Prosopis Juliflora Book

Prosopis Juliflora


  • Author : Pratiksha Patnaik
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 0128198249

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Prosopis Juliflora Excerpt :

Prosopis (Prosopis juliflora) is a xerophyte which, in its native habitats has been a desert plant. As long as it was confined to that habitat, P. juliflora was a great resource, improving the region's micrometeorology, binding its sandy soil, and providing shelter, fuel, feed, food, medicines, and cosmetics to the people of such regions. In particular, for the economically weaker inhabitants, P.juliflora was a lifeline. But when P. juliflora was indiscriminately introduced in other regions of the world in a hope to derive similar benefits from it, things began to go awry. Indeed, among the invasive species of plants which are spreading at an alarming rate in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, P.juliflora is arguably the most hardy and resilient. It is growing so explosively that it even enters roads and homes, driving humans out of their dwellings. The resulting damage to biodiversity is enormous. This book highlights the dual role played so far by P. juliflora and itemizes the facets that make it a blessing in some contexts and a bane in other contexts. Authored by leading experts in the field, Prosopis juliflora: Attributes, Impact, Utilization is the first title of its kind to comprehensively discuss this hardy plant species. It will be an essential read for students, researchers and governmental agencies interested in plant biology, forestry, plant ecology, invasive plant species and environmental science. Summarizes all the key information available on P. juliflora, from its origin and systematics to its future prospects Discusses colonization, utilization and eradication Authored by leading experts in the field with over 40 years of experience

Impact of Science on African Agriculture and Food Security Book

Impact of Science on African Agriculture and Food Security


  • Author : P. Anandajayasekeram
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845932688

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Impact of Science on African Agriculture and Food Security Excerpt :

The need for agricultural research resources in the developing world cannot be underestimated, but the availability of such resources is often poor due to lack of funding and investment. In order for Africa and other such developing countries to achieve productivity in agriculture - vital to food security, poverty reduction and sustainable management of natural resources - investment and policy development needs to be assessed. This book, a joint effort from IFPRI, ILRI and the Kellogg Foundation, explores the importance of impact assessment studies in Africa, and assembles important evidence to pave the way for further, much needed investment in agricultural research all over the developing world.

Assessment on the Invasion Rate of Prosopis juliflora  The Case of Amibara District  Afar Regional State  Ethiopia Book

Assessment on the Invasion Rate of Prosopis juliflora The Case of Amibara District Afar Regional State Ethiopia


  • Author : Addisu Melkie
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2021-03-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN 10 : 9783346367037

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Assessment on the Invasion Rate of Prosopis juliflora The Case of Amibara District Afar Regional State Ethiopia Excerpt :

Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Biology - Ecology, Mekelle University, language: English, abstract: P. juliflora is a powerful invader equipped with a number of special features that promote its rapid invasion of new areas. This invasive species is currently becoming a problematic weed in Ethiopia, especially in Afar Regional State. The objective of the study was to analyse the invasion rate of P. juliflora through detection LULUC using multi-temporal Landsat imagery data obtained in 1973, 1987, 1999 and 2004. A field survey was conducted to analyse impacts of invasion, to identify management techniques which reduce the invasion and re-invasion of P. juliflora and to fill the information gap that arise from the imagery analysis. This study then reveals, over the period of 31 years, LULCC in relation to P. juliflora invasion was changed significantly. The annual invasion rate of P. juliflora during 1973-1987,1987-1999 and 1999-2004 was 5.61 km2/annum, 0.80 km2/annum and 3.95 km2/annum respectively. The average annual invasion rate was 3.45km2/annum. This study also indicated that, 121.66 km2 (23.04%), 128.56 square kilometres (24.35%),145.81 square kilometres (27.62%) and 163.064 square kilometres (30.89%) of the study area would be under P. juliflora by the year 2008, 2010, 2015 and 2020 respectively, if proper controlling measures are not taken without delay. Invasion of P. juliflora causes loss of biodiversity and ecological service, affect livelihood of the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist, crop production and human health. If properly managed it shows positive implication on the soil amelioration, micro-climate and income generation for charcoal makers. But the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist call for its eradication because under the current management system the disadvantages outweigh the advantages. Management techniques explored was clearing and digging out of the root system below 10-30 cm from the ground, seedling uprooting with continuo

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 52 Book

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 52


  • Author : Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-08-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030732455

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Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 52 Excerpt :

This book presents advanced knowledge and techniques to improve food quality, such as organic farming, fertilization using waste, reducing arsenic in food, soil restoration, forage production in arid regions and weed control. Agriculture is actually facing two major challenges, feeding an ever-growing population and providing safe food in the context of pollution, climate change and the future circular economy.

Prosopis Book

Prosopis


  • Author : Ronan Batista
  • Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN 10 : 1536196363

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Prosopis Excerpt :

"Prosopis is an intriguing genus of flowering plants found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas, Africa and Asia. Although some invasive Prosopis species cause economic and environmental damage, others offer a wide range of benefits, including the use of some Prosopis species for human and animal food which has provided valuable resources for some of the poorest communities. This seven chapter book is based around a discussion of experts' points-of-views and aims at updating scientific advances on the Prosopis species around important themes such as ecosystems, pollution, public health, veterinary medicine, greenhouse effects, feed additives, neurotoxicity, cancer and allergies. Reading the chapters will help the reader become more aware of the growing relevance, importance and impact of Prosopis species worldwide and it certainly will surprise and instigate the reader to seek an even more awakened look at the most different possibilities for applying Prosopis species in new strategies and technologies for a better world"--

Use of Trees by Livestock Book

Use of Trees by Livestock


  • Author : N. J. L. Clinch
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Acacia
  • Pages : 17
  • ISBN 10 : WISC:89050696483

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Use of Trees by Livestock Excerpt :

Prosopis includes species that are extensively used, or have great potential in arid and semi-arid regions for a multitude of purposes. There are, however, constraints to their inclusion in agroforestry systems. While the fruits are valuable feeds for man and his livestock, anti-nutritive factors, particularly the presence of tannins and alkaloids,have been reported and some species have the potential to become noxious weeds. Nevertheless, remarkable tolerance of heat, drought and soil salinity, the ability to recover from severe defoliation and a wide range of uses are attributes that place the genus amongst the most promising plants for reafforestation and development of harsh, tropical regions.

Invasive Alien Plants Book

Invasive Alien Plants


  • Author : J. R. Bhatt
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845939076

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Invasive Alien Plants Excerpt :

Invasive alien species are a major threat to biodiversity and ecosystems throughout the world. In India, a country with four of the world's most important 'biodiversity hotspots', the invasion of alien plants means risking a national ecological disaster with major social and economic consequences. Currently, there is insufficient information about invasive alien plants; their distribution, rate of spread and adaptability to new environments. This book reveals existing and potential invaders, evaluates the level of risk they pose to native species and suggests steps to manage spread and limit damage. Invaluable to policy-makers, this book is also required reading for researchers of invasive plants worldwide.

Networks of Invasion  A Synthesis of Concepts Book

Networks of Invasion A Synthesis of Concepts


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128043318

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Networks of Invasion A Synthesis of Concepts Excerpt :

Networks of Invasion bridges a conceptual gap between ecological network studies and invasion biology studies. This book contains chapters detailing pressing concerns regarding invasive species in food webs, but also extends the idea of networks of invasion to other systems, such as mutualistic networks or even the human microbiome. Chapters describe the tools, models, and empirical methods adapted for tackling invasions in ecological networks. Contains chapters detailing pressing concerns regarding invasive species in food webs Deals with topical and important reviews on the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals

Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics Book

Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics


  • Author : Pedro A. Sanchez
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-31
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 661
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107176058

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Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics Excerpt :

Long-awaited second edition of classic textbook, brought completely up to date, for courses on tropical soils, and reference for scientists and professionals.

Rangeland Systems Book

Rangeland Systems


  • Author : David D. Briske
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-04-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 661
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319467092

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Rangeland Systems Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.

Envisioning Landscapes  Making Worlds Book

Envisioning Landscapes Making Worlds


  • Author : Stephen Daniels
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-03-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136883545

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Envisioning Landscapes Making Worlds Excerpt :

The past decade has witnessed a remarkable resurgence in the intellectual interplay between geography and the humanities in both academic and public circles. The metaphors and concepts of geography now permeate literature, philosophy and the arts. Concepts such as space, place, landscape, mapping and territory have become pervasive as conceptual frameworks and core metaphors in recent publications by humanities scholars and well-known writers. Envisioning Landscapes, Making Worlds contains over twenty-five contributions from leading scholars who have engaged this vital intellectual project from various perspectives, both inside and outside of the field of geography. The book is divided into four sections representing different modes of examining the depth and complexity of human meaning invested in maps, attached to landscapes, and embedded in the spaces and places of modern life. The topics covered range widely and include interpretations of space, place, and landscape in literature and the visual arts, philosophical reflections on geographical knowledge, cultural imagination in scientific exploration and travel accounts, and expanded geographical understanding through digital and participatory methodologies. The clashing and blending of cultures caused by globalization and the new technologies that profoundly alter human environmental experience suggest new geographical narratives and representations that are explored here by a multidisciplinary group of authors. This book is essential reading for students, scholars, and interested general readers seeking to understand the new synergies and creative interplay emerging from this broad intellectual engagement with meaning and geographic experience.

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa Book

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa


  • Author : Washington Odongo Ochola
  • Publisher : IDRC
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN 10 : 9789966792099

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Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa Excerpt :

The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Dev