PVC Degradation and Stabilization Book

PVC Degradation and Stabilization


  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-03-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9781927885000

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PVC Degradation and Stabilization Excerpt :

PVC stabilization, the most important aspect of formulation and performance of this polymer, is discussed in details. This book contains all information required to design successful stabilization formula for any product made out of PVC. Separate chapters review information on chemical structure, PVC manufacturing technology, morphology, degradation by thermal energy, UV, gamma, other forms of radiation, mechanodegradation, and chemical degradation. The chapter on analytical methods used in studying of degradative and stabilization processes helps in establishing system of checking results of stabilization with different stabilizing systems. Stabilization and stabilizers are discussed in full detail in the most important chapter of this book. The final chapter contains information on the effects of PVC and its additives on health, safety and environment. This book contains analysis of all essential papers and patents published until recently on the above subject. It either locates the answers to relevant questions and offers solutions or gives references in which such answers can be found. PVC Degradation and Stabilization is must to have for chemists, engineers, scientists, university teachers and students, designers, material scientists, environmental chemists, and lawyers who work with polyvinyl chloride and its additives or have any interest in these products. This book is the one authoritative source on the subject. A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with PVC Covers thermal, UV, gamma radiation, chemical, and other forms of degradation Includes a critical discussion of the sustainability issues faced by PVC and its additives, as well as health and safety concerns

PVC Degradation and Stabilization Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

PVC Degradation and Stabilization


  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
  • Release Date : 2008-05-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9781895198393

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PVC Degradation and Stabilization Excerpt :

With the global renewal of interest in PVC, this comprehensive book is well timed. Considering that PVC stabilization is the most important part of its formulation and performance, only four books have ever been published on this subject, and none since the 1980s. This book contains information on: chemical structure; PVC manufacturing technology; morphology; degradation by thermal energy and UV, gamma, and other forms of radiation; mechanodegradation; chemical degradation; analytic methods used in studying degradative and stabilization processes; stabilization; and the effect of PVC and its additives on health, safety, and environment. This is the one authoritative source on this subject.

PVC Degradation and Stabilization Book

PVC Degradation and Stabilization


  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-03-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9781927885611

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PVC Degradation and Stabilization Excerpt :

PVC Degradation and Stabilization, Fourth Edition, includes new developments in PVC production, new stabilization methods and mechanisms, new approaches to plasticization, methods of waste reprocessing, accelerated degradation due to electric breakdown, and much more. The book contains all the information necessary for the successful design of stabilization formulas in any PVC-based product. Other topics covered include degradation by thermal energy, UV, gamma and other forms of radiation, chemical degradation, and more. Analytical methods for studying degradative and stabilization processes aid readers in establishing a system for verifying results of stabilization with different stabilizing systems. Many new topics included in this edition are of particular interest today. These comprise new developments in PVC production yielding range of new grades, new stabilization methods and mechanisms (e.g. synergistic mixtures containing hydrotalcites and their synthetic equivalents, beta-diketones, functionalized fillers, Shiff bases), new approaches to plasticization, methods of waste reprocessing (life cycle assessment, reformulation, biodegradable materials, and energy recovery), accelerated degradation due to electric breakdown, and many more Revised to include cutting-edge research, patent updates and other information required to design successful stabilization in PVC-based products Covers chemical structure, PVC manufacturing technology, morphology, degradation by thermal energy, mechanodegradation, and more Includes a chapter on the analytical methods used in studying degradative and stabilization processes Discusses information on the effects of PVC and its additives on health, safety and the environment

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization Book

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization


  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher : Chemtec Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-03-13
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9781927885574

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Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization Excerpt :

This book contains completely updated version of previous edition with the most recent literature and patents. It has 12 chapters, each discussing different aspect of UV related phenomena occurring when materials are exposed to UV radiation.

Degradation and Stabilisation of PVC Book

Degradation and Stabilisation of PVC


  • Author : J. Owen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400956186

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Degradation and Stabilisation of PVC Excerpt :

Polyvinyl chloride has played a key role in the development of the plastics industry over the past 40 years and continues to be a polymer of major importance. The reasons for its enormous versatility and range of application derive from a combination of the basic structure which gives rise to a relatively tough and rigid material and its ability to accept a range of plasticisers and other additives which can modify its physical characteristics to produce a range of flexible products. Two major problems, however, have tested the skill and ingenuity of PVC technologists since earliest times. One is the thermal instability of the material at the temperatures required for melt processing and fabrication, and the second is the photochemical instability which until recently has limited the potentially large range of outdoor applications. Both problems have been handled in a commercially satisfactory way by the gradual development of a range of stabilisers, lubricants and other processing aids and the high quality material which has resulted has led to massive utilisation of PVC by industry. Totally adequate stabilisation requires a detailed understanding of the mechanisms by which degradation processes are initiated and propagated. Although great advances have been made in this respect in recent years the problem remains incompletely understood. This book presents an account of the present position and the problems which remain to be solved.

PVC Formulary Book

PVC Formulary


  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-04-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9781927885635

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PVC Formulary Excerpt :

PVC Formulary, Third Edition, contains invaluable information for PVC manufacturers, processors and users. It discusses new product development and product engineering tools and the current state of the market for PVC products. This provides the reader with the critical data they need to formulate successful and durable products, and to evaluate formulations on the background of compositions used by others. Commercial types and grades, polymer forms, and physical-chemical properties of PVC are discussed in detail, with all essential information required for the decision-making process presented clearly to provide necessary data. The book contains over 600 formulations of products belonging to 23 categories that are derived from characteristic methods of production. A broad selection of formulations is used in each category to determine the essential components of formulations used in a particular method of processing, the most important parameters of successful products, troubleshooting information, and suggestions of further sources of information on the method of processing. The concept of this work and its companion book (PVC Degradation & Stabilization also published in 2020) is to provide the reader with complete information and data required to formulate successful and durable products and/or to evaluate formulations on the background of compositions used by others. Provides a comprehensive and data-rich guide to PVC and its additives, enabling easier and more effective material selection Includes over 600 formulations, along with methods of processing and troubleshooting information Presents critical data on physical properties, mechanical properties, health and safety, and environmental information for PVC and its products

Polymer Degradation and Stabilization Book

Polymer Degradation and Stabilization


  • Author : W. L. Hawkins
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1983-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105031982056

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Polymer Degradation and Stabilization Excerpt :

The development of polymers as an important class of material was inhibited at the first by the premature failure of these versatile compounds in many applications. The deterioration of important properties of both natural and synthetic polymers is the result of irreversible changes in composition and structure of polymers molecules. As a result of these reactions, mechanical, electrical and/or aesthetic properties are degraded beyond acceptable limits. It is now generally recognized that stabilization against degradation is necessary if the useful life of polymers is to be extended sufficiently to meet design requirements for long-term applications. Polymers degrade by a wide variety of mechanisms, several of which affect all polymers through to varying degree. This monograph will concentrate on those degradation mechanisms which result from reactions of polymers with oxygen in its various forms and which are accelerated by heat and/or radiation. Those stabilization mechanisms are discussed which are based on an understanding of degradation reaction mechanisms that are reasonably well established. The stabilization of polymers is still undergoing a transition from an art to a science as mechanisms of degradation become more fully developed. A scientific approach to stabilization can only be approached when there is an understanding of the reactions that lead to degradation. Stabilization against biodegradation and burning will not be discussed since there is not a clear understanding of how polymers degrade under these conditions.

Polymer Degradation and Stabilization Book

Polymer Degradation and Stabilization


  • Author : W. L. Hawkins
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642693762

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Polymer Degradation and Stabilization Excerpt :

The development of polymers as an important class of material was inhibited at the first by the premature failure of these versatile compounds in many applications. The deterioration of important properties of both natural and synthetic polymers is the result of irreversible changes in composition and structure of polymers molecules. As a result of these reactions, mechanical, electrical and/or aesthetic properties are degraded beyond acceptable limits. It is now generally recognized that stabilization against degradation is necessary if the useful life of polymers is to be extended sufficiently to meet design requirements for long-term applications. Polymers degrade by a wide variety of mechanisms, several of which affect all polymers through to varying degree. This monograph will concentrate on those degradation mechanisms which result from reactions of polymers with oxygen in its various forms and which are accelerated by heat and/or radiation. Those stabilization mechanisms are discussed which are based on an understanding of degradation reaction mechanisms that are reasonably well established. The stabilization of polymers is still undergoing a transition from an art to a science as mechanisms of degradation become more fully developed. A scientific approach to stabilization can only be approached when there is an understanding of the reactions that lead to degradation. Stabilization against biodegradation and burning will not be discussed since there is not a clear understanding of how polymers degrade under these conditions.

Focus on Natural and Synthetic Polymer Science Book

Focus on Natural and Synthetic Polymer Science


  • Author : Cornelia Vasile
  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN 10 : 1600211151

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Focus on Natural and Synthetic Polymer Science Excerpt :

Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminium, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibres, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry


  • Author : Stephen Z.D. Cheng
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2002-12-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 858
  • ISBN 10 : 008052740X

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Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry Excerpt :

As a new and exciting field of interdisciplinary macromolecular science and engineering, polymeric materials will have a profound presence in 21st century chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical, manufacturing, infrastructure, electronic, optical and information technologies. The origin of this field derived from an area of polymer science and engineering encompassing plastic technologies. The field is rapidly expanding to incorporate new interdisciplinary research areas such as biomaterials, macromolecular biology, novel macromolecular structures, environmental macromolecular science and engineering, innovative and nano-fabrications of products, and is translating discoveries into technologies. · Unique in combining scientific concepts with technological aspects · Provides a comprehensive and broad coverage of thermodynamic and thermal behaviours of various polymeric materials as well as methodologies of thermal analysis and calorimetry · Contributions are from both pioneering scientists and the new generation of researchers

Environmental Technology and Engineering Techniques Book

Environmental Technology and Engineering Techniques


  • Author : Moayad N. Khalaf
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000517736

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Environmental Technology and Engineering Techniques Excerpt :

The crucial interdependence between humans and their environment is explored and illuminated in this revealing overview of the major environmental issues facing society in the twenty-first century. This volume presents a novel picture of some of the current advances in the research of theoretical and practical frameworks of environmental problems and solutions taken from the latest empirical findings. This new volume focuses on the aspects of new techniques that are particularly valuable for solving environmental problems. The complex environmental issues are presented in simple terms to helpreaders grasp the basics and solve relevant problems. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this research-oriented volume.

SPE ANTEC 2001 Proceedings Book

SPE ANTEC 2001 Proceedings


  • Author : Spe
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2001-05-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1408
  • ISBN 10 : 1587160986

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SPE ANTEC 2001 Proceedings Excerpt :

Conference proceedings from 'Antec 2001' held on 6-10 May 2001 in Dallas, Texas. This includes the Volume III topic of Special Areas Color and Appearance Division.

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Book

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials


  • Author : Krzysztof Pielichowski
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-11-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128231425

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Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Excerpt :

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors who require a thorough understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on materials and product performance. Sections cover thermal degradation mechanisms and kinetics, as well as various techniques, such as thermogravimetry in combination with mass spectroscopy and infrared spectrometry to investigate thermal decomposition routes. Other chapters focus on polymers and copolymers, including polyolefins, styrene polymers, polyvinyl chloride, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesters, polyacrylates, natural polymers, inorganic polymers, high temperature-resistant and conducting polymers, blends, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, nanocomposites, and biocomposites. Finally, other key considerations such as recycling of polymers by thermal degradation, thermal degradation during processing, and modelling, are discussed in detail. Explains mechanisms of polymer degradation, making it possible to understand and predict material behavior at elevated temperatures Offers systematic coverage of each polymer group that is supported by data detailed explanations and critical analysis Investigates thermal decomposition routes in new materials, such as organic-inorganic hybrid materials and polymer nanocomposites

Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials Book
Score: 3.5
From 2 Ratings

Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials


  • Author : P. Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1997-07-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 930
  • ISBN 10 : 082479799X

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Handbook of Engineering Polymeric Materials Excerpt :

Presenting practical information on new and conventional polymers and products as alternative materials and end-use applications, this work details technological advancements in high-structure plastics and elastomers, functionalized materials, and their product applications. The book also provides a comparison of manufacturing and processing techniques from around the world. It emphasizes product characterization, performance attributes and structural properties.