Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production


  • Author : J. J. Landsberg
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1986
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D01941174U

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Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Excerpt :

Process rates and weather. Stand structure and microclimate. The carbon balance of leaves. The carbon balance of trees. Nutrient dynamics and tree growth. Water relations.

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production


  • Author : J. J. Landsberg
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 0080922546

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Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Excerpt :

Process-based models open the way to useful predictions of the future growth rate of forests and provide a means of assessing the probable effects of variations in climate and management on forest productivity. As such they have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional forest growth and yield models, which are based on mensuration data and assume that climate and atmospheric CO2 concentrations will be the same in the future as they are now. This book discusses the basic physiological processes that determine the growth of plants, the way they are affected by environmental factors and how we can improve processes that are well-understood such as growth from leaf to stand level and productivity. A theme that runs through the book is integration to show a clear relationship between photosynthesis, respiration, plant nutrient requirements, transpiration, water relations and other factors affecting plant growth that are often looked at separately. This integrated approach will provide the most comprehensive source for process-based modelling, which is valuable to ecologists, plant physiologists, forest planners and environmental scientists. Includes explanations of inherently mathematical models, aided by the use of graphs and diagrams illustrating causal interactions and by examples implemented as Excel spreadsheets Uses a process-based model as a framework for explaining the mechanisms underlying plant growth Integrated approach provides a clear and relatively simple treatment

Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management


  • Author : J. J. Landsberg
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1997-01-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 0080527388

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Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management Excerpt :

Forest management is a complex process that now incorporates information obtained from many sources. It is increasingly obvious that the physiological status of the trees in a forest has a dramatic impact on the likely success of any particular management strategy. Indeed, models described in this book that deal with forest productivity and sustainability require physiological information. This information can only be obtained from an understanding of the basic biological mechanisms and processes that contribute to individual tree growth. This valuable book illustrates that physiological ecology is a fundamental element of proficient forest management. Provides essential information relevant to the continuing debate over sustainable forest management Outlines how modern tools for physiological ecology can be used in planning and managing forest ecosystems Reviews the most commonly used forest models and assesses their value and future

Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests Book

Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests


  • Author : William K. Smith
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080925936

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Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests Excerpt :

Conifers--pine, fir, and spruce trees--are dominant species in forests around the world. This book focuses on the physiology of conifers and how these physiological systems operate. Special consideration is devoted to the means by which ecophysiological processes influence organismal function and distribution. Chapters focus on the genetics of conifers, their geographic distribution and the factors that influence this distribution, the impact of insect herbivory on ecophysiological parameters, the effects of air pollution, and the potential impact that global climatic changes will have upon conifers. Because of the growing realization that forests have a crucial role to play in global environmental health, this book will appeal to a developing union of ecologists, physiologists and more theoretically minded foresters.

Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline Book

Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline


  • Author : W. Tranquillini
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642671074

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Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline Excerpt :

In the European Alps the importance of forests as protection against ava lanches and soil erosion is becoming ever clearer with the continuing increase in population and development of tourism. The protective potential of the moun tain forests can currently only be partially realised because a considerable propor tion of high-altitude stands has been destroyed in historical times by man's extensive clearing ofthe forests. The forests still remaining are of limited effec tiveness, due to inadequate density of trees and over-maturity. Considerable efforts, however, are now being made in the Alps and other mountains of the globe to increase the high-altitude forested area through reforestation, to raise depressed timberlines, and to restore remaining protection forests using suit able silvicultural methods to their full protective value. This momentous task, if it is to be successful, must be planned on a sound foundation. An important prerequisite is the assembly of scientific facts con cerning the physical environment in the protection forest zone of mountains, and the course of various life processes of tree species occurring there. Since the introduction of practical field techniques it has been possible to investigate successfully the reaction of trees at various altitudes to recorded factors, and the extent to which they are adapted to the measured situations. Such ecophysio logical studies enable us to recognize the site requirements for individual tree species, and the reasons for the limits of their natural distribution.

Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book

Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production


  • Author : Cram101 Textbook Reviews
  • Publisher : Academic Internet Pub Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2011-04
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN 10 : 1614613222

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Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Excerpt :

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780123744609 .

Studyguide for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book

Studyguide for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production


  • Author : Cram101 Textbook Reviews
  • Publisher : Cram101
  • Release Date : 2013-05
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 74
  • ISBN 10 : 1490236872

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Studyguide for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Excerpt :

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again Includes all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795. This item is printed on demand.

Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems Book

Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems


  • Author : George W. Koch
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1995-12-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080500706

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Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems Excerpt :

The importance of carbon dioxide extends from cellular to global levels of organization and potential ecological deterioration may be the result of increased CO2 in our atmosphere. Recently, the research emphasis shifted from studies of photosynthesis pathways and plant growth to ground-breaking studies of carbon dioxide balances in ecosystems, regions, and even the entire globe. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems addresses these new areas of research. Economically important woody ecosystems are emphasized because they have substantial influence on global carbon dioxide balances. Herbaceous ecosystems (e.g., grasslands, prairies, wetlands) and crop ecosystems are also covered. The interactions among organisms, communities, and ecosystems are modeled, and the book closes with an important synthesis of this growing nexus of research. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems is a compilation of detailed scientific studies that reveal how ecosystems generally, and particular plants specifically, respond to changed levels of carbon dioxide. Contributions from an international team of experts Empirical examination of the actual effects of carbon dioxide Variety of terrestrial habitats investigated Specific plants and whole ecosystems offered as studies

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Book

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323138000

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The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

The efficient management of trees and other woody plants can be improved given an understanding of the physiological processes that control growth, the complex environmental factors that influence those processes, and our ability to regulate and maintain environmental conditions that facilitate growth. Emphasizes genetic and environmental interactions that influence woody plant growth Outlines responses of individual trees and tree communities to environmental stress Explores cultural practices useful for efficient management of shade, forest, and fruit trees, woody vines, and shrubs

Plant Physiological Ecology Book

Plant Physiological Ecology


  • Author : R. Pearcey
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400922211

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Plant Physiological Ecology Excerpt :

Physiological plant ecology is primarily concerned with the function and performance of plants in their environment. Within this broad focus, attempts are made on one hand to understand the underlying physiological, biochemical and molecular attributes of plants with respect to performance under the constraints imposed by the environment. On the other hand physiological ecology is also concerned with a more synthetic view which attempts to under stand the distribution and success of plants measured in terms of the factors that promote long-term survival and reproduction in the environment. These concerns are not mutually exclusive but rather represent a continuum of research approaches. Osmond et al. (1980) have elegantly pointed this out in a space-time scale showing that the concerns of physiological ecology range from biochemical and organelle-scale events with time constants of a second or minutes to succession and evolutionary-scale events involving communities and ecosystems and thousands, if not millions, of years. The focus of physiological ecology is typically at the single leaf or root system level extending up to the whole plant. The time scale is on the order of minutes to a year. The activities of individual physiological ecologists extend in one direction or the other, but few if any are directly concerned with the whole space-time scale. In their work, however, they must be cognizant both of the underlying mechanisms as well as the consequences to ecological and evolutionary processes.

Resource Physiology of Conifers Book

Resource Physiology of Conifers


  • Author : William K. Smith
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 0126528705

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Resource Physiology of Conifers Excerpt :

Coniferous forests are among the most important of ecosystems. These forests are widespread and influence both the financial and biological health of our globe. This book focuses attention on conifers and how these trees acquire, allocate, and utilize the resources that sustain this crucial productivity. An international team of experts has surveyed and synthesized information from an expanding area of inquiry. The first half of the book describes how resources are acquired both by means of photosynthesis and through root systems. The latter half of the volume focuses upon how resources are stored and used. As conifers continue as a resource and ever increasingly important contributor to the regional and global environmental sustainability, this book will help establish how much sustainability can be expected and maintained.

Plant Physiological Ecology Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Plant Physiological Ecology


  • Author : Hans Lambers
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN 10 : 9781475728552

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Plant Physiological Ecology Excerpt :

This textbook is remarkable for emphasising that the mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology can be found at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology and whole-plant physiology. The authors begin with the primary processes of carbon metabolism and transport, plant-water relations, and energy balance. After considering individual leaves and whole plants, these physiological processes are then scaled up to the level of the canopy. Subsequent chapters discuss mineral nutrition and the ways in which plants cope with nutrient-deficient or toxic soils. The book then looks at patterns of growth and allocation, life-history traits, and interactions between plants and other organisms. Later chapters deal with traits that affect decomposition of plant material and with plant physiological ecology at the level of ecosystems and global environmental processes.

Plant Physiological Ecology Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Plant Physiological Ecology


  • Author : Hans Lambers
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 605
  • ISBN 10 : 0387783415

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Plant Physiological Ecology Excerpt :

Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.

Tropical Forests  Management and Ecology Book

Tropical Forests Management and Ecology


  • Author : Ariel E. Lugo
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461224983

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Tropical Forests Management and Ecology Excerpt :

Forestry professors used to remind students that, whereas physicians bury their mistakes, foresters die before theirs are noticed. But good institutions live longer than the scientists who contribute to building them, and the half-century of work of the USDA Forest Service's Institute of Tropical Forestry (ITF) is in plain view: an unprecedented corpus of accomplishments that would instill pride in any organization. There is scarcely anyone interested in current issues of tropical forestry who would not benefit from a refresher course in ITF's findings: its early collaboration with farmers to establish plantations, its successes in what we now call social forestry, its continuous improvement of nursery practices, its screening trials of native species, its development of wood-processing technologies appropriate for developing countries, its thorough analysis of tropical forest function, and its holistic approach toward conservation of endangered species. Fortunately, ITF has a long history of information exchange through teaching; like many others, I got my own start in tropical forest ecology fromjust such a course in Puerto Rico. And long before politicians recognized the global importance of tropical forestry, the ITF staff served actively as ambassadors of the discipline, visiting tropical coun tries everywhere to learn and, when invited to do so, to help solve local problems. It is a general principle of biogeography that species' turnover rates on islands are higher than those on continents. Inevitably, the same is true of scientists assigned to work on islands.

Forest Canopies Book

Forest Canopies


  • Author : Margaret D. Lowman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2004-09
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 543
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124575530

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Forest Canopies Excerpt :

The treetops of the world's forests are where discovery and opportunity abound, however they have been relatively inaccessible until recently. This book represents an authoritative synthesis of data, anecdotes, case studies, observations, and recommendations from researchers and educators who have risked life and limb in their advocacy of the High Frontier. With innovative rope techniques, cranes, walkways, dirigibles, and towers, they finally gained access to the rich biodiversity that lives far above the forest floor and the emerging science of canopy ecology. In this new edition of Forest Canopies, nearly 60 scientists and educators from around the world look at the biodiversity, ecology, evolution, and conservation of forest canopy ecosystems. Comprehensive literature list State-of-the-art results and data sets from current field work Foremost scientists in the field of canopy ecology Expanded collaboration of researchers and international projects User-friendly format with sidebars and case studies Keywords and outlines for each chapter