Pretreatment for Reverse Osmosis Desalination Book

Pretreatment for Reverse Osmosis Desalination


  • Author : Nikolay Voutchkov
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-05-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128099452

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Pretreatment for Reverse Osmosis Desalination Excerpt :

Pretreatment for Reverse Osmosis Desalination is a comprehensive reference on all existing and emerging seawater pretreatment technologies used for desalination. The book focuses on reverse osmosis membrane desalination, which at present is the most widely applied technology for the production of fresh drinking water from highly saline water sources (brackish water and seawater). Each chapter contains examples illustrating various pretreatment technologies and their practical implementation. Provides in-depth overview of the key theoretical concepts associated with desalination pre-treatment Gives insight into the latest trends in membrane separation technology Incorporates analytical methods and guidelines for monitoring pretreatment systems

Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Book

Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination


  • Author : Sergio G. Salinas-Rodriguez
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-10-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 1780409850

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Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Excerpt :

This textbook covers the fundamentals of fouling and scaling in reverse osmosis systems. It includes theory and practice of pre-treatment, fouling and scaling in reverse osmosis applied for drinking and industrial water production. The impact of the water source – seawater, river water, brackish groundwater and (treated domestic) waste water – will be discussed in depth. The book presents the knowledge and experience gained at IHE Delft over the last 25 years during the implementation of the master programme in Water Supply Engineering and during the implementation of state-of-the-art research in understanding and solving operational problems in full scale desalination plants. It presents the expert knowledge of IHE Delft in the areas of pre-treatment for reverse osmosis systems, assessment of water quality with respect to fouling potential, development of methods for quality assessment, modified fouling index ultrafiltration at constant flux, transparent exopolymer particles, antiscalant dose optimization, biological growth potential), algal blooms, scaling control. The book will be used in the annual master programme at IHE Delft and it will be of interest for students, academics, engineers and managers in drinking water facilities all over the world.

Seawater Pretreatment Book

Seawater Pretreatment


  • Author : Nikolay Voutchkov
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Membranes (Technology).
  • Pages : 173
  • ISBN 10 : 9744017953

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Seawater Pretreatment Excerpt :

Reverse Osmosis Systems Book

Reverse Osmosis Systems


  • Author : Syed Javaid Zaidi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128241721

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Reverse Osmosis Systems Excerpt :

This book describes in depth knowledge of designing and operating reverse osmosis (RO) systems for water desalination, and covers issues which will effect the probability for the long-standing success of the application. It also provides guidelines that will increase the performance of seawater RO desalination systems by avoiding errors in the design and operation and suggest corrective measures and troubleshooting of the problems encountered during RO operation. This book also provides guidelines for the best RO design and operational performance. In the introductory section, the book covers the history of RO along with the fundamentals, principles, transport models, and equations. Following sections cover the practical areas such as pretreatment processes, design parameters, design software programs (WAVE, IMSDesign, TORAYDS2, Lewaplus, ROAM Ver. 2.0, Winflows etc.), RO performance monitoring, normalization software programs (RODataXL and TorayTrak), troubleshooting as well as system engineering. Simplified methods to use the design software programs are also properly illustrated and the screenshots of the results, methods etc. are also given here along with a video tutorial.The final section of the book includes the frequently asked questions along with their answers. Moreover, various case studies carried out and recent developments related to RO system performance, membrane fouling, scaling, and degradation studies have been analyzed. The book also has several work out examples, which are detailed in a careful as well as simple manner that help the reader to understand and follow it properly. The information presented in some of the case studies are obtained from existing commercial RO desalination plants. These topics enable the book to become a perfect tool for engineers and plant operators/technicians, who are responsible for RO system design, operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting. With the right system design, proper operation, and maintenance program

Coagulation and Ultrafiltration in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment Book

Coagulation and Ultrafiltration in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment


  • Author : S. Assiyeh Alizadeh Tabatabai
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 1138026867

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Coagulation and Ultrafiltration in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment Excerpt :

This study investigates the role of coagulation in enhancing hydraulic performance and permeate quality of UF membranes and provides insight into options for minimizing or ideally eliminating coagulation from UF pre-treatment to SWRO. Results show that coagulation improves UF hydraulic performance mainly by reducing non-backwashable fouling of the membranes. This can be achieved at very low coagulant dose (~ 0.5 mg Fe/L) by coating the membranes with sub-micron particles. Additionally, the work highlights the applicability of UF membranes with low molecular weight cut-off as the coagulant free future of SWRO pre-treatment. Major benefits in terms of reduced environmental impact is expected when applying membranes with low molecular weight cut-off, as the need for coagulation is eliminated while ensuring longevity of downstream SWRO membranes. In general terms, the research indicates that coagulant consumption can be significantly reduced in UF pre-treatment of SWRO by optimizing operational parameters and applying alternative solutions.

Ultrafiltration Membrane Cleaning Processes Book

Ultrafiltration Membrane Cleaning Processes


  • Author : Guillem Gilabert-Oriol
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2021-06-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110715149

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Ultrafiltration Membrane Cleaning Processes Excerpt :

This book covers the ultrafiltration membranes, specifically focusing on the elements that are produced using PVDF technology and out-side-in configuration. It specifically targets ultrafiltration technology as a pretreatment of seawater reverse osmosis desalination process. However, what is described in the book can be leveraged in other ultrafiltration membrane types. It explains how to significantly improve the efficiency of the process.

Constructive Engineering of Large Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants Book

Constructive Engineering of Large Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants


  • Author : Author: Pedro Maria Gonzalez Olabarria
  • Publisher : Chemical Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2015-11-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : 9780820602080

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Constructive Engineering of Large Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants Excerpt :

1. REVERSE OSMOSIS BASIC CONCEPTS - 2. FEED WATER TYPE AND ANALYSIS - 3. RAW WATER REQUIREMENTS - 4. SEA WATER INTAKE - 5. SEA WATER DOSING SYSTEMS - 6. REVERSE OSMOSIS PRETREATMENT CONVENTIONAL PRETREATMENT - 7. REVERSE OSMOSIS PRETREATMENT MICROFILTRATION and ULTRAFILTRATION - 8. MATERIALS - 9. REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANES - 10. PRESSURE VESSELS AND RACKS - 11. REVERSE OSMOSIS PUMPS - 12. RECOVERY SYSTEMS - 13. REVERSE OSMOSIS RACKS CONTROL - 14. REVERSE OSMOSIS RACKS EQUIPMENT - 15. RACKS CLEANING SYSTEM and FLUSHING - 16. TREATED WATER CONDITIONING - 17. TREATED WATER DEPOSIT AND PUMPING - 18. NEUTRALIZATION, EFFLUENTS TREATMENT AND BRINE DISCHARGE - 19. ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT - 20. CONTROL SYSTEMS - 21. VARIOUS EQUIPMENT - 22. COST EVALUATION OF DESALINATION PLANTS - BISAC: 1: TEC005050 Technology & Engineering : Construction - HVAC 2: TEC009070 Technology & Engineering : Mechanical 3: TEC010030 Technology & Engineering : Environmental - Water Supply

Pretreatment Technologies for Membrane Seawater Desalination Book

Pretreatment Technologies for Membrane Seawater Desalination


  • Author : Nikolay Voutchkov
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Membranes (Technology).
  • Pages : 131
  • ISBN 10 : 192133505X

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Pretreatment Technologies for Membrane Seawater Desalination Excerpt :

This work presents critical overview of key processes, technologies and equipment used for seawater pretreatment, and discusses their areas of application, past track record, advantages and disadvantages. The work describes the typical causes and mechanisms of reverse osmosis membrane fouling and presents most recent developments in pretreatment technology and science.

Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes Book

Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes


  • Author : Lawrence K. Wang
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597450294

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Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes Excerpt :

The past thirty years have witnessed a growing worldwide desire that po- tive actions be taken to restore and protect the environment from the degr- ing effects of all forms of pollution—air, water, soil, and noise. Because pollution is a direct or indirect consequence of waste, the seemingly idealistic demand for “zero discharge” can be construed as an unrealistic demand for zero waste. However, as long as waste continues to exist, we can only attempt to abate the subsequent pollution by converting it to a less noxious form. Three major questions usually arise when a particular type of pollution has been id- tified: (1) How serious is the pollution? (2) Is the technology to abate it ava- able? and (3) Do the costs of abatement justify the degree of abatement achieved? This book is one of the volumes of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series. The principal intention of this series is to help readers f- mulate answers to the last two questions above. The traditional approach of applying tried-and-true solutions to specific pollution problems has been a major contributing factor to the success of en- ronmental engineering, and has accounted in large measure for the establi- ment of a “methodology of pollution control. ” However, the realization of the ever-increasing complexity and interrelated nature of current environmental problems renders it imperative that intelligent planning of pollution abatement systems be undertaken.

Expanding Issues in Desalination Book

Expanding Issues in Desalination


  • Author : Robert Y. Ning
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2011-09-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9789533076249

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Expanding Issues in Desalination Excerpt :

For this book, the term "desalination" is used in the broadest sense of the removal of dissolved, suspended, visible and invisible impurities in seawater, brackish water and wastewater, to make them drinkable, or pure enough for industrial applications like in the processes for the production of steam, power, pharmaceuticals and microelectronics, or simply for discharge back into the environment. This book is a companion volume to "Desalination, Trends and Technologies", INTECH, 2011, expanding on the extension of seawater desalination to brackish and wastewater desalination applications, and associated technical issues. For students and workers in the field of desalination, this book provides a summary of key concepts and keywords with which detailed information may be gathered through internet search engines. Papers and reviews collected in this volume covers the spectrum of topics on the desalination of water, too broad to delve into in depth. The literature citations in these papers serve to fill in gaps in the coverage of this book. Contributions to the knowledge-base of desalination is expected to continue to grow exponentially in the coming years.

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes Book

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes


  • Author : Hongbo Du
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-03-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535139218

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Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes Excerpt :

Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities Book

Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities


  • Author : Thomas M. Missimer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319132037

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Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities Excerpt :

The book assembles the latest research on new design techniques in water supplies using desalinated seawater. The authors examine the diverse issues related to the intakes and outfalls of these facilities. They clarify how and why these key components of the facilities impact the cost of operation and subsequently the cost of water supplied to the consumers. The book consists of contributed articles from a number of experts in the field who presented their findings at the "Desalination Intakes and Outfalls" workshop held at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia in October, 2013. The book integrates coverage relevant to a wide variety of researchers and professionals in the general fields of environmental engineering and sustainable development.

Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Drinking Water Book

Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Drinking Water


  • Author : Talbert N. Eisenberg
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483102689

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Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Drinking Water Excerpt :

Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Drinking Water discusses the use of reverse osmosis in the treatment of drinking water, as well as the applications of reverse osmosis on industrial and municipal wastewater. The book covers topics such as the general principles of reverse osmosis; the removal of inorganic wastes, organic wastes, and microorganisms by reverse osmosis; the membranes of the reverse osmosis system, and its cleaning and maintenance. The book also includes topics such as the pretreatment for reverse osmosis installations; the approval criteria of regulatory agencies for reverse osmosis installations; and future possible developments in the use of reverse osmosis treatment. The text is recommended for those in water treatments who would like to know more about the processes involved in reverse osmosis treatment.

Advancing Desalination Book

Advancing Desalination


  • Author : Robert Y. Ning
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2012-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535107040

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Advancing Desalination Excerpt :

This book is a companion volume to two published in 2011 by INTECH titled “Desalination, Trends and Technologies” and “Expanding Issues in Desalination”. The term “desalination” used in this series is in the broadest sense of the removal of dissolved, suspended, visible and invisible impurities in seawater, brackish water and wastewater. The purpose of desalination is to make water drinkable, or pure enough for industrial applications like in the processes for the production of steam, power, pharmaceuticals and microelectronics, or simply for attaining acceptable qualities for discharge back into the environment. This volume touches on Membranes and Systems, Solar Desalination, Reverse Osmosis Process Chemistry and Control, Drinking Water Quality, and Selective Waste Product Removal. The value of these volumes on the vast topic of desalination is to present the landscape to students, teachers and practitioners, with key concepts and keywords useful in gathering publications through internet search engines. The technologies of desalination of water are advancing as rapidly as the cry of human kind for more availability of quality water supply while minimizing environmental pollution. Contributions to the knowledge-base of desalination are expected to continue to grow exponentially in the coming years.

Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis Book

Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis


  • Author : Stewart Burn
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-09-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 1780405057

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Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis Excerpt :

Early applications of desalination were small-scale plants deploying a range of technologies. However with the technological developments in Reverse Osmosis, most new plants use this technology because it has a proven history of use and low energy and capital costs compared with other available desalination technologies. This has led to the recent trend for larger seawater desalination plants in an effort to further reduce costs, and 1000 MLD seawater desalination plants are projected by 2020. Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis recognises that desalination by reverse osmosis has progressed significantly over the last decades and provides an up to date review of the state of the art for the reverse osmosis process. It covers issues that arise from desalination operations, environmental issues and ideas for research that will bring further improvements in this technology. Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis provides a complete guide to best practice from pre-treatment through to project delivery. Editors: Stewart Burn, Visiting Scientist, CSIRO Manufacturing. Adjunct Professor, Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, Victoria University. Adjunct Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, RMIT University. Stephen Gray, Director, Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, Victoria University.