Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-05-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 0080461867

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Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Description :

The first of its kind, this series is devoted to the use of physical principles in the study and scientific conservation of objects with cultural heritage significance. It begins with a review of the modern museum, which discusses new techniques employed in the conservation of museum artifacts such as X-ray tomography and other techniques used to study Egyptian mummies, bones and mineralization of bones in the archaeological context, and the degradation of parchment. All of these topics and techniques are essential for the preservation of our history. This includes finding ways to preserve parchment documents and letters, which much of our written heritage is documented on, so that it can be used and understood for generations to come. This book is a must have for any museum as well as any university that teaches or employs the techniques discussed. Written in a style that is readily understandable by conservation scientists, archaeologists, museum curators, and students Provides an introduction to the advanced fields of synchrotron radiation science, neutron science, and computed tomography Outstanding review of the use of modern technology to study museum and archaeological artifacts Offers solutions through advanced scientific techniques to a wide range of problems facing museum staff

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-07-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 0080548814

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Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Description :

In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by other

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage Book

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Gilberto Artioli
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-07-08
  • Genre: Art
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199548262

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Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage Book Description :

Artioli provides an introduction to the methods and rationales of the scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with an emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation and resulting information rather than on technicalities.

Science for Cultural Heritage Book

Science for Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Claudio Tuniz
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814307079

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Science for Cultural Heritage Book Description :

The aim of the conference was to discuss the contribution of physics and other sciences in archaeological research and in the preservation of cultural heritage. Considering that the mission of ECSAC is to promote the interaction among the diverse cultures of the peoples from the lands on the Adriatic and Ionian seas, it is apt that the major themes were related to the rich history and pre-history of this region - from Greek-Roman archaeology on the eastern Adriatic coasts to the palaeoanthropology of the Neanderthals of the Vindija caves in Croatia, from the Roman city of Aquileia to the pleistocenic cave of Homo heidelbergensis in the Karst of Visogliano (Trieste), from the Roman ship Julia Felix of the Grado lagoon to the ancient bronze Apoxyomenos of the Veli Losinj waters. A variety of scientific disciplines provide tools and methods that are crucial in reconstructing humanity's past and in preserving material remains that witness the evolution of human culture. Geology reconstructs the history of terrestrial environments, critical for the evolution and dispersal of humans. Chemistry explains reactions that modify materials left by human activities, including the destructive effects of pollution. Biology has a critical role in archaeology, particularly with the recent advance in analysis of DNA in ancient organic materials.

Radiation in Art and Archeometry Book

Radiation in Art and Archeometry


  • Author : D. C. Creagh
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Art
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444504876

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Radiation in Art and Archeometry Book Description :

/inca/publications/misc/creaghcov.htmAbout the cover This book contains twenty chapters covering a wide range of research in the fields of scientific conservation of art and archaeometry. The common thread is the use of radiation in these analyses. The term "radiation" is used in the widest possible sense. The book encompasses the use of electromagnetic radiation in its microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x ray and &ggr; ray forms and the use of particulate forms such as electrons, neutrons and charged particles for which the Planck's Law relation applies. In many cases there is an interplay between the two forms: for example, proton induced x ray emission (PIXE), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). As far as possible the chapters have been arranged in order of ascending particle energy. Thus it commences with the use of microwaves and finishes with the use of &ggr; rays. The authors were chosen on the basis of their expertise as practitioners of their particular field of study. This means that, for example, the mature fields of study such as the IR and UV study of paintings have been written by senior researchers, whereas for the emerging fields of synchrotron and neutron techniques the chapters have been written by talented researchers at the commencement of their careers.

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Nikolay Kardjilov
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319331638

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Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Description :

This book provides an extensive overview of the application of neutron characterization techniques in cultural heritage to a broad audience and will be of interest to both scientists and non-scientists in the field. Archaeologists, paleontologists, restaurateurs and conservators, historians and collectors will be fascinated by the wealth of information that can be obtained using neutron techniques, while material scientists and engineers will find details of the experimental techniques and materials properties that can be determined. Neutrons, due to their weak interactions with materials, provide a penetrating, but non-invasive probe of bulk properties. They allow the characterization of the composition and mechanical properties of materials, helping to answer questions related to the dating, the manufacturing process or the state of degradation of artefacts. They allow detailed interrogation of the internal structures of objects that may be otherwise hidden from view. The first section of the book is dedicated to stories describing spectacular discoveries brought about by the use of neutron techniques in a range of applications. The second section covers the experimental techniques in appropriate detail: basic principles, limitations and fields of application.

Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage Book

Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Costas Fotakis
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2006-10-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 142001210X

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Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage Book Description :

With the maturation of laser technology in diagnostic and conservation applications, conservation scientists, archeologists, art historians, researchers, and advanced science-oriented students now have the tools necessary for preserving the future of our past-our cultural heritage. Presenting recent developments in the field, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Principles and Applications addresses the basic concepts of laser applications and supplies case studies of analytical, structural diagnostic, and laser cleaning applications. The book provides a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental principles and applications of modern laser technology in the analysis of composition, diagnostics of structural integrity, and conservation of artworks and antiquities. Beginning with an introduction to the basic techniques used in art conservation and archeology, the book describes the fundamental aspects of laser-matter interactions, emphasizing laser diagnostics and laser processing applications. The next few chapters focus on laser-based spectroscopic techniques for the analysis of the composition of materials in art and archaeology, including laser-induced breakdown, Raman, and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. The book proceeds to highlight nondestructive diagnostic techniques, laser processing applications, laser applications for the cleaning of paintings and stone, and methods for the removal of encrustations. It concludes with case studies for the conservation of materials like parchment, paper, metal, ivory, and wood, and includes conservation approaches for modern paintings. Bridging science with art, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage presents a systematic overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser techniques in artwork conservation and archeological science.

Science  Technology and Cultural Heritage Book

Science Technology and Cultural Heritage


  • Author : M.A. Rogerio-Candelera
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-12-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9781138027442

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Science Technology and Cultural Heritage Book Description :

The Second International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Seville, Spain, June 24-27, 2014, under the umbrella of the TechnoHeritage network. TechnoHeritage is an initiative funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity dedicated to the creation of a network which integrates CSIC and University groups, private companies and end users such as foundations, museums or institutions. The network’s purpose is to foster the creation of transdisciplinary (and not only multidisciplinary) initiatives focused on the study of all assets, movable or immovable, that make up Cultural Heritage. The congress was dedicated to six topics, namely (1) Environmental assessment and monitoring (pollution, climate change, natural events, etc.) of Cultural Heritage; (2) New products and materials for conservation and maintenance of Cultural Heritage; (3) Agents and mechanisms of deterioration of Cultural Heritage (physical, chemical, biological), including deterioration of modern materials used in Contemporary Art and information storage; (4) Development of new instruments, non invasive technologies and innovative solutions for analysis, protection and conservation of Cultural Heritage; (5) Security technologies, remote sensing and G.I.S. for the protection and management of Cultural Heritage; and (6) Significance, social value and policies for the conservation of Cultural Heritage. This volume publishes a total of seventy-two contributions which reflect some of the most recent responses to the challenge of cultural assets conservation and the application of different scientific approaches to the common goal of the conservation of Cultural Heritage.

Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology Book

Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology


  • Author : Maurizio Forte
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-02-10
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319406589

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Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology Book Description :

​​This volume debuts the new scope of Remote Sensing, which was first defined as the analysis of data collected by sensors that were not in physical contact with the objects under investigation (using cameras, scanners, and radar systems operating from spaceborne or airborne platforms). A wider characterization is now possible: Remote Sensing can be any non-destructive approach to viewing the buried and nominally invisible evidence of past activity. Spaceborne and airborne sensors, now supplemented by laser scanning, are united using ground-based geophysical instruments and undersea remote sensing, as well as other non-invasive techniques such as surface collection or field-walking survey. Now, any method that enables observation of evidence on or beneath the surface of the earth, without impact on the surviving stratigraphy, is legitimately within the realm of Remote Sensing. ​The new interfaces and senses engaged in Remote Sensing appear throughout the book. On a philosophical level, this is about the landscapes and built environments that reveal history through place and time. It is about new perspectives—the views of history possible with Remote Sensing and fostered in part by immersive, interactive 3D and 4D environments discussed in this volume. These perspectives are both the result and the implementation of technological, cultural, and epistemological advances in record keeping, interpretation, and conceptualization. Methodology presented here builds on the current ease and speed in collecting data sets on the scale of the object, site, locality, and landscape. As this volume shows, many disciplines surrounding archaeology and related cultural studies are currently involved in Remote Sensing, and its relevance will only increase as the methodology expands.

Chemical Analysis in Cultural Heritage Book

Chemical Analysis in Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Luigia Sabbatini
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2020-02-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110456486

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Chemical Analysis in Cultural Heritage Book Description :

Chemical Analysis provides non invasive and micro-analytical techniques for the investigation of cultural heritage materials. The tools and techniques, discussed by experts in the field, are of universal, sensitive and multi-component nature.

Physics Methods in Archaeometry Book

Physics Methods in Archaeometry


  • Author : M. Martini
  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release Date : 2004-06-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN 10 : 9781614990109

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Physics Methods in Archaeometry Book Description :

The role of exact sciences in connection with cultural heritage now is well established and a new scientific branch has been generated: Archaeometry. Literally, Archaeometry means measurement on ancient objects. It is a multidisciplinary field of investigations where the rigorous methods of exact sciences give a fundamental contribution to solving the problems associated with conservation and restoration, as well as to the study itself of the cultural heritage. Archaeometry, as a scientific research field, involves interdisciplinary groups formed by scholars of the humanistic area together with scientists: physicists, chemists, mathematicians, biologists, engineers, etc. The primary justification for the need of involving exact sciences in the field which, in the past, traditionally has been exclusive of Art Historians must no doubt be found in the conservation and restoration activities. The second argument which, in the public opinion, justifies the involvement of science with the world of Art is the confidence that scientific methods are infallible in unmasking forgeries. But in our opinion the awareness of the central role of scientific methods as a support for philological and historical investigations is still very little diffuse or, at least, finds it hard to become widespread. Perhaps also because of our mentality, Physics, compared to chemistry, is more apt to find applications in a context free from authentication or conservation implications.

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Miguel Angel Rogerio-Candelera
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-10-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203508015

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Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book Description :

From 2nd to 5th October 2012 an International Congress on Science and Technology for the conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, organized by the Universidade of Santiago de Compostela on behalf of TechnoHeritage Network. The congress was attended by some 160 participants from 10 countries, which presented a tot

Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book

Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Piero Baglioni
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-11-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401793032

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Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book Description :

This book presents novel applications of nanotechnology for the preservation of artistic and historical artifacts. It explains the scientific principles behind numerous nanomaterials and discusses their applications to different types of common movable and fixed artistic substrates. It starts with an overview of the nano-tools developed over the last three decades, such as dispersions of nanoparticles, micellar solutions, microemulsions and gels. Compared to traditional methods, these new tools have the benefit of considerably less impact on both the operators and the environment. Each chapter is dedicated to a specific type of cultural heritage material (wall and easel paintings, stone, paper, canvas and wood) starting with the main degradation paths and discussing protocols for the application of innovative nanomaterials-based tools for cleaning, consolidation, or deacidification, which represent the majority of the case studies encountered in restoration facilities, workshops and ateliers. The book provides step-by-step descriptions that are meant to support conservators in the application of these novel materials and methods. The aim of the book is to equip end-users and conservators with essential information and knowledge on the availability and applicability of different nano-materials and dispersed systems. While the book’s focus is on the practical aspects, interested readers will also find references to the relevant advanced colloid and material science literature. Main audience: Expert conservators, restorers and technical staff at conservation institutes and museums, students at conservation and restoration schools, and scientists who are new to the field of conservation of artistic and historical artifacts.

Non destructive Micro Analysis of Cultural Heritage Materials Book

Non destructive Micro Analysis of Cultural Heritage Materials


  • Author : K. Janssens
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-11-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 828
  • ISBN 10 : 0080454429

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Non destructive Micro Analysis of Cultural Heritage Materials Book Description :

This book provides the scientific and technical background materials of non-destructive methods of microscopic analysis that are suitable for analysing works of art, museum pieces and archeaological artefacts. Written by experts in the field, this multi-author volume contains a number of case studies, illustrating the value of these methods. The book is suited to natural scientists and analysts looking to increase their knowledge of the various methods that are currently available for non-destructive analysis. It is also the perfect resource for museum curators, archaeologists and art-historians seeking to identify one or more suitable methods of analysis that could solve material-related problems.

Organic Mass Spectrometry in Art and Archaeology Book

Organic Mass Spectrometry in Art and Archaeology


  • Author : Prof Maria Perla Colombini
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470741924

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Organic Mass Spectrometry in Art and Archaeology Book Description :

Offers an overview of the analysis of art and archaeological materials using techniques based on mass spectrometry Illustrates basic principles, procedures and applications of mass spectrometric techniques. Fills a gap in the field of application on destructive methods in the analysis of museum objects Edited by a world-wide respected specialists with extensive experience of the GC/MS analysis of art objects Such a handbook has been long-awaited by scientists, restorers and other experts in the analysis of art objects

Synchrotron Radiation Book

Synchrotron Radiation


  • Author : Settimio Mobilio
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-08-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 799
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642553158

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Synchrotron Radiation Book Description :

Synchrotron radiation is today extensively used for fundamental and applied research in many different fields of science. Its exceptional characteristics in terms of intensity, brilliance, spectral range, time structure and now also coherence pushed many experimental techniques to previously un-reachable limits, enabling the performance of experiments unbelievable only few years ago. The book gives an up-to-date overview of synchrotron radiation research today with a view to the future, starting from its generation and sources, its interaction with matter, illustrating the main experimental technique employed and provides an overview of the main fields of research in which new and innovative results are obtained. The book is addressed to PhD students and young researchers to provide both an introductory and a rather deep knowledge of the field. It will also be helpful to experienced researcher who want to approach the field in a professional way.

Heritage Microbiology and Science Book

Heritage Microbiology and Science


  • Author : Eric May
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN 10 : 9780854041411

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Heritage Microbiology and Science Book Description :

Heritage Science is an emerging discipline and this book forms a comprehensive volume on key topical areas of this new field and discusses the threats to a wide range of heritage materials and monuments by biological and chemical agents of decay. It provides up-to-date information on subjects covering the component field of heritage microbiology, molecular and chemical analytical techniques, and the mechanisms of degradation and deterioration of historic ships and buildings. Extensive emphasis is placed on case studies and there is a valuable section on historic ships covering the preservation of HMS Victory, SS Great Britain, Vasa and the Mary Rose. This book provides an indispensable guide and reference source for those working in all areas of historical conservation, biodeterioration, microbiology and materials science.

Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage Book

Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage


  • Author : Anna Bentkowska-Kafel
  • Publisher : ISD LLC
  • Release Date : 2018-01-08
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781942401353

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Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage Book Description :

This collection presents a wide range of interdisciplinary methods to study, document, and conserve material cultural heritage. A wide variety of cultural heritage objects have been recorded, examined, and visualised. The objects range in date, scale, materials, and state of preservation and so pose different research questions and challenges for digitization, conservation, and ontological representation of knowledge. This book is an outcome of interdisciplinary research and debates conducted by the participants of the COST Action TD1201, Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage, 2012-16 and is an Open Access publication available under a CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology Book

Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology


  • Author : Paolo Mandrioli
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401701853

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Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology Book Description :

Aerobiology is the science that studies the biological component of the atmosphere and its effects on living systems and on the environment. This term was used for the first time in 1935, but the attention of scientists to the biological component of the atmosphere goes back to 1769, when the Italian biologist Spallanzani carried out a series of experiments that disproved the concept of spontaneous generation of life and proved the presence of viable microorganisms in the air. Aerobiology has marked characteristics of interdisciplinarity: its application fields range from respiratory diseases to the airborne outbreak of animal and vegetal diseases and to the biodegradation of substances and materials. The latter is the subject of this book. The purpose of aerobiological research applied to the conservation of cultural heritage is to evaluate the risk of alteration by airborne microorganisms of materials forming artefacts of historical, artistic and archaeological interest. Airborne spores and vegetative structures may develop on different substrates and may be a cause of degradation, in relation to the types of materials, the microclimatic situation and the pollution of the conservation environments. The qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the biological component of air, performed by means of targeted analysis campaigns, and of the characteristics of materials and environments, supplies indispensable information for the evaluation of the actual risk and the planning of interventions. This book is divided into four main parts.