Radiation Mechanics Book

Radiation Mechanics


  • Author : Esam M A Hussein
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 0080552889

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Radiation Mechanics Excerpt :

Mechanics is the science of studying energy and forces, and their effects on matter. It involves mechanisms, kinematics, cross sections, and transport. Radiation mechanism describes how various types of radiation interact with different targets (atoms and nuclei). The book addresses the above four aspects of radiation mechanics integrating these aspects of radiation behavior in a single treatise under the framework of “radiation mechanics". Covers all aspects of radiation mechanics Helps non-nuclear graduates readily familiarize themselves with radiation Integrates and coordinates mechanisms, kinematics, cross sections and transport in one volume End of each chapter problems to further assist students in understanding the underlying concepts Use of computations and Internet resources included in the problems

Radiation Mechanics Book

Radiation Mechanics


  • Author : Esam M A Hussein
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2007-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105123363397

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Radiation Mechanics Excerpt :

Mechanics is the science of studying energy and forces, and their effects on matter. It involves mechanisms, kinematics, cross sections, and transport. Radiation mechanism describes how various types of radiation interact with different targets (atoms and nuclei). The book addresses the above four aspects of radiation mechanics integrating these aspects of radiation behavior in a single treatise under the framework of "radiation mechanics". Covers all aspects of radiation mechanics Helps non-nuclear graduates readily familiarize themselves with radiation Integrates and coordinates mechanisms, kinematics, cross sections and transport in one volume End of each chapter problems to further assist students in understanding the underlying concepts Use of computations and Internet resources included in the problems

Lectures On Computation Book

Lectures On Computation


  • Author : Richard P. Feynman
  • Publisher : Perseus Books
  • Release Date : 1996-09-08
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015038101401

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Lectures On Computation Excerpt :

Covering the theory of computation, information and communications, the physical aspects of computation, and the physical limits of computers, this text is based on the notes taken by one of its editors, Tony Hey, on a lecture course on computation given b

Physics  Mechanics Book

Physics Mechanics


  • Author : Physical Science Study Committee
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1959
  • Genre: Physics
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015077912239

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Physics Mechanics Excerpt :

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science Book

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science


  • Author : GARY S. WAS
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-07-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1002
  • ISBN 10 : 9781493934386

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Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science Excerpt :

The revised second edition of this established text offers readers a significantly expanded introduction to the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. It describes the various processes that occur when energetic particles strike a solid, inducing changes to the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Specifically it covers particle interaction with the metals and alloys used in nuclear reactor cores and hence subject to intense radiation fields. It describes the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys. Updated throughout, some major enhancements for the new edition include improved treatment of low- and intermediate-energy elastic collisions and stopping power, expanded sections on molecular dynamics and kinetic Monte Carlo methodologies describing collision cascade evolution, new treatment of the multi-frequency model of diffusion, numerous examples of RIS in austenitic and ferritic-martensitic alloys, expanded treatment of in-cascade defect clustering, cluster evolution, and cluster mobility, new discussion of void behavior near grain boundaries, a new section on ion beam assisted deposition, and reorganization of hardening, creep and fracture of irradiated materials (Chaps 12-14) to provide a smoother and more integrated transition between the topics. The book also contains two new chapters. Chapter 15 focuses on the fundamentals of corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, covering forms of corrosion, corrosion thermodynamics, corrosion kinetics, polarization theory, passivity, crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking. Chapter 16 extends this treatment and considers the effects of irradiation on corrosion and environmentally assisted corrosion, including the effects of irradiation on water chemistry and the mechanisms of irradiation-induced str

Radiation Oncology Physics Book

Radiation Oncology Physics


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : IAEA
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015060547364

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Radiation Oncology Physics Excerpt :

This publication is aimed at students and teachers involved in teaching programmes in field of medical radiation physics, and it covers the basic medical physics knowledge required in the form of a syllabus for modern radiation oncology. The information will be useful to those preparing for professional certification exams in radiation oncology, medical physics, dosimetry or radiotherapy technology.

Introduction to Radiation Book

Introduction to Radiation


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Radiation
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN 10 : 1100215727

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Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists Book

Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists


  • Author : Ervin B. Podgorsak
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-11-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 906
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319253824

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Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists Excerpt :

This textbook summarizes the basic knowledge of atomic, nuclear, and radiation physics that professionals working in medical physics and biomedical engineering need for efficient and safe use of ionizing radiation in medicine. Concentrating on the underlying principles of radiation physics, the textbook covers the prerequisite knowledge for medical physics courses on the graduate and post-graduate levels in radiotherapy physics, radiation dosimetry, imaging physics, and health physics, thus providing the link between elementary undergraduate physics and the intricacies of four medical physics specialties: diagnostic radiology physics, nuclear medicine physics, radiation oncology physics, and health physics. To recognize the importance of radiation dosimetry to medical physics three new chapters have been added to the 14 chapters of the previous edition. Chapter 15 provides a general introduction to radiation dosimetry. Chapter 16 deals with absolute radiation dosimetry systems that establish absorbed dose or some other dose related quantity directly from the signal measured by the dosimeter. Three absolute dosimetry techniques are known and described in detail: (i) calorimetric; (ii) chemical (Fricke), and (iii) ionometric. Chapter 17 deals with relative radiation dosimetry systems that rely on a previous dosimeter calibration in a known radiation field. Many relative radiation dosimetry systems have been developed to date and four most important categories used routinely in medicine and radiation protection are described in this chapter: (i) Ionometric dosimetry; (ii) Luminescence dosimetry; (iii) Semiconductor dosimetry; and (iv) Film dosimetry. The book is intended as a textbook for a radiation physics course in academic medical physics graduate programs as well as a reference book for candidates preparing for certification examinations in medical physics sub-specialties. It may also be of interest to many professionals, not only physicists, who in their daily oc

Radiation Book

Radiation


  • Author : Ilya Obodovskiy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-03-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444639868

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Radiation Excerpt :

The author is ready to assert that practically none of the readers of this book will ever happen to deal with large doses of radiation. But the author, without a shadow of a doubt, claims that any readers of this book, regardless of gender, age, financial situation, type of professional activity, and habits, are actually exposed to low doses of radiation throughout their life. This book is devoted to the effect of small doses on the body. To understand the basic effects of radiation on humans, the book contains the necessary information from an atomic, molecular and nuclear physics, as well as from biochemistry and biology. Special attention is paid to the issues that are either not considered or discussed very briefly in existing literature. Examples include the ionization of inner atomic shells that play an essential role in radiological processes, and the questions of transformation of the energy of ionizing radiation in matter. The benefits of ionizing radiation to mankind is reflected in a wide range of radiation technologies used in science, industry, agriculture, culture, art, forensics, and, what is the most important application, medicine. Radiation: Fundamentals, Applications, Risks and Safety provides information on the use of radiation in modern life, its usefulness and indispensability. Experiments on the effects of small doses on bacteria, fungi, algae, insects, plants and animals are described. Human medical experiments are inhuman and ethically flawed. However, during the familiarity of mankind with ionizing radiation, a large number of population groups were subject to accumulation, exposed to radiation at doses of small but exceeding the natural background radiation. This book analyzes existing, real-life radiation results from survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Chernobyl and Fukushima, and examines studies of radiation effect on patients, radiologists, crews of long-distant flights and astronauts, on miners of uranium copies, on workers of nucle

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 1 Book

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 1


  • Author : Ibrahima Sakho
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-11-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786304872

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Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 1 Excerpt :

The conception of lasers and optoelectronic devices such as solar cells have been made possible, thanks to the modern day mastery of processes that harness the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. This first volume is dedicated to thermal radiation and experimental facts that reveal the quantification of matter. The study of black body radiation allows the introduction of fundamental precepts such as Plancks law and the energy-related qualities that characterize radiation. The properties of light and wave–particle duality are also examined, based on the interpretation of light interferences, the photoelectric effect and the Compton effect. This book goes on to investigate the hydrogen atomic emission spectrum and how it dovetails into our understanding of quantum numbers to describe the energy, angular momentum, magnetic moment and spin of an electron. A look at the spectroscopic notation of the states explains the different wavelengths measured from the splitting of spectral lines. Finally, this first volume is completed by the study of de Broglies wave theory and Heisenbergs uncertainty principle, which facilitated the advancement of quantum mechanics.

Atoms  Radiation  and Radiation Protection Book

Atoms Radiation and Radiation Protection


  • Author : James E. Turner
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN 10 : 3527616985

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Atoms Radiation and Radiation Protection Excerpt :

Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.

Elements of Radiation Mechanics Book

Elements of Radiation Mechanics


  • Author : Yikun Zhang
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2003-02-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 0972765409

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Elements of Radiation Mechanics Excerpt :

A new rational mechanics, radiation mechanics, is discovered by the author, which rests on four axioms of matter, three axioms of radiation and three axioms of motion. The new rational mechanics includes the Newtonian as a subset and provides much deeper and broader understanding of natural phenomena. 86 propositions are deduced, which explain almost everything from light, atoms to galaxies.

Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Book

Introduction to Mechanical Engineering


  • Author : J. Paulo Davim
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-04-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319784885

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Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Excerpt :

This textbook fosters information exchange and discussion on all aspects of introductory matters of modern mechanical engineering from a number of perspectives including: mechanical engineering as a profession, materials and manufacturing processes, machining and machine tools, tribology and surface engineering, solid mechanics, applied and computational mechanics, mechanical design, mechatronics and robotics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, renewable energies, biomechanics, nanoengineering and nanomechanics. At the end of each chapter, a list of 10 questions (and answers) is provided.