Principles of Human Organs on Chips Book

Principles of Human Organs on Chips

  • Author : Masoud Mozafari
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2023-01-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128236109

Principles of Human Organs on Chips Excerpt :

Principles of Human Organs-on-Chips covers all aspects of microfluidic organ-on-a-chip systems, from fabrication to application and commercialization. Organ-on-a-chip models are created to mimic the structural, microenvironmental and physiological functions of human organs, providing the potential to bypass some cell and animal testing methods. This is a useful platform with widespread applications, frequently in drug screening and pathological studies. This book offers a comprehensive and authoritative reference on microfluidic organs-on-chips, spanning all key aspects from fabrication methods, cell culture systems and cell-based analysis, to dedicated chapters on specific tissue types and their associated organ-on-a-chip models, as well as their use as disease models, drug screening platforms and more. Principles of Human Organs-on-Chips helps materials scientists and biomedical engineers to better understand the specific requirements and challenges in the design and fabrication of organ-on-a-chip devices. This book also bridges the knowledge gap between medical device design and subsequent clinical applications, allowing medical professionals to easily learn about related engineering concepts and techniques. Describes various microfluidic systems and fabrication methods Covers models and applications for a broad range of tissue types, including liver, eye, immune, gut, and more Offers an interdisciplinary approach, combining engineering techniques and clinical applications of organs-on-chips

Lab on a Chip Fabrication and Application Book

Lab on a Chip Fabrication and Application

  • Author : Margarita Stoytcheva
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535124573

Lab on a Chip Fabrication and Application Excerpt :

The necessity of on-site, fast, sensitive, and cheap complex laboratory analysis, associated with the advances in the microfabrication technologies and the microfluidics, made it possible for the creation of the innovative device lab-on-a-chip (LOC), by which we would be able to scale a single or multiple laboratory processes down to a chip format. The present book is dedicated to the LOC devices from two points of view: LOC fabrication and LOC application.

Principles of Tissue Engineering Book

Principles of Tissue Engineering

  • Author : Robert Lanza
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-10-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1936
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123983701

Principles of Tissue Engineering Excerpt :

Now in its fourth edition, Principles of Tissue Engineering has been the definite resource in the field of tissue engineering for more than a decade. The fourth edition provides an update on this rapidly progressing field, combining the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation by the world’s experts of what is currently known about each specific organ system. As in previous editions, this book creates a comprehensive work that strikes a balance among the diversity of subjects that are related to tissue engineering, including biology, chemistry, material science, and engineering, among others, while also emphasizing those research areas that are likely to be of clinical value in the future. This edition includes greatly expanded focus on stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, stem cell niches, and blood components from stem cells. This research has already produced applications in disease modeling, toxicity testing, drug development, and clinical therapies. This up-to-date coverage of stem cell biology and other emerging technologies –such as brain-machine interfaces for controlling bionics and neuroprostheses– is complemented by a series of new and updated chapters on recent clinical experience in applying tissue engineering, as well as a new section on the application of tissue-engineering techniques for food production. The result is a comprehensive textbook that will be useful to students and experts alike. Includes new chapters on biomaterial-protein interactions, nanocomposite and three-dimensional scaffolds, skin substitutes, spinal cord, vision enhancement, and heart valves Offers expanded coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells of the cardiovascular, hematopoietic, musculoskeletal, nervous, and other organ systems Full-color presentation throughout

Microfluidics and Multi Organs on Chip Book

Microfluidics and Multi Organs on Chip

  • Author : P. V. Mohanan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-07-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 717
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811913792

Microfluidics and Multi Organs on Chip Excerpt :

This book highlights the application of microfluidics in cell biology research, chemical biology, and drug discovery. It covers the recent breakthroughs and prospects of organ-on-a-chip, human-on-a-chip, multi-organ-on-a-chip for personalized medicine. The book presents the preclinical studies of organs-on-a-chip, concepts of multiple vascularized organ-on-chips, application of organ-on-a-chip in blood-brain barrier model, culture and co-culture of cells on multi-organ-on-chip and parameter measurements in microfluidic devices. It underscores the advantage of microfluidic devices for developing efficient drug carrier particles, cell-free protein synthesis systems, and rapid techniques for direct drug screening. Further, it entails human-on-a-chip for measuring the systemic response as well as immediate effects of an organ reaction on other organs. In summary, this book reviews the development of a microfluidic-based organ-on-a-chip device for the preclinical evaluation, ADME studies of drugs, chemicals, and medical devices. This book is a valuable source for pharma companies, product developers, students, researchers, academicians, and practitioners.

Organ on a chip Book

Organ on a chip

  • Author : Julia Hoeng
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128172032

Organ on a chip Excerpt :

Organ-on-a-Chip: Engineered Microenvironments for Safety and Efficacy Testing contains chapters from world-leading researchers in the field of organ on a chip development and applications, with perspectives from life sciences, medicine, physiology and engineering. The book contains an overview of the field, with sections covering the major organ systems and currently available technologies, platforms and methods. As readers may also be interested in creating biochips, materials and engineering best practice, these topics are also described. Users will learn about the limitations of 2D in-vitro models and the available 3D in-vitro models (what benefits they offer and some examples). Finally, the MOC section shows how the organ on a chip technology can be adapted to improve the physiology of in-vitro models. Includes case studies of other organs on a chip that have been developed and successfully used Provides insights into functional microphysiological organ on a chip platforms for toxicity and efficacy testing, along with opportunities for translational medicine Presented fields (PK/PD, physiology, medicine, safety) are given a definition followed by the challenges and potential of organs on a chip

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems Book

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems

  • Author : Jeffrey T Borenstein
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-09-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128136720

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems Excerpt :

Techniques for microfabricating intricate microfluidic structures that mimic the microenvironment of tissues and organs, combined with the development of biomaterials with carefully engineered surface properties, have enabled new paradigms in and cell culture-based models for human diseases. The dimensions of surface features and fluidic channels made accessible by these techniques are well-suited to the size scale of biological cells. Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems applies design and experimental techniques used in in microfluidics, and cell culture technologies to organ-on-chip systems. This book is intended to serve as a professional reference, providing a practical guide to design and fabrication of microfluidic systems and biomaterials for use in cell culture systems and human organ models. The book covers topics ranging from academic first principles of microfluidic design, to clinical translation strategies for cell culture protocols. The goal is to help professionals coming from an engineering background to adapt their expertise for use in cell culture and organ models applications, and likewise to help biologists to design and employ microfluidic technologies in their cell culture systems. This 2nd edition contains new material that strengthens the focus on in vitro models useful for drug discovery and development. One new chapter reviews liver organ models from an industry perspective, while others cover new technologies for scaling these models and for multi-organ systems. Other new chapters highlight the development of organ models and systems for specific applications in disease modeling and drug safety. Previous chapters have been revised to reflect the latest advances. Provides design and operation methodology for microfluidic and microfabricated materials and devices for organ-on-chip disease and safety models. This is a rapidly expanding field that will continue to grow along with advances in cell biology and microfluidics technologies. Comprehen

Principles of Regenerative Medicine Book

Principles of Regenerative Medicine

  • Author : Anthony Atala
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-08-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1454
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128098936

Principles of Regenerative Medicine Excerpt :

Principles of Regenerative Medicine, Third Edition, details the technologies and advances applied in recent years to strategies for healing and generating tissue. Contributions from a stellar cast of researchers cover the biological and molecular basis of regenerative medicine, highlighting stem cells, wound healing and cell and tissue development. Advances in cell and tissue therapy, including replacement of tissues and organs damaged by disease and previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease and renal failure are also incorporated to provide a view to the future and framework for additional studies. Comprehensively covers the interdisciplinary field of regenerative medicine with contributions from leaders in tissue engineering, cell and developmental biology, biomaterials sciences, nanotechnology, physics, chemistry, bioengineering and surgery Includes new chapters devoted to iPS cells and other alternative sources for generating stem cells as written by the scientists who made the breakthroughs Edited by a world-renowned team to present a complete story of the development and promise of regenerative medicine

Haschek and Rousseaux s Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology Book

Haschek and Rousseaux s Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology

  • Author : Wanda M. Haschek
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1152
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128218297

Haschek and Rousseaux s Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology Excerpt :

Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology: Volume 1: Principles and Practice of Toxicologic Pathology is a key reference on the integration of structure and functional changes in tissues associated with the response to pharmaceuticals, chemicals and biologics. Volume 1 of the Fourth Edition covers the practice of toxicologic pathology in three parts: Principles of Toxicologic Pathology, Methods in Toxicologic Pathology, and the Practice of Toxicologic Pathology. Completely revised with a number of new chapters, Volume 1 of the Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology is an essential part of the most authoritative reference on toxicologic pathology for pathologists, toxicologists, research scientists, and regulators studying and making decisions on drugs, biologics, medical devices, and other chemicals, including agrochemicals and environmental contaminants. Provides new chapters on digital pathology, juvenile pathology, in vitro/in vivo correlation, big data technologies and in-depth discussion of timely topics in the area of toxicologic pathology Offers high-quality and trusted content in a multi-contributed work written by leading international authorities in all areas of toxicologic pathology Features hundreds of full-color images in both the print and electronic versions of the book to highlight difficult concepts with clear illustrations

Tissue Engineering Book

Tissue Engineering

  • Author : Clemens Van Blitterswijk
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-12-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124202108

Tissue Engineering Excerpt :

Tissue Engineering is a comprehensive introduction to the engineering and biological aspects of this critical subject. With contributions from internationally renowned authors, it provides a broad perspective on tissue engineering for students coming to the subject for the first time. In addition to the key topics covered in the previous edition, this update also includes new material on the regulatory authorities, commercial considerations as well as new chapters on microfabrication, materiomics and cell/biomaterial interface. Effectively reviews major foundational topics in tissue engineering in a clear and accessible fashion Includes state of the art experiments presented in break-out boxes, chapter objectives, chapter summaries, and multiple choice questions to aid learning New edition contains material on regulatory authorities and commercial considerations in tissue engineering

Organs on chips for the pharmaceutical development process Book

Organs on chips for the pharmaceutical development process

  • Author : Jonas Christoffersson
  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-22
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN 10 : 9789176853597

Organs on chips for the pharmaceutical development process Excerpt :

Organs-on-chips are dynamic cell culture devices created with the intention to mimic organ function in vitro. Their purpose is to assess the toxicity and efficacy of drugs and, as early as possible in the pharmaceutical development process, predict the outcome of clinical trials. The aim of this thesis is to explain and discuss these cell culture devices from a design perspective and to experimentally exemplify some of the specific functions that characterize organs-on-chips. The cells in our body reside in complex environments with chemical and mechanical cues that affect their function and purpose. Such a complex environment is difficult to recreate in the laboratory and has therefore been overlooked in favor of more simple models, i.e. static twodimensional (2D) cell cultures. Numerous recent reports have shown cell culture systems that can resemble the cell’s natural habitat and enhance cell functionality and thereby potentially provide results that better reflects animal and human trials. The way these organs-on-chips improve in vitro cell culture assays is to include e.g. a three-dimensional cell architecture (3D), mechanical stimuli, gradients of oxygen or nutrients, or by combining several relevant cell types that affect each other in close proximity. The research conducted for this thesis shows how cells in 3D spheroids or in 3D hydrogels can be cultured in perfused microbioreactors. Furthermore, a pump based on electroosmosis, and a method for an objective conceptual design process, is introduced to the field of organs-on-chips.

Stem Cells Book

Stem Cells

  • Author : Christine Mummery
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-05-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124115675

Stem Cells Excerpt :

The second edition of Stem Cells: Scientific Facts and Fiction provides the non-stem cell expert with an understandable review of the history, current state of affairs, and facts and fiction of the promises of stem cells. Building on success of its award-winning preceding edition, the second edition features new chapters on embryonic and iPS cells and stem cells in veterinary science and medicine. It contains major revisions on cancer stem cells to include new culture models, additional interviews with leaders in progenitor cells, engineered eye tissue, and xeno organs from stem cells, as well as new information on "organs on chips" and adult progenitor cells. In the past decades our understanding of stem cell biology has increased tremendously. Many types of stem cells have been discovered in tissues that everyone presumed were unable to regenerate in adults, the heart and the brain in particular. There is vast interest in stem cells from biologists and clinicians who see the potential for regenerative medicine and future treatments for chronic diseases like Parkinson's, diabetes, and spinal cord lesions, based on the use of stem cells; and from entrepreneurs in biotechnology who expect new commercial applications ranging from drug discovery to transplantation therapies. Explains in straightforward, non-specialist language the basic biology of stem cells and their applications in modern medicine and future therapy Includes extensive coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells both historically and in contemporary practice Richly illustrated to assist in understanding how research is done and the current hurdles to clinical practice

Essentials of Laboratory Animal Science  Principles and Practices Book

Essentials of Laboratory Animal Science Principles and Practices

  • Author : P. Nagarajan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-07-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 806
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811609879

Essentials of Laboratory Animal Science Principles and Practices Excerpt :

This book comprehensively reviews the anatomy, physiology, genetics and pathology of laboratory animals as well as the principles and practices of using laboratory animals for biomedical research.It covers the design of buildings used for laboratory animals, quality control of laboratory animals, and toxicology, and discusses various animal models used for human diseases. It also highlights aspects, such as handling and restraint and administration of drugs, as well as breeding and feeding of laboratory animals, and provides guidelines for developing meaningful experiments using laboratory animals.Further, the book discusses various alternatives to animal experiments for drug and chemical testing, including their advantages over the current approaches. Lastly, it examines the potential effect of harmful pathogens on the physiology of laboratory animals and discusses the state of art in in vivo imaging techniques.The book is a useful resource for research scientists, laboratory animal veterinarians, and students of laboratory animal medicine.

Biochip Technology Book

Biochip Technology

  • Author : Jing Cheng
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2003-09-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 453
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203305041

Biochip Technology Excerpt :

Biochip technology has experienced explosive growth in recent years and Biochip technology describes the basic manufacturing and fabrication processes and the current range of applications of these chips. Top scientists from the biochip industry and related areas explain the diverse applications of biochips in gene sequencing, expression monitoring, disease diagnosis, tumor examination, ligand assay and drug discovery.

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems Book

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems

  • Author : Christopher Bettinger
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2012-12-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437734607

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems Excerpt :

The fields of microfluidics and BioMEMS are significantly impacting cell biology research and applications through the application of engineering solutions to human disease and health problems. The dimensions of microfluidic channels are well suited to the physical scale of biological cells, and the many advantages of microfluidics make it an attractive platform for new techniques in biology. This new professional reference applies the techniques of microsystems to cell culture applications. The authors provide a thoroughly practical guide to the principles of microfluidic device design and operation and their application to cell culture techniques. The resulting book is crammed with strategies and techniques that can be immediately deployed in the lab. Equally, the insights into cell culture applications will provide those involved in traditional microfluidics and BioMEMS with an understanding of the specific demands and opportunities presented by biological applications. The goal is to guide new and interested researchers and technology developers to the important areas and state-of-the-practice strategies that will enhance the efficiency and value of their technologies, devices and biomedical products. Provides insights into the design and development of microfluidic systems with a specific focus on cell culture applications Focuses on strategies and techniques for the design and fabrication of microfluidic systems and devices for cell culture Provides balanced coverage of microsystems engineering and bioengineering