Rare Earths Book

Rare Earths

  • Author : Jacques Lucas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-09-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444627445

Rare Earths Excerpt :

High-technology and environmental applications of the rare-earth elements (REE) have grown dramatically in diversity and importance over the past four decades. This book provides a scientific understanding of rare earth properties and uses, present and future. It also points the way to efficient recycle of the rare earths in end-of-use products and efficient use of rare earths in new products. Scientists and students will appreciate the book's approach to the availability, structure and properties of rare earths and how they have led to myriad critical uses, present and future. Experts should buy this book to get an integrated picture of production and use (present and future) of rare earths and the science behind this picture. This book will prove valuable to.non-scientists as well in order to get an integrated picture of production and use of rare earths in the 21st Century, and the science behind this picture. Defines the chemical, physical and structural properties of rare earths. Gives the reader a basic understanding of what rare earths can do for us. Describes uses of each rare earth with chemical, physics, and structural explanations for the properties that underlie those uses. Allows the reader to understand how rare earths behave and why they are used in present applications and will be used in future applications. Explains to the reader where and how rare earths are found and produced and how they are best recycled to minimize environmental impact and energy and water consumption.

Rare Earths Industry Book

Rare Earths Industry

  • Author : Ismar Borges De Lima
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-09-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128025680

Rare Earths Industry Excerpt :

Rare Earths elements are composed of 15 chemical elements in the periodic table. Scandium and yttrium have similar properties, with mineral assemblages, and are therefore referred alike in the literature. Although abundant in the planet surface, the Rare Earths are not found in concentrated forms, thus making them economically valued as they are so challenging to obtain. Rare Earths Industry: Technological, Economic and Environmental Implications provides an interdisciplinary orientation to the topic of Rare Earths with a focus on technical, scientific, academic, economic, and environmental issues. Part I of book deals with the Rare Earths Reserves and Mining, Part II focuses on Rare Earths Processes and High-Tech Product Development, and Part III deals with Rare Earths Recycling Opportunities and Challenges. The chapters provide updated information and priceless analysis of the theme, and they seek to present the latest techniques, approaches, processes and technologies that can reduce the costs of compliance with environmental concerns in a way it is possible to anticipate and mitigate emerging problems. Discusses the influence of policy on Rare Earth Elements to help raise interest in developing strategies for management resource development and exploitation Global contributions will address solutions in countries that are high RE producers, including China, Brazil, Australia, and South China End of chapter critical summaries outline the technological, economic and environmental implications of rare earths reserves, exploration and market Provides a concise, but meaningful, geopolitical analysis of the current worldwide scenario and importance of rare earths exploration for governments, corporate groups, and local stakeholders

Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium Book

Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium

  • Author : A.K. Suri
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-11-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351448970

Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium Excerpt :

The growth and development witnessed today in modern science, engineering, and technology owes a heavy debt to the rare, refractory, and reactive metals group, of which niobium is a member. Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium presents a vivid account of the metal through its comprehensive discussions of properties and applications, resources and resource processing, chemical processing and compound preparation, metal extraction, and refining and consolidation. Typical flow sheets adopted in some leading niobium-producing countries for the beneficiation of various niobium sources are presented, and various chemical processes for producing pure forms of niobium intermediates such as chloride, fluoride, and oxide are discussed. The book also explains how to liberate the metal from its intermediates and describes the physico-chemical principles involved. It is an excellent reference for chemical metallurgists, hydrometallurgists, extraction and process metallurgists, and minerals processors. It is also valuable to a wide variety of scientists, engineers, technologists, and students interested in the topic.

Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths Book

Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths

  • Author : Dezhi Qi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-05-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 804
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128139219

Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths Excerpt :

Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths: Extraction and Separation provides the basic knowledge for rare earth extraction and separation, including flow sheet selection criteria and related technology. The book includes the latest research findings on all rare earth separation processes, methods of controlling operation costs, and strategies that help lower wastewater and waste solid discharge. It discusses many real process parameters and actual situations in rare earth separation plants, also examining the basic principles, technologies, process parameters and advances and achievements in the area of rare earth extraction and separation. In addition, the book covers extraction separation theory as developed by Professor Guanxian Xu and Professor Chunhua Yan and the creative use of a computational simulation program to replace the bench scale and pilot plant tests and directly design rare earth extraction separation processes. Outlines the theory of solvent extraction and separation of rare earths (REs) Provides the necessary tools for a REs separation plant design Includes a unique simulation program for the calculation of all process parameters Includes Chinese nomenclature that is useful for identifying the various processes, also comparing it to the global literature

Rare Earth Book
Score: 4
From 6 Ratings

Rare Earth

  • Author : Peter D. Ward
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2007-05-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387218489

Rare Earth Excerpt :

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths Book

China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

  • Author : Sophia Kalantzakos
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190670931

China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths Excerpt :

Resource competition, mineral scarcity, and economic statecraft -- What are rare earths? -- Salt and oil : strategic parallels -- How China came to dominate the rare earth industry

The Rare Earth Elements Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

The Rare Earth Elements

  • Author : J.H.L. Voncken
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-12-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319268095

The Rare Earth Elements Excerpt :

This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium and lutetium). They are relatively unknown to the wider public, despite their numerous applications and their critical role in many high-tech applications, such as high-temperature superconductors, phosphors (for energy-saving lamps, flat-screen monitors and flat-screen televisions), rechargeable batteries (household and automotive), very strong permanent magnets (used for instance in wind turbines and hard-disk drives), or even in a medical MRI application. This book describes the history of their discovery, the major REE ore minerals and the major ore deposits that are presently being exploited (or are planned to be exploited in the very near future), the physical and chemical properties of REEs, the mineral processing of REE concentrates and their extractive metallurgy, the applications of these elements, their economic aspects and the influential economical role of China, and finally the recycling of the REE, which is an emerging field.

Rare Earth Frontiers Book

Rare Earth Frontiers

  • Author : Julie Michelle Klinger
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-15
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9781501714610

Rare Earth Frontiers Excerpt :

Owing to their unique magnetic, phosphorescent, and catalytic properties, rare earths are the elements that make possible teverything from the miniaturization of electronics, to the enabling of green energy and medical technologies, to supporting essential telecommunications and defense systems. An iPhone uses eight rare earths for everything from its colored screen, to its speakers, to the miniaturization of the phone?s circuitry. On the periodic table rare earth elements comprise a set of seventeen chemical elements (the fifteen lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium). There would be no Pokémon Go without rare earths. Rare Earth Frontiers is a work of human geography. Klinger looks historically and geographically at the ways rare earth elements in three discrete but representative and contested sites are given meaning.

Modern Aspects of Rare Earths and their Complexes Book

Modern Aspects of Rare Earths and their Complexes

  • Author : Vinny R. Sastri
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1006
  • ISBN 10 : 0080536689

Modern Aspects of Rare Earths and their Complexes Excerpt :

In order to use rare earths successfully in various applications, a good understanding of the chemistry of these elements is of paramount importance. Nearly three to four decades have passed since titles such as The Rare Earths edited by F.H. Spedding and A.H. Daane, The chemistry of the Rare Earth Elements by N.E. Topp and Complexes of the Rare Earths by S.P. Sinha were published. There have been many international conferences and symposia on rare earths, as well as the series of volumes entitled Handbook of Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths edited by K.A. Gschneidner and L. Eyring. Thus, there is a need for a new title covering modern aspects of rare earth complexes along with the applications. The present title consists of twelve chapters. 1. Introduction 2. General aspects 3. Stability of complexes 4. Lanthanide complexes 5. Structural chemistry of lanthanide compounds 6. Organometallic complexes 7. Kinetics and mechanisms of rare earths complexation 8. Spectroscopy of lanthanide complexes 9. Photoelectron spectroscopy of rare earths 10. Lanthanide NMR shift reagents 11. Environmental ecological biological aspects 12. Applications The authors studied in schools headed by pioneers in rare earth chemistry, have a combined experience of one hundred and fifty years in inorganic chemistry, rare earth complex chemistry, nuclear and radiochemistry of rare earths and supramolecular chemistry. The present monograph is a product of this rich experience.

Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors Book

Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors

  • Author : Maria Forsyth
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-08-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857093585

Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors Excerpt :

Corrosion inhibitors are an important method for minimizing corrosion; however traditional inhibitors such as chromates pose environmental problems. Rare earth metals provide an important, environmentally-friendly alternative. This book provides a comprehensive review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Chapter 1 begins by examining the important need to replace chromate, and then goes on to discuss the chemistry of the rare earth metals and their related compounds. Chapter 2 considers the techniques that can be used to identify corrosion inhibition mechanisms and to test the levels of protection offered to different metals by rare earth compounds. Subsequent chapters consider in more detail how rare earth elements can be used as corrosion inhibitors in different forms and for different metals. This includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Finally, chapter 10 considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them. Provides a review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them.

The Political Economy of Rare Earth Elements Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

The Political Economy of Rare Earth Elements

  • Author : Ryan David Kiggins
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-07-28
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN 10 : 9781137364241

The Political Economy of Rare Earth Elements Excerpt :

The contributors argue that rare earths are essential to the information technology revolution on which humans have come to depend for communication, commerce, and, increasingly, engage in conflict. They demonstrate that rare earths are a strategic commodity over which political actors will and do struggle for control.

Critical and Rare Earth Elements Book

Critical and Rare Earth Elements

  • Author : Abhilash
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429659812

Critical and Rare Earth Elements Excerpt :

This book is aimed to compile the distribution of rare earth elements in various resources with their processing from secondary resources. It includes details of various processes developed for extraction of rare earth elements from varied raw materials ranging from e-wastes, tailings, process wastes and residues. It emphasizes importance of processing of the secondary resources to assist environmental remediation of such untreated wastes and get finished products. It covers all aspects of rare metals and rare earth metals in one volume covering extraction, separation and recycling of secondary resources for extraction of these metals along with relevant case studies.

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths Book

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : North Holland
  • Release Date : 2017-11-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN 10 : 0444638776

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths Excerpt :

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths: Including Actinides, Volume 52, is a continuous series of books covering all aspects of rare earth science, including chemistry, life sciences, materials science and physics. The book's main emphasis is on rare earth elements [Sc, Y, and the lanthanides (La through Lu], but whenever relevant, information is also included on the closely related actinide elements. Individual chapters are comprehensive, broad, up-to-date, critical reviews written by highly experienced, invited experts. The series, which was started in 1978 by Professor Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., combines, and integrates, both the fundamentals and applications of these elements with two published volumes each year. Presents up-to-date overviews and new developments in the field of rare earths, covering both their physics and chemistry Contains Individual chapters that are comprehensive and broad, with critical reviews Provides contributions from highly experienced, invited experts

The Rare Earths in Modern Science and Technology Book

The Rare Earths in Modern Science and Technology

  • Author : J. McCarthy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1982-07-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN 10 : 0306409194

The Rare Earths in Modern Science and Technology Excerpt :

The Fifteenth Rare Earth Research Conference was held June 15-18, 1981 on the Rolla campus of th.e University of Missouri. The conference was hosted by the Graduate Center for Materials Research, the College of Arts and Science, and the School of Mines and Metallurgy. It was expected that the conference would provide a forum for critical examination and review of the current and important trends in rare earth science and technology. To this end, over 170 papers were presented in both oral and poster sessions by researchers representing some nineteen countries. The program committee was particularly gratified to see the diversity of effort being devoted to rare earth research by different disciplines allover the world. The collection of refereed papers in this volume attests to the fact that the objectives of the program committee were indeed realized. A high point of the meeting was the presentation of the Frank n. Spedding Award to a most distinguished colleague, Professor Georg Busch, Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule, Zurich. Prof essor W. Edward hi"allace, University of Pittsburgh, recipient of the first Frank H. Spedding Award made the presentation to Professor Busch who then gave the Plenary Address.