Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Toshihide Takagahara
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2003-02-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080525129

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Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

Semiconductor nanostructures are attracting a great deal of interest as the most promising device with which to implement quantum information processing and quantum computing. This book surveys the present status of nanofabrication techniques, near field spectroscopy and microscopy to assist the fabricated nanostructures. It will be essential reading for academic and industrial researchers in pure and applied physics, optics, semiconductors and microelectronics. The first up-to-date review articles on various aspects on quantum coherence, correlation and decoherence in semiconductor nanostructures

Optical Generation and Control of Quantum Coherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Optical Generation and Control of Quantum Coherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Gabriela Slavcheva
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-06-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642124914

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Optical Generation and Control of Quantum Coherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

The fundamental concept of quantum coherence plays a central role in quantum physics, cutting across disciplines of quantum optics, atomic and condensed matter physics. Quantum coherence represents a universal property of the quantum s- tems that applies both to light and matter thereby tying together materials and p- nomena. Moreover, the optical coherence can be transferred to the medium through the light-matter interactions. Since the early days of quantum mechanics there has been a desire to control dynamics of quantum systems. The generation and c- trol of quantum coherence in matter by optical means, in particular, represents a viable way to achieve this longstanding goal and semiconductor nanostructures are the most promising candidates for controllable quantum systems. Optical generation and control of coherent light-matter states in semiconductor quantum nanostructures is precisely the scope of the present book. Recently, there has been a great deal of interest in the subject of quantum coh- ence. We are currently witnessing parallel growth of activities in different physical systems that are all built around the central concept of manipulation of quantum coherence. The burgeoning activities in solid-state systems, and semiconductors in particular, have been strongly driven by the unprecedented control of coherence that previously has been demonstrated in quantum optics of atoms and molecules, and is now taking advantage of the remarkable advances in semiconductor fabrication technologies. A recent impetus to exploit the coherent quantum phenomena comes from the emergence of the quantum information paradigm.

Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems Book

Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems


  • Author : Benoît Deveaud
  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release Date : 2009-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN 10 : 9781607500391

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Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems Excerpt :

Dedicated to the memory of Franco Bassani, the former President of the Societa Italiana di Fisica, this volume gives an overview of the manifestations of quantum coherence in different solid state systems, including semiconductor confined systems, magnetic systems, crystals and superconductors.

Semiconductor Quantum Bits Book

Semiconductor Quantum Bits


  • Author : Fritz Henneberger
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814241199

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Semiconductor Quantum Bits Excerpt :

This book highlights state-of-the-art qubit implementations in semiconductors and provides an extensive overview of this newly emerging field. Semiconductor nanostructures have huge potential as future quantum information devices as they provide various ways of qubit implementation (electron spin, electronic excitation) as well as a way to transfer quantum information from stationary qubits to flying qubits (photons). Therefore, this book unites contributions from leading experts in the field, reporting cutting-edge results on spin qubit preparation, read-out and transfer. The latest theoretical as well as experimental studies of decoherence in these quantum information systems are also provided. Novel demonstrations of complex flying qubit states and first applications of semiconductor-based quantum information devices are given, too.

Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures Book

Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures


  • Author : Heinz Kalt
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662091159

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Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures Excerpt :

In recent years the field of semiconductor optics has been pushed to several extremes. The size of semiconductor structures has shrunk to dimensions of a few nanometers, the semiconductor-light interaction is studied on timescales as fast as a few femtoseconds, and transport properties on a length scale far below the wavelength of light have been revealed. These advances were driven by rapid improvements in both semiconductor and optical technologies and were further facilitated by progress in the theoretical description of optical excitations in semiconductors. This book, written by leading experts in the field, provides an up-to-date introduction to the optics of semiconductors and their nanostructures so as to help the reader understand these exciting new developments. It also discusses recently established applications, such as blue-light emitters, as well as the quest for future applications in areas such as spintronics, quantum information processing, and third-generation solar cells.

Electron and Photon Confinement in Semiconductor Nanostructures Book

Electron and Photon Confinement in Semiconductor Nanostructures


  • Author : Paolo Schwendimann
  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN 10 : 1586033522

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Electron and Photon Confinement in Semiconductor Nanostructures Excerpt :

The purpose of this course was to give an overview of the physics of artificial semiconductor structures confining electrons and photons. It furnishes the background for several applications in particular in the domain of optical devices, lasers, light emitting diodes or photonic crystals. The effects related to the microactivity polaritons, which are mixed electromagnetic radiation-exciton states inside a semiconconductor microactivity are covered. The study of the characteristics of such states shows strong relations with the domain of cavity quantum electrodynamics and thus with the investigation of some fundamental theoretical concepts.

Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures Book
Score: 3
From 2 Ratings

Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures


  • Author : Giovanni Agostini
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-08-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 0080558151

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Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures Excerpt :

In the last couple of decades, high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices based on semiconductor heterostructures have been required to obtain increasingly strict and well-defined performances, needing a detailed control, at the atomic level, of the structural composition of the buried interfaces. This goal has been achieved by an improvement of the epitaxial growth techniques and by the parallel use of increasingly sophisticated characterization techniques and of refined theoretical models based on ab initio approaches. This book deals with description of both characterization techniques and theoretical models needed to understand and predict the structural and electronic properties of semiconductor heterostructures and nanostructures. - Comprehensive collection of the most powerful characterization techniques for semiconductor heterostructures and nanostructures - Most of the chapters are authored by scientists that are among the top 10 worldwide in publication ranking of the specific field - Each chapter starts with a didactic introduction on the technique - The second part of each chapter deals with a selection of top examples highlighting the power of the specific technique to analyze the properties of semiconductors

Advances in Lasers and Electro Optics Book

Advances in Lasers and Electro Optics


  • Author : Nelson Costa
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2010-04-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 858
  • ISBN 10 : 9789533070889

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Advances in Lasers and Electro Optics Excerpt :

Lasers and electro-optics is a field of research leading to constant breakthroughs. Indeed, tremendous advances have occurred in optical components and systems since the invention of laser in the late 50s, with applications in almost every imaginable field of science including control, astronomy, medicine, communications, measurements, etc. If we focus on lasers, for example, we find applications in quite different areas. We find lasers, for instance, in industry, emitting power level of several tens of kilowatts for welding and cutting; in medical applications, emitting power levels from few milliwatt to tens of Watt for various types of surgeries; and in optical fibre telecommunication systems, emitting power levels of the order of one milliwatt. This book is divided in four sections. The book presents several physical effects and properties of materials used in lasers and electro-optics in the first chapter and, in the three remaining chapters, applications of lasers and electro-optics in three different areas are presented

Semiconductor Optics Book

Semiconductor Optics


  • Author : Claus F. Klingshirn
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-01-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 797
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540268468

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Semiconductor Optics Excerpt :

New chapters add coverage of current topics such as cavity polaritons, photonic structures, bulk semiconductors and structures of reduced dimensionality. The mathematics is kept as elementary as possible, sufficient for an intuitive understanding of the experimental results and techniques treated.

Anderson Localization and Its Ramifications Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Anderson Localization and Its Ramifications


  • Author : Tobias Brandes
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2003-09-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN 10 : 3540407855

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Anderson Localization and Its Ramifications Excerpt :

The phenomenon of localization of the electronic wave function in a random medium can be regarded as the key manifestation of quantum coherence in a condensed matter system. As one of the most remarkable phenomena in condensed matter physics discovered in the 20th century, the localization problem is an indispensable part of the theory of the quantum Hall effects and rivals superconductivity in its significance as a manifestation of quantum coherence at a macroscopic scale. The present volume, written by some of the leading experts in the field, is intended to highlight some of the recent progress in the field of localization, with particular emphasis on the effect of interactions on quantum coherence. The chapters are written in textbook style and should serve as a reliable and thorough introduction for advanced students or researchers already working in the field of mesoscopic physics.

Spintronics in Nanoscale Devices Book

Spintronics in Nanoscale Devices


  • Author : Eric R. Hedin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814411707

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Spintronics in Nanoscale Devices Excerpt :

By exploiting the novel properties of quantum dots and nanoscale Aharonov–Bohm rings together with the electronic and magnetic properties of various semiconductor materials and graphene, researchers have conducted numerous theoretical and computational modeling studies and experimental tests that show promising behavior for spintronics applications. Spin polarization and spin-filtering capabilities and the ability to manipulate the electron spin state through external magnetic or electric fields have demonstrated the promise of workable nanoscale devices for computing and memory applications. This book provides researchers investigating this cutting-edge field with detailed background descriptions of spin-based effects and devices and their theoretical analysis in nanoelectronic circuits.

Physics of Semiconductor Microcavities Book

Physics of Semiconductor Microcavities


  • Author : Benoit Deveaud
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2007-02-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527610167

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Physics of Semiconductor Microcavities Excerpt :

Electron and photon confinement in semiconductor nanostructures is one of the most active areas in solid state research. Written by leading experts in solid state physics, this book provides both a comprehensive review as well as a excellent introduction to fundamental and applied aspects of light-matter coupling in microcavities. Topics covered include parametric amplification and polariton liquids, quantum fluid and non-linear dynamical effects and parametric instabilities, polariton squeezing, Bose-Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons, spin dynamics of exciton-polaritons, polariton correlation produced by parametric scattering, progress in III-nitride distributed Bragg reflectors using AlInN/GaN materials, high efficiency planar MCLEDs, exciton-polaritons and nanoscale cavities in photonic crystals, and MBE growth of high finesse microcavities.

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics Book

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics


  • Author : Raphael Tsu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2005-04-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN 10 : 0080455689

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Superlattice to Nanoelectronics Excerpt :

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics provides a historical overview of the early work performed by Tsu and Esaki, to orient those who want to enter into this nanoscience. It describes the fundamental concepts and goes on to answer many questions about todays 'Nanoelectronics'. It covers the applications and types of devices which have been produced, many of which are still in use today. This historical perspective is important as a guide to what and how technology and new fundamental ideas are introduced and developed. The author communicates a basic understanding of the physics involved from first principles, whilst adding new depth, using simple mathematics and explanation of the background essentials. Topics covered include * Introductory materials * Superlattice, Bloch oscillations and transport * Tunneling in QWs to QDs * Optical properties: optical transitions, size dependent dielectric constant, capacitance and doping * Quantum devices: New approaches without doping and heterojunctions - quantum confinement via geometry and multipole electrodes. Issues of robustness, redundancy and I/O. Researchers, course students and research establishments should read this book, written by the leading expert in nanoelectronics and superlattices. * The Author is one of the founders of the field of superlattices * The FIRST historical overview of the field * Provides a basic understanding of the physics involved from first principles, whilst adding new depth, using simple mathematics and explanation of the background essentials

Magnetoelectronics Book

Magnetoelectronics


  • Author : Mark Johnson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 0120884879

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Magnetoelectronics Excerpt :

The arrival of the 'information age' took most people by surprise - including scientists and technologists. Today, research on better, smaller, and faster ways to store and transfer information continues to grow, and growing fast within this scope is the field of magnetoelectronics. With its possibilities as a magnetic storage technology capable of overcoming the vulnerabilities of CMOS (complementary metal on oxide semiconductor), magnetoelectronics promises to be an important installation in the information era.