Radioactivity in the Environment Book

Radioactivity in the Environment


  • Author : Vlado Valkovic
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release Date : 2019-07-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 0444641467

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Radioactivity in the Environment Excerpt :

Radioactivity in the Environment, Second Edition presents the facts about the presence of both natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment. The many sources of ionizing radiation that can lead to human exposure are all discussed in this volume: natural sources; nuclear explosions; nuclear power generation; use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes; and radiation-emitting consumer products. In this thoroughly updated new edition, author Vlado Valkovic addresses the numerous developments that have occurred since the first edition published, including new developments in the fields of radioactive nuclides in nature and technologically modified exposure to natural radiation; new threats by terrorist individuals, groups, and countries; changes to the status of nuclear power in the world; and more. Additional new sections for the second edition: Radioisotopes in geo-prospecting and the oil industry The use of radiation in environmental protection Detector types and detectors used for personal dosimetry "Dirty Bomb" The Fukushima accident North Korea testing sites and nuclear capabilities. Includes details of analytical laboratory procedures for radioactivity measurement in different samples Features a new chapter on decontamination after radiation exposure Expands the discussion on nuclear fusion to cover ITER and other installations

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural  Industrial and Military Sources Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources


  • Author : Merrill Eisenbud
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1997-03-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 0080505805

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Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources Excerpt :

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Book

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment


  • Author : E.M. Scott
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 0080536654

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Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Excerpt :

Just as an environmental model typically will be composed of a number of linked sub-models, representing physical, chemical or biological processes understood to varying degrees, this volume includes a series of linked chapters exemplifying the fundamental nature of environmental radioactivity models in all compartments of the environment. Why is a book on modelling environmental radioactivity necessary? There are many reasons why such a boook is necessary, perhaps the most important that: - modelling is an often misunderstood and maligned activity and this book can provide, to a broad audience, a greater understanding of modelling power but also some of the limitations. - modellers and experimentalists often do not understand and mistrust each other's work yet they are mutually dependent, in the sense that good experimental science can direct good modelling work and vice-versa; we hope that this book can dispel mistrust and engender improved understanding. - there is an increasing reliance on model results in environmental management, yet there is also often misuse and misrepresentation of these results. This book can help to bridge the gap between unrealistic expectations of model power and the realisation of what is possible, practicable and feasible in modelling of environmental radioactivity; and finally, - modelling tools, capacity and power have increased many-fold in a relatively short period of time. Much of this is due to the much-heralded computer revolution, but much is also due to better science. It is useful to consider what gap if any still remains between what is possible and what is necessary.

Radioactivity in the Environment Book

Radioactivity in the Environment


  • Author : Vlado Valkovic
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 681
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015049972626

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Radioactivity in the Environment Excerpt :

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Environmental Radionuclides Book

Environmental Radionuclides


  • Author : Klaus Froehlich
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-09-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 0080913296

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Environmental Radionuclides Excerpt :

Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management Book

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management


  • Author : Deborah Oughton
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-09-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080914299

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Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management Excerpt :

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management provides a comprehensive treatment of the major ethical and social issues resulting from the use of ionizing radiation. It covers topics such as nuclear fuel cycles, radioactive waste treatment, nuclear bomb testing, nuclear safety management, stakeholder engagement, cleanup after nuclear accidents, ecological risks from radiation, environmental justice, health and safety for radiation workers, radiation dose standards, the ethics of clinical radiology, and the principles of radiation protection and their ethical underpinnings. With authors ranging from philosophers to radiation protection officials and practitioners, the book spans from theoretical to practical implications of this important area of radiation risk assessment and management. Covers all the major social and ethical issues in relation to radiation protection Information is easily accessible and non-technical Authors include leading radiation protection officials as well as specialists who are more independent of the radiation protection system, thus presenting both authoritative and more critical views Includes theoretical perspectives as well as practical experience

TENR   Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation


  • Author : Anselmo Salles Paschoa
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-12-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 0080914187

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TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Excerpt :

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides


  • Author : Pavel Povinec
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN 10 : 0080553370

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Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Excerpt :

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas Book

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-08-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 008091425X

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Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas Excerpt :

For many decades, investigations of the behaviour and implications of radioactive contamination in the environment have focused on agricultural areas and food production. This was due to the erroneous assumption that the consequences of credible contaminating incidents would be restricted to rural areas. However, due to the Chernobyl accident, more than 250,000 persons were removed from their homes, demonstrating a great need for knowledge and instruments that could be applied to minimise the manifold adverse consequences of contamination in inhabited areas. Also, today the world is facing a number of new threats, including radiological terrorism, which would be likely to take place in a city, where most people would become directly affected. A recent report from the US Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism concludes that it is most likely that a large radiological, or even nuclear, terror attack on a major city somewhere in the world will occur before 2013. For the first time ever, the specific problems of airborne radioactive contamination in inhabited areas are treated in a holistically covering treatise, pinpointing factorial interdependencies and describing instruments for mitigation. The state-of-the-art knowledge is here explained in Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas y leading scientists in the various disciplines of relevance. Unique holistic description of airborne radioactive contamination of inhabited areas and its consequences State-of-the-art information on problems associated with both accidental and malicious contamination events, in particularly 'dirty bombs' Detailed description of processes and parameters governing the severity of contaminating incidents Written by key experts in the world

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness Book

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness


  • Author : Mats Isaksson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315355559

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Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness Excerpt :

Radioactive sources such as nuclear power installations can pose a great threat to both humans and our environment. How do we measure, model and regulate such threats? Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness addresses these topical questions and aims to plug the gap in the lack of comprehensive literature in this field. The book explores how to deal with the threats posed by different radiological sources, including those that are lost or hidden, and the issues posed by the use of such sources. It presents measurement methods and approaches to model and quantify the extent of threat, and also presents strategies for emergency preparedness, such as strategies for first-responders and radiological triage in case an accident should happen. Containing the latest recommendations and procedures from bodies such as the IAEA, this book is an essential reference for both students and academicians studying radiation safety, as well as for radiation protection experts in public bodies or in the industry.

Remediation of Contaminated Environments Book

Remediation of Contaminated Environments


  • Author : Gabriele Voigt
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 477
  • ISBN 10 : 0080448623

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Remediation of Contaminated Environments Excerpt :

Following nuclear weapon tests, radiation accidents, functioning of mining, milling and processing industries related to fissile and fossil materials productions environments across the globe are contaminated by radionuclides representing a potential radiation exposure to humans. The book will comprise a wide spectrum of issues such as site characterization of contaminated sites before and after remediation, safety requirements, remediation planning, effectiveness of individual measures in different environments, social, ethical and economic considerations etc. It will describe modern decision aiding technologies and environmental decision support systems that can be effectively used for remediation planning and optimizing. A review of potentially effective remediation measures will be given applicable to different categories of contaminated environments and contaminants. Associated side effects (environmental and social) will also be considered. Special emphasis will be given to decommissioning of enterprises and waste management. Several case studies, demonstrating successful applications in remediation of contaminated locations of different origins: radiation accidents and incidents, areas of uranium, sand and tin mining, nuclear test sites etc., will be presented and discussed. Human based remediation measures, comprising perception of this activity by the population; to stakeholders and population involvement to making decisions on environmental safety and remediation of contaminated sites will be considered.

Radioactive Aerosols Book

Radioactive Aerosols


  • Author : Constantin Papastefanou
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 0080555985

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Radioactive Aerosols Excerpt :

Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols and their deposition in the respiratory tract. In this context, it is important to note that radioactive aerosols are commonly of natural origin alos. In particular, the associated radionuclides can be of natural terrestrial origin, such as the decay products of radon gas, or they can e cosmogenic, such as beryllium-7. The exposure of miners of uranium and other ores and minerals to radon and its aerosol-borne decay products is of major significance. The book describes the formation of aerosols, their aerodynamic size distribution, their atmospheric residence time, their sampling and measurement, the range of radioactive aerosols found and studied thus far, including man-made nuclides and radon decay products and their interaction with man, including deposition in the lung and subsequent health effects. Advanced level science handbook for researchers, scientists and academics Covers all aspects of radiation exposure in humans, including subsequent health implications Presents the latest findings and analysis in this highly topical area

Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides Book

Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides


  • Author : M.J. Keith-Roach
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2002-04-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 0080534902

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Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides Excerpt :

Many environmental processes are influenced, if not controlled, by microbial action and it is becoming increasingly important to develop an understanding of microbial roles in geochemistry. This book brings together state of the art research into microbiological processes and the extent to which they affect or can be used to control radioactive elements. The basic principles and fundamental mechanisms by which microbes and radionuclides interact are outlined, the methodology described, potential microbial influences on waste repositories examined, direct and indirect effects on transport both on local and global scales considered and potential technological applications identified. The book is directed towards advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers in the areas of environmental radioactivity, environmental microbiology, biotechnology and radioactive waste management. It will also be of interest to regulators, policy makers and non-governmental organisations. This novel and timely book offers a fully integrated approach to a topical international issue.

Radioactivity in the Environment Book

Radioactivity in the Environment


  • Author : Laurie Wirt
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Little Colorado River (N.M. and Ariz. )
  • Pages : 23
  • ISBN 10 : UCR:31210018555936

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Radioactivity in the Environment Excerpt :

Fukushima Accident Book

Fukushima Accident


  • Author : Pavel P. Povinec
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-07-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124114876

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Fukushima Accident Excerpt :

Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches