Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific Book

Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific


  • Author : Kai He
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-12-19
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 155
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415656214

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Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific Excerpt :

Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.

Power Politics in Asia   s Contested Waters Book

Power Politics in Asia s Contested Waters


  • Author : Enrico Fels
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-02-19
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319261522

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Power Politics in Asia s Contested Waters Excerpt :

This volume offers a comprehensive and empirically rich analysis of regional maritime disputes in the South China Sea (SCS). By discussing important aspects of the rise of China’s maritime power, such as territorial disputes, altered perceptions of geo-politics and challenges to the US-led regional order, the authors demonstrate that a regional power shift is taking place in Asia-Pacific. The volume also provides in-depth discussions of the responses to Chinese actions by SCS claimants as well as by important non-claimant actors.

Chinese Scholars and Foreign Policy Book

Chinese Scholars and Foreign Policy


  • Author : Huiyun Feng
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-01-04
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429639067

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Chinese Scholars and Foreign Policy Excerpt :

How does China see the rest of the world? One way to answer this question is to look at the work of China’s scholars in the field of International Relations (IR). This leads to a second question – to what extent do Chinese IR scholars influence Beijing’s foreign policy and outlook? The contributors to this book seek to answer these key questions, drawing on their own first- and second-hand experiences of involvement in scholarly IR debates in China. Discussing fundamental aspects of China’s foreign policy such as China’s view of the international structure, soft power projection, maritime disputes, and the principle of non-interference, this book provides insights into the hinterland of Chinese foreign policy-making. It is an invaluable reference for global IR scholars, especially those with a direct interest in understanding and predicting China’s actions and reactions on a range of international issues.

How China Sees the World Book

How China Sees the World


  • Author : Huiyun Feng
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-15
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811504822

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How China Sees the World Excerpt :

This book intends to make sense of how Chinese leaders perceive China’s rise in the world through the eyes of China’s international relations (IR) scholars. Drawing on a unique, four-year opinion survey of these scholars at the annual conference of the Chinese Community of Political Science and International Studies (CCPSIS) in Beijing from 2014–2017, the authors examine Chinese IR scholars’ perceptions of and views on key issues related to China’s power, its relationship with the United States and other major countries, and China’s position in the international system and track their changes over time. Furthermore, the authors complement the surveys with a textual analysis of the academic publications in China’s top five IR journals. By comparing and contrasting the opinion surveys and textual analyses, this book sheds new light on how Chinese IR scholars view the world as well as how they might influence China’s foreign policy.

US China Competition and the South China Sea Disputes Book

US China Competition and the South China Sea Disputes


  • Author : Huiyun Feng
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-05-11
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351214285

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US China Competition and the South China Sea Disputes Excerpt :

Traditionally, the South China Sea (SCS) issue was not on the negotiation table between the United States and China. However, the tensions between the United States and China over the SCS have gradually simmered up to a strategic level. Why and how did the SCS become a flashpoint between the United States and China? Will the United States and China really go to war over the SCS? Why did China adopt an "assertive" policy towards the South China Sea in the 2000s? What will regional actors do in the face of this "new normal" of competition between China and the United States? Will multilateral institutions in the Asia Pacific alleviate the potential conflicts over the SCS disputes? How will US-Chinese competition in the SCS shape the dynamics of Asian security? This edited book addresses these questions systematically and theoretically, with contributions from leading scholars in the field of US-China relations and Asian security from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Singapore. It elevates the analysis of the SCS disputes from maritime and legal issues to the strategic level between the United States and China.

Operational Code Analysis and Foreign Policy Roles Book

Operational Code Analysis and Foreign Policy Roles


  • Author : Mark Schafer
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-03-02
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000348439

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Operational Code Analysis and Foreign Policy Roles Excerpt :

In this book, senior scholars and a new generation of analysts present different applications of recent advances linking beliefs and decision-making, in the area of foreign policy analysis with strategic interactions in world politics. Divided into five parts, Part 1 identifies how the beliefs in the cognitive operational codes of individual leaders explain the political decisions of states. In Part 2, five chapters illustrate progress in comparing the operational codes of individual leaders, including Vladimir Putin of Russia, three US presidents, Bolivian president Evo Morales, Sri Lanka’s President Chandrika Kumaratunga, and various leaders of terrorist organizations operating in the Middle East and North Africa. Part 3 introduces a new Psychological Characteristics of Leaders (PsyCL) data set containing the operational codes of US presidents from the early 1800s to the present. In Part 4, the focus is on strategic interactions among dyads and evolutionary patterns among states in different regional and world systems. Part 5 revisits whether the contents of the preceding chapters support the claims about the links between beliefs and foreign policy roles in world politics. Richly illustrated and with comprehensive analysis Operational Code Analysis and Foreign Policy Roles will be of interest to specialists in foreign policy analysis, international relations theorists, graduate students, and national security analysts in the policy-making and intelligence communities.

Security Relations between China and the European Union Book

Security Relations between China and the European Union


  • Author : Emil J. Kirchner
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-29
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107149038

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Security Relations between China and the European Union Excerpt :

This book explores EU-China security cooperation across a range of key issues.

China   s Challenges and International Order Transition Book

China s Challenges and International Order Transition


  • Author : Huiyun Feng
  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02-19
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN 10 : 9780472131761

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China s Challenges and International Order Transition Excerpt :

China’s Challenges and International Order Transition introduces an integrated conceptual framework of “international order” categorized by three levels (power, rules, and norms) and three issue-areas (security, political, and economic). Each contributor engages one or more of these analytical dimensions to examine two questions: (1) Has China already challenged this dimension of international order? (2) How will China challenge this dimension of international order in the future? The contested views and perspectives in this volume suggest it is too simple to assume an inevitable conflict between China and the outside world. With different strategies to challenge or reform the many dimensions of international order, China’s role is not a one-way street. It is an interactive process in which the world may change China as much as China may change the world. The aim of the book is to broaden the debate beyond the “Thucydides Trap” perspective currently popular in the West. Rather than offering a single argument, this volume offers a platform for scholars, especially Chinese scholars vs. Western scholars, to exchange and debate their different views and perspectives on China and the potential transition of international order.

Chinese  Taiwan  Yearbook of International Law and Affairs  Volume 31  2013  Book

Chinese Taiwan Yearbook of International Law and Affairs Volume 31 2013


  • Author : Ying-jeou Ma
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2015-10-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004306509

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Chinese Taiwan Yearbook of International Law and Affairs Volume 31 2013 Excerpt :

The Chinese (Taiwan) Yearbook of International Law and Affairs includes articles and international law materials relating to the Asia-Pacific and Taiwan.

Contesting Revisionism Book

Contesting Revisionism


  • Author : Steve Chan
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-18
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN 10 : 9780197580325

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Contesting Revisionism Excerpt :

How can we know a country, such as the United States or China, is revisionist, that is, whether it intends to upset the international order? What motivates states to act the way they do? Contesting Revisionism focuses on a particular kind of motivation inclining a state to challenge the existing norms, rules, and institutions of international order: revisionism. The authors offer a critique of the existing discourse on revisionism and investigate the origin and evolution of the foreign policy orientations of revisionist states in the past. Furthermore, they introduce an ensemble of indicators to discern and compare the extent of revisionist tendencies on the part of contemporary China and the United States. Questioning the facile assumption that past episodes will repeat in the future, they argue that "hard" revisionism relying on war and conquest is less viable and likely in today's world. Instead, "soft" revisionism seeking to promote institutional change is more relevant and likely. Focusing on contemporary Sino-American relations, they conclude that much of the current discourse based on power transition theory is problematic. A dominant power is not inevitably committed to the defense of international order, nor does a rising power always have a revisionist agenda to challenge this order. The transformation of international order does not necessarily require a power transition between China and the US., nor does a possible power transition necessarily augur war. After developing the concept of revisionism both theoretically and empirically, they conclude with a series of policy recommendations for enhancing international stability and diminishing tension in Sino-American relations.

Contested Multilateralism 2 0 and Asian Security Dynamics Book

Contested Multilateralism 2 0 and Asian Security Dynamics


  • Author : Kai He
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-04-28
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000060768

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Contested Multilateralism 2 0 and Asian Security Dynamics Excerpt :

In the 1990s there was a wave of multilateralism in the Asia Pacific, led primarily by ASEAN. Since the Global Financial Crisis of 2008, however, many non-ASEAN states have attempted to seize the initiative, including the USA, Japan, China, South Korea, and Australia. Kai He and his contributors debate the reasons for this contested multilateralism and the impacts it will have on the region’s security and political challenges. Will the "Indo-Pacific turn" be a blessing or a curse for regional stability and prosperity? Using a diverse range of theoretical and empirical perspectives, these leading scholars contribute views on this question and on the diverse strategies of the great and middle powers in the region. This collection will be of great interest to scholars and students of international relations in the Asia Pacific and of great value to policy makers in the region and beyond.

China s International Roles Book

China s International Roles


  • Author : Sebastian Harnisch
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-07-16
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317434108

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China s International Roles Excerpt :

This collection examines changes in China’s international role over the past century. Tracing the links between domestic and external expectations in the PRC’s role conception and preferred engagement patterns in world politics, the work provides a systematic account of changes in China’s role and the mechanisms of role taking. Individual chapters address the impact of China’s history and identity on its bilateral role taking patterns with the United States, Japan, Africa, the Europe Union, and Socialist States as well as China’s role in international institutions, the G-20, and East Asia’s Financial Order. Each of the empirical chapters is written to a common template exploring the role of historical self-identification, altercasting and domestic role contestation in shaping the PRC’s role. The volume provides an analytically coherent framework evaluating whether cooperation or conflict in China’s international engagement is likely to increase, and if so, the extent to which this will follow from incompatible domestic demands and external expectations. By combining a theoretical framework with strong comparative case studies, this volume contributes to the ongoing debate on China’s rise and integration into the international society and provides sound conclusions about the prospects for a transition of China’s purpose in world politics.

Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Japan Book

Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Japan


  • Author : Hiroko Takeda
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-09-21
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134830015

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Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Japan Excerpt :

The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Japan presents a synthesized, interdisciplinary study of contemporary Japan based on up-to-date theoretical models designed to provide readers with a comprehensive and full understanding of the dynamics of contemporary Japan. In order to achieve this, the Handbook is organized into two parts. Part I, ‘Foundations’, clarifies the state of contemporary Japan topic by topic by referring to the latest theoretical developments in the relevant disciplinary fields of politics, international relations, economy, society, culture and the personal. Part II, ‘Issues’, then offers a series of concrete analyses building upon the theoretical discussions introduced in Part I to help undergraduate and postgraduate students learn how to conduct independent analysis. Locating Japan in a comparative and interdisciplinary perspective, this Handbook is an essential resource for students and scholars interested in Japanese studies, Asian studies and global studies.

Global Media and Public Diplomacy in Sino Western Relations Book

Global Media and Public Diplomacy in Sino Western Relations


  • Author : Jia Gao
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-07-22
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317127635

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Global Media and Public Diplomacy in Sino Western Relations Excerpt :

Many researchers and China observers would agree that understanding how China pursues global communication is critical for assessing its growing soft power. While soft power as a concept has, in many ways, become almost inextricably linked with the PRC's (People's Republic of China) international diplomacy of the twenty-first century, the specific role of global media within soft power diplomacy and the corresponding influence of Western mediated public diplomacy within China is a lacuna that has remained largely unexplored. Moreover, the different Chinese and Western perspectives on the influence of global media and public diplomacy on Sino-Western relations, and the changing role of global media on this crucial aspect of international politics, have not yet been critically examined. This volume presents a broad social science audience with recent innovative scholarship and research findings on global media and public diplomacy concerning Sino-Western relations. It focuses on the implicit nexus between global media and public diplomacy, and their actual utilisation in and impact on the shifting relationships between China and the West. Special attention is given to the changing nature of globalised media in both China and Western nations, and how globalised media is influencing, shaping and changing international politics. The contributions delve deeply into both theory and practice, and focus especially upon the analysis of several key aspects of the issue from both Chinese and Western perspectives. This combination of approaches distinguishes the volume from most other published works on the topic, and greatly enriches our knowledge base in this important contemporary field.

NATO s Return to Europe Book

NATO s Return to Europe


  • Author : Rebecca R. Moore
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-11
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9781626164895

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NATO s Return to Europe Excerpt :

NATO’s 2010 Strategic Concept officially broadened the alliance’s mission beyond collective defense, reflecting a peaceful Europe and changes in alliance activities. NATO had become an international security facilitator, a crisis-manager even outside Europe, and a liberal democratic club as much as a mutual-defense organization. However, Russia’s re-entry into great power politics has changed NATO’s strategic calculus. Russia’s aggressive annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its ongoing military support for Ukrainian separatists dramatically altered the strategic environment and called into question the liberal European security order. States bordering Russia, many of which are now NATO members, are worried, and the alliance is divided over assessments of Russia’s behavior. Against the backdrop of Russia’s new assertiveness, an international group of scholars examines a broad range of issues in the interest of not only explaining recent alliance developments but also making recommendations about critical choices confronting the NATO allies. While a renewed emphasis on collective defense is clearly a priority, this volume’s contributors caution against an overcorrection, which would leave the alliance too inwardly focused, play into Russia’s hand, and exacerbate regional fault lines always just below the surface at NATO. This volume places rapid-fire events in theoretical perspective and will be useful to foreign policy students, scholars, and practitioners alike.