Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management  PLiM  Book

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM


  • Author : Gennadij V. Arkadov
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 0857093983

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Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM Excerpt :

This book provides an overview of probablistic methods for calculating the strength and operating life of equipment and pipelines of nuclear power plants (NPPs), including using the criteria of resistance to full or partial destruction with the formation of breaks, leaks or defects in the metal, taking into account the aging of equipment and pipelines in service. The authors pay particular attention to the practical application of the results of calculations of the strength and operating life of equipment and pipelines, the optimization of inservice inspection and maintainance and repair. The aims of this book are: -To describe the main methods used in nuclear power engineering for the determination of quantitative characteristics of the reliability of equipment and piping of NPP -To clarify the mechanisms of aging of equipment and piping in service and discuss the impact of those mechanisms on reliability -To evaluate the possibility of extensive practical application of the methods for determining the reliability characteristics and the use of these methods for solving the current problems in operation This is a revised and translated version of an original Russian language work published in 2010 by Energoatomizdat, Russia.

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management  PLiM  Book

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM


  • Author : Gennadij V Arkadov
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-09-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857093998

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Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM Excerpt :

Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–statistical approaches are discussed. Approaches based on the use of defect-free models are considered, along with those using binomial distribution and models based on the residual defectiveness of structural materials. The practical applications of probabilistic methods for strength reliability are subsequently explored in part two. Probabilistic methods for increasing the reliability and safety of nuclear power plant components are investigated, as are the use of such methods for optimising non-destructive tests, hydraulic tests, technical certification and planned-preventative maintenance. Finally, the book concludes with information on the use of probabilistic methods in ensuring leak tightness of nuclear power plant steam generator heat exchanger pipes. With its distinguished authors, Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management is a valuable reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, nuclear safety engineers and managers, as well as academics and researchers in this field. Discusses the theory and application of probabilistic safety assessment methods used to calculate nuclear power plant (NPP) durability and lifetime Reviews probabilistic methods in their application to NPP components and ageing pipelines for the forecasting of NPP resource lifetime and safety Addresses the key areas of probabilistic safet

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment Book

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment


  • Author : A. Shibli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-07-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097323

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Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment Excerpt :

Due to their continuing role in electricity generation, it is important that coal power plants operate as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment reviews the materials used in coal plants, and how they can be assessed and managed to optimize plant operation. Part I considers the structural alloys used in coal plants. Part II then reviews performance modelling and life assessment techniques, explains the inspection and life-management approaches that can be adopted to optimize long term plant operation, and considers the technical and economic issues involved in meeting variable energy demands. Summarizes key research on coal-fired power plant materials, their behavior under operational loads, and approaches to life assessment and defect management Details the range of structural alloys used in coal power plants, and the life assessment techniques applicable to defect-free components under operational loads Reviews the life assessment techniques applicable to components containing defects and the approaches that can be adopted to optimize plant operation and new plant and component design

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident Book

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident


  • Author : Yotaro Hatamura
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081001325

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The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident Excerpt :

In March 2011 the Fukushima nuclear power plant (NPP) in Japan was hit by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami which resulted in the release of significant amounts of radioactive material. The incident led to the suspension of nuclear programmes by a number of countries. This book provides a definitive account of the accident. Outlines the main sequence of events of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, considers the responses of central and local government, and evaluates the response of the plant owner TEPCO. Describes and assesses the effectiveness of the evacuation process and subsequent decontamination of the site and local area. Offers recommendations for improving the safe design and operation of nuclear power plants and considers the future of the Fukushima plant and nuclear power generation in Japan.

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels  RPVs  in Nuclear Power Plants Book

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : Naoki Soneda
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-09-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096470

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Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

Uranium for Nuclear Power Book

Uranium for Nuclear Power


  • Author : Ian Hore-Lacy
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-02-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003336

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Uranium for Nuclear Power Excerpt :

Uranium for Nuclear Power: Resources, Mining and Transformation to Fuel discusses the nuclear industry and its dependence on a steady supply of competitively priced uranium as a key factor in its long-term sustainability. A better understanding of uranium ore geology and advances in exploration and mining methods will facilitate the discovery and exploitation of new uranium deposits. The practice of efficient, safe, environmentally-benign exploration, mining and milling technologies, and effective site decommissioning and remediation are also fundamental to the public image of nuclear power. This book provides a comprehensive review of developments in these areas. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle Presents a comprehensive and systematic coverage of geology, mining, and conversion to fuel, alternative fuel sources, and the environmental and social aspects Written by leading experts in the field of nuclear power, uranium mining, milling, and geological exploration who highlight the best practices needed to ensure environmental safety

Managing Nuclear Projects Book

Managing Nuclear Projects


  • Author : Jas Devgun
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-08-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097262

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Managing Nuclear Projects Excerpt :

In addition to the nuclear power industry, the nuclear field has extensive projects and activities in the areas of research reactors, medical isotope production, decommissioning, and remediation of contaminated sites. Managing nuclear projects focuses on the management aspects of nuclear projects in a wide range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements, and lessons learned. Part one provides a general overview of the nuclear industry including basic principles for managing nuclear projects, nuclear safety culture, management of worker risk, training, and management of complex projects. Part two focuses on managing reactor projects with discussion on a variety of topics including management of research reactor projects, medical radioisotope production, power reactor modifications, power uprates, outage management, and management of nuclear-related R&D. Chapters in part three highlight the areas of radioactive waste and spent fuel management, reactor decommissioning, and remediation of radioactively contaminated sites. Finally, part four explores regulation, guidance and emergency management in the nuclear industry. Chapters discuss quality assurance and auditing programs, licensing procedures for nuclear installations, emergency preparedness, management of nuclear crises, and international nuclear cooperation. With its distinguished editor and contributors, Managing Nuclear Projects is a valuable resource for project managers, plant managers, engineers, regulators, training professionals, consultants, and academics. Examines the basic principles of managing nuclear projects focussing on processes and requirements Discusses the management of reactor projects Explores regulation, guidance and emergency management in the nuclear industry

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Book

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites


  • Author : L van Velzen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-02-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422389

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Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Excerpt :

Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants Book

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants


  • Author : Augusto Di Gianfrancesco
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-09-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 900
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081005583

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Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants Excerpt :

Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants provides researchers in academia and industry with an essential overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for key process components, such as membrane wall tubes, high-pressure steam piping and headers, superheater tubes, forged rotors, cast components, and bolting and blading for steam turbines in USC power plants. Advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels, are also addressed. Chapters on international research directions complete the volume. The transition from conventional subcritical to supercritical thermal power plants greatly increased power generation efficiency. Now the introductions of the ultra-supercritical (USC) and, in the near future, advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) designs are further efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption in power plants and the associated carbon dioxide emissions. The higher operating temperatures and pressures found in these new plant types, however, necessitate the use of advanced materials. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative and systematic overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for both ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical power plants Covers materials for critical components in ultra-supercritical power plants, such as boilers, rotors, and turbine blades Addresses advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels Includes chapters on technologies for welding technologies

Structural Alloys for Power Plants Book

Structural Alloys for Power Plants


  • Author : A. Shirzadi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-07-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097552

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Structural Alloys for Power Plants Excerpt :

Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.

Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants Book
Score: 3
From 2 Ratings

Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants


  • Author : Dongke Zhang FTSE
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-08-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097514

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Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants Excerpt :

The continued use of coal as a means of generating electricity and an increasing demand for cleaner, more efficient energy production has led to advances in power plant technology. Ultra-supercritical coal power plants reviews the engineering, operation, materials and performance of ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Following a chapter introducing advanced and ultra-supercritical coal power plants, part one goes on to explore the operating environments, materials and engineering of ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Chapters discuss the impacts of steam conditions on plant materials and operation, fuel considerations and burner design, and materials and design for boilers working under supercritical steam conditions. Chapters in part two focus on improving ultra-supercritical coal power plant performance and operability. Ash fouling, deposition and slagging in ultra-supercritical coal power plants are highlighted along with pollution control measures and the estimation, management and extension of the life of ultra-supercritical power plants. Further chapters provide an economic and engineering analysis of a 700°C advanced ultra-supercritical pulverised coal power plant and discuss CO2 capture-ready ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Ultra-supercritical coal power plants is a comprehensive technical reference for power plant operators and engineers, high-temperature materials scientists, professionals in the power industry who require an understanding of ultra-supercritical coal power plants and researchers and academics interested in the field. Provides a comprehensive reference on the developments, materials, design and operation of ultra-supercritical power plant Considers the degradation issues affecting this type of plant, as well as emissions control and CO2 capture technology; improved plant controls critical to improved operation and environmental performance Contains operational assessments for plant safety, plant life management, and plant ec

Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production Book

Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production


  • Author : R Luque
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-08-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857098085

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Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production Excerpt :

Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock. Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production Outlines the different applications of gasification technology

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems


  • Author : Luisa F. Cabeza
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782420965

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Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems Excerpt :

Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies store thermal energy (both heat and cold) for later use as required, rather than at the time of production. They are therefore important counterparts to various intermittent renewable energy generation methods and also provide a way of valorising waste process heat and reducing the energy demand of buildings. This book provides an authoritative overview of this key area. Part one reviews sensible heat storage technologies. Part two covers latent and thermochemical heat storage respectively. The final section addresses applications in heating and energy systems. Reviews sensible heat storage technologies, including the use of water, molten salts, concrete and boreholes Describes latent heat storage systems and thermochemical heat storage Includes information on the monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems, and considers their applications in residential buildings, power plants and industry

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Book

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering


  • Author : Ian Crossland
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-09-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096388

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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Excerpt :

The nuclear fuel cycle is characterised by the wide range of scientific disciplines and technologies it employs. The development of ever more integrated processes across the many stages of the nuclear fuel cycle therefore confronts plant manufacturers and operators with formidable challenges. Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering describes both the key features of the complete nuclear fuel cycle and the wealth of recent research in this important field. Part one provides an introduction to the nuclear fuel cycle. Radiological protection, security and public acceptance of nuclear technology are considered, along with the economics of nuclear power. Part two goes on to explore materials mining, enrichment, fuel element design and fabrication for the uranium and thorium nuclear fuel cycle. The impact of nuclear reactor design and operation on fuel element irradiation is the focus of part three, including water and gas-cooled reactors, along with CANDU and Generation IV designs. Finally, part four reviews spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering provides an important review for all those involved in the design, fabrication, use and disposal of nuclear fuels as well as regulatory bodies and researchers in this field. Provides a comprehensive and holistic review of the complete nuclear fuel cycle Reviews the issues presented by the nuclear fuel cycle, including radiological protection and security, public acceptance and economic analysis Discusses issues at the front-end of the fuel cycle, including uranium and thorium mining, enrichment and fuel design and fabrication

Plant Life Management Models for Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants Book

Plant Life Management Models for Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : IAEA Nuclear Energy
  • Release Date : 2015-06-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN 10 : 9201030142

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Plant Life Management Models for Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

When nuclear power plants reach the end of their nominal design life, they undergo a special safety review and an ageing assessment of their essential structures, systems and components for the purpose of validating or renewing their licence to operate for terms beyond the service period originally intended. Three different plant life management models have been used to qualify these nuclear power plants to operate beyond their original design life. This publication presents a collection of sample licensing practices for long term operation among IAEA Member States. The various plant life management models used to obtain long term operation authorizations are described and comparisons drawn against the standard periodic safety review model. Lessons learned and warnings about possible complications and pitfalls are also described to minimize the licensing risk during operation and future long term operation applications. The main intention of this publication is to support nuclear power plant owners and operators planning an extension of plant operation beyond its original design life, but it also serves as a useful guide for those interested in procuring from the beginning, the necessary tools to implement ageing management in their future plant with long term operation in mind.