Physico Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces Book

Physico Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-06-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 0080480012

Physico Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces Excerpt :

The book is devoted to the consideration of the different processes taking place in thin films and at surfaces. Since the most important physico-chemical phenomena in such media are accompanied by the rearrangement of an intra- and intermolecular coordinates and consequently a surrounding molecular ensemble, the theory of radiationless multi-vibrational transitions is used for its description. The second part of the book considers the numerous surface phenomena. And in the third part is described the preparation methods and characteristics of different types of thin films. Both experimental and theoretical descriptions are represented. Media rearrangement coupled with the reagent transformation largely determines the absolute value and temperature dependence of the rate constants and other characteristics of the considered processes. These effects are described at the atomic or molecular level based on the multi-phonon theory, starting from the first pioneering studies through to contemporary studies. A number of questions are included at the end of many chapters to further reinforce the material presented. · Unified approach to the description of numerous physico-chemical phenomena in different materials · Based on the pioneering research work of the authors · Explantion of a variety of experimental observations · Material is presented at two levels of complexity for specialists and non-specialists · Identifies existing and potential applications of the processes and phenomena · Includes questions at the end of some chapters to further reinforce the material discussed

Cu In1 xGax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Cu In1 xGax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells

  • Author : Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-01-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN 10 : 0080920322

Cu In1 xGax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells Excerpt :

Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells provides valuable contents about the fabrication and characterization of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 based thin film solar cells and modules. The growth of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)(S1-ySey)2 absorbers, buffers, window layers, antireflection coatings, and finally metallic grids, which are the sole components of solar cells, is clearly illustrated. The absorber, which contains multiple elements, segregates secondary phases if the growth conditions are not well optimized i.e., the main drawback in the fabrication of solar cells. More importantly the solutions for the growth of thin films are given in detail. The properties of all the individual layers and single crystals including solar cells analyzed by different characterization techniques such as SEM, AFM, XPS, AES, TEM, XRD, optical, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy are explicitly demonstrated. The electrical analyses such as conductivities, Hall mobilities, deep level transient spectroscopy measurements etc., provide a broad picture to understand thin films or single crystals and their solar cells. The book clearly explains the working principle of energy conversion from solar to electrical with basic sciences for the chalcopyrite based thin film solar cells. Also, it demonstrates important criteria on how to enhance efficiency of the solar cells and modules. The effect of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, aging etc., on the devices is mentioned by citing several examples. Illustrates a number of growth techniques to prepare thin film layers for solar cells Discusses characterization techniques such as XRD, TEM, XPS, AFM, SEM, PL, CL, Optical measurements, and Electrical measurements Includes I-V, C-V measurements illustrations Provides analysis of solar cell efficiency Presents current trends in thin film solar cells research and marketing

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin film Systems and Coatings Book

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin film Systems and Coatings

  • Author : Nikolay Nikitenkov
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-03-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535130031

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin film Systems and Coatings Excerpt :

Development of the thin film and coating technologies (TFCT) made possible the technological revolution in electronics and through it the revolution in IT and communications in the end of the twentieth century. Now, TFCT penetrated in many sectors of human life and industry: biology and medicine; nuclear, fusion, and hydrogen energy; protection against corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement; jet engine; space materials science; and many others. Currently, TFCT along with nanotechnologies is the most promising for the development of almost all industries. The 20 chapters of this book present the achievements of thin-film technology in many areas mentioned above but more than any other in medicine and biology and energy saving and energy efficiency.

Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications Book

Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications

  • Author : Dominik Sankowski
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2014-06-26
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814583732

Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications Excerpt :

The book presents a collection of practical applications of image processing and analysis. Different vision systems are more often used among others in the automotive industry, pharmacy, military and police equipment, automated production and measurement systems. In each of these fields of technology, digital image processing and analysis module is a critical part of the process of building this type of system. The majority of books in the market deal with theoretical issues. However, this unique publication specially highlights industrial applications, especially industrial measurement applications. Along with its wide spectrum of image processing and analysis applications, this book is an interesting reference for both students and professionals. Contents:Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction and Processing:Data Set Preparation for k-NN Classifier Using the Measure of Representativeness (Marcin Raniszewski)Segmentation Methods in the Selected Industrial Computer Vision Application (Anna Fabijanska and Dominik Sankowski)Line Fractional-Order Difference/Sum, Its Properties and an Application in Image Processing (Piotr Ostalczyk)Computer Vision in Robotics:Management Software for Distributed Mobile Robot System (Maciej Łaski, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Advanced Vision Systems in Detection and Analysis of Characteristic Features of Objects (Adam Wulkiewicz, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Pattern Recognition Algorithms for the Navigation of Mobile Platform (Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Partial Fractional-Order Difference in the Edge Detection (Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Application of Fractional-Order Derivative for Edge

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials Book

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials

  • Author : Ross Mcphedran
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-06-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128188200

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials Excerpt :

2D and Quasi-2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials: Theory, Properties and Photonic Applications covers the theory, characterization and computational modeling of 2D composite materials and shows how they are used for the creation of materials for 3D structures The book covers three major themes: Properties of 2D and quasi-2D composites are discussed in the context of homogenization theory. Homogenization results are discussed for spatiotemporal material composites assembled from materials which are distributed on a micro-scale in space and in time. New types of transport phenomena and localization in random media are addressed, with particular attention to the non-reciprocity of transport coefficients. Plasmonics and magneto-optics are also of particular interest. Magneto-transport and sub-wavelength resolution in electromagnetic and acoustic imaging are further considered. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers working on nanomaterials, photonic composites, and materials theory, modeling and simulations. Outlines major modelling techniques of 2D nanocomposites for photonic applications Explores how the properties of 2D nanocomposites make them suitable for use for building 3D structures Assesses the challenges of using 2D nanocomposites for designing new devices on a mass scale

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Book

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics

  • Author : Yu. K. Tovbin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429995392

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Small systems are a very active area of research and development due to improved instrumentation that allows for spatial resolution in the range of sizes from one to 100 nm. In this size range, many physical and chemical properties change, which opens up new approaches to the study of substances and their practical application. This affects both traditional fields of knowledge and many other new fields including physics, chemistry, biology, etc. This book highlights new developments in statistical thermodynamics that answer the most important questions about the specifics of small systems - when one cannot apply equations or traditional thermodynamic models.

Bimodal Oxidation Book

Bimodal Oxidation

  • Author : Robert Bakhtchadjian
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000084849

Bimodal Oxidation Excerpt :

This book is devoted to the problems of oxidation chemical reactions and addresses bimodal reaction sequences. Chemical reactions of oxidation, occurring under certain conditions and in multicomponent systems are complex processes. The process of the oxidation essentially changes in the presence and contact of the solid substances with reactants. The role of solid substances and the appearance of this phenomenon in oxidation reaction are discussed. The reader will understand the "driving forces" of this phenomenon and apply it in practice. Written for chemists, physicists, biologists and engineers working in the domain of oxidation reactions. Key Selling Features: Covers the historical background, modern state of the art, and perspectives in investigations of the coupling between heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions Discusses the feasible pathways of the coupling of heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions in oxidation in man-made and natural chemical systems Addresses the abundance, peculiarities and mechanisms of the bimodal reaction sequences in oxidation with dioxygen in recent decades Discusses the existence of the bimodal reaction sequences in chemical systems investigations in atmospheric chemistry and heterogeneous photocatalysis Presented in a simple concise style, accessible for both specialists and non-specialists

Chemical Sensors Book

Chemical Sensors

  • Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
  • Publisher : Momentum Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 527
  • ISBN 10 : 9781606503201

Chemical Sensors Excerpt :

Momentum Press is proud to bring to you Chemical Sensors: Simulation and Modeling Volume 4: Optical Sensors, edited by Ghenadii Korotcenkov. This is the fourth of a new multi-volume comprehensive reference work that provides computer simulation and modeling techniques in various fields of chemical sensing and the important applications for chemical sensing such as bulk and surface diffusion, adsorption, surface reactions, sintering, conductivity, mass transport, and interphase interactions. In this fourth volume, you will find background and guidance on: • Approaches used for modeling and simulation of various types of optical sensors such as fiber optic, surface plasmon resonance, Fabry-Pérot interferometers, transmittance in the midinfrared region, luminescence-based devices, and more • Approaches used for design and optimization of optical systems aimed for both remote gas sensing and gas analysis chambers for the nondispersive infrared (NDIR) spectral range • Multiscale atomistic simulation of hierarchical nanostructured materials for optical chemical sensing Chemical sensors are integral to the automation of myriad industrial processes and everyday monitoring of such activities as public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and many more. This multi-volume reference work covering simulation and modeling will serve as the perfect complement to Momentum Press’s 6-volume reference work, Chemical Sensors: Fundamentals of Sensing Materials and Chemical Sensors: Comprehensive Sensor Technologies, which present detailed information related to materials, technologies, construction, and application of various devices for chemical sensing. Each simulation and modeling volume in the present series reviews modeling principles and approaches peculiar to specific groups of materials and devices applied for chemical sensing.

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development Book

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development

  • Author : Ali Mufit Bahadir
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2009-08-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048129034

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development Excerpt :

Sustainable Development has become the leading concept of the 21 century. It describes a development, which agrees with the needs of the present generation but does not endanger the chances of the coming generations to satisfy also their needs. “Sustainable development” has become an important general goal for all fields of life like economy, ecology and social balance. The development and shaping of our future has been discussed internationally like on the summits of the Conferences in Rio and in Johannesburg. But this is also a topic on national base in various countries. Leading authorities in various fields of economy and politics have also accepted this concept. Although the concept of sustainable development has been generally accepted, there are still problems how to achieve and evaluate these general goals. It is clear that the definitions about the prime needs vary from man to man, from country to country and from continent to continent. But pollution does not respect national borders. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the politics of economy, ecology and social demands by a synergistic way that they are strengthened by each other. If it is not possible to stop tendencies, which threaten the future quality of life, the cost demands of societies will dramatically increase and negative tendencies will become irreversible.

Multiscale Modeling in Nanophotonics Book

Multiscale Modeling in Nanophotonics

  • Author : Alexander Bagaturyants
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351614061

Multiscale Modeling in Nanophotonics Excerpt :

The idea of theoretically predicting the useful properties of various materials using multiscale simulations has become popular in recent years. Of special interest are nanostructured, organic functional materials, which have a hierarchical structure and are considered materials of the future because of their flexibility and versatility. Their functional properties are inherited from the molecule that lies at the heart of the hierarchical structure. On the other hand, the properties of this functional molecule, in particular its absorption and emission spectra, strongly depend on its interactions with its molecular environment. Therefore, the multiscale simulations used to predict the properties of organic functional materials should be atomistic, that is, they should be based on classical and/or quantum methods that explicitly take into account the molecular structure and intermolecular interactions at the atomic level. This book, written by well-known specialists in theoretical chemistry, focuses on the basics of classical mechanics, quantum chemistry methods used for molecular disordered materials, classical methods of molecular simulations of disordered materials, vibronic interactions, and applications (presented as multiscale strategies for atomistic simulations of photonic materials). It has been edited by Professor Mikhail Alfimov, a renowned Russian scientist, a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and the founder, first director, and now research supervisor of the Photochemistry Center of the Russian Academy of Science, Russia. Professor Alfimov’s main research interests are in the field of photochemistry and photophysics of molecular and supramolecular systems. The book is a great reference for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and molecular science and researchers in nano- and molecular science, nanotechnology, chemistry, and physical chemistry, especially those with an interest in functional mater

Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Book

Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy

  • Author : Yuri P. Kalmykov
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-10-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400750128

Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Excerpt :

This volume considers experimental and theoretical dielectric studies of the structure and dynamics of complex systems. Complex systems constitute an almost universal class of materials including associated liquids, polymers, biomolecules, colloids, porous materials, doped ferroelectric crystals, nanomaterials, etc. These systems are characterized by a new "mesoscopic" length scale, intermediate between molecular and macroscopic. The mesoscopic structures of complex systems typically arise from fluctuations or competing interactions and exhibit a rich variety of static and dynamic behaviour. This growing field is interdisciplinary; it complements solid state and statistical physics, and overlaps considerably with chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, and biology. A common theme in complex systems is that while such materials are disordered on the molecular scale and homogeneous on the macroscopic scale, they usually possess a certain degree of order on an intermediate, or mesoscopic, scale due to the delicate balance of interaction and thermal effects. In the present Volume it is shown how the dielectric spectroscopy studies of complex systems can be applied to determine both their structures and dynamics.

Nanosilicon Book


  • Author : Anatoly A. Ischenko
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 755
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466594234

Nanosilicon Excerpt :

Nanosilicon: Properties, Synthesis, Applications, Methods of Analysis and Control examines the latest developments on the physics and chemistry of nanosilicon. The book focuses on methods for producing nanosilicon, its electronic and optical properties, research methods to characterize its spectral and structural properties, and its possible applic

Wafer Fabrication  Factory Performance and Analysis Book

Wafer Fabrication Factory Performance and Analysis

  • Author : Linda F. Atherton
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1995-11-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN 10 : 0792396197

Wafer Fabrication Factory Performance and Analysis Excerpt :

This book is concerned with wafer fabrication and the factories that manufacture microprocessors and other integrated circuits. With the invention of the transistor in 1947, the world as we knew it changed. The transistor led to the microprocessor, and the microprocessor, the guts of the modern computer, has created an epoch of virtually unlimited information processing. The electronics and computer revolution has brought about, for better or worse, a new way of life. This revolution could not have occurred without wafer fabrication, and its associated processing technologies. A microprocessor is fabricated via a lengthy, highly-complex sequence of chemical processes. The success of modern chip manufacturing is a miracle of technology and a tribute to the hundreds of engineers who have contributed to its development. This book will delineate the magnitude of the accomplishment, and present methods to analyze and predict the performance of the factories that make the chips. The set of topics covered juxtaposes several disciplines of engineering. A primary subject is the chemical engineering aspects of the electronics industry, an industry typically thought to be strictly an electrical engineer's playground. The book also delves into issues of manufacturing, operations performance, economics, and the dynamics of material movement, topics often considered the domain of industrial engineering and operations research. Hopefully, we have provided in this work a comprehensive treatment of both the technology and the factories of wafer fabrication. Novel features of these factories include long process flows and a dominance of processing over operational issues.

Fundamentals of Adhesion Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Fundamentals of Adhesion

  • Author : L.H. Lee
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1991-02-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 9780306434709

Fundamentals of Adhesion Excerpt :

Evolved as a reference book for participants at a short annual fall course at the State University of New York at New Paltz. This first volume concentrates on adhesion with or without the use of an adhesive. Second volume title 'Adhesive bonding' deals with bonding with the aid of adhesives.