challenges facing engineers in urban environments looking towards smart development and IoT. The authors address the challenges faced in developing smart applications along with the solutions. Topics addressed include reliability, security and financial issues in relation to all the smart and sustainable development solutions discussed. The solutions they provide are affordable, resistive to threats, and provide high reliability. The book pertains to researchers, academics, professionals, and students. Provides solutions to urban sustainable development problems facing engineers in developing and developed countries Discusses results with industrial problems and current issues in smart city development Includes solutions that are reliable, secure and financially sound

Integrated Multiferroic Heterostructures and Applications Book

Integrated Multiferroic Heterostructures and Applications


  • Author : Ming Liu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-05-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527341771

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Integrated Multiferroic Heterostructures and Applications Book Description :

Written by well-known experts in the field, this first systematic overview of multiferroic heterostructures summarizes the latest developments, first presenting the fundamental mechanisms, including multiferroic materials synthesis, structures and mechanisms, before going on to look at device applications. The resulting text offers insight and understanding for scientists and students new to this area.

Interfacing Bioelectronics and Biomedical Sensing Book

Interfacing Bioelectronics and Biomedical Sensing


  • Author : Hung Cao
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-02-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030344672

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Interfacing Bioelectronics and Biomedical Sensing Book Description :

This book addresses the fundamental challenges underlying bioelectronics and tissue interface for clinical investigation. Appropriate for biomedical engineers and researchers, the authors cover topics ranging from retinal implants to restore vision, implantable circuits for neural implants, and intravascular electrochemical impedance to detect unstable plaques. In addition to these chapters, the authors also document the approaches and issues of multi-scale physiological assessment and monitoring in both humans and animal models for health monitoring and biological investigations; novel biomaterials such as conductive and biodegradable polymers to be used in biomedical devices; and the optimization of wireless power transfer via inductive coupling for batteryless and wireless implantable medical devices. In addition to engineers and researchers, this book is also an ideal supplementary or reference book for a number of courses in biomedical engineering programs, such as bioinstrumentation, MEMS/BioMEMS, bioelectronics and sensors, and more. Analyzes and discusses the electrode-tissue interfaces for optimization of biomedical devices. Introduces novel biomaterials to be used in next-generation biomedical devices. Discusses high-frequency transducers for biomedical applications.

Ionic Polymer Metal Composites for Sensors and Actuators Book

Ionic Polymer Metal Composites for Sensors and Actuators


  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-06-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030137281

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Ionic Polymer Metal Composites for Sensors and Actuators Book Description :

This book discusses the fundamental of bending actuation with a focus on ionic metal composites. It describes the applications of ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) actuators, from conventional robotic systems to compliant micro robotic systems used to handle the miniature and fragile components during robotic micro assembly. It also presents mathematical modelings of actuators for engineering, biomedical, medical and environmental systems. The fundamental relation of IPMC actuators to the biomimetic systems are also included.

CHIPS 2020 VOL  2 Book

CHIPS 2020 VOL 2


  • Author : Bernd Höfflinger
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-09-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319220932

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CHIPS 2020 VOL 2 Book Description :

The release of this second volume of CHIPS 2020 coincides with the 50th anniversary of Moore’s Law, a critical year marked by the end of the nanometer roadmap and by a significantly reduced annual rise in chip performance. At the same time, we are witnessing a data explosion in the Internet, which is consuming 40% more electrical power every year, leading to fears of a major blackout of the Internet by 2020. The messages of the first CHIPS 2020, published in 2012, concerned the realization of quantum steps for improving the energy efficiency of all chip functions. With this second volume, we review these messages and amplify upon the most promising directions: ultra-low-voltage electronics, nanoscale monolithic 3D integration, relevant-data, brain- and human-vision-inspired processing, and energy harvesting for chip autonomy. The team of authors, enlarged by more world leaders in low-power, monolithic 3D, video, and Silicon brains, presents new vistas in nanoelectronics, promising Moore-like exponential growth sustainable through to the 2030s.

Frontiers of Materials Research Book

Frontiers of Materials Research


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309483872

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Frontiers of Materials Research Book Description :

Modern materials science builds on knowledge from physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer and data science, and engineering sciences to enable us to understand, control, and expand the material world. Although it is anchored in inquiry-based fundamental science, materials research is strongly focused on discovering and producing reliable and economically viable materials, from super alloys to polymer composites, that are used in a vast array of products essential to today's societies and economies. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey is aimed at documenting the status and promising future directions of materials research in the United States in the context of similar efforts worldwide. This third decadal survey in materials research reviews the progress and achievements in materials research and changes in the materials research landscape over the last decade; research opportunities for investment for the period 2020-2030; impacts that materials research has had and is expected to have on emerging technologies, national needs, and science; and challenges the enterprise may face over the next decade.

Ferroelectrics Book

Ferroelectrics


  • Author : Ashim Kumar Bain
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-01-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527805334

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Ferroelectrics Book Description :

Combining both fundamental principles and real-life applications in a single volume, this book discusses the latest research results in ferroelectrics, including many new ferroelectric materials for the latest technologies, such as capacitors, transducers and memories. The first two chapters introduce dielectrics and microscopic materials properties, while the following chapter discusses pyroelectricity and piezoelectricity. The larger part of the text is devoted to ferroelectricity and ferroelectric ceramics, with not only their fundamentals but also applications discussed. The book concludes with a look at the future for laser printed materials and applications. With over 600 references to recent publications on piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials, this is an invaluable reference for physicists, materials scientists and engineers.

Electric Double Layer Coupled Oxide Based Neuromorphic Transistors Studies Book

Electric Double Layer Coupled Oxide Based Neuromorphic Transistors Studies


  • Author : Changjin Wan
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 107
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811333149

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Electric Double Layer Coupled Oxide Based Neuromorphic Transistors Studies Book Description :

This book focuses on essential synaptic plasticity emulations and neuromorphic computing applications realized with the aid of three-terminal synaptic devices based on ion-coupled oxide-based electric-double-layer (EDL) transistors. To replicate the robust, plastic and fault-tolerant computational power of the human brain, the emulation of essential synaptic plasticity and computation of neurons/synapse by electronic devices are generally considered to be key steps. The book shows that the formation of an EDL at the dielectric/channel interface that slightly lags behind the stimuli can be attributed to the electrostatic coupling between ions and electrons; this mechanism underlies the emulation of short-term synaptic behaviors. Furthermore, it demonstrates that electrochemical doping/dedoping processes in the semiconducting channel by penetrated ions from electrolyte can be utilized for the emulation of long-term synaptic behaviors. Lastly, it applies these synaptic transistors in an artificial visual system to demonstrate the potential for constructing neuromorphic systems. Accordingly, the book offers a unique resource on understanding the brain-machine interface, brain-like chips, artificial cognitive systems, etc.

From Artificial Intelligence to Brain Intelligence Book

From Artificial Intelligence to Brain Intelligence


  • Author : Rajiv Joshi
  • Publisher : Tutorials in Circuits and Syst
  • Release Date : 2019-09-30
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 8770221235

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From Artificial Intelligence to Brain Intelligence Book Description :

The field of AI is not new to researchers, as its foundations were established in the 1950s. After many decades of inattention, there has been a dramatic resurgence of interest in AI, fueled by a confluence of several factors. The benefits of decades of Dennard scaling and Moore's law miniaturization, coupled with the rise of highly distributed processing, have led to massively parallel systems well suited for handling big data. The widespread availability of big data, necessary for training AI algorithms, is another important factor. Finally, the greatly increased compute power and memory bandwidths have enabled deeper networks and new algorithms capable of accuracy rivaling that of human perception. Already AI has shown success in many diverse areas, including finance (portfolio management, investment strategies), marketing, health care, transportation, gaming, defense, robotics, computer vision, education, search engines, online assistants, image/facial recognition, anomaly detection, spam filtering, online customer service, biometric sensors, and predictive maintenance, to name a few. Despite these remarkable advances, the human brain is still superior in many ways - including, notably, energy efficiency and one-shot learning - giving researchers new areas to explore. In summary, AI research and applications will continue with vigor in software, algorithms, and hardware accelerators. These exciting developments have also brought new questions of ethics and privacy, areas which must be studied in tandem with technological advances. To continue the success story of AI, the AI Compute symposium was launched with the sponsorship of IBM, IEEE CAS and EDS for the first time. The aim of this publication is to compile all the materials presented by the renowned speakers in the symposium into a book format, serving as a learning tool for the audience. This book contains two broad topics: general AI advances (chapters 1-5) and neuromorphic computing directions (chapters 6