Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-07-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 0080548814

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In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by other

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage Book

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

  • Author : Gilberto Artioli
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2010-07-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191576355

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Scientific techniques developed in materials science offer invaluable information to archaeology, art history, and conservation. A rapidly growing number of innovative methods, as well as many established techniques, are constantly being improved and optimised for the analysis of cultural heritage materials. The result is that on the one hand more complex problems and questions can be confronted, but on the other hand the required level of technical competence is widening the existing cultural gap between scientists and end users, such as archaeologists, museum curators, art historians, and many managers of cultural heritage who have a purely humanistic background. The book is intended as an entry-level introduction to the methods and rationales of scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation, and resulting information rather than on technicalities. The extensive and updated reference list should be a useful starting point for further reading. Students and researchers from the humanities approaching scientific investigations should find it useful, as well as scientists applying familiar techniques and methods to unfamiliar problems related to cultural heritage.

Science for Cultural Heritage Book

Science for Cultural Heritage

  • Author : Claudio Tuniz
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814307079

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Archaeological and archaeometric data in the study of the athlete of Croatia / M. Michelucci -- Ion beam techniques for analysis of cultural heritage objects : collaboration between the Ruder Bos̮ković Institute and the Croatian Conservation Institute / S. Fazinić [und weitere] -- Study by mobile non-destructive testing of the bronze statue of the "Satiro" of Marsala / G. Guida [und weitere] -- Archaeometric Measurements with PIXE in Slovenia / Z̮. S̮mit -- In situ chemical composition analysis of cultural heritage objects using portable x-ray fluorescence spectrometry / D. Wegrzynek [und weitere] -- Integrated geophysical techniques for the high-resolution study of archaeological sites / M. Pipan and E. Forte -- Thermoluminescence dating and cultural heritage / M. Martini and E. Sibilia -- New x-ray digital radiography and computed tomography for cultural heritage / F. Casali [und weitere] -- Cosmic rays for archaeology / G. Giannini -- Some examples of examination, characterisation, analysis & conservation techniques dedicated to archaeological artefacts / J.L. Boutaine -- Presentation of DEMGOL : online etymological dictionary of Greek mythology / E. Pellizer -- Building up an archaeological restoration & conservation department in Friuli-Venezia Giulia / F. Lo Schiavo -- Relative sea level changes by using archaeological markers : the INTERREG Italia-Slovenia Project "Alto Adriatico" / S. Furlani, F. Antonioli and R. Auriemma -- Digitization and multispectral analysis of artistic objects : exemplary cases and web documentation / G. Maino and S. Massari -- Actuopalaeontology : a polyfunctional tool for archaeology / G. Bressan [und weitere] -- Robotics tools for underwater archaeology / G. Conte [und weitere] -- Accelerators and radiation for art and archaeology / C. Tuniz -- The [symbol]C contribution to the protohistory of Friuli (North-Eastern Italy) / P. Càssola Guida -- Serpentinite shaft-holed axes in the Caput Adriae : preliminary results and perspec

Handbook of X ray Imaging Book

Handbook of X ray Imaging

  • Author : Paolo Russo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-14
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 2926
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498741552

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Containing chapter contributions from over 130 experts, this unique publication is the first handbook dedicated to the physics and technology of X-ray imaging, offering extensive coverage of the field. This highly comprehensive work is edited by one of the world’s leading experts in X-ray imaging physics and technology and has been created with guidance from a Scientific Board containing respected and renowned scientists from around the world. The book's scope includes 2D and 3D X-ray imaging techniques from soft-X-ray to megavoltage energies, including computed tomography, fluoroscopy, dental imaging and small animal imaging, with several chapters dedicated to breast imaging techniques. 2D and 3D industrial imaging is incorporated, including imaging of artworks. Specific attention is dedicated to techniques of phase contrast X-ray imaging. The approach undertaken is one that illustrates the theory as well as the techniques and the devices routinely used in the various fields. Computational aspects are fully covered, including 3D reconstruction algorithms, hard/software phantoms, and computer-aided diagnosis. Theories of image quality are fully illustrated. Historical, radioprotection, radiation dosimetry, quality assurance and educational aspects are also covered. This handbook will be suitable for a very broad audience, including graduate students in medical physics and biomedical engineering; medical physics residents; radiographers; physicists and engineers in the field of imaging and non-destructive industrial testing using X-rays; and scientists interested in understanding and using X-ray imaging techniques. The handbook's editor, Dr. Paolo Russo, has over 30 years’ experience in the academic teaching of medical physics and X-ray imaging research. He has authored several book chapters in the field of X-ray imaging, is Editor-in-Chief of an international scientific journal in medical physics, and has responsibilities in the publication committees of interna

Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging Book

Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging

  • Author : Claus Grupen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 2875
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642132711

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The handbook centers on detection techniques in the field of particle physics, medical imaging and related subjects. It is structured into three parts. The first one is dealing with basic ideas of particle detectors, followed by applications of these devices in high energy physics and other fields. In the last part the large field of medical imaging using similar detection techniques is described. The different chapters of the book are written by world experts in their field. Clear instructions on the detection techniques and principles in terms of relevant operation parameters for scientists and graduate students are given.Detailed tables and diagrams will make this a very useful handbook for the application of these techniques in many different fields like physics, medicine, biology and other areas of natural science.

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis Book

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis

  • Author : Alice M. W. Hunt
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Genre: Antiques & Collectibles
  • Pages : 777
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199681532

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This volume draws together topics and methodologies essential for the socio-cultural, mineralogical, and geochemical analysis of archaeological ceramic, one of the most complex and ubiquitous archaeomaterials in the archaeological record. It provides an invaluable resource for archaeologists, anthropologists, and archaeological materials scientists.

Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education Book

Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education

  • Author : Lim, Hwee Ling
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2015-02-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 493
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466681842

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The latest research innovations and enhanced technologies have altered the discipline of materials science and engineering. As a direct result of these developments, new trends in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) pedagogy have emerged that require attention. The Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education brings together innovative and current advances in the curriculum design and course content of MSE education programs. Focusing on the application of instructional strategies, pedagogical frameworks, and career preparation techniques, this book is an essential reference source for academicians, engineering practitioners, researchers, and industry professionals interested in emerging and future trends in MSE training and education.

Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage Book

Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage

  • Author : Antonia Moropoulou
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-02-20
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030129606

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This two-volume set CCIS 961 and 962 constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Conference on Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage, TMM_CH 2018, held in Athens, Greece, in October 2018. 73 revised full papers of 237 submissions are included in these volumes. The papers of the first volume are organized in the following topical sections: the project of the rehabilitation of Holy Sepulchre’s Holy Aedicule as a pilot multispectral, multidimensional, novel approach through transdisciplinary and cooperation in the protection of monuments; digital heritage; novel educational approach for the preservation of monuments; resilience to climate change and natural hazards; conserving sustainably the materiality of structures and architectural authenticity; and interdisciplinary preservation and management of cultural heritage. And the papers of the second volume are organized in the following topical sections: sustainable preservation and management lessons learnt on emblematic monuments; cross-discipline earthquake protection and structural assessment of monuments; cultural heritage and pilgrimage tourism; reuse, circular economy and social participation as a leverage for the sustainable preservation and management of historic cities; inception – inclusive cultural heritage in Europe through 3D semantic modelling; heritage at risk; and advanced and non-destructive techniques for diagnosis, design and monitoring.

Bridging Science and Heritage in the Balkans  Studies in Archaeometry and Cultural Heritage Restoration and Conservation Book

Bridging Science and Heritage in the Balkans Studies in Archaeometry and Cultural Heritage Restoration and Conservation

  • Author : Nona Palincas
  • Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • Release Date : 2019-03-31
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789691979

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In a period when the study of archaeological remains is enriched through new methods derived from the natural sciences and when there is general agreement on the need for more investment in the study, restoration and conservation of the tangible cultural heritage, this book presents contributions to these fields from South-Eastern Europe.

Spectroscopy  Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science Book

Spectroscopy Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science

  • Author : Mieke Adriaens
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-07-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128188613

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Spectroscopy, Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science gives an overview of the main spectroscopy and diffraction techniques currently available for cultural heritage research. It starts with an introductory, general discussion of spectroscopy and diffraction and the kinds of information they can give. Further sections deal with, respectively, typical laboratory methods, mobile equipment, and large-scale instruments and infrastructural methods. The work concludes with comments on combining and comparing multiple techniques, sources of error, and limitations of the analytical methods. Explains spectroscopy and diffraction techniques in detail, yet remains accessible to those without a chemistry or physics background Provides explanations of commonly used terms, such as destructive, non-destructive, non-invasive, in-situ, and ex-situ, and their sometimes-misleading origins Includes real-world examples that demonstrate how each technique is used in the field Highlights the complementary use of different analytical techniques in fully interpreting the data

Art   Architecture in Ancient Rome Book

Art Architecture in Ancient Rome

  • Author : David Soren
  • Publisher : Midnight Marquee & BearManor Media
  • Release Date : 2023-06-01
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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Classical archaeology was long equated to ancient art history. Today these fields find themselves at a major crossroads. The influence on them—from the discipline of anthropology—has increased substantially in the past 15 years, adding to the ways in which scholars can study the Roman past. The classical archaeologist of the 21st century is likely to be versed in Greek and Latin, computer technology, ancient history, great monuments, various hard sciences such as physics or even astronomy, GPS, GIS, surveying, mapping, digitizing, artistic rendering, numismatics, geo-science, astronomy, environmental studies, material culture analysis and/or a host of other disciplines and sub-disciplines.Universities are seeking specialists whose talents embrace not one but several different fields of research. It is not necessary for each scholar to know everything about each discipline being used within the fields of art history, classical archaeology and anthropology, but these days a basic knowledge of all relevant disciplines is becoming indispensable. This book will layout the basic information and steps necessary to take the beginning archaeologist’s search for knowledge of the past and lead them to adventures of the future.

Computational Color Imaging Book

Computational Color Imaging

  • Author : Alain Trémeau
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-02-20
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319159799

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th Computational Color Imaging Workshop, CCIW 2015, held in Saint-Étienne, France, in March 2015. The 17 revised full papers, presented together with 5 invited papers, were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on color reproduction, color sensation and perception, color image processing, spectral imaging, and color in digital cultural heritage.

Analytical Archaeometry Book

Analytical Archaeometry

  • Author : Howell Edwards
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2016-01-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782626244

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Analytical Archaeometry describes this interesting and challenging field of research - on the border between natural sciences (chemistry, spectroscopy, biology, geology) and humanities (archaeology, (art-)history, conservation sciences). It fills the gap between these two areas whilst focussing on the analytical aspects of this research field. The first part of the book studies the main analytical techniques used in this research field. The second part expands from the different types of materials usually encountered, and the final part is organised around a series of typical research questions. The book is not only focussed on archaeological materials, but is also accessible to a broader lay audience. Overall the book is clearly structured and gives insight into different approaches to the study of analytical providing extensive discussion on a wide range of techniques, materials, questions and applications. Due to the advances in analytical instrumentation and applications in this field, it is important to have all this information merged together. Academics as well as professionals in archaeology, art history, museum labs and conservation science will find this an invaluable reference source ensuring the reader is provided with the latest progress in this research field.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art Book

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art

  • Author : Bruno David
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-17
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 1168
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190844943

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Rock art is one of the most visible and geographically widespread of cultural expressions, and it spans much of the period of our species' existence. Rock art also provides rare and often unique insights into the minds and visually creative capacities of our ancestors and how selected rock outcrops with distinctive images were used to construct symbolic landscapes and shape worldviews. Equally important, rock art is often central to the expression of and engagement with spiritual entities and forces, and in all these dimensions it signals the diversity of cultural practices, across place and through time. Over the past 150 years, archaeologists have studied ancient arts on rock surfaces, both out in the open and within caves and rock shelters, and social anthropologists have revealed how people today use art in their daily lives. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art showcases examples of such research from around the world and across a broad range of cultural contexts, giving a sense of the art's regional variability, its antiquity, and how it is meaningful to people in the recent past and today - including how we have ourselves tended to make sense of the art of others, replete with our own preconceptions. It reviews past, present, and emerging theoretical approaches to rock art investigation and presents new, cutting-edge methods of rock art analysis for the student and professional researcher alike.