Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Book

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities


  • Author : Brain F. Chabot
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400948303

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Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Excerpt :

Although, as W.D. Billings notes in his chapter in this book. the development of physiological ecology can be traced back to the very beginnings of the study of ecology it is clear that the modern development of this field in North America is due in the large part to the efforts of Billings alone. The foundation that Billings laid in the late 1950s came from his own studies on deserts and subsequently arctic and alpine plants, and also from his enormous success in instilling enthusiasm for the field in the numerous students attracted to the plant ecology program at Duke University. Billings' own studies provided the model for subsequent work in this field. Physiological techniques. normally confined to the laboratory. were brought into the field to examine processes under natural environmental conditions. These field studies were accompanied by experiments under controlled conditions where the relative impact of various factors could be assessed and further where genetic as opposed to environmental influences could be separated. This blending of field and laboratory approaches promoted the design of experiments which were of direct relevance to understanding the distribution and abundance of plants in nature. Physiological mechanisms were studied and assessed in the context of the functioning of plants under natural conditions rather than as an end in itself.

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Book

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities


  • Author : Brian Chabot
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1985-04-04
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822001671551

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Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Excerpt :

Physiological ecology is an exciting, rapidly developing field. This volume ably indicates the immense gaps in our knowledge in part through a compilation of current knowledge about how plants adapt to the environmental conditions of the various North American biomes. Single chapters consider Arctic, alpine, taiga, chaparral, grassland, deciduous forest, tropical and subtropical forest, marine beaches and dunes, and coastal marshes. Two chapters are devoted to Western forests and three to deserts. The short preface is a poor substitute for a thoughtful introduction and a summary is sorely missed. W.D. Billing's chapter on the history of plant ecophysiology is outstanding. The only remotely comparable single-volume work in English is Heinrich Walter's Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of the Geobiosphere (2nd ed., 1979; 1st ed., CH, Apr '74); the present volume fills in many details excluded in Walter's global treatment. A solid background in ecology and plant physiology is needed to comprehend at least half of each chapter; however, Chabot and Mooney provide an excellent reference work of use to advanced undergraduates, graduates, and faculty. Recommended for libraries in colleges with plant ecology, plant geography, or plant physiology courses.-G.D. Dreyer, Connecticut College--Choice Reviews.

Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants Book

Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants


  • Author : Stanley D. Smith
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642592126

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Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants Excerpt :

Following a description of the physical and biological characterization of the four North American deserts together with the primary adaptations of plants to environmental stress, the authors go on to present case studies of key species. They provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the major patterns of adaptation in desert plants, with one chapter devoted to several important exotic plants that have invaded these deserts. The whole is rounded off with a synthesis of the resource requirements of desert plants and how they may respond to global climate change.

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Book

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323138000

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The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

The efficient management of trees and other woody plants can be improved given an understanding of the physiological processes that control growth, the complex environmental factors that influence those processes, and our ability to regulate and maintain environmental conditions that facilitate growth. Emphasizes genetic and environmental interactions that influence woody plant growth Outlines responses of individual trees and tree communities to environmental stress Explores cultural practices useful for efficient management of shade, forest, and fruit trees, woody vines, and shrubs

Plant Physiological Ecology Book

Plant Physiological Ecology


  • Author : R. Pearcey
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400922211

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Plant Physiological Ecology Excerpt :

Physiological plant ecology is primarily concerned with the function and performance of plants in their environment. Within this broad focus, attempts are made on one hand to understand the underlying physiological, biochemical and molecular attributes of plants with respect to performance under the constraints imposed by the environment. On the other hand physiological ecology is also concerned with a more synthetic view which attempts to under stand the distribution and success of plants measured in terms of the factors that promote long-term survival and reproduction in the environment. These concerns are not mutually exclusive but rather represent a continuum of research approaches. Osmond et al. (1980) have elegantly pointed this out in a space-time scale showing that the concerns of physiological ecology range from biochemical and organelle-scale events with time constants of a second or minutes to succession and evolutionary-scale events involving communities and ecosystems and thousands, if not millions, of years. The focus of physiological ecology is typically at the single leaf or root system level extending up to the whole plant. The time scale is on the order of minutes to a year. The activities of individual physiological ecologists extend in one direction or the other, but few if any are directly concerned with the whole space-time scale. In their work, however, they must be cognizant both of the underlying mechanisms as well as the consequences to ecological and evolutionary processes.

Coastal Dunes Book

Coastal Dunes


  • Author : M. L. Martínez
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540740025

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Coastal Dunes Excerpt :

In this book, coastal dune specialists from tropical and temperate latitudes cover a wide set of topics, including: geomorphology, community dynamics, ecophysiology, biotic interactions and environmental problems and conservation. The book offers recommendations for future research, identifying relevant topics where detailed knowledge is still lacking. It also identifies management tools that will promote and maintain the rich diversity of the dune environments in the context of continuing coastal development.

Potentials and Limitations of Ecosystem Analysis Book

Potentials and Limitations of Ecosystem Analysis


  • Author : Ernst-Detlef Schulze
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642716300

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Potentials and Limitations of Ecosystem Analysis Excerpt :

The identification of inputs and outputs is the first and probably most important step in testing and analyzing complex systems. Following accepted natural laws such as the conservation of mass and the principle of electroneutrality, the input/output analysis of the system, be it steady or in connection with perturbations will reveal the status dynamic, will identify whether changes are reversible or irreversible and whether changing the input will cause a hysteresis response. Moreover, measurements ofinput and output fluxes can indicate the storage capacity ofa system, its resilience to buffer or amplify variations of the external input, and it can identify structural changes. Therefore, to a certain extent, the input/output analysis can facilitate predictions about the ecosystem stability. The measurement of fluxes and the determination of inputs and outputs of eco systems are, in many aspects, analogous to measurements done by engineers when testing an electronic apparatus. The first step is the measurement ofthe input/output properties of the instrument as a whole, or ofvarious circuit boards, and the compari· son ofthese with the expected variations of the original design. Varying input and out· put can give valuable information about the stability and the regulatory properties of the device. Nevertheless, only the circuit as an entity has specific properties which cannot be anticipated if the individual components are investigated regardless oftheir position. Also, the instrument as a whole will have different input/output properties than its subcircuits.

Savannas  Barrens  and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of North America Book

Savannas Barrens and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of North America


  • Author : Roger C. Anderson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1999-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN 10 : 052157322X

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Savannas Barrens and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of North America Excerpt :

A coherent, readable summary of the technical information available on savannas, barrens and rock outcrop plant communities.

North American Terrestrial Vegetation Book

North American Terrestrial Vegetation


  • Author : Michael G. Barbour
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN 10 : 0521559863

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North American Terrestrial Vegetation Excerpt :

This second edition provides extensively expanded coverage of North American vegetation from arctic tundra to tropical forests.

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America Book

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America


  • Author : Ulrich Seeliger
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080925677

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Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America Excerpt :

Published ecological information on Latin American coasts is scarce, despite the growing need for a comprehensive examination of coastal processes on a global scale. This book brings together details on benthic marine algae, seagrasses, salt marsh, mangrove, and dune plant communities throughout Latin America. Researchers and graduate students in plant ecology, marine biology, and environmental management will benefit from the valuable information in this book. Distribution and community ecology Modern research approaches Coastal management possibilities

Physiological Plant Ecology Book

Physiological Plant Ecology


  • Author : Malcolm C. Press
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-08
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN 10 : 0521549299

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Physiological Plant Ecology Excerpt :

The last decade has seen rapid and major advances in our understanding of the physiological ecology of plants. This volume reviews some of these advances and new challenges. The chapters cover five broad themes: resource acquisition and utilization; interactions between organisms; responses to global environmental changes; ecosystems; and integration and scaling. This book brings together an unrivalled collection of leading practitioners in the discipline from North America, Europe and Australia and adopts a broad approach, ranging from the molecular to the ecosystem level. It has proven a valuable tool for researchers and advanced students in the discipline.

Long Term Forest Dynamics of the Temperate Zone Book

Long Term Forest Dynamics of the Temperate Zone


  • Author : Paul A. Delcourt
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 439
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461247401

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Long Term Forest Dynamics of the Temperate Zone Excerpt :

The synthesis presented in this volume is a direct outgrowth of our ten-year FORMAP Project (Forest Mapping Across Eastern North America from 20,000 yr B.P. to the Present). Many previous research efforts in paleoecology have used plant-fossil evidence as proxy information for primarily geologic or climatic reconstructions or as a bio stratigraphic basis for correlation of regional events. In contrast, in this book, we deal with ecological questions that require a holistic perspective that integrates the interactions of biota with their dynamically changing environments over time scales up to tens of thousands of years. In the FORMAP Project, our major research objective has been to use late-Quaternary plant-ecological data sets to evaluate long-term patterns and processes in forest de velopment. In order to accomplish this objective, we have prepared subcontinent-scale calibrations that quantitatively relate the production and dispersal of arboreal pollen to dominance in the vegetation for the major tree types of eastern North America. Quantification of pollen-vegetation relationships provides a basis for developing quan titative plant-ecological data sets that allow further ecological analysis of both individual taxa and forest communities through time. Application of these calibrations to fossil pollen records for interpreting forest history thus represents a fundamental step beyond traditional summaries based upon pollen percentages.

The California Deserts Book
Score: 4.5
From 2 Ratings

The California Deserts


  • Author : Bruce M Pavlik
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 2008-07-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 0520940784

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The California Deserts Excerpt :

This highly readable, spectacularly illustrated compendium is an ecological journey into a wondrous land of extremes. The California Deserts explores the remarkable diversity of life in this harsh yet fragile quarter of the Golden State. In a rich narrative, it illuminates how that diversity, created by drought and heat, has evolved with climate change since the Ice Ages. Along the way, we find there is much to learn from each desert species-- whether it is a cactus, pupfish, tortoise, or bighorn sheep--about adaptation to a warming, arid world. The book tells of human adaptation as well, and is underscored by a deep appreciation for the intimate knowledge acquired by native people during their 12,000-year desert experience. In this sense, the book is a journey of rediscovery, as it reflects on the ways that knowledge has been reclaimed and amplified by new discoveries. The book also takes the measure of the ecological condition of these deserts today, presenting issues of conservation, management, and restoration. With its many sidebars, photographs, and featured topics, The California Deserts provides a unique introduction to places of remarkable and often unexpected beauty.

Plant Stems Book

Plant Stems


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1995-07-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 0080539084

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Plant Stems Excerpt :

Stems, of various sizes and shapes, are involved in most of the organic processes and interactions of plants, ranging from support, transport, and storage to development and protection. The stem itself is a crucially important intermediary: it links above- and below ground organs-connecting roots to leaves. An international team of leading researchers vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures; rather stems are critical, anatomically distinct structures of enormous variability. It is, to an unappreciated extent, this variability that underpins both the diversity and the success of plants in myriad ecosystems. Plant Stems will be a valuable resource on form/function relationships for researchers and graduate-level students in ecology, evolutionary biology, physiology, development, genetics, agricultural sciences, and horticulture as they unravel the mechanisms and processes that allow organisms and ecosystems to function. Syntheses of structural, physiological, and ecological functions of stems Multiple viewpoints on how stem structure relates to performance Highlights of major areas of plant biology long neglected