Reason and Responsibility Book

Reason and Responsibility


  • Author : Joel Feinberg
  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 706
  • ISBN 10 : 0534625576

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Reason and Responsibility Excerpt :

The Twelfth Edition of this best-selling, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. This new edition features more readings than ever before--79 total--all, where necessary, in the finest translations available. The readings complement each other and naturally build on the topic being covered. Clear, concise introductions to each Part provide just enough guidance to let students learn from experiencing the readings themselves. The text's long-heralded selection of readings covers topics such as reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.

The Problems of Philosophy Book
Score: 3
From 13 Ratings

The Problems of Philosophy


  • Author : Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Knowledge, Theory of
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192854230

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The Problems of Philosophy Excerpt :

This work, originally published in 1912, is an introduction to the theory of philosophical enquiry. It gives Russell's views on such subjects as the distinction between appearance and reality and the existence and nature of matter.

Freedom and Responsibility Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Freedom and Responsibility


  • Author : Hilary Bok
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-08
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400822737

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Freedom and Responsibility Excerpt :

Can we reconcile the idea that we are free and responsible agents with the idea that what we do is determined according to natural laws? For centuries, philosophers have tried in different ways to show that we can. Hilary Bok takes a fresh approach here, as she seeks to show that the two ideas are compatible by drawing on the distinction between practical and theoretical reasoning. Bok argues that when we engage in practical reasoning--the kind that involves asking "what should I do?" and sifting through alternatives to find the most justifiable course of action--we have reason to hold ourselves responsible for what we do. But when we engage in theoretical reasoning--searching for causal explanations of events--we have no reason to apply concepts like freedom and responsibility. Bok contends that libertarians' arguments against "compatibilist" justifications of moral responsibility fail because they describe human actions only from the standpoint of theoretical reasoning. To establish this claim, she examines which conceptions of freedom of the will and moral responsibility are relevant to practical reasoning and shows that these conceptions are not vulnerable to many objections that libertarians have directed against compatibilists. Bok concludes that the truth or falsity of the claim that we are free and responsible agents in the sense those conceptions spell out is ultimately independent of deterministic accounts of the causes of human actions. Clearly written and powerfully argued, Freedom and Responsibility is a major addition to current debate about some of philosophy's oldest and deepest questions.

From Morality to the End of Reason Book

From Morality to the End of Reason


  • Author : Ingmar Persson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-09-26
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199676552

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From Morality to the End of Reason Excerpt :

Many philosophers think that if you're morally responsible for a state of affairs, you must be a cause of it. In From Morality to the End of Reason, Ingmar Persson argues that this strand of common sense morality is asymmetrical in that it features the act-omission doctrine according to which there are stronger reasons against performing some harmful actions than in favour of performing any beneficial actions. He critically examines the concept of a rightand the conception of responsibility as causally-based, which results in replacing reasons of rights by reasons of beneficence to the effect that individuals be benefited, and we are made responsible for what is under the influence of our practical reasons. The argument gives rise to a symmetrical,consequentialist morality which is more demanding but less authoritative than common sense morality because reasons of beneficence are weaker than reasons of rights. The question is whether such a morality possesses enough authority to command our compliance.

From Normativity to Responsibility Book

From Normativity to Responsibility


  • Author : Joseph Raz
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-12-08
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199693818

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From Normativity to Responsibility Excerpt :

What are our duties or rights? How should we act? What are we responsible for? Joseph Raz examines the philosophical issues underlying these everyday questions. He explores the nature of normativity--the reasoning behind certain beliefs and emotions about how we should behave--and offers a novel account of responsibility.

Agency and Answerability Book

Agency and Answerability


  • Author : Gary Watson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2004-07-15
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 377
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199272273

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Agency and Answerability Excerpt :

Charting the progress of Watson's thought over three decades, this collection of essays on human action examines such questions as: in what ways are we free and not free, rational and irrational, responsible or not for what we do?.

Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Book

Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility


  • Author : David Shoemaker
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-01-14
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198722120

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Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Excerpt :

This special volume of 'Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility' presents ten new papers marking the fiftieth anniversary of P.F. Strawson's landmark essay, 'Freedom and Resentment'. They offer critical interpretation of Strawson's essay, expand on his insights into interpersonal relationships, and develop his themes in challenging directions.

Before the Voice of Reason Book

Before the Voice of Reason


  • Author : David Michael Kleinberg-Levin
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Release Date : 2008-09-02
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 309
  • ISBN 10 : 9780791477823

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Before the Voice of Reason Excerpt :

Provides a critique of reason, demanding that we take greater responsibility for nature and other people.

Freewill and Responsibility  Routledge Revivals  Book

Freewill and Responsibility Routledge Revivals


  • Author : Anthony Kenny
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2011-01-31
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136816208

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Freewill and Responsibility Routledge Revivals Excerpt :

This reissue was first published in 1978. Anthony Kenny, one of the most distinguished philosophers in England, explores the notion of responsibility and the precise place of the mental element in criminal actions. Bringing the insights of recent philosophy of mind to bear on contemporary developments in criminal law, he writes with the general reader in mind, no specialist training in philosophy being necessary to appreciate his argument. Kenny shows that abstract distinctions drawn by analytic philosophers are relevant to decisions in matters of life and death, and illustrates the philosophical argument throughout by reference to actual legal cases. The topics he covers are of wide general interest and include: mens rea and mental health, strict liability, freedom and determinism, duress and necessity, intoxication and irresistible impulse, intention and purpose, murder and rape, punishment and deterrence, witchcraft and supernatural beliefs.

Mental Actions Book

Mental Actions


  • Author : Lucy O'Brien
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2009-06-11
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191607721

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Mental Actions Excerpt :

This volume investigates the neglected topic of mental action, and shows its importance for the metaphysics, epistemology, and phenomenology of mind. Twelve specially written essays address such questions as the following: Which phenomena should we count as mental actions — imagining, remembering, judging, for instance? How should we explain our knowledge of our mental actions, and what light does that throw on self-knowledge in general? What contributions do mental actions make to our consciousness? What is the relationship between the voluntary and the active, in the mental sphere? What are the similarities and differences between mental and physical action, and what can we learn about each from the other?

Omissions Book

Omissions


  • Author : Randolph K. Clarke
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199347520

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Omissions Excerpt :

Philosophical theories of agency and responsibility have focused primarily on actions and activities. But, besides acting, we often omit to do or refrain from doing certain things. Omitting or refraining, like acting, can have consequences, good and bad. And we can be praiseworthy or blameworthy for omitting or refraining. However, omitting and refraining are not simply special cases of action; they require their own distinctive treatment. In Omissions, Randolph Clarke offers the first comprehensive account of these phenomena, addressing three main questions: What is an omission? What is it to intentionally not do a certain thing? And what does it take to be morally responsible for omitting or refraining? Clarke examines the connection between negligence and omission, the distinction between doing and allowing, and the distinction in law between act and omission. With its attention to a previously neglected topic, Omissions broadens our understanding of human agency.

Freedom within Reason Book

Freedom within Reason


  • Author : Susan Wolf
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1993-10-21
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 019535897X

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Freedom within Reason Excerpt :

Philosophers typically see the issue of free will and determinism in terms of a debate between two standard positions. Incompatibilism holds that freedom and responsibility require causal and metaphysical independence from the impersonal forces of nature. According to compatibilism, people are free and responsible as long as their actions are governed by their desires. In Freedom Within Reason, Susan Wolf charts a path between these traditional positions: We are not free and responsible, she argues, for actions that are governed by desires that we cannot help having. But the wish to form our own desires from nothing is both futile and arbitrary. Some of the forces beyond our control are friends to freedom rather than enemies of it: they endow us with faculties of reason, perception, and imagination, and provide us with the data by which we come to see and appreciate the world for what it is. The independence we want, Wolf argues, is not independence from the world, but independence from forces that prevent or preclude us from choosing how to live in light of a sufficient appreciation of the world. The freedom we want is a freedom within reason and the world.

Hegel s Theory of Responsibility Book

Hegel s Theory of Responsibility


  • Author : Mark Alznauer
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-02-19
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107078123

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Hegel s Theory of Responsibility Excerpt :

The first book-length treatment of a central concept in Hegel's practical philosophy - the theory of responsibility. This theory is both original and radical in its emphasis on the role and importance of social and historical conditions as a context for our actions.