Physiology of Woody Plants Book

Physiology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-07-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 0080568718

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Physiology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

Woody plants such as trees have a significant economic and climatic influence on global economies and ecologies. This completely revised classic book is an up-to-date synthesis of the intensive research devoted to woody plants published in the second edition, with additional important aspects from the authors' previous book, Growth Control in Woody Plants. Intended primarily as a reference for researchers, the interdisciplinary nature of the book makes it useful to a broad range of scientists and researchers from agroforesters, agronomists, and arborists to plant pathologists and soil scientists. This third edition provides crutial updates to many chapters, including: responses of plants to elevated CO2; the process and regulation of cambial growth; photoinhibition and photoprotection of photosynthesis; nitrogen metabolism and internal recycling, and more. Revised chapters focus on emerging discoveries of the patterns and processes of woody plant physiology. * The only book to provide recommendations for the use of specific management practices and experimental procedures and equipment *Updated coverage of nearly all topics of interest to woody plant physiologists * Extensive revisions of chapters relating to key processes in growth, photosynthesis, and water relations * More than 500 new references * Examples of molecular-level evidence incorporated in discussion of the role of expansion proteins in plant growth; mechanism of ATP production by coupling factor in photosynthesis; the role of cellulose synthase in cell wall construction; structure-function relationships for aquaporin proteins

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants Book

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Wenhao Dai
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-04-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429531439

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Stress Physiology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance. It reviews physiological and molecular responses of woody plants to major environmental stresses and focuses on the mechanisms involved in imparting resistance to stress. Chapters cover basics of plant physiology including plant structure and plant growth, photosynthesis, respiration, plant growth regulation, abiotic and biotic plant stresses including drought, water logging, nutrient deficiency, salinity, chilling, freezing, heat, oxidative stress, and heavy metal toxicity.

Physiology of Woody Plants Book

Physiology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Paul Jackson Kramer
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1979
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015012614742

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Physiology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

Physiology of Woody Plants explains how physiological processes are involved in growth of woody plants and how they are affected by the environment, including the mechanisms of the processes themselves. Organized into 17 chapters, this book discusses the role of plant physiology, as well as the form and structure of woody plant. It also explores the nature and periodicity of shoot, cambial, root, and reproductive growth of trees of the temperate and tropical zones. Other topics elucidated are the process of photosynthesis and respiration, the various substances found in woody plants, plant nu ...

Growth Control in Woody Plants Book

Growth Control in Woody Plants


  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1997-01-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN 10 : 0080532683

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Growth Control in Woody Plants Excerpt :

The processes and mechanisms that control the growth of woody plants are of crucial importance for both economic and biological reasons. The comprehensive coverage of Growth Control in Woody Plants includes discussion of the growth controlling factors in both reproductive structures (flowers, fruit, seeds, pollen, etc.) and vegetative organs (stems, branches, leaves, and roots). Other major topics covered include seed germination, seedling growth, physiological and environmental regulation of growth, cultural practices, and biotechnology. This comprehensive treatment of the many factors that control the growth of woody plants can serve both as a valuable text and as a frequently used reference. * Includes comprehensive representation of a broad subject * Provides thorough bibliographic coverage * Well illustrated * Serves as a vital companion to Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Book

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323138000

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The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

The efficient management of trees and other woody plants can be improved given an understanding of the physiological processes that control growth, the complex environmental factors that influence those processes, and our ability to regulate and maintain environmental conditions that facilitate growth. Emphasizes genetic and environmental interactions that influence woody plant growth Outlines responses of individual trees and tree communities to environmental stress Explores cultural practices useful for efficient management of shade, forest, and fruit trees, woody vines, and shrubs

The Supporting Roots of Trees and Woody Plants  Form  Function and Physiology Book

The Supporting Roots of Trees and Woody Plants Form Function and Physiology


  • Author : A. Stokes
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401734691

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The Supporting Roots of Trees and Woody Plants Form Function and Physiology Excerpt :

This publication comprises the proceedings of the first International Conference devoted to the structural roots of trees and woody plants. 'The Supporting Roots - Structure and Function,' 20-24 July 1998, Bordeaux, France. The meeting was held under the auspices ofIUFRO WPS 2. 01. 13 'Root Physiology and Symbiosis,' and its aim was to bring together scientific researchers, foresters and arboriculturalists, to discuss current problems in structural root research and disseminate knowledge to an audience from a wide disciplinary background. For the first time in an international conference, emphasis was placed on presenting recent reseach in the field of tree anchorage mechanics and root biomechanics. The way in which tree stability can be affected by root system symmetry and architecture was addressed, as well as how movement during wind sway can influence the development and shape of woody roots. The role of different nursery and planting techniques was discussed, in relation to effects on root system form and development. Root response to different environmental stresses, including water, temperature, nutrient and mechanical stress was addressed in detail. The structure and function of woody roots was also considered at different levels, from coarse to fine roots, with several papers discussing the interaction between roots and the rhizosphere. One of the conference highlights was the presentation of new methods in root research, by a series of workshops held at LRBB-INRA, Pierroton, on the northern border of the Gascony forest.

Tropical Tree Physiology Book

Tropical Tree Physiology


  • Author : Guillermo Goldstein
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-03-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319274225

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Tropical Tree Physiology Excerpt :

This book presents the latest information on tropical tree physiology, making it a valuable research tool for a wide variety of researchers. It is also of general interest to ecologists (e.g. Ecological Society of America; > 3000 or 4000 members at annual meeting), physiologists (e.g. American Society of Plant Biologists; > 2,000 members at annual meeting), and tropical biologists (e.g. Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, ATBC; > 500 members at annual meeting). (American Geophysical Union(AGU), > 20000 members at annual meeting). Since plant physiology is taught at every university that offers a life sciences, forestry or agricultural program, and physiology is a focus at research institutes and agencies worldwide, the book is a must-have for university and research institution libraries.

Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores Book

Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores


  • Author : Peter Frank Scogings
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-09-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 794
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119081104

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Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores Excerpt :

Insights on current research and recent developments in understanding global savanna systems Increasingly recognized as synonymous with tropical grassy biomes, savannas are found in tropical and sub-tropical climates as well as warm, temperate regions of North America. Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores examines the interactions between woody plants and browsing mammals in global savannas—focusing primarily on the C4 grassy ecosystems with woody components that constitute the majority of global savannas—and discusses contemporary savanna management models and applications. This much-needed addition to current research examines topics including the varying behavior of browsing mammals, the response to browsing by woody species, and the factors that inhibit forage intake. Contributions from an international team of active researchers and experts compare and contrast different savanna ecosystems, offering a global perspective on savanna functioning, the roles of soil and climate in resource availability and organism interaction, and the possible impacts of climate change across global savannas. Fills a gap in literature on savanna management issues, including biodiversity conservation and animal production Applies concepts developed in other biomes to future savanna research Complements contemporary books on savanna or large herbivore ecology Focuses on the woody component of savanna ecosystems and large herbivore interactions in savannas Compares tree-mammal systems of savannas and other eco-systems of temperate and boreal regions Provides numerous case studies of plant-mammal interactions from various savanna ecosystems Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores is a valuable addition to those in fields such as ecology, wildlife and conservation biology, natural resource management, and environmental science.

Physiology of Woody Plants Book

Physiology of Woody Plants


  • Author : Paul Jackson Kramer
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1979
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015010183245

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Physiology of Woody Plants Excerpt :

Physiology of Woody Plants explains how physiological processes are involved in growth of woody plants and how they are affected by the environment, including the mechanisms of the processes themselves. Organized into 17 chapters, this book discusses the role of plant physiology, as well as the form and structure of woody plant. It also explores the nature and periodicity of shoot, cambial, root, and reproductive growth of trees of the temperate and tropical zones. Other topics elucidated are the process of photosynthesis and respiration, the various substances found in woody plants, plant nu ...

Experimental Ecophysiology and Biochemistry of Trees and Shrubs Book

Experimental Ecophysiology and Biochemistry of Trees and Shrubs


  • Author : Humberto González Rodríguez
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000449006

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Experimental Ecophysiology and Biochemistry of Trees and Shrubs Excerpt :

The existence and competition of trees and shrubs to sustain and put forth growth under varied environmental conditions is dependent on the interactions that occur between the plant metabolic processes and the prevailing environmental conditions. In order to understand the productivity of trees and shrubs, it is a prerequisite to know the experimental techniques of these vital processes. This volume provides a comprehensive presentation of this topic. The first part of this book deals with various aspects of experimental ecophysiology and recent research results of studies on plant pigments, epicuticular wax, leaf nutrients, carbon fixation, all supported by literature. The second part of the volume describes various laboratory techniques such as diffusion, imbibition, calorimetry, atomic absorption, mineral nutrition, nutrition analysis of forage, litterfall chemistry, nutrient cycle, etc. The third and fourth parts deal with advances in the techniques in the development of ecophysiology. The book will serve as an important handbook and resource for students, faculty and teachers, technicians, and researchers and scientists involved in forest science dealing with ecophysiology and biochemistry of woody and crop plants.

Identification of tropical woody plants in the absence of flowers and fruits Book

Identification of tropical woody plants in the absence of flowers and fruits


  • Author : Roland Keller
  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN 10 : 9783034851107

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Identification of tropical woody plants in the absence of flowers and fruits Excerpt :

While studies of forest vegetation may differ in their underlying objective, be it physiology, ecology or biodiversity, common to all these is the fact that all require taxonomic knowledge. The process of taxon omy or of forest ecology begins in principle with an inventory of the flora, the evaluation of this inven tory still being based to a large extent of reproduction-related organs. In a tropical forest, the majority of flowers or fruits are most often found in the canopy. The canopy, however, is difficult to reach and to do so necessitates heavy, expensive or sophisticated equipment such as a tower, a crane, or a hanging platform suspended from a dirigible balloon. Thus, most of the time, botany is practised near the ground with the aid of light equipment such as ladders, branch loppers, and climbing irons. Furthermore, a large proportion of the trees and lianas of the understorey bear neither flowers nor fruits at certain times of the year. Despite this absence of seasonal characters it should at least be possible to recognize the families of plants by means of easily observable and permanent characters. To meet this need, an identification system has been designed in the form of a dichotomous key. In addition to permitting recognition ofplantfamities in the field in all seasons, this system can serve as a starting-point for a more detailed knowledge of the forest taxa.

Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants Book

Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants


  • Author : Ulrich Lüttge
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662033401

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Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants Excerpt :

This richly illustrated text covers the ecophysiology of plants of all major tropical ecosystems, from tropical rain forests, epiphytic habitats, mangroves and savannas to salinas, inselbergs and paramos and their ecophysiological adaptation to these different tropical environments. The physiognomy of biotopes and characteristic life forms of plants are depicted with photographs.

Plant Physiological Ecology Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Plant Physiological Ecology


  • Author : Hans Lambers
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 605
  • ISBN 10 : 0387783415

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Plant Physiological Ecology Excerpt :

Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.