Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation Book

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation


  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128167854

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Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation Excerpt :

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation assesses recent applications in the pervaporation performance of polymer nanocomposites of different length scales. The book discusses the effects of a range of nanofillers, their dispersion, the effect of different polymers, and organic and inorganic nanomaterials in the pervaporation process. In addition, the book explores how the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite materials make them better for use in different types of liquids, while also discussing the challenges of using different nanocomposites for this purpose effectively and safely. In particular, polymer nanocomposites for g nanoscale dispersion, filler/polymer interactions, and morphology are addressed. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, chemical engineers and environmental engineers who want to learn more about how polymer nanocomposites are being used to make the pervaporation separation process more effective.

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation Book

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation


  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128167861

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Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation Excerpt :

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation assesses recent applications in the pervaporation performance of polymer nanocomposites of different length scales. The book discusses the effects of a range of nanofillers, their dispersion, the effect of different polymers, and organic and inorganic nanomaterials in the pervaporation process. In addition, the book explores how the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite materials make them better for use in different types of liquids, while also discussing the challenges of using different nanocomposites for this purpose effectively and safely. In particular, polymer nanocomposites for g nanoscale dispersion, filler/polymer interactions, and morphology are addressed. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, chemical engineers and environmental engineers who want to learn more about how polymer nanocomposites are being used to make the pervaporation separation process more effective. Explores the progress that has been made in recent years in using polymer nanocomposites to enhance the pervaporation separation process Discusses the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite classes, assessing which situations they should best be used in Outlines major challenges in safely and effectively using polymer nanocomposites in the pervaporation separation process

Mixed Matrix Membranes Book

Mixed Matrix Membranes


  • Author : Clara Casado-Coterillo
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-12-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039219766

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Mixed Matrix Membranes Excerpt :

Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) have attracted a large amount of interest in research laboratories worldwide in recent decades, motivated by the gap between a growing interest in developing novel mixed matrix membranes by various research groups and the lack of large-scale implementation. This Special Issue contains six publications dealing with the current opportunities and challenges of mixed matrix membranes development and applications to solve environmental and health challenges of the society of 21st century.

Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation Book

Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation


  • Author : Mohtada Sadrzadeh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128168813

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Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation Excerpt :

Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation presents an introduction to the application of nanocomposite membranes in both water and gas separation processes. This in-depth literature review and discussion focuses on state-of-the-art nanocomposite membranes, current challenges and future progress, including helpful guidelines for the further improvement of these materials for water and gas separation processes. Chapters address material development, synthesis protocols, and the numerical simulation of nanocomposite membranes, along with current challenges and future trends in the areas of water and gas separation. Explains the development of nanocomposite membranes through bio-mimicking nanomaterials Discusses the surface modification of nanomaterials to fabricate robust nanocomposite membranes Outlines the environmental and operational challenges for the application of nanocomposite membranes

Membrane Technology Book

Membrane Technology


  • Author : Sundergopal Sridhar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 541
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351601825

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Membrane Technology Excerpt :

Contributed by multiple experts, the book covers the scientific and engineering aspects of membrane processes and systems. It aims to cover basic concepts of novel membrane processes including membrane bioreactors, microbial fuel cell, forward osmosis, electro-dialysis and membrane contactors. Maintains a pragmatic approach involving design, operation and cost analysis of pilot plants as well as scaled-up counterparts

Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Book

Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes


  • Author : Dr Inamuddin
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319527390

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Organic Inorganic Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Excerpt :

This volume explores the latest developments in the area of polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs) used for high-temperature fuel cells. Featuring contributions from an international array of researchers, it presents a unified viewpoint on the operating principles of fuel cells, various methodologies used for the fabrication of PEMs, and issues related to the chemical and mechanical stabilities of the membranes. Special attention is given to the fabrication of electrospun nanocomposite membranes. The editors have consciously placed an emphasis on developments in the area of fast-growing and promising PEM materials obtained via hygroscopic inorganic fillers, solid proton conductors, heterocyclic solvents, ionic liquids, anhydrous H3PO4 blends, and heteropolyacids. This book is intended for fuel cell researchers and students who are interested in a deeper understanding of the organic–inorganic membranes used in fuel cells, membrane fabrication methodologies, properties and clean energy applications.

Gas Separation Membranes Book

Gas Separation Membranes


  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319010953

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Gas Separation Membranes Excerpt :

This book describes the tremendous progress that has been made in the development of gas separation membranes based both on inorganic and polymeric materials. Materials discussed include polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon based materials, zeolites, as well as other materials, and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) in which the above novel materials are incorporated. This broad survey of gas membranes covers material, theory, modeling, preparation, characterization (for example, by AFM, IR, XRD, ESR, Positron annihilation spectroscopy), tailoring of membranes, membrane module and system design, and applications. The book is concluded with some perspectives about the future direction of the field.

Carbon based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications Book

Carbon based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications


  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-03-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128135754

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Carbon based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications Excerpt :

Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Plasmonic Pervaporation Via Gold Nanoparticle functionalized Nanocomposite Membranes Book

Plasmonic Pervaporation Via Gold Nanoparticle functionalized Nanocomposite Membranes


  • Author : Aaron Gene Russell
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Butanol
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 1267510919

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Plasmonic Pervaporation Via Gold Nanoparticle functionalized Nanocomposite Membranes Excerpt :

Butanol derived from biological feedstocks has significant potential as a liquid fuel source, but the separation methods used in its production can be prohibitively expensive and are therefore currently the subject of extensive research. Pervaporation is a promising membrane process that is effective in butanol separations, but involves a large energy demand. This study examines the possibility of increasing flux and energy efficiency in pervaporation via plasmonic heating of gold nanoparticle-functionalized, polymer nanocomposite membranes (AuNCMs) in lieu of conventional feed heating. An economic analysis demonstrated that plasmonic pervaporation could achieve significant reductions in energy usage and utility cost in butanol production. A novel plasmonic pervaporation system was constructed to evaluate the process experimentally. The system included uniform laser excitation and infrared thermal analysis of the membrane surface, as well as automated operation. AuNCMs, fabricated by reduction of tetrachloroauric acid by the polymer crosslinker, demonstrated stable temperature increases and flux enhancements (>100%) that increased with gold content and incident laser power. A thermal model was developed to describe heat transfer in the system and enable calculation of membrane laser absorption efficiencies and quantification of energy loss modes. An economic investigation of the system performance was conducted by coupling the thermal model with an empirical model for flux prediction. The analysis showed that the current system performance was not sufficient to reduce the energy demand/utility cost versus conventional feed heating due to: i) heat loss to the feed and ii) low laser absorption efficiencies. The latter effect was significantly more detrimental economically and, if improved, could result in a 7-fold increase in energy efficiency. A spectroscopic analysis method was developed to approximate AuNCM physical and optical properties to provide insights into w

Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation Book

Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation


  • Author : Pei Sean Goh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-07-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128194072

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Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation Excerpt :

The development of a new class of nanocomposite membranes has served as one of the most prominent strategies to address the intrinsic limitations of conventionally used polymeric and inorganic membranes. Nanocomposite membranes consist of nanosized inorganic nanomaterials that are incorporated into the structure of continuous polymer matrices. Owing to the exceptional properties exhibited by the nanomaterials, the resultant nanocomposite membranes demonstrate higher selectivity and permeability that surpass the Robeson upper boundary limit. Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation provides a comprehensive review of the advances made in the development and application of gas separation nanocomposite membranes. In particular, the book covers the focuses on the fabrication, modification, characterization and applications of nanocomposite membranes for gas separation. It is an important reference source both for materials scientists, environmental engineers and chemical engineers who are looking to understand how nanocomposite membranes are being used to create better techniques for gas separation. Provides detailed insights in the fabrication, modification, characterization and applications of nanocomposite membranes for gas separation Shows how nanotechnology is being used to address current limitations of the development of polymeric and inorganic membranes for gas separation, including low separation performance in terms of permeability and selectivity Explores the potential of nanocomposite membranes to help create more effective gas separation techniques

Membrane Fabrication Book

Membrane Fabrication


  • Author : Nidal Hilal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 758
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482210460

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Membrane Fabrication Excerpt :

Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together ex

Modification of Polymers Book

Modification of Polymers


  • Author : Charles E. Carraher
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461337485

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Modification of Polymers Excerpt :

The sheer volume of topics which could have been included under our general title prompted us to make some rather arbitrary decisions about content. Modification by irradiation is not included because the activity in this area is being treated elsewhere. We have chosen to emphasize chemical routes to modification and have striven to pre sent as balanced a representation of current activity as time and page count permit. Industrial applications, both real and potential, are included. Where appropriate, we have encouraged the contributors to include review material to help provide the reader with adequate context. The initial chapter is a review from a historical perspective of polymer modification and contains an extensive bibliography. The remainder of the book is divided into four general areas: Reactions and Preparation of Copolymers Reactions and Preparation of Block and Graft Copolymers Modification Through Condensation Reactions Applications The chemical modification of homopolymers such as polyvinylchlo ride, polyethylene, poly(chloroalkylene sulfides), polysulfones, poly chloromethylstyrene, polyisobutylene, polysodium acrylate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl chloroformate, sulfonated polystyrene; block and graft copolymers such as poly(styrene-block-ethylene-co-butylene block-styrene), poly(I,4-polybutadiene-block ethylene oxide), star chlorine-telechelic polyisobutylene, poly(isobutylene-co-2,3-dimethyl- 1,3-butadiene), poly(styrene-co-N-butylmethacrylate); cellulose, dex tran and inulin, is described.

Nanopapers Book

Nanopapers


  • Author : Wenyi Huang
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2017-10-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323480208

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Nanopapers Excerpt :

Nanopapers: From Nanochemistry and Nanomanufacturing to Advanced Applications gives a comprehensive overview of the emerging technology of nanopapers. Exploring the latest developments on nanopapers in nanomaterials chemistry and nanomanufacturing technologies, this book outlines the unique properties of nanopapers and their advanced applications. Nanopapers are thin sheets or films made of nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoclays, cellulose nanofibrils, and graphene nanoplatelets. Noticeably, nanopapers allow highly concentrated nanoparticles to be tightly packed in a thin film to reach unique properties such as very high electrical and thermal conductivities, very low diffusivity, and strong corrosion resistance that are shared by conventional polymer nanocomposites. This book presents a concise introduction to nanopapers, covering concepts, terminology and applications. It outlines both current applications and future possibilities, and will be of great use to nanochemistry and nanomanufacturing researchers and engineers who want to learn more about how nanopapers can be applied. Outlines the main uses of nanopapers, showing readers how this emerging technology should best be applied Shows how the unique properties of nanopapers make them adaptable for use in a wide range of applications Explores methods for the nanomanufacture of nanopapers

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy  Water  and Environment Book

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy Water and Environment


  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-01-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118190142

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Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy Water and Environment Excerpt :

A detailed look at the most recent developments in sustainablemembrane technology for use in energy, water, and the environment A collection of twenty-seven groundbreaking papers on importantideas about the development of membrane science and technology,Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy, Water, andEnvironment brings together contributions from leadinginternational experts in one comprehensive volume. Covering thelatest developments and most innovative ideas in the field, thisbook is a unique resource for understanding the growing interest inusing membranes across several industries. Divided into six chapters that cover new membrane materials andmembrane development; membrane applications for gas and vaporseparation; membrane applications in water treatment; environmentalapplications of membranes; energy applications of membranes; andother industrial membrane applications, the book looks at thecurrent and emerging applications for membrane science andtechnology in detail. As the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN) and the Middle East emerge as the next generation ofmembrane research and development centers, in part due to theirneed for water and natural gas production technology, this bookprovides invaluable insights into the cutting-edge work takingplace in these regions. Additional topics covered also include newmembrane materials, membrane applications for food processing, andmuch more. Designed for engineers, scientists, professors, and graduatestudents who are engaged in membrane R&D activities, as well asfor anyone interested in sustainable development, SustainableMembrane Technology for Energy, Water, and Environment is acutting-edge look at membrane applications.

Advancing Desalination Book

Advancing Desalination


  • Author : Robert Y. Ning
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2012-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535107040

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Advancing Desalination Excerpt :

This book is a companion volume to two published in 2011 by INTECH titled “Desalination, Trends and Technologies” and “Expanding Issues in Desalination”. The term “desalination” used in this series is in the broadest sense of the removal of dissolved, suspended, visible and invisible impurities in seawater, brackish water and wastewater. The purpose of desalination is to make water drinkable, or pure enough for industrial applications like in the processes for the production of steam, power, pharmaceuticals and microelectronics, or simply for attaining acceptable qualities for discharge back into the environment. This volume touches on Membranes and Systems, Solar Desalination, Reverse Osmosis Process Chemistry and Control, Drinking Water Quality, and Selective Waste Product Removal. The value of these volumes on the vast topic of desalination is to present the landscape to students, teachers and practitioners, with key concepts and keywords useful in gathering publications through internet search engines. The technologies of desalination of water are advancing as rapidly as the cry of human kind for more availability of quality water supply while minimizing environmental pollution. Contributions to the knowledge-base of desalination are expected to continue to grow exponentially in the coming years.