Reading the Soil Archives Book

Reading the Soil Archives


  • Author : J.M. Van Mourik
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-12-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444641090

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Reading the Soil Archives Excerpt :

Reading the Soil Archives: Unraveling the Geoecological Code of Palaeosols and Sediment Cores, Volume 19, provides details of new techniques for understanding geological history in the form of quantitative pollen analyses, soil micromorphology, OSL (Optically Stimulated Luminescence) dating, phytolith analysis and biomarker analysis. The book presents the genesis of a cultural landscape, based on multi-proxy analysis of paleosoils and integration of geomorphological, pedological and archaeological research results, which can be a model for geoecological landscape studies. Beginning with analytical methods for interpreting soil archives, the book examines methods for reconstructing the landscape genesis. The book presents strengths and weaknesses of applications, especially in relation to the data from case studies in the Netherlands. The final chapter of the book addresses landscape evolution in different cultural periods. This book offers an integrated approach to geoecological knowledge that is valuable to students and professionals in quaternary science, physical geography, soil science, archaeology, historical geography, and land planning and restructuring. Covers techniques including soil pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, OSL-dating, phytolith analysis, biomarker analysis, archaeological analysis and GIS Provides a case study of results applied in the reconstruction of landscape evolution of SE-Netherlands Includes color illustrations, such as microscopic pictures, pictures of landscapes and soil profiles, pollen diagrams and dating graph

Reading the Soil Archives Book

Reading the Soil Archives


  • Author : J.M. Van Mourik
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-09-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 0444641084

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Reading the Soil Archives Excerpt :

Reading the Soil Archives: The Geoecological Code of Paleosoils and Applications of Analytical Techniques, Volume 19 provides details of new techniques for understanding geological history in the form of quantitative pollen analyses, soil micromorphology, OSL (Optically Stimulated Luminescence) dating, phytolith analysis and biomarker analysis. The book presents the genesis of a cultural landscape, based on multi-proxy analysis of paleosoils and integration of geomorphological, pedological and archaeological research results, which can be a model for geoecological landscape studies. Beginning with analytical methods for interpreting soil archives, the book examines methods for reconstructing the landscape genesis. The book presents strengths and weaknesses of applications, especially in relation to the data from case studies in the Netherlands. The final chapter of the book addresses landscape evolution in different cultural periods. This book offers an integrated approach to geoecological knowledge that is valuable to students and professionals in quaternary science, physical geography, soil science, archaeology, historical geography, and land planning and restructuring. Covers techniques including soil pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, OSL-dating, phytolith analysis, biomarker analysis, archaeological analysis and GIS Provides a case study of results applied in the reconstruction of landscape evolution of SE-Netherlands Includes color illustrations, such as microscopic pictures, pictures of landscapes and soil profiles, pollen diagrams and dating graph

Historical Ecology Book

Historical Ecology


  • Author : Guillaume Decocq
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2022-10-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789450903

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Historical Ecology Excerpt :

This book addresses present-day landscapes, ecosystem functioning and biodiversity as legacies of the past. It implements an interdisciplinary approach to understand how natural or human-impacted ecological systems have changed over time. Historical Ecology combines theory, methods, regional case studies and syntheses to provide a complete up-to-date overview of historical ecology. Beginning with the crucial role of time and inference from observed patterns, the book critically reviews the main methodological approaches, including monitoring of permanent plots, analysis of old maps, repeat photography, remote sensing, soil analysis, charcoal analysis, botanical indicators, and combinations of these methods applied to forest ecosystems. A series of case studies from various biomes shows how historical ecology can help in understanding today’s socio-ecosystems, such as mainland and island forests, orchards, tundra and coastal dunes. The book concludes by showing how historical ecology can answer timely fundamental research questions and provide science-based evidence for landscape and ecosystem management.

Profiles in the History of the U S  Soil Survey Book

Profiles in the History of the U S Soil Survey


  • Author : Douglas Helms
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-04-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470376737

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Profiles in the History of the U S Soil Survey Excerpt :

Profiles in the History of the U.S. Soil Survey offers a broad-ranging collection of essays chronicling the development of the U.S. Soil Survey and its influence on the history of soil survey as a scientific discipline that focuses on mapping, analysis, and description of soils. Appraises the influences of key individuals and institutions on the establishment of federal support for and coordination of U.S. soil surveys. Provides an account of life in the field, detailing experience shared by many soil scientists and survey processionals. Reviews the opening of careers in soil survey to women and African-Americans. Relates aspects of the utility of the soil survey to other federal services, to other fields of research, and to land-use planning. Discusses the future of the U.S. Soil Survey and the new directions both the survey and its uses will take. Soil scientists and other soil survey professionals will find this collection valuable both for the new research it provides and for the memories it preserves of life and work in the field and laboratory. Historians will increasingly turn their attention to this crucial earth science as the intriguing connections between soils, the environment, and human history become more apparent. Teachers, students, and agriculturalists will also appreciate this detailed account of the Soil Survey.

Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 1 Book

Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 1


  • Author : Jacques Berthelin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-08-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119544005

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Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 1 Excerpt :

This introductory book to the six volume series includes an introduction defining the critical zone for mankind that extends from tree canopy and the lower atmosphere to water table and unweathered rock. Soils play a crucial role through the functions and the services that they provide to mankind. The spatial and temporal variability of soils is represented by information systems whose importance, recent evolutions and increasingly performing applications in France and in the world must be underlined. The soil functions, discussed in this book, focus on the regulation of the water cycle, biophysicochemical cycles and the habitat role of biodiversity. The main services presented are those related to the provision of agricultural, fodder and forest products, energy, as well as materials and the role of soil as infrastructure support. They also include the different cultural dimensions of soils, their representations being often linked to myths and rites, as well as their values of environmental and archaeological records. Finally, the issue is raised of an off-ground world.

The Soil Underfoot Book

The Soil Underfoot


  • Author : G. Jock Churchman
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-04-21
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466571563

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The Soil Underfoot Excerpt :

The largest part of the world’s food comes from its soils, either directly from plants, or via animals fed on pastures and crops. Thus, it is necessary to maintain, and if possible, improve the quality—and hence good health—of soils, while enabling them to support the growing world population. The Soil Underfoot: Infinite Possibilities for a Finite Resource arms readers with historical wisdom from various populations around the globe, along with current ideas and approaches for the wise management of soils. It covers the value of soils and their myriad uses viewed within human and societal contexts in the past, present, and supposed futures. In addition to addressing the technical means of maintaining soils, this book presents a culturally and geographically diverse collection of historical attitudes to soils, including philosophical and ethical frameworks, which have either sustained them or led to their degradation. Section I describes major challenges associated with climate change, feeding the increasing world population, chemical pollution and soil degradation, and technology. Section II discusses various ways in which soils are, or have been, valued—including in film and contemporary art as well as in religious and spiritual philosophies, such as Abrahamic religions, Maori traditions, and in Confucianism. Section III provides stories about soil in ancient and historic cultures including the Roman Empire, Greece, India, Japan, Korea, South America, New Zealand, the United States, and France. Section IV describes soil modification technologies, such as polymer membrane barriers, and soil uses outside commercial agriculture including the importance of soils for recreation and sports grounds. The final section addresses future strategies for more effective sustainable use of soils, emphasizing the biological nature of soils and enhancing the use of "green water" retained from rainfall.

Religion in Secular Archives Book

Religion in Secular Archives


  • Author : Sonja Luehrmann
  • Publisher : Oxford History and Archives
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199943623

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Religion in Secular Archives Excerpt :

Russian archives contain a wealth of information on religiosity during the Soviet era, but most of it is written from the hostile perspective of officials and scholars charged with promoting atheism. Based on archival research in locations as diverse as the multi-religious Volga region, Moscow, and Texas, this book argues that much can be learned about Soviet religiosity by a focus not just on what documents say but also on what their originators did.

 Un sighted Archives of Migration Book

Un sighted Archives of Migration


  • Author : Cathrine Bublatzky
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2022-11-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000798654

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Un sighted Archives of Migration Excerpt :

(Un)sighted Archives of Migration acknowledges that migration is a fundamental part of social practice and collective memory. However, archives that have undergone migration or were established by individuals or communities with migration experience gain little public and institutional attention. This volume with its transversal perspective across the fields of art, anthropology and social activism, offers new perspectives on the enormous potential of migratory archives as resourceful spaces for encounter and remembrance, and as a contribution to the plural collective memories and identities of post-migratory societies. Emphasizing the archival agency by migrants, the chapters raise new questions with regard to the multi-directional, collaborative forms of knowledge production within and beyond an archive, its boundaries, and its materiality. Focusing on the complexities of power relations, spatial and temporal dynamics, media practices, and meaning production involved in the making, maintenance, viewing, appropriation, destruction and loss of such archives, the chapters contribute to a critical methodological and theoretical discussion about (un)sighted archives as spaces of encounter and resistance in a liminal zone of visibility and invisibility. This book was originally published as a special issue of Visual Anthropology.

Ghosts of Archive Book

Ghosts of Archive


  • Author : Verne Harris
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-12-22
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000298659

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Ghosts of Archive Excerpt :

Ghosts of Archive draws on the discourses of deconstruction, intersectionality and archetypal psychology to mount an argument that archive is fundamentally and structurally spectral and that the work of archive is justice. Drawing on more than 20 years of the author’s research on deconstruction and archive, the book posits archive as an essential resource for social justice activism and as a source, or location, of soul for individuals and communities. Through explorations of what Jacques Derrida termed ‘hauntology’, Harris invites a listening to the call for justice in conceptual spaces that are non-disciplinary. He argues that archive is both constructed in relation to and beset by ghosts – ghosts of the living, of the dead and of those not yet born – and that attention should be paid to them. Establishing a unique nexus between a deconstructive intersectionality and traditions of ‘memory for justice’ in struggles against oppression from South Africa and elsewhere, the book makes a case for a deconstructive praxis in today’s archive. Offering new ideas about spectrality, banditry and archival activism, Ghosts of Archive should appeal to those working in the disciplines of archival science, information studies and psychology. It should also be essential reading for those with an interest in social justice issues, transitional justice, history, philosophy, memory studies and postcolonial studies.

Archives in Russia  A Directory and Bibliographic Guide to Holdings in Moscow and St Petersburg Book

Archives in Russia A Directory and Bibliographic Guide to Holdings in Moscow and St Petersburg


  • Author : Patricia Kennedy Grimsted
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-04-01
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317476542

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Archives in Russia A Directory and Bibliographic Guide to Holdings in Moscow and St Petersburg Excerpt :

This is a comprehensive directory and bibliographic guide to Russian archives and manuscript repositories in the capital cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg. It is an essential resource for any researcher interested in Russian sources for topics in diplomatic, military, and church history; art; dance; film; literature; science; ethnolography; and geography. The first part lists general bibliographies of relevant reference literature, directories, bibliographic works, and specialized subject-related sources. In the following sections of the directory, archival listings are grouped in institutional categories. Coverage includes federal, ministerial, agency, presidential, local, university, Academy of Sciences, organizational, library, and museum holdings. Individual entries include the name of the repository (in Russian and English), basic information on location, staffing, institutional history, holdings, access, and finding aids. More comprehensive and up-to-date than the 1997 Russian Version, this edition includes Web-site information, dozens of additional repositories, several hundred more bibliographical entries, coverage of reorganization issues, four indexes, and a glossary.

Art and the Home Book

Art and the Home


  • Author : Imogen Racz
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-01-26
  • Genre: Art
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857738684

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Art and the Home Excerpt :

Our homes contain us, but they are also within us. They can represent places to be ourselves, to recollect childhood memories, or to withdraw into adult spaces of intimacy; they can be sites for developing rituals, family relationships, and acting out cultural expectations. Like the personal, social, and cultural elements out of which they are constructed, homes can be not only comforting, but threatening too. The home is a rich theme running through post-war western art, and it continues to engage contemporary artists today - yet it has been the subject of relatively little critical writing. Art and the Home: Comfort, Alienation and the Everyday is the first single-authored, up-to-date book on the subject. Imogen Racz provides a theme-led discussion about how the physical experience of the dwelling space and the psychological complexities of the domestic are manifested in art, focusing mainly on sculpture, installation and object-based practice; discussing the work and ideas of artists as diverse as Louise Bourgeois, Gordon Matta-Clark, George Segal and Cornelia Parker within their artistic and cultural contexts

Agronomy News Book

Agronomy News


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Agriculture
  • Pages : 832
  • ISBN 10 : CORNELL:31924079998401

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Agronomy News Excerpt :

Sept.-Oct. issue includes list of theses and dissertations for U.S. and Canadian graduate degrees granted in crop science, soil science, and agronomic science during the previous academic year.

Guidance manual     a compilation of actor relevant content extracted from scientific results of the INNOVATE project Book

Guidance manual a compilation of actor relevant content extracted from scientific results of the INNOVATE project


  • Author : Siegmund-Schultze, Marianna
  • Publisher : Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin
  • Release Date : 2017-05-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : 9783798328938

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Guidance manual a compilation of actor relevant content extracted from scientific results of the INNOVATE project Excerpt :

INNOVATE was a comprehensive, collaborative, and binational research project. It ran from January 2012 through December 2016. Brazil and Brazil’s Northeast in particular suffered from a severe drought period from 2012 onwards. Management and governance of natural resources faced serious challenges related to access to water. Important long-term drivers that call for recurrent adaptation of actions are land use change, population growth, climate change, and conflicts from the multiple uses of water. The scientific project addressed this complex situation through research aimed at suggesting practices and pathways towards ecologically and socioeconomically sound management of land, water and biodiversity. The INNOVATE project had one focus on the entire watershed of the São Francisco River and another one on a portion of the watershed – the Itaparica Reservoir and the semi-arid area north of the artificial lake. Researchers with different backgrounds worked within their disciplines, in groups (interdisciplinary) and together with stakeholders (transdisciplinary). The Guidance Manual is a compilation of actor-relevant content extracted from the scientific research results. Most recommendations put forward can be adapted as principles and standards for reservoir and semi-arid regions elsewhere in the world. INNOVATE war ein umfassendes, bi-nationales Verbundforschungsprojekt zwischen Brasilien und Deutschland, mit einer Kernlaufzeit von Januar 2012 bis Dezember 2016. Im Jahr 2012 begann eine besonders schwere Dürreperiode, welche nicht nur den sowieso trockenen Nordosten Brasiliens traf, sondern auch weitere Teile des Landes. Die stark eingeschränkte Wasserverfügbarkeit wurde zum zentralen Thema von Management und Governance der natürlichen Ressourcen. Wichtige langfristige Treiber, welche eine kontinuierliche Anpassung des Handelns notwendig machen, sind Landnutzungsänderungen, Bevölkerungswachstum, Klimawandel und Konflikte um die verschiedenen Wassernutzun

Absent the Archive Book

Absent the Archive


  • Author : Lia Brozgal
  • Publisher : Liverpool University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-04
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789622621

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Absent the Archive Excerpt :

Absent the Archive is the first cultural history devoted to literary and visual representations of the police massacre of peaceful Algerian protesters. This corpus, or anarchive, includes a variety of cultural texts whose formal, diegetic, and discursive strategies represent the massacre and its erasure, its “becoming invisible,” and its afterlives as a trace, a memory, a sign.