Pyrrhonism Book
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  • Author : Adrian Kuzminski
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release Date : 2008-06-19
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9780739131398

Pyrrhonism Excerpt :

Pyrrhonism is commonly confused with scepticism in Western philosophy. Unlike sceptics, who believe there are no true beliefs, Pyrrhonists suspend judgment about all beliefs, including the belief that there are no true beliefs. Pyrrhonism was developed by a line of ancient Greek philosophers, from its founder Pyrrho of Elis in the fourth century BCE through Sextus Empiricus in the second century CE. Pyrrhonists offer no view, theory, or knowledge about the world, but recommend instead a practice, a distinct way of life, designed to suspend beliefs and ease suffering. Adrian Kuzminski examines Pyrrhonism in terms of its striking similarity to some Eastern non-dogmatic soteriological traditions-particularly Madhyamaka Buddhism. He argues that its origin can plausibly be traced to the contacts between Pyrrho and the sages he encountered in India, where he traveled with Alexander the Great. Although Pyrrhonism has not been practiced in the West since ancient times, its insights have occasionally been independently recovered, most recently in the work of Ludwig Wittgenstein. Kuzminski shows that Pyrrhonism remains relevant perhaps more than ever as an antidote to today's cultures of belief.

How to Be a Pyrrhonist Book

How to Be a Pyrrhonist

  • Author : Richard Bett
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-21
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108471077

How to Be a Pyrrhonist Excerpt :

Explores what it was like to argue and to live as a practitioner of Pyrrhonist skepticism.

The High Road to Pyrrhonism Book

The High Road to Pyrrhonism

  • Author : Richard Henry Popkin
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Release Date : 1993-01-01
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN 10 : 0872202518

The High Road to Pyrrhonism Excerpt :

In this sequel to his classic study The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes, Popkin examines the important role played by the revival and reformulation of classical scepticism in eighteenth-century philosophy.

The Christianization of Pyrrhonism Book

The Christianization of Pyrrhonism

  • Author : J.R. Maia Neto
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401102315

The Christianization of Pyrrhonism Excerpt :

Augustine's christianization of Plato and Thomas Aquinas's of Aristotle provided the two main foundations of medieval Judeo- Christian philosophy. In The Christianization of Pyrrhonism, José R. Maia Neto shows that Greek scepticism played a similar role in the development of a major strand of modern religious thought. From the Jansenist reaction of Molinism in the early 17th century to Shestov's resistance to the arrival of Kantian enlightenment in Russia in the late 19th century, Greek scepticism was reconstructed in terms of Christian doctrines and used against major secular philosophers who posed threats to religion. At the same time, the ancient sceptics' practical stance was attacked in order that it does not constitute a viable alternative to the modern secular philosophies. The resulting Christianized Pyrrhonism would be the basis for a genuine Christian or Biblical thought, for the first time emancipated from the rationalist assumptions and methods of Greek philosophy. The Christianization of Pyrrhonism is extremely valuable for those interested in the modern developments of ancient scepticism, in the relations between religious and philosophical ideas in modernity, and for scholars and the general public interested in Pascal, Kierkegaard and Shestov.

Pyrrhonism in Ancient  Modern  and Contemporary Philosophy Book

Pyrrhonism in Ancient Modern and Contemporary Philosophy

  • Author : Diego E. Machuca
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-07-17
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400719910

Pyrrhonism in Ancient Modern and Contemporary Philosophy Excerpt :

This is the first collection of original essays entirely devoted to a detailed study of the Pyrrhonian tradition. The twelve contributions collected in the present volume combine to offer a historical and systematic analysis of the form of skepticism known as “Pyrrhonism”. They discuss whether the Pyrrhonist is an ethically engaged agent, whether he can claim to search for truth, and other thorny questions concerning ancient Pyrrhonism; explore its influence on certain modern thinkers such as Pierre Bayle and David Hume; and examine Pyrrhonian skepticism in relation to contemporary analytic philosophy.

New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism Book

New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism

  • Author : Diego E. Machuca
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2011-07-12
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004207776

New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism Excerpt :

This volume collects eight new essays on ancient Pyrrhonism as it is presented in Sextus Empiricus' writings. They discuss issues not previously examined or reconsider old ones from a different perspective, thus proposing original interpretations and advancing the scholarly study of Pyrrhonian skepticism.

Pyrrhonism Past and Present Book

Pyrrhonism Past and Present

  • Author : Diego E. Machuca
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-03-28
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030912109

Pyrrhonism Past and Present Excerpt :

This book explores the nature and significance of Pyrrhonism, the most prominent and influential form of skepticism in Western philosophy. Not only did Pyrrhonism play an important part in the philosophical scene of the Hellenistic and Imperial age, but it also had a tremendous impact on Renaissance and modern philosophy and continues to be a topic of lively discussion among both scholars of ancient philosophy and epistemologists. The focus and inspiration of the book is the brand of Pyrrhonism expounded in the extant works of Sextus Empiricus. Its aim is twofold: to offer a critical interpretation of some of the central aspects of Sextus’s skeptical outlook and to examine certain debates in contemporary philosophy from a neo-Pyrrhonian perspective. The first part explores the aim of skeptical inquiry, the defining features of Pyrrhonian argumentation, the epistemic challenge posed by the Modes of Agrippa, and the Pyrrhonist’s stance on the requirements of rationality. The second part focuses on present-day discussions of the epistemic significance of disagreement, the limits of self-knowledge, and the nature of rationality. The book will appeal to researchers and graduate students interested in skepticism.

Sextus Empiricus  Neo Pyrrhonism Book

Sextus Empiricus Neo Pyrrhonism

  • Author : Plínio Junqueira Smith
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: History, Ancient
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030945183

Sextus Empiricus Neo Pyrrhonism Excerpt :

This book offers a comprehensive interpretation of Sextus Empiricus based on his own view of what he calls the distinctive character of skepticism. It focuses on basic topics highlighted by this ancient philosopher concerning Pyrrhonism, a kind of skepticism named for Pyrrho: its concept, its principles, its reason, its criteria, its goals. In the first part, the author traces distinct phases in the life and philosophical development of a talented person, from the pre-philosophical phase where philosophy was perceived as the solution to life's disturbing anomalies, through his initial philosophical investigation in order to find truth where the basic experience is that of a huge disagreement between philosophers, to the final phase where he finally recognises that his experience is similar to that of the skeptical school and adheres to skepticism. The second part is devoted to explain the nature of his skepticism. It presents an original interpretation, for it claims that the central role in Sextus Neo-Pyrrhonism is played by a skeptical logos, a rationale or way of reasoning. This is what unifies and articulates the skeptical orientation. The skeptic goes on investigating truth, but in a new condition, for he is now tranquil, and he has a skeptical method of his own. He has also acquired a special ability in order to balance both sides of an opposition, which involves a number of different skills. Finally, the author examines the skeptical life generated by this philosophical experience where he lives a life without opinions and dogmas; it is an engaged life, deeply concerned with our everyday actions and values. Readers will gain a deeper insight into the philosophy of Pyrrhonism as presented by Sextus Empiricus, as well as understand the meaning of anomalia, zetesis, epokhe, ataraxia, and other important ideas of this philosophy.

Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification Book

Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

  • Author : Robert J Fogelin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195089875

Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification Excerpt :

This work examines contemporary theories in knowledge and justification. It presents an analysis of ordinary knowledge claims, showing that they are philosophically unproblematical. It then asks whether theories of justification meet the challenges raised by Empiricus' "Outlines of Pyrrhonism."

Sextus  Montaigne  Hume  Pyrrhonizers Book

Sextus Montaigne Hume Pyrrhonizers

  • Author : Brian C. Ribeiro
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2021-08-30
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 175
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004465541

Sextus Montaigne Hume Pyrrhonizers Excerpt :

Brian C. Ribeiro’s Sextus, Montaigne, Hume: Pyrrhonizers invites us to view the Pyrrhonist tradition as involving all those who share a commitment to the activity of Pyrrhonizing and develops fresh, provocative readings of Sextus, Montaigne, and Hume as radical Pyrrhonizing skeptics.

Neoplatonism and Nature Book

Neoplatonism and Nature

  • Author : Michael F. Wagner
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release Date : 2002-01-01
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 0791452719

Neoplatonism and Nature Excerpt :

Original essays by leading scholars on Plotinus' philosophy of nature.

Sextus Empiricus  Outlines of Scepticism Book

Sextus Empiricus Outlines of Scepticism

  • Author : Sextus Empiricus
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2000-07-20
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 0521778093

Sextus Empiricus Outlines of Scepticism Excerpt :

Outlines of Scepticism is a work of major importance for the history of Greek philosophy.

The Aporetic Tradition in Ancient Philosophy Book

The Aporetic Tradition in Ancient Philosophy

  • Author : George Karamanolis
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107110151

The Aporetic Tradition in Ancient Philosophy Excerpt :

The first comprehensive study of the function and value of aporia, or puzzlement, as a key tool in ancient philosophical enquiry.

Timon of Phlius Book

Timon of Phlius

  • Author : Dee L. Clayman
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release Date : 2009-12-15
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110220810

Timon of Phlius Excerpt :

Early Skepticism and its founder, Pyrrho of Elis, were introduced to the world by the poet and philosopher Timon of Phlius. This is the first book-length study of Timon’s work in English, and includes a new reconstruction of his most influential poem Silloi . All of the extant fragments are translated and discussed as literature rather than as source material for the history of philosophy. The book concludes with a definition of “skeptical aesthetics” that demonstrates the importance of Timon and early Skepticism to the most influential Hellenistic poets: Callimachus, Theocritus and Apollonius of Rhodes.