Polylactic Acid Book

Polylactic Acid


  • Author : Lee Tin Sin
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437744590

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Polylactic Acid Excerpt :

Annotation An essential reference for engineers, scientists and product designers that already work with polymers and plastics who wish to convert to a sustainable plastic. It covers the properties, synthesis and polymerisation of PLA and processing techniques involved in fabricating parts from this polymer.

Polylactic Acid Book

Polylactic Acid


  • Author : Lee Tin Sin
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128144732

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Polylactic Acid Excerpt :

Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Applications of PLA, Second Edition, provides a practical guide for engineers and scientists working in PLA and on the development of emerging new products. The current market situation for PLA and biodegradable polymers is described, along with applications across a range of market sectors. In addition, the mechanical, chemical, thermal, rheology and degradation properties are included. Updates include new chapters covering various processing methods, as well as recycling methods, and additives and processing aids. New applications cover a range of products (including 3D Printing), and an environmental assessment, including regulatory aspects. The book is not only a useful introduction to this topic, but also a practical, readily applicable reference book that will support decision-making in the plastics industry. Presents an essential reference for engineers, scientists and product designers considering switching to a sustainable plastic Covers the properties, synthesis and polymerization of PLA, along with processing techniques involved in fabricating parts from this polymer Includes critical new chapters on processing, additives, recycling and environmental considerations relating to PLA

Poly lactic acid  Science and Technology Book

Poly lactic acid Science and Technology


  • Author : Alfonso JimĂ©nez
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2014-11-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN 10 : 9781849738798

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Poly lactic acid Science and Technology Excerpt :

Biodegradable polymers from renewable resources are sought after for many purposes, from packaging materials in food to biomedical applications. Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) is a well-known biopolymer derived from corn starch or sugar cane used in different food packaging and artificial bones and scaffolds. Poly(lactic acid) Science and Technology first introduces the basic concepts of PLA and then covers PLA synthesis and polymerization, processing, characterization and physical properties of PLA, PLA-based nano-biocomposites, the main applications in active packaging and as biomaterials for tissue engineering, degradation and biodegradation of PLA and finally industrial and legislative issues. This interdisciplinary approach provides readers with a general overview of all relevant aspects related to PLA including fundamental issues, innovative applications, new types of processing and emerging applications, modification of PLA, life cycle assessment, bio-additives, bio/degradation and sustainability and international regulations. Experts provide a complete resource and whole perspective on PLA covering scientific, ecological, social and economic issues. The book will appeal to chemists, food technologists and materials engineers as well as researchers interested in bio-based and biodegradable polymers and composites.

Poly lactic acid  Book

Poly lactic acid


  • Author : Rafael A. Auras
  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release Date : 2010-10-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 0470293667

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Poly lactic acid Excerpt :

This book describes the synthesis, properties, and processing methods of poly(lactic acid) (PLA), an important family of degradable plastics. As the need for environmentally-friendly packaging materials increases, consumers and companies are in search for new materials that are largely produced from renewable resources, and are recyclable. To that end, an overall theme of the book is the biodegradability, recycling, and sustainability benefits of PLA. The chapters, from a base of international expert contributors, describe specific processing methods, spectroscopy techniques for PLA analysis, and and applications in medical items, packaging, and environmental use.

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites Book

Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites


  • Author : Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-04-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000577129

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Polylactic Acid Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites Excerpt :

Polylactic Acid-Based Nanocellulose and Cellulose Composites offers a comprehensive account of the methods for the synthesis, characterization, processing, and applications of these advanced materials. This book fills a gap in the literature as the only currently available book on this topic. This book: Describes the procedures for the extraction of cellulose materials from different sources and characterization methods adopted for analyzing their properties Covers properties, processing, and applications of PLA biocomposites made using the extracted cellulose Discusses the effect of reinforcement of cellulose on the biopolymer matrix and the enhancement of biopolymer properties Examines current status, challenges, and future outlook in biocomposite research and applications The book serves as a reference for researchers, scientists, and advanced students in polymer science and engineering and materials science who are interested in cellulose polymer composites and their applications.

Polylactic Acid Production   Cost Analysis   PLA E11A Book

Polylactic Acid Production Cost Analysis PLA E11A


  • Author : Intratec
  • Publisher : Intratec
  • Release Date : 2019-09-17
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 97
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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Polylactic Acid Production Cost Analysis PLA E11A Excerpt :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production from lactic acid using a melt-phase polymerization process. The process examined is similar to a process developed by Natureworks, in which poly(lactic acid) is produced from a 88 wt% lactic acid solution in water via the ring opening polymerization chemical pathway. In this process lactic acid is first oligomerized and then depolymerized into lactide, a cyclic dimer of lactic acid, which is then polymerized to yield Poly(lactic acid). This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (2) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Polylactic Acid Production from Glucose   Cost Analysis   PLA E21A Book

Polylactic Acid Production from Glucose Cost Analysis PLA E21A


  • Author : Intratec
  • Publisher : Intratec
  • Release Date : 2019-09-17
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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Polylactic Acid Production from Glucose Cost Analysis PLA E21A Excerpt :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production starting from glucose syrup. The first section of the examined processis similar to Cargill process for lactic acid production, while the second section is similar to the NatureWorks process for polymerization of lactic acid. In this process, a 70 wt% glucose-water syrup is used as raw material. Lactic Acid recovery from the fermentation broth is realized by trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide. An 88 wt% Lactic Acid solution in water is generated and further polymerized to form Polylactic Acid. This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 6472559, issued to Cargill in 2002 (2) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (3) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Dextrose, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Anaerobic Fermentation, Trialkyl Amine, Sodium Carbonate, Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Polylactic Acid Production from Corn   Cost Analysis   PLA E41A Book

Polylactic Acid Production from Corn Cost Analysis PLA E41A


  • Author : Intratec
  • Publisher : Intratec
  • Release Date : 2017-06-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 107
  • ISBN 10 : 9781641480529

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Polylactic Acid Production from Corn Cost Analysis PLA E41A Excerpt :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production starting from corn The first section of the examined process is similar to Cargill process for lactic acid production, while the second section is similar to the NatureWorks process for polymerization of lactic acid. In this process, shelled corn is passed through a wet milling process to form corn starch, which, in turn, is hydrolyzed to dextrose, the feed for the fermentation process that generates lactic acid . Lactic Acid recovery from the fermentation broth is carried out via trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide. A L-Lactic Acid solution in water is formed and further polymerized to form Polylactic Acid. The conversion of corn into dextrose forms some residues that are sold as by-product. This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 6472559, issued to Cargill in 2002 (2) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (3) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Corn, Corn Starch, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Anaerobic Fermentation, Trialkyl Amine, Sodium Carbonate, Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Polylactic Acid Production from Raw Sugar   Cost Analysis   PLA E31B Book

Polylactic Acid Production from Raw Sugar Cost Analysis PLA E31B


  • Author : Intratec
  • Publisher : Intratec Solutions
  • Release Date : 2019-09-17
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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Polylactic Acid Production from Raw Sugar Cost Analysis PLA E31B Excerpt :

This report presents a cost analysis of Polylactic Acid (PLA) production starting from raw sugar. The first section of the examined processis similar to Cargill process for lactic acid production, while the second section is similar to the NatureWorks process for polymerization of lactic acid. In this process, raw sugar (sucrose) is diluted and sucrose is hydrolyzed into glucose and fructose (invert sugars). The invert sugars are then fermented to produce lactic acid. Lactic Acid recovery from the fermentation broth is done by trialkylamine solvent extraction in the presence of carbon dioxide. An 88 wt% Lactic Acid solution in water is generated and further polymerized to form Polylactic Acid. This report was developed based essentially on the following reference(s): (1) US Patent 6472559, issued to Cargill in 2002 (2) US Patent 8674056, issued to NatureWorks in 2014 (3) EP Patent 1247808, issued to Cargill in 2003 Keywords: Dextrose, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Anaerobic Fermentation, Trialkyl Amine, Sodium Carbonate, Lactide, 2-Hydroxypropanoic Acid, Dow, Biodegradable Polymer

Biodegradable Poly  Lactic Acid  Book

Biodegradable Poly Lactic Acid


  • Author : Jie Ren
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-04-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642175961

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Biodegradable Poly Lactic Acid Excerpt :

"Biodegradable Poly (Lactic Acid): Synthesis, Modification, Processing and Applications" describes the preparation, modification, processing, and the research and applications of biodegradable poly (lactic acid), which belong to the biomedical and environment-friendly materials. Highly illustrated, the book introduces systematically the synthesis, physical and chemical modifications, and the latest developments of research and applications of poly (lactic acid) in biomedical materials. The book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of materials science and engineering, polymer science and engineering, biomedicine, chemistry, environmental sciences, textile science and engineering, package materials, and so on. Dr. Jie Ren is a professor at the Institute of Nano and Bio-Polymeric Materials, School of Material Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

Polylactic Acid Book

Polylactic Acid


  • Author : Vincenzo Piemonte
  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2014-01-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 1629481483

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Polylactic Acid Excerpt :

This book describes the synthesis, properties and applications of PLA through fourteen original chapters that will guide the reader through a fascinating journey into the world of PLA, providing interesting insights for those who intend to use this polymer for innovative applications, or simply those who want to learn more about this very important biodegradable and bio-based plastic. PLA biodegradability introduces this polymer in a world of eco-friendly and human-friendly applications in several technological fields. In short, this book will appeal to all the readers who not only want to have a reference book of consolidated notions on PLA, but also, and especially, to those who want to discover new potentials and new application fields of this unique biodegradable polymer.

Bio Based Plastics Book

Bio Based Plastics


  • Author : Stephan Kabasci
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-10-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118676738

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Bio Based Plastics Excerpt :

The field of bio-based plastics has developed significantly in the last 10 years and there is increasing pressure on industries to shift existing materials production from petrochemicals to renewables. Bio-based Plastics presents an up-to-date overview of the basic and applied aspects of bioplastics, focusing primarily on thermoplastic polymers for material use. Emphasizing materials currently in use or with significant potential for future applications, this book looks at the most important biopolymer classes such as polysaccharides, lignin, proteins and polyhydroxyalkanoates as raw materials for bio-based plastics, as well as materials derived from bio-based monomers like lipids, poly(lactic acid), polyesters, polyamides and polyolefines. Detailed consideration is also given to the market and availability of renewable raw materials, the importance of bio-based content and the aspect of biodegradability. Topics covered include: Starch Cellulose and cellulose acetate Materials based on chitin and chitosan Lignin matrix composites from natural resources Polyhydroxyalkanoates Poly(lactic acid) Polyesters, Polyamides and Polyolefins from biomass derived monomers Protein-based plastics Bio-based Plastics is a valuable resource for academic and industrial researchers who are interested in new materials, renewable resources, sustainability and polymerization technology. It will also prove useful for advanced students interested in the development of bio-based products and materials, green and sustainable chemistry, polymer chemistry and materials science. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

Synthesis  Structure and Properties of Poly lactic acid  Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Synthesis Structure and Properties of Poly lactic acid


  • Author : Maria Laura Di Lorenzo
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-10-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319642307

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Synthesis Structure and Properties of Poly lactic acid Excerpt :

The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science.The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics.Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist.Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned.Readership: Polymer scientists, or scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students

Sustainable Food Packaging Technology Book

Sustainable Food Packaging Technology


  • Author : Athanassia Athanassiou
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-03-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527345564

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Sustainable Food Packaging Technology Excerpt :

Towards more sustainable packaging with biodegradable materials! The combination of the continuously increasing food packaging waste with the non-biodegradable nature of the plastic materials that have a big slice of the packaging market makes it necessary to move towards sustainable packaging for the benefit of the environment and human health. Sustainable packaging is the type of packaging that can provide to food the necessary protection conditions, but at the same type is biodegradable and can be disposed as organic waste to the landfills in order to biodegrade through a natural procedure. In this way, sustainable packaging becomes part of the circular economy. ?Sustainable Food Packaging Technology? deals with packaging solutions that use engineered biopolymers or biocomposites that have suitable physicochemical properties for food contact and protection and originate both from renewable or non-renewable resources, but in both cases are compostable or edible. Modified paper and cardboard with increased protective properties towards food while keeping their compostability are presented as well. The book also covers natural components that can make the packaging functional, e.g., by providing active protection to the food indicating food spoilage. * Addresses urgent problems: food packaging creates a lot of hard-to-recycle waste - this book puts forward more sustainable solutions using biodegradable materials * State-of-the-art: ?Sustainable Food Packaging Technology? provides knowledge on new developments in functional packaging * From lab to large-scale applications: expert authors report on the technology aspects of sustainable packaging

Cosmetic Dermatology Book

Cosmetic Dermatology


  • Author : Zoe Diana Draelos
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-10-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118655481

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Cosmetic Dermatology Excerpt :

Back for a new edition, Zoe Draelos' outstanding resource to cosmetic dermatology again provides a highly-illustrated, clinical guide to the full range of cosmetic skin treatments. Bringing together experts from research, industry, surgery and practice, it is structured in four distinct parts for easy navigation by the busy clinician: Basic Concepts - giving an overview of the physiology pertinent to cosmetic dermatology and the delivery systems by which treatments can take effect; Hygiene Products - evaluating cleansing and moisturising products; Adornment - looking at aesthetic techniques such as cosmetics, nail protheses and hair treatment; Antiaging - ie, injectables, resurfacing and skin contouring techniques, and the rapidly growing area of Cosmeceuticals. With over 300 high-quality images and key summary boxes throughout, this new edition incorporates the newest procedural innovations in this rapidly developing field. Perfect for all dermatologists, especially those specialising in cosmetic dermatology and whether hospital-based or in private practice, it provides the complete cosmetic regimen for your patients and will be an indispensable tool to consult over and over again.