Progress and Prospects in the Management of Oxoanion Polluted Aqua Systems Book

Progress and Prospects in the Management of Oxoanion Polluted Aqua Systems


  • Author : Nurudeen Abiola Oladoja
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2021-07-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN 10 : 3030707563

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Progress and Prospects in the Management of Oxoanion Polluted Aqua Systems Excerpt :

This book is a compendium of research efforts and findings on the sources, occurrences, hydrochemistry, and several operating variables that influence the presence of oxyanions in aqua system. The content of this book has been designed to provide an insightful account of an array of innovative technologies for the management of the impacts of oxyanions in water, the progress and drawbacks of these technologies and those that have been effectively deployed to transform oxyanions in water to beneficial species. This book further x-rays global laws and economic policies targeted at effectively curtailing the presence of harmful oxyanions in water, challenges facing these policies, and future perspectives on how best to reduce the level of these harmful oxyanions in water to safe limit. The book is relevant to water professionals, policy makers, academics, and research students.

Progress and Prospects in the Management of Oxyanion Polluted Aqua Systems Book

Progress and Prospects in the Management of Oxyanion Polluted Aqua Systems


  • Author : Nurudeen A. Oladoja
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-07-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030707576

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Progress and Prospects in the Management of Oxyanion Polluted Aqua Systems Excerpt :

This book is a compendium of research efforts and findings on the sources, occurrences, hydrochemistry, and several operating variables that influence the presence of oxyanions in aqua system. The content of this book has been designed to provide an insightful account of an array of innovative technologies for the management of the impacts of oxyanions in water, the progress and drawbacks of these technologies and those that have been effectively deployed to transform oxyanions in water to beneficial species. This book further x-rays global laws and economic policies targeted at effectively curtailing the presence of harmful oxyanions in water, challenges facing these policies, and future perspectives on how best to reduce the level of these harmful oxyanions in water to safe limit. The book is relevant to water professionals, policy makers, academics, and research students.

Microbial Biocontrol Book

Microbial Biocontrol


  • Author : Ajay Kumar (PhD)
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Biological pest control agents
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030872892

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Microbial Biocontrol Excerpt :

This second volume of a two-volume work reviews beneficial bioactive compounds from various microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, cyanobacteria in plant diseases management and the postharvest management of fruits using microbial antagonists. Furthermore, it reviews the impact of climate change on food security and addressed the legal aspects of microbial biocontrol applications. The two-volume work "Microbial Biocontrol" Bintroduces to mechanisms of plant-microbe interactions and explores latest strategies of how microbes can be applied in biocontrol and management of plant pathogens, replacing chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The book covers different groups of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, but also the interplay of entire microbiomes, and reviews their specific benefits in crop growth promotion, in enhancing the plants tolerance against biotic and abiotic stress as well as in post-harvest management of various plant diseases. Novel tools such as CRISPR/Cas9 and microbe derived nanoparticles are also addressed besides the legal aspects of biocontrol applications. Today, rising global population and changing climatic conditions emerge as a major challenge for agronomist farmers and researchers in fulfilling the requirements of global food production. The conventional agricultural practices utilize undistributed use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to enhance growth and yield of agricultural products and fresh foods, but their extensive and continuous use have led to a range of negative consequences on the food quality and safety, to environment as well as to human and animal health. Microbial biocontrol applications are presented as a solution, paving the way to a sustainable agriculture in compliance with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The book addresses researchers in academia and agriculture.

Monitored Natural Attenuation of Inorganic Contaminants in Ground Water Book

Monitored Natural Attenuation of Inorganic Contaminants in Ground Water


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Arsenic
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UCR:31210024757476

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Monitored Natural Attenuation of Inorganic Contaminants in Ground Water Excerpt :

V.3 ... consists of individual chapters that describe 1) the conceptual background for radionuclides, including tritium, radon, strontium, technetium, uranium, iodine, radium, thorium, cesium, plutonium-americium and 2) data requirements to be met during site characterization.

Metallic Nanostructures Book

Metallic Nanostructures


  • Author : Yujie Xiong
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319113043

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Metallic Nanostructures Excerpt :

This book details the design for creation of metal nanomaterials with optimal functionality for specific applications. The authors describe how to make desired metal nanomaterials in a wet lab. They include an overview of applications metal nanomaterials can be implemented in and address the fundamentals in the controlled synthesis of metal nanostructures.

Multifunctional Wetlands Book

Multifunctional Wetlands


  • Author : Nidhi Nagabhatla
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-10-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319674162

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Multifunctional Wetlands Excerpt :

This book describes how natural or constructed wetlands can be used to reduce pollution of freshwater and coastal ecosystems, while still preserving their biodiversity and ecological functions. Through a series of case histories described in 10 chapters in the monograph, the readers will gain an understanding of the opportunities, as well as the challenges associated with reducing point and non-point source pollution using natural, restored or constructed wetlands. The target audience will be water practitioners involved in projects utilizing integrated watershed management approaches to pollution abatement, as well as researchers who are designing projects focused on this topic.

Biosorption Book

Biosorption


  • Author : Jan Derco
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-07-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789234725

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Biosorption Excerpt :

Municipal and industrial wastewaters contain a wide spectrum of pollutants. Their effective removal presents a challenge for water treatment technology. Biosorption of nutrients and pollutants has been used in sewage treatment since the discovery of the activated sludge process. It is a passive uptake process by which pollutants are adsorbed on the surface of cell walls and/or dissolved in structures of microorganism cells that are present in sludge. Sorbed pollutants remain in the sludge and can be potentially released back into the environment depending on their condition and the reversibility of the pollutant-sludge interaction. An overview of typical biosorption applications for the removal of nutrients, organic pollutants, and metals in wastewater treatment is provided in different areas of their use for the protection of aquatic ecosystems and human health. This book will be of interest to operators of wastewater treatment plants and sludge treatment and disposal facilities as well as to researchers and university students in the field of environmental engineering.

Water Treatment Technologies for the Removal of High Toxity Pollutants Book

Water Treatment Technologies for the Removal of High Toxity Pollutants


  • Author : Miroslava Václavíková
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2009-11-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN 10 : 9789048134977

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Water Treatment Technologies for the Removal of High Toxity Pollutants Excerpt :

Water is essential for life, a strategic resource for every country and population. Its availability and sanitary safety is highly connected with the health and economy status of population. Burden of disease due to polluted water is a major public health problem throughout the world. Many pollutants in water streams have been identified as toxic and harmful to the environment and human health, and among them arsenic, mercury and cadmium are considered as high priority ones. Providing population with safe drinking water became the priority and at the same time a big challenge for the modern society. Many funding agencies in various countries have assigned a high priority to the envir- mental security and pollution prevention. UN, being one of them, launched the “International Decade for Action: Water for life 2005–2015. ” Therefore, today’s political and social climate presents an important opportunity to implement principles of sustainable development and to preserve resources essential for future life. This process requires interdisciplinary approach; it is critically important to stimulate interactions between medical doctors, chemists, physicist, materials scientists, engineers and policy makers, which are already experienced in their specific areas. It is also our ethical obligation to preserve existing water resources and existing eco systems enhancing their biodiversity. The NATO Advanced Research Workshop “Water Treatment Te- nologies for the Removal of High-Toxicity Pollutants” took place on September 13–17, 2008 in Košice, Slovak Republic.

Contaminants in Agriculture Book

Contaminants in Agriculture


  • Author : M. Naeem
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-04-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030415525

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Contaminants in Agriculture Excerpt :

This comprehensive volume covers recent studies into agricultural problems caused by soil and water contamination. Considering the importance of agricultural crops to human health, the editors have focused on chapters detailing the negative impact of heavy metals, excessive chemical fertilizer use, nutrients, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, agricultural wastes and toxic pollutants, among others, on agricultural soil and crops. In addition, the chapters offer solutions to these negative impacts through various scientific approaches, including using biotechnology, nanotechnology, nutrient management strategies, biofertilizers, as well as potent PGRs and elicitors. This book serves as a key source of information on scientific and engineered approaches and challenges for the bioremediation of agricultural contamination worldwide. This book should be helpful for research students, teachers, agriculturalists, agronomists, botanists, and plant growers, as well as in the fields of agriculture, agronomy, plant science, plant biology, and biotechnology, among others. It serves as an excellent reference on the current research and future directions of contaminants in agriculture from laboratory research to field application.

Water Resources in Arid Lands  Management and Sustainability Book

Water Resources in Arid Lands Management and Sustainability


  • Author : Ali Al-Maktoumi
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-07-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030670283

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Water Resources in Arid Lands Management and Sustainability Excerpt :

This book presents the most recent innovative studies in the field of water resources for arid areas to move towards more sustainable management of the resources. It gathers outstanding contributions presented at the 2nd International Water Conference on Water Resources in Arid Areas (IWC), which was held online (Muscat, Oman) in November 2020. Papers discuss challenges and solutions to alleviate water resource scarcity in arid areas, including water resources management, the introduction of modern irrigation systems, natural groundwater recharge, construction of dams for artificial recharge, use of treated wastewater, and desalination technologies. As such, the book provides a platform for the exchange of recent advances in water resources research, which are essential to improving the critical water situation and to move towards more sustainable management of water resources.

Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water Book

Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water


  • Author : Prosun Bhattacharya
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-07-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9781843393856

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Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water Excerpt :

Arsenic in drinking water derived from groundwater is arguably the biggest environmental chemical human health risk known at the present time, with well over 100,000,000 people around the world being exposed. Monitoring the hazard, assessing exposure and health risks and implementing effective remediation are therefore key tasks for organisations and individuals with responsibilities related to the supply of safe, clean drinking water. Best Practice Guide on the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water, covering aspects of hazard distribution, exposure, health impacts, biomonitoring and remediation, including social and economic issues, is therefore a very timely contribution to disseminating useful knowledge in this area. The volume contains 10 short reviews of key aspects of this issue, supplemented by a further 14 case studies, each of which focusses on a particular area or technological or other practice, and written by leading experts in the field. Detailed selective reference lists provide pointers to more detailed guidance on relevant practice. The volume includes coverage of (i) arsenic hazard in groundwater and exposure routes to humans, including case studies in USA, SE Asia and UK; (ii) health impacts arising from exposure to arsenic in drinking water and biomonitoring approaches; (iii) developments in the nature of regulation of arsenic in drinking water; (iv) sampling and monitoring of arsenic, including novel methodologies; (v) approaches to remediation, particularly in the context of water safety planning, and including case studies from the USA, Italy, Poland and Bangladesh; and (vi) socio-economic aspects of remediation, including non-market valuation methods and local community engagement.

Environmental Technologies to Treat Selenium Pollution Book

Environmental Technologies to Treat Selenium Pollution


  • Author : Piet Lens
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-08-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 1789061040

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Environmental Technologies to Treat Selenium Pollution Excerpt :

Selenium contamination of air, aquatic environments, soils and sediments is a serious environmental concern of increasing importance. Selenium has a paradoxical feature in bringing about health benefits under the prescribed level, but only a few fold increase in its concentration causes deleterious effects to flora and fauna, humans and the environment. Environmental Technologies to Treat Selenium Pollution: principles and engineering: - presents the fundamentals of the biogeochemical selenium cycle and which imbalances in this cycle result in pollution. - overviews chemical and biological technologies for successful treatment of selenium contaminated water, air, soils and sediments. - explores the recovery of value-added products from selenium laden waste streams, including biofortication and selenium based nanoparticles and quantum dots. This book may serve both as an advanced textbook for undergraduate and graduate students majoring in environmental sciences, technology or engineering as well as a handbook for tertiary educators, researchers, professionals and policy makers who conduct research and practices in selenium related fields. It is essential reading for consulting companies when dealing with selenium related environmental (bio)technologies.

Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water Book

Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water


  • Author : Prosun Bhattacharya
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN 10 : 9781780400358

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Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water Excerpt :

Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water comprises the proceedings of COST Action 637 - METEAU, held in Kristianstad, Sweden, October 13-15, 2010 This book collates the understanding of the various factors which control metals and related substances in drinking water with an aim to minimize environmental impacts. Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water: * Provides an overview of knowledge on metals and related substances in drinking water. * Promotes good practice in controlling metals and related substances in drinking water. * Helps to determining the environmental and socio economic impacts of control measures through public participation * Introduces the importance of mineral balance in drinking water especially when choosing treatment methods * Shares practitioner experience. The proceedings of this international conference contain many state-of-the-art presentations by leading researchers from across the world. They are of interest to water sector practitioners, regulators, researchers and engineers.

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments Book

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2003-05-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309086257

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Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments Excerpt :

Bioavailability refers to the extent to which humans and ecological receptors are exposed to contaminants in soil or sediment. The concept of bioavailability has recently piqued the interest of the hazardous waste industry as an important consideration in deciding how much waste to clean up. The rationale is that if contaminants in soil and sediment are not bioavailable, then more contaminant mass can be left in place without creating additional risk. A new NRC report notes that the potential for the consideration of bioavailability to influence decision-making is greatest where certain chemical, environmental, and regulatory factors align. The current use of bioavailability in risk assessment and hazardous waste cleanup regulations is demystified, and acceptable tools and models for bioavailability assessment are discussed and ranked according to seven criteria. Finally, the intimate link between bioavailability and bioremediation is explored. The report concludes with suggestions for moving bioavailability forward in the regulatory arena for both soil and sediment cleanup.

Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation Book

Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309069328

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Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation Excerpt :

In the past decade, officials responsible for clean-up of contaminated groundwater have increasingly turned to natural attenuation-essentially allowing naturally occurring processes to reduce the toxic potential of contaminants-versus engineered solutions. This saves both money and headaches. To the people in surrounding communities, though, it can appear that clean-up officials are simply walking away from contaminated sites. When is natural attenuation the appropriate approach to a clean-up? This book presents the consensus of a diverse committee, informed by the views of researchers, regulators, and community activists. The committee reviews the likely effectiveness of natural attenuation with different classes of contaminants-and describes how to evaluate the "footprints" of natural attenuation at a site to determine whether natural processes will provide adequate clean-up. Included are recommendations for regulatory change. The committee emphasizes the importance of the public's belief and attitudes toward remediation and provides guidance on involving community stakeholders throughout the clean-up process. The book explores how contamination occurs, explaining concepts and terms, and includes case studies from the Hanford nuclear site, military bases, as well as other sites. It provides historical background and important data on clean-up processes and goes on to offer critical reviews of 14 published protocols for evaluating natural attenuation.