Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants Book

Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants


  • Author : Ulrich Lüttge
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662033401

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Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants Excerpt :

This richly illustrated text covers the ecophysiology of plants of all major tropical ecosystems, from tropical rain forests, epiphytic habitats, mangroves and savannas to salinas, inselbergs and paramos and their ecophysiological adaptation to these different tropical environments. The physiognomy of biotopes and characteristic life forms of plants are depicted with photographs.

Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics Book

Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics


  • Author : Ernesto Medina
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2011-10-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9400973012

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Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics Excerpt :

This book contains the results of a Symposium on the physiological ecology of plants of the lowland wet tropics held in Mexico in June 1983 organized by the Instituto de Biologla of the National University of M"exico (U. N . A. M. ), and sponsored by UNAM, CONACYT, NSF and UNESCO (CIET). A workshop portion of the Symposium was held at the tropical research station at Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz. This Symposium originated in response to the increasing interest in the physiological ecology of tropical plants, because of the potential. of this field to provide a basic understanding of functioning of tropical plant communities. The study of physiological ecology of tropical plants has been delayed in some cases by the lack of conceptual framework, but also by the absence of appropriate instrumentation and techniques with which to conduct precise measurements under high temperature, high humidity field conditions. Hypotheses and concepts of the physiological ecology of tropical plants have been based mainly on observational data and the analysis of growth forms and leaf anatomf. The early work of A. F. W. Schimper and o. Stocker in Asia, and the extensive surveys made by H. Walter on the osmotic potentials of plants in the tropics and subtropics, constituted, until relatively recently, the only available information on the water and carbon relations of tropical plants.

Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics Book

Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics


  • Author : Ernesto Medina
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400972995

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Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics Excerpt :

This book contains the results of a Symposium on the physiological ecology of plants of the lowland wet tropics held in Mexico in June 1983 organized by the Instituto de Biologla of the National University of M"exico (U. N . A. M. ), and sponsored by UNAM, CONACYT, NSF and UNESCO (CIET). A workshop portion of the Symposium was held at the tropical research station at Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz. This Symposium originated in response to the increasing interest in the physiological ecology of tropical plants, because of the potential. of this field to provide a basic understanding of functioning of tropical plant communities. The study of physiological ecology of tropical plants has been delayed in some cases by the lack of conceptual framework, but also by the absence of appropriate instrumentation and techniques with which to conduct precise measurements under high temperature, high humidity field conditions. Hypotheses and concepts of the physiological ecology of tropical plants have been based mainly on observational data and the analysis of growth forms and leaf anatomf. The early work of A. F. W. Schimper and o. Stocker in Asia, and the extensive surveys made by H. Walter on the osmotic potentials of plants in the tropics and subtropics, constituted, until relatively recently, the only available information on the water and carbon relations of tropical plants.

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Book

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities


  • Author : Brain F. Chabot
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400948303

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Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Excerpt :

Although, as W.D. Billings notes in his chapter in this book. the development of physiological ecology can be traced back to the very beginnings of the study of ecology it is clear that the modern development of this field in North America is due in the large part to the efforts of Billings alone. The foundation that Billings laid in the late 1950s came from his own studies on deserts and subsequently arctic and alpine plants, and also from his enormous success in instilling enthusiasm for the field in the numerous students attracted to the plant ecology program at Duke University. Billings' own studies provided the model for subsequent work in this field. Physiological techniques. normally confined to the laboratory. were brought into the field to examine processes under natural environmental conditions. These field studies were accompanied by experiments under controlled conditions where the relative impact of various factors could be assessed and further where genetic as opposed to environmental influences could be separated. This blending of field and laboratory approaches promoted the design of experiments which were of direct relevance to understanding the distribution and abundance of plants in nature. Physiological mechanisms were studied and assessed in the context of the functioning of plants under natural conditions rather than as an end in itself.

Plants in Changing Environments Book

Plants in Changing Environments


  • Author : F. A. Bazzaz
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1996-10-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 0521398436

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Plants in Changing Environments Excerpt :

Describes the effects of disturbance, species competition and coexistence, and the processes of plant succession.

Plant Physiological Ecology Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Plant Physiological Ecology


  • Author : Hans Lambers
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 605
  • ISBN 10 : 0387783415

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Plant Physiological Ecology Excerpt :

Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.

Physiological Plant Ecology IV Book

Physiological Plant Ecology IV


  • Author : O. L. Lange
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 646
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642681561

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Physiological Plant Ecology IV Excerpt :

O. L. LANGE, P. S. NOBEL, C. B. OSMOND, and H. ZIEGLER In the last volume of the series 'Physiological Plant Ecology' we have asked contributors to address the bases of ecosystem processes in terms of key plant physiological properties. It has often been suggested that it is not profitable to attempt analysis of complex living systems in terms of the properties of component individuals or populations, i. e. , the whole is more than the sum of its parts. Nevertheless, assessments of ecological research over the last century show that other approaches are seldom more helpful. Although it is possible to describe complex systems of living organisms in holistic terms, the most useful descriptions are found in terms of the birth, growth and death of individ uals. This allows analysis of performance of the parts of the whole considering their synergistic and antagonistic interrelationships and is the basis for a synthe sis which elucidates the specific properties of a system. Thus it seems that the description of ecosystem processes is inevitably anchored in physiological under standing. If enquiry into complex living systems is to remain a scientific exercise, it must retain tangible links with physiology. Of course, as was emphasized in Vol. 12A, not all of our physiological understanding is required to explore ecosystem processes. For pragmatic purposes, the whole may be adequantely represented as a good deal less than the sum of its parts.

Physiological Ecology of Plants of the Wet Tropics Book

Physiological Ecology of Plants of the Wet Tropics


  • Author : Ernesto Medina
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015007500815

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Physiological Ecology of Plants of the Wet Tropics Excerpt :

Proceedings of an International Symposium, held in Oxatepec and Los Tuxtlas, Mexico, June 29 to July 6, 1983

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Book

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323138000

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The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

The efficient management of trees and other woody plants can be improved given an understanding of the physiological processes that control growth, the complex environmental factors that influence those processes, and our ability to regulate and maintain environmental conditions that facilitate growth. Emphasizes genetic and environmental interactions that influence woody plant growth Outlines responses of individual trees and tree communities to environmental stress Explores cultural practices useful for efficient management of shade, forest, and fruit trees, woody vines, and shrubs

Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology Book

Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology


  • Author : Stephen S. Mulkey
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 675
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461311638

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Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology Excerpt :

Taking readers out of the laboratory and into the humid tropical forests, this comprehensive volume explores the most recent advances occurring in tropical plant ecophysiology. Drawing on the knowledge of leading practitioners in the field, this book synthesizes a broad range of information on the ways in which tropical plants adapt to their environment and demonstrate unique physiological processes. This book is arranged into four sections which cover resource acquisition, species interactions, ecophysiological patterns within and among tropical forest communities, and the ecophysiology of forest regeneration. These sections describe plant function in relation to ecology across a wide spectrum of tropical forest species and growth forms. How do different species harvest and utilize resources from heterogeneous tropical environments? How do patterns of functional diversity reflect the overwhelming taxonomic and morphological diversity of tropical forest plants? Such fundamental questions are examined in rich detail. To illuminate the discussions further, every chapter in this book features an agenda for future research, extensive cross referencing, timely references, and the integration of ecophysiology and the demography of tropical species where the data exist. Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology provides plant scientists, botanists, researchers, and graduate students with important insights into the behavior of tropical plants. Biologists and foresters interested in tropical ecology and plant physiological ecologists will also benefit from this authoritative and timely resource.

Photosynthesis in Bryophytes and Early Land Plants Book

Photosynthesis in Bryophytes and Early Land Plants


  • Author : David T. Hanson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-10-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400769885

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Photosynthesis in Bryophytes and Early Land Plants Excerpt :

Bryophytes, which are important constituents of ecosystems globally and often dominate carbon and water dynamics at high latitudes and elevations, were also among the pioneers of terrestrial photosynthesis. Consequently, in addition to their present day ecological value, modern representatives of these groups contain the legacy of adaptations that led to the greening of Earth. This volume brings together experts on bryophyte photosynthesis whose research spans the genome and cell through whole plant and ecosystem function and combines that with historical perspectives on the role of algal, bryophyte and vascular plant ancestors on terrestrialization of the Earth. The eighteen well-illustrated chapters reveal unique physiological approaches to achieving carbon balance and dealing with environmental limitations and stresses that present an alternative, yet successful strategy for land plants.

Tropical Forests of the Guiana Shield Book

Tropical Forests of the Guiana Shield


  • Author : D. S. Hammond
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 1845930924

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Tropical Forests of the Guiana Shield Excerpt :

The Guiana Shield is an ancient geological formation located in the northern part of South America, covering an area of one million square kilometres. Despite its hostile environment, it is home to many unusual and highly specialized plants and animals, which constitute a rich area of biodiversity. Chapters in this book include hydrology, nutrient cycling, forest phenology, insect-plant interactions, forest microclimate, plant distributions, forest dynamics and conservation and management of flora and fauna. It provides a comprehensive and detailed review of the ecology, biology and natural history of the forests of the area.

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Book

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities


  • Author : Brian Chabot
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1985-04-04
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822001671551

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Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Excerpt :

Physiological ecology is an exciting, rapidly developing field. This volume ably indicates the immense gaps in our knowledge in part through a compilation of current knowledge about how plants adapt to the environmental conditions of the various North American biomes. Single chapters consider Arctic, alpine, taiga, chaparral, grassland, deciduous forest, tropical and subtropical forest, marine beaches and dunes, and coastal marshes. Two chapters are devoted to Western forests and three to deserts. The short preface is a poor substitute for a thoughtful introduction and a summary is sorely missed. W.D. Billing's chapter on the history of plant ecophysiology is outstanding. The only remotely comparable single-volume work in English is Heinrich Walter's Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of the Geobiosphere (2nd ed., 1979; 1st ed., CH, Apr '74); the present volume fills in many details excluded in Walter's global treatment. A solid background in ecology and plant physiology is needed to comprehend at least half of each chapter; however, Chabot and Mooney provide an excellent reference work of use to advanced undergraduates, graduates, and faculty. Recommended for libraries in colleges with plant ecology, plant geography, or plant physiology courses.-G.D. Dreyer, Connecticut College--Choice Reviews.

Physiological Plant Ecology Book
Score: 2
From 3 Ratings

Physiological Plant Ecology


  • Author : Walter Larcher
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2003-01-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN 10 : 3540435166

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Physiological Plant Ecology Excerpt :

With contributions by numerous experts.

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production


  • Author : J. J. Landsberg
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 0080922546

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Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Excerpt :

Process-based models open the way to useful predictions of the future growth rate of forests and provide a means of assessing the probable effects of variations in climate and management on forest productivity. As such they have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional forest growth and yield models, which are based on mensuration data and assume that climate and atmospheric CO2 concentrations will be the same in the future as they are now. This book discusses the basic physiological processes that determine the growth of plants, the way they are affected by environmental factors and how we can improve processes that are well-understood such as growth from leaf to stand level and productivity. A theme that runs through the book is integration to show a clear relationship between photosynthesis, respiration, plant nutrient requirements, transpiration, water relations and other factors affecting plant growth that are often looked at separately. This integrated approach will provide the most comprehensive source for process-based modelling, which is valuable to ecologists, plant physiologists, forest planners and environmental scientists. Includes explanations of inherently mathematical models, aided by the use of graphs and diagrams illustrating causal interactions and by examples implemented as Excel spreadsheets Uses a process-based model as a framework for explaining the mechanisms underlying plant growth Integrated approach provides a clear and relatively simple treatment