Velocities in Reflection Seismology Book

Velocities in Reflection Seismology


  • Author : Jean-Pierre Cordier
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401736411

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Velocities in Reflection Seismology Excerpt :

Although considera bIe efforts are now being made to find new sources of energy, alI the experts are agreed that hydrocarbons will have to provide the greater part of our energy needs for a generation ahead. Exploration for and production of hydrocarbons therefore pose a serious problem for our future, as much for the quantitative satisfaction of our requirements as for our search for self-sufficiency in energy. As a direct result of improvements in technology throughout the world, geophysics has progressively enlarged its field of influence in the realms of exploration and production. But amongst the various geophysical methods available, seismic reflection has gradually become accepted as the basic tool of the oiI prospector. Reflection seismology has reached and consolidated this position because it has shown itself to be capable of adapting to the increasing complexity of the requirements of exploration. Initially directed towards geometric mapping of the sub-surface, it became the means of detection of structural traps in geotectonically quiescent regions, and thereafter in increasingly complex surroundings. It has enabled us to clothe the structural framework with a lithology, initially approximate, but becoming more and more precise, assisting the explorer to locate stratigraphic traps. Further developments enable us under favourable circumstances to estimate the quality of the deposits and to detect the presence of fluids and of their interfaces; it then becomes an unrivalled tool for the producer, both in the development of deposits and in the application of enhanced recovery methods.

Basic Theory in Reflection Seismology Book
Score: 2.5
From 2 Ratings

Basic Theory in Reflection Seismology


  • Author : J.K. Costain
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-10-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080457567

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Basic Theory in Reflection Seismology Excerpt :

The material in this volume provides the basic theory necessary to understand the principles behind imaging the subsurface of the Earth using reflection and refraction seismology. For reflection seismology, the end product is a "record section" from a collection of "wiggly traces" that are recorded in the field from which information about the properties of subsurface structure and rock can be derived. For the most part, the principles of imaging are the same regardless of the depth to the target; the same mathematical background is necessary for targeting a shallow water table as for investigating the base of the earth's continental "crust" at a depth of 30-50 km.

Reflection Seismology Book

Reflection Seismology


  • Author : Yang Wencai
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-09-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124096004

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Reflection Seismology Excerpt :

Authored by a geophysicist with more than 50 years of experience in research and instruction, Reflection Seismology: Theory, Data Processing and Interpretation provides a single source of foundational knowledge in reflection seismology principles and theory. Reflection seismology has a broad range of applications and is used primarily by the oil and gas industry to provide high-resolution maps and build a coherent geological story from maps of processed seismic reflections. Combined with seismic attribute analysis and other exploration geophysics tools, it aids geologists and geo-engineers in creating geological models of areas of exploration and extraction interest. Yet as important as reflection seismology is to the hydrocarbon industry, it’s difficult to find a single source that synthesizes the topic without having to wade through numerous journal articles from a range of different publishers. This book is a one-stop source of reflection seismology theory, helping scientists navigates through the wealth of new data processing techniques that have emerged in recent years. Provides geoscientists and geo-engineers with a theoretical framework for navigating the rapid emergence of new data processing techniques Presents a single source of reflection seismology content instead of a scattering of disparate journal articles Features more than 100 figures, illustrations, and working examples to aid the reader in retaining key concepts Arms geophysicists and geo-engineers with a solid foundation in seismic wave equation analysis and interpretation

Hydrocarbon Exploration Using Unconventional Interpretation Techniques  Reflection Seismology Book

Hydrocarbon Exploration Using Unconventional Interpretation Techniques Reflection Seismology


  • Author : Adeolu Olarewaju
  • Publisher : Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
  • Release Date : 2015-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN 10 : 9783954893782

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Hydrocarbon Exploration Using Unconventional Interpretation Techniques Reflection Seismology Excerpt :

Technology has been predicted as the last card in combating the ever increasing demand of our commodity; oil and gas. Since the core technique used in exploring for Oil and Gas is the Reflection Seismology; then, modern approach to Seismic data acquisitions and interpretation is of prime essence. A powerful, unconventional Interpretation tool; Spectral decomposition, has been used to visualize (in 3 – D) a thin sandstone reservoir in “X – Field” Niger Delta, Nigeria. The study aimed at mapping thin sandstone beds which have been considered sub seismic or un-mapable using conventional interpretation methods. The suite of Well log data and seismic data were acquired and qualitatively and quantitatively interpreted using RocDok and OpendTect software. The identified thin beds were delineated perfectly using the spectral decomposition tool which was portrayed through amplitude variations. However, new hydrocarbon prospects were identified through similarities of amplitude signature.

Reflection Seismology Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Reflection Seismology


  • Author : Kenneth Harold Waters
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 1981
  • Genre: Seismic reflection method
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015006402187

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Processing Near surface Seismic reflection Data Book

Processing Near surface Seismic reflection Data


  • Author : Gregory S. Baker
  • Publisher : SEG Books
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Geophysics
  • Pages : 83
  • ISBN 10 : 9781560800903

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Processing Near surface Seismic reflection Data Excerpt :

Increasingly shallow-reflection seismology is being used as a noninvasive tool to determine physical properties and geometry of the upper subsurface. This primer focuses on processing two small data sets (included on a CD) using standard common-midpoint (CMP) processing and discusses significant processing pitfalls encountered in previous work.

A Petroleum Geologist s Guide to Seismic Reflection Book

A Petroleum Geologist s Guide to Seismic Reflection


  • Author : William Ashcroft
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-03-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444397864

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A Petroleum Geologist s Guide to Seismic Reflection Excerpt :

This book is written for advanced earth science students, geologists, petroleum engineers and others who want to get quickly ‘up to speed’ on the interpretation of reflection seismic data. It is a development of material given to students on the MSc course in Petroleum Geology at Aberdeen University and takes the form of a course manual rather than a systematic textbook. It can be used as a self-contained course for individual study, or as the basis for a class programme. The book clarifies those aspects of the subject that students tend to find difficult, and provides insights through practical tutorials which aim to reinforce and deepen understanding of key topics and provide the reader with a measure of feedback on progress. Some tutorials may only involve drawing simple diagrams, but many are computer-aided (PC based) with graphics output to give insight into key steps in seismic data processing or into the seismic response of some common geological scenarios. Part I of the book covers basic ideas and it ends with two tutorials in 2-D structural interpretation. Part II concentrates on the current seismic reflection contribution to reservoir studies, based on 3-D data.

Seismic Signatures and Analysis of Reflection Data in Anisotropic Media Book

Seismic Signatures and Analysis of Reflection Data in Anisotropic Media


  • Author : I. Tsvankin
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2005-06-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 0080446183

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Seismic Signatures and Analysis of Reflection Data in Anisotropic Media Excerpt :

Following the breakthrough in the last decade in identifying the key parameters for time and depth imaging in anisotropic media and developing practical methodologies for estimating them from seismic data, Seismic Signatures and Analysis of Reflection Data in Anisotropic Media primarily focuses on the far reaching exploration benefits of anisotropic processing. This volume provides the first comprehensive description of reflection seismic signatures and processing methods in anisotropic media. It identifies the key parameters for time and depth imaging in transversely isotropic media and describes practical methodologies for estimating them from seismic data. Also, it contains a thorough discussion of the important issues of uniqueness and stability of seismic velocity analysis in the presence of anisotropy. The book contains a complete description of anisotropic imaging methods, from the theoretical background to algorithms to implementation issues. Numerous applications to synthetic and field data illustrate the improvements achieved by the anisotropic processing and the possibility of using the estimated anisotropic parameters in lithology discrimination. Focuses on the far reaching exploration benefits of anisotropic processing First comprehensive description of reflection seismic signatures and processing methods in anisotropic media

Introduction to Seismology Book

Introduction to Seismology


  • Author : Peter M. Shearer
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107184473

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Introduction to Seismology Excerpt :

A concise and accessible introduction to seismic theory, focusing on the mathematical fundamentals of global seismology. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this new edition has been updated to include recent advances in the field as well as new examples, review questions and computer-based exercises in MATLAB®/Python.

Introduction to Seismology Book
Score: 4.5
From 3 Ratings

Introduction to Seismology


  • Author : Peter Shearer
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1999-09-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 0521669537

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Introduction to Seismology Excerpt :

An approachable and concise introduction to seismology for upper-division undergraduates and first-year graduate students.

Identification And Suppression of Multiple Reflections in Seismic Prospecting Book

Identification And Suppression of Multiple Reflections in Seismic Prospecting


  • Author : Evgeniĭ Alekseevich Kozlov
  • Publisher : VSP
  • Release Date : 1988-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 9067640794

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Identification And Suppression of Multiple Reflections in Seismic Prospecting Excerpt :

This monograph is concerned with the three main aspects of dealing with multiple reflections in seismic prospecting and aims to substantiate a set of new techniques for their more effective suppression. To increase the accuracy of the Earth's physical parameter estimates (1-D, 2-D and 3-D cases) earlier time intervals for seismic records are used in combination with the subtraction of predicted materials from target intervals in the course of seismic data inversion. The automated identification of multiple events on seismic records in the course of data interpretation is discussed with the aim of improving the reliability with which structural and stratigraphic traps can be located. In order to increase the signal to noise ratio modern techniques for the suppression of multiples (on either 2-D or 3-D records) based on the difference between propagation velocities of multiple and primary waves in the course of data processing are considered. The book provides a description of general concepts then focuses on the methodology of data processing and interpretation; including theory, computational algorithms, stability and noise-immunity considerations. Special attention is given to the practical implementation of the techniques proposed. Finally, using a large amount of both model and real data examples, the book illustrates how to improve the resultant seismic data by the use of developed multiple identification and suppression techniques in various geologic environments.

Reflection Seismology Book

Reflection Seismology


  • Author : Kenneth H. Waters
  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release Date : 1987-03-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822002391746

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Reflection Seismology Excerpt :

This latest edition of an established work provides an authoritative account of the art and science of reflection seismology. It offers a clear explanation of the methods by which artificially created seismic waves are employed in the economical discovery of oil and gas, as well as their growing use in the exploitation of coal reserves and other energy resources. In this 3rd Edition more information is provided about peripheral methods such as velocity logging, vertical seismic profiling, and the use of shear waves in reflection work. Includes discussion of the advances that have been made in the past five years--for example, the ability to deal with two-dimensional data reception and the transmutation of such tremendous data arrays into 3-D information on the Earth's internal structure. Covers all important phases of theory, instrumentation, digital data processing, and scientific modelling, and discusses the fine art of interpreting the results.

Seismology and Structure of the Earth Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Seismology and Structure of the Earth


  • Author : Barbara Romanowicz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-04-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 7000
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444535757

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Seismology and Structure of the Earth Excerpt :

Treatise on Geophysics: Seismology and Structure of the Earth, Volume 1, provides a comprehensive review of the state of knowledge on the Earths structure and earthquakes. It addresses various aspects of structural seismology and its applications to other fields of Earth sciences. The book is organized into four parts. The first part principally covers theoretical developments and seismic data analysis techniques from the end of the nineteenth century until the present, with the main emphasis on the development of instrumentation and its deployment. The second part reviews the status of knowledge on the structure of the Earths shallow layers, starting with a global review of the Earth's crustal structure. The third part focuses on the Earth's deep structure, divided into its main units: the upper mantle, the transition zone and upper-mantle discontinuities, the D region at the base of the mantle, and the Earth's core. The fourth part comprises two chapters which discuss constraints on Earth structure from fields other than seismology: mineral physics and geodynamics. Self-contained volume starts with an overview of the subject then explores each topic with in depth detail Extensive reference lists and cross references with other volumes to facilitate further research Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding Content suited for both the expert and non-expert

Basic Theory of Exploration Seismology Book

Basic Theory of Exploration Seismology


  • Author : John K. Costain
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 571
  • ISBN 10 : 0080370195

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Basic Theory of Exploration Seismology Excerpt :

The material in this volume provides the basic theory necessary to understand the principles behind imaging the subsurface of the Earth using reflection and refraction seismology. For reflection seismology, the end product is a "record section" from a collection of "wiggly traces" that are recorded in the field from which information about the properties of subsurface structure and rock can be derived. For the most part, the principles of imaging are the same regardless of the depth to the target; the same mathematical background is necessary for targeting a shallow water table as for investigating the base of the earth's continental "crust" at a depth of 30-50 km.