Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : Zhigang Qi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466513709

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Clean energy technologies are poised to play an important role in overcoming fossil fuel exhaustion and global pollution. Among these technologies, electrochemical energy storage and conversion are considered to be the most feasible, sustainable, and environmentally friendly. Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are prime examples of electrochemical energy conversion technologies in action. Believed to be ideal sources of clean power, PEM fuel cells are replacing internal combustion and diesel engines in vehicles, as well as Pb-acid batteries and diesel generators in the emergency backup of telecommunications base stations and computer centers. Written by an industry-leading scientist, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells explains the theoretical foundations of PEM fuel cells in relation to practical design and operation to not only help beginners grasp the essentials, but also guide industry professionals in tackling technical challenges. Useful to scientists, researchers, students, academics, and practicing engineers, the book covers the fundamentals, materials, components, modules, system architecture, applications, and current developmental status; offers real-world examples; and provides insight into advancing this sustainable clean technology.

Pem Fuel Cells Book
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Pem Fuel Cells


  • Author : Frano Barbir
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123877109

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Pem Fuel Cells Excerpt :

This new edition of Dr. Barbir's groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed."--pub. desc.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : Alhussein Albarbar
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-11-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319707273

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

This book examines the characteristics of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells with a focus on deriving realistic finite element models. The book also explains in detail how to set up measuring systems, data analysis, and PEM Fuel Cells’ static and dynamic characteristics. Covered in detail are design and operation principles such as polarization phenomenon, thermodynamic analysis, and overall voltage; failure modes and mechanisms such as permanent faults, membrane degradation, and water management; and modelling and numerical simulation including semi-empirical, one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional models. It is appropriate for graduate students, researchers, and engineers who work with the design and reliability of hydrogen fuel cells, in particular proton exchange membrane fuel cells.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : David P. Wilkinson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-11-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 1439806667

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

A Detailed, Up-to-Date Treatment of Key Developments in PEMFC Materials The potential to revolutionize the way we power our world Because of its lower temperature and special polymer electrolyte membrane, the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is well-suited for transportation, portable, and micro fuel cell applications. But the performance of these fuel cells critically depends on the materials used for the various cell components. Durability, water management, and reducing catalyst poisoning are important factors when selecting PEMFC materials. Written by international PEMFC scientists and engineers from top-level organizations, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Materials Properties and Performance provides a single resource of information for understanding how to select and develop materials for improved PEMFC performance. The book focuses on the major components of the fuel cell unit, along with design and modeling aspects. It covers catalysts and catalyst layers, before discussing the key components of membranes, diffusion layers, and bipolar plates. The book also explores materials modeling for the PEMFC. This volume assesses the current status of PEMFC fuel cell technology, research and development directions, and the scientific and engineering challenges facing the fuel cell community. It demonstrates how the production of a commercially viable PEMFC requires a compromise of materials with adequate properties, design interaction, and manufacturability.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : Hui Li
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 1439806799

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Large-scale commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology has been hindered by issues of reliability, durability, and cost, which are all related to the degradation of fuel cell performance. This degradation often has root causes in contamination from fuel, air streams, or system components. With contributions from international scientists and engineers active in PEMFC research, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Contamination and Mitigation Strategies discusses the impacts of contamination and the contamination mitigation strategies to improve fuel cell performance and durability. The book covers the nature, sources, and electrochemistry of contaminants; their effects on fuel cell performance and lifetime; and the mechanisms of contamination. Exploring the major findings from experimental and theoretical studies in contamination-related research, the expert contributors present methods and tools used for diagnosing various contamination phenomena, along with strategies for mitigating the adverse effects of contamination. They also describe key issues in the future R&D of fuel cell contamination and control. Helping to facilitate pioneering PEMFC R&D and accelerate sustainable commercialization, this book contains the latest research efforts and novel developments as well as important new directions in PEMFC contamination. It offers a comprehensive overview of nearly every aspect of fuel cell contamination, from fundamentals to applications.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling


  • Author : Fengge Gao
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-02-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118566374

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling Excerpt :

The fuel cell is a potential candidate for energy storage andconversion in our future energy mix. It is able to directly convertthe chemical energy stored in fuel (e.g. hydrogen) intoelectricity, without undergoing different intermediary conversionsteps. In the field of mobile and stationary applications, it isconsidered to be one of the future energy solutions. Among the different fuel cell types, the proton exchange membrane(PEM) fuel cell has shown great potential in mobile applications,due to its low operating temperature, solid-state electrolyte andcompactness. This book presents a detailed state of art of PEM fuel cellmodeling, with very detailed physical phenomena equations indifferent physical domains. Examples and a fully coupledmulti-physical 1.2 kW PEMFC model are given help the reader betterunderstand how to use the equations.

PEM Fuel Cells Book

PEM Fuel Cells


  • Author : Gurbinder Kaur
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-11-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128237090

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PEM Fuel Cells Excerpt :

PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Advanced Technologies, and Practical Application provides a comprehensive introduction to the principles of PEM fuel cell, their working condition and application, and the latest breakthroughs and challenges for fuel cell technology. Each chapter follows a systematic and consistent structure with clear illustrations and diagrams for easy understanding. The opening chapters address the basics of PEM technology; stacking and membrane electrode assembly for PEM, degradation mechanisms of electrocatalysts, platinum dissolution and redeposition, carbon-support corrosion, bipolar plates and carbon nanotubes for the PEM, and gas diffusion layers. Thermodynamics, operating conditions, and electrochemistry address fuel cell efficiency and the fundamental workings of the PEM. Instruments and techniques for testing and diagnosis are then presented alongside practical tests. Dedicated chapters explain how to use MATLAB and COMSOL to conduct simulation and modeling of catalysts, gas diffusion layers, assembly, and membrane. Degradation and failure modes are discussed in detail, providing strategies and protocols for mitigation. High-temperature PEMs are also examined, as are the fundamentals of EIS. Critically, the environmental impact and life cycle of the production and storage of hydrogen are addressed, as are the risk and durability issues of PEMFC technology. Dedicated chapters are presented on the economics and commercialization of PEMFCs, including discussion of installation costs, initial capital costs, and the regulatory frameworks; apart from this, there is a separate chapter on their application to the automotive industry. Finally, future challenges and applications are considered. PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Advanced Technologies, and Practical Application provides an in-depth and comprehensive reference on every aspect of PEM fuel cells fundamentals, ideal for researchers, graduates, and students. Presents the fundamentals of PEM fuel

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell


  • Author : Tolga Taner
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-05-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789230666

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Excerpt :

The main idea of this study is to scrutinize the performance efficiency and enhancement of modelling and simulations of PEM fuel cell. Besides, the research of PEM fuel cell performance can figure out many critical issues for an alternative resource energy. The chapters collected in the book are contributions by invited researchers with a long-standing experience in different research areas. I hope that the material presented here is understandable to a wide audience, not only energy engineers but also scientists from various disciplines. The book contains nine chapters in three sections: (1) "General Information About PEM Fuel Cell", (2) "PEM Fuel Cell Technology" and (3) "Many Different Applications of PEM Fuel Cell". This book presents detailed and up-to-date evaluations in different areas and was written by academics with experience in their field. It is anticipated that this book will make a scientific contribution to PEM fuel cell and other alternative energy resource workers, researchers, academics, PhD students and other scientists both in the present and in the future.

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : Kui Jiao
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323911160

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Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells introduces the main research methods and latest advances in the water and thermal management of PEMFCs. The book introduces the transport mechanism of each component, including modeling methods at different scales, along with practical exercises. Topics include PEMFC fundamentals, working principles and transport mechanisms, characterization tests and diagnostic analysis, the simulation of multiphase transport and electrode kinetics, cell-scale modeling, stack-scale modeling, and system-scale modeling. This volume offers a practical handbook for researchers, students and engineers in the fields of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are high-efficiency and low-emission electrochemical energy conversion devices. Inside the PEMFC complex, physical and chemical processes take place, such as electrochemical reaction, multiphase flow and heat transfer. This book explores these topics, and more. Introduces the transport mechanism for each component of PEMFCs Presents modeling methods at different scales, including component, cell, stack and system scales Provides exercises in PEMFC modeling, along with examples of necessary codes Covers the latest advances in PEMFCs in a convenient and structured manner Offers a solution to researchers, students and engineers working on proton exchange membrane fuel cells

PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis Book

PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis


  • Author : Jiujun Zhang
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-01-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444536891

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PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis Excerpt :

PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis covers the recent advances in PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cell systems, focusing on instruments and techniques for testing and diagnosis, and the application of diagnostic techniques in practical tests and operation. This book is a unique source of electrochemical techniques for researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of fuel cells. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells are currently considered the most promising clean energy-converting devices for stationary, transportation, and micro-power applications due to their high energy density, high efficiency, and environmental friendliness. To advance research and development of this emerging technology, testing and diagnosis are an essential combined step. This book aids those efforts, addressing effects of humidity, temperature and pressure on fuel cells, degradation and failure analysis, and design and assembly of MEAs, single cells and stacks. Provides fundamental and theoretical principles for PEM fuel cell testing and diagnosis. Comprehensive source for selecting techniques, experimental designs and data analysis Analyzes PEM fuel cell degradation and failure mechanisms, and suggests failure mitigation strategies Provides principles for selecting PEM fuel cell key materials to improve durability

Advances In Hydrogen Generation Technologies Book

Advances In Hydrogen Generation Technologies


  • Author : Murat Eyvaz
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-08-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789235340

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Advances In Hydrogen Generation Technologies Excerpt :

Among energy sources, hydrogen gas is clean and renewable and has the potential to solve the growing energy crisis in today's society because of its high-energy density and noncarbon fuel properties. It is also used for many potential applications in nonpolluting vehicles, fuel cells, home heating systems, and aircraft. In addition, using hydrogen as an energy carrier is a long-term option to reduce carbon dioxide emissions worldwide by obtaining high-value hydrocarbons through the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide. This book presents the recent progresses and developments in water-splitting processes as well as other hydrogen generation technologies with challenges and future perspectives from the point of energy sustainability.

Electrical Systems 2 Book

Electrical Systems 2


  • Author : Abdenour Soualhi
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-04-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119720577

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Electrical Systems 2 Excerpt :

Methods of diagnosis and prognosis play a key role in the reliability and safety of industrial systems. Failure diagnosis requires the use of suitable sensors, which provide signals that are processed to monitor features (health indicators) for defects. These features are required to distinguish between operating states, in order to inform the operator of the severity level, or even the type, of a failure. Prognosis is defined as the estimation of a system's lifespan, including how long remains and how long has passed. It also encompasses the prediction of impending failures. This is a challenge that many researchers are currently trying to address. Electrical Systems, a book in two volumes, informs readers of the theoretical solutions to this problem, and the results obtained in several laboratories in France, Spain and further afield. To this end, many researchers from the scientific community have contributed to this book to share their research results.

PEM Fuel Cells Book

PEM Fuel Cells


  • Author : Yun Wang
  • Publisher : Momentum Press
  • Release Date : 2013-04-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN 10 : 9781606502471

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PEM Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells convert chemical energy in hydrogen into electrical energy with water as the only by-product. Thus, PEM fuel cells hold great promise to reduce both pollutant emissions and dependency on fossil fuels, especially for transportation—passenger cars, utility vehicles, and buses—and small-scale stationary and portable power generators. But one of the greatest challenges to realizing the high efficiency and zero emissions potential of PEM fuel cells technology is heat and water management. This book provides an introduction to the essential concepts for effective thermal and water management in PEM fuel cells and an assessment on the current status of fundamental research in this field. The book offers you: • An overview of current energy and environmental challenges and their imperatives for the development of renewable energy resources, including discussion of the role of PEM fuel cells in addressing these issues; • Reviews of basic principles pertaining to PEM fuel cells, including thermodynamics, electrochemical reaction kinetics, flow, heat and mass transfer; and • Descriptions and discussions of water transport and management within a PEM fuel cell, including vapor- and liquid-phase water removal from the electrodes, the effects of two-phase flow, and solid water or ice dynamics and removal, particularly the specialized case of starting a PEM fuel cell at sub-freezing temperatures (cold start) and the various processes related to ice formation.

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells Book

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells


  • Author : Javaid Zaidi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-07-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387735320

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Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells Excerpt :

From the late-1960’s, perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSAs) ionomers have dominated the PEM fuel cell industry as the membrane material of choice. The “gold standard’ amongst the many variations that exist today has been, and to a great extent still is, DuPont’s Nafion® family of materials. However, there is significant concern in the industry that these materials will not meet the cost, performance, and durability requirementsnecessary to drive commercialization in key market segments – es- cially automotive. Indeed, Honda has already put fuel cell vehicles in the hands of real end users that have home-grown fuel cell stack technology incorporating hydrocarbon-based ionomers. “Polymer Membranes in Fuel Cells” takes an in-depth look at the new chem- tries and membrane technologies that have been developed over the years to address the concerns associated with the materials currently in use. Unlike the PFSAs, which were originally developed for the chlor-alkali industry, the more recent hydrocarbon and composite materials have been developed to meet the specific requirements of PEM Fuel Cells. Having said this, most of the work has been based on derivatives of known polymers, such as poly(ether-ether ketones), to ensure that the critical requirement of low cost is met. More aggressive operational requi- ments have also spurred the development on new materials; for example, the need for operation at higher temperature under low relative humidity has spawned the creation of a plethora of new polymers with potential application in PEM Fuel Cells.

Fuel Cell Engineering Book

Fuel Cell Engineering


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-08-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123868756

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Fuel Cell Engineering Excerpt :

Fuel cells are attractive electrochemical energy converters featuring potentially very high thermodynamic efficiency factors. The focus of this volume of Advances in Chemical Engineering is on quantitative approaches, particularly based on chemical engineering principles, to analyze, control and optimize the steady state and dynamic behavior of low and high temperature fuel cells (PEMFC, DMFC, SOFC) to be applied in mobile and stationary systems. Updates and informs the reader on the latest research findings using original reviews Written by leading industry experts and scholars Reviews and analyzes developments in the field