Remote Sensing of Aerosols  Clouds  and Precipitation Book

Remote Sensing of Aerosols Clouds and Precipitation


  • Author : Tanvir Islam
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-10-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128104385

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Remote Sensing of Aerosols Clouds and Precipitation Excerpt :

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation compiles recent advances in aerosol, cloud, and precipitation remote sensing from new satellite observations. The book examines a wide range of measurements from microwave (both active and passive), visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Contributors are experts conducting state-of-the-art research in atmospheric remote sensing using space, airborne, and ground-based datasets, focusing on supporting earth observation satellite missions for aerosol, cloud, and precipitation studies. A handy reference for scientists working in remote sensing, earth science, electromagnetics, climate physics, and space engineering. Valuable for operational forecasters, meteorologists, geospatial experts, modelers, and policymakers alike. Presents new approaches in the field, along with further research opportunities, based on the latest satellite data Focuses on how remote sensing systems can be designed/developed to solve outstanding problems in earth and atmospheric sciences Edited by a dynamic team of editors with a mixture of highly skilled and qualified authors offering world-leading expertise in the field

Remote Sensing of Clouds and Precipitation Book

Remote Sensing of Clouds and Precipitation


  • Author : Constantin Andronache
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-02-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319725833

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Remote Sensing of Clouds and Precipitation Excerpt :

This book presents current applications of remote sensing techniques for clouds and precipitation for the benefit of students, educators, and scientists. It covers ground-based systems such as weather radars and spaceborne instruments on satellites. Measurements and modeling of precipitation are at the core of weather forecasting, and long-term observations of the cloud system are vital to improving atmospheric models and climate projections. The first section of the book focuses on the use of ground-based weather radars to observe and measure precipitation and to detect and forecast storms, thunderstorms, and tornadoes. It also discusses the observation of clouds using ground-based millimeter radar. The second part of the book concentrates on spaceborne remote sensing of clouds and precipitation. It includes cases from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, using satellite radars to observe precipitation systems. Then, the focus is on global cloud observations from the ClaudSat, Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), including a perspective on the Earth Clouds, Aerosols, and Radiation Explorer (EarthCARE) satellite. It also addresses global atmospheric water vapor profiling for clear and cloudy conditions using microwave observations. The final part of this volume provides a perspective into advances in cloud modeling using remote sensing observations.

Remote Sensing of Aerosols  Clouds  and Precipitation Book

Remote Sensing of Aerosols Clouds and Precipitation


  • Author : Tanvir Islam
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-10-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 0128104376

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Remote Sensing of Aerosols Clouds and Precipitation Excerpt :

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation compiles recent advances in aerosol, cloud, and precipitation remote sensing from new satellite observations. The book examines a wide range of measurements from microwave (both active and passive), visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Contributors are experts conducting state-of-the-art research in atmospheric remote sensing using space, airborne, and ground-based datasets, focusing on supporting earth observation satellite missions for aerosol, cloud, and precipitation studies. A handy reference for scientists working in remote sensing, earth science, electromagnetics, climate physics, and space engineering. Valuable for operational forecasters, meteorologists, geospatial experts, modelers, and policymakers alike. Presents new approaches in the field, along with further research opportunities, based on the latest satellite data Focuses on how remote sensing systems can be designed/developed to solve outstanding problems in earth and atmospheric sciences Edited by a dynamic team of editors with a mixture of highly skilled and qualified authors offering world-leading expertise in the field

Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation Book

Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation


  • Author : Zev Levin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-09-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 1402086903

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation Excerpt :

Life on Earth is critically dependent upon the continuous cycling of water between oceans, continents and the atmosphere. Precipitation (including rain, snow, and hail) is the primary mechanism for transporting water from the atmosphere back to the Earth’s surface. It is also the key physical process that links aspects of climate, weather, and the global hydrological cycle. Changes in precipitation regimes and the frequency of extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, severe ice/snow storms, monsoon fluctuations and hurricanes are of great potential importance to life on the planet. One of the factors that could contribute to precipitation modification is aerosol pollution from various sources such as urban air pollution and biomass burning. Natural and anthropogenic changes in atmospheric aerosols might have important implications for precipitation by influencing the hydrological cycle, which in turn could feed back to climate changes. From an Earth Science perspective, a key question is how changes expected in climate will translate into changes in the hydrological cycle, and what trends may be expected in the future. We require a much better understanding and hence predictive capability of the moisture and energy storages and exchanges among the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, continents and biological systems. This book is a review of our knowledge of the relationship between aerosols and precipitation reaching the Earth's surface and it includes a list of recommendations that could help to advance our knowledge in this area.

High Resolution Active Optical Remote Sensing Observations of Aerosols  Clouds and Aerosol Cloud Interactions and Their Implication to Climate Book

High Resolution Active Optical Remote Sensing Observations of Aerosols Clouds and Aerosol Cloud Interactions and Their Implication to Climate


  • Author : Simone Lolli
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-12-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039436019

DOWNLOAD BOOK
High Resolution Active Optical Remote Sensing Observations of Aerosols Clouds and Aerosol Cloud Interactions and Their Implication to Climate Excerpt :

Remote Sensing is of paramount importance for Earth Observation to monitor and analyze the Earth’s vital signs. In this Special Issue are reported the latest research results involving active optical remote sensing instruments, both from ground-based to satellite platforms, that are involved in analyzing the vertical and horizontal aerosol and cloud distribution, other than their geometrical, optical and microphysical properties. Those active optical remote sensing techniques are also very useful in determining pollutant dispersion and the dynamics inside the boundary layer. The published studies put in evidence the hidden mechanisms on how pollution from the source is advected transnationally in other countries and the interaction with local meteorology.

Aerosol Remote Sensing Book

Aerosol Remote Sensing


  • Author : Jacqueline Lenoble
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-02-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642177255

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Aerosol Remote Sensing Excerpt :

This book gives a much needed explanation of the basic physical principles of radiative transfer and remote sensing, and presents all the instruments and retrieval algorithms in a homogenous manner. The editors provide, for the first time, an easy path from theory to practical algorithms in one easily accessible volume, making the connection between theoretical radiative transfer and individual practical solutions to retrieve aerosol information from remote sensing, and providing the specifics and intercomparison of all current and historical retrieval methods.

From the Satellite to the Earth s Surface  Studies Relevant to NASA   s Plankton  Aerosol  Cloud  Ocean Ecosystems  PACE  Mission Book

From the Satellite to the Earth s Surface Studies Relevant to NASA s Plankton Aerosol Cloud Ocean Ecosystems PACE Mission


  • Author : David Antoine
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2020-03-04
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889635009

DOWNLOAD BOOK
From the Satellite to the Earth s Surface Studies Relevant to NASA s Plankton Aerosol Cloud Ocean Ecosystems PACE Mission Excerpt :

Earth’s atmosphere and oceans play individual and interconnected roles in regulating climate and the hydrological system, supporting organisms and ecosystems, and contributing to the well-being of human communities and economies. Recognizing the importance of these two geophysical fluids, NASA designed the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud and ocean Ecosystems (PACE) mission to bring cutting edge technology to space borne measurements of the atmosphere and ocean. PACE will carry the Ocean Color Instrument (OCI), a radiometer with hyperspectral capability from the ultraviolet through the near-infrared, plus eight discreet shortwave infrared bands. Thus, OCI will measure the broadest solar spectrum of any NASA instrument, to date. PACE’s second instrument will be a Multi-Angle Polarimeter (MAP). MAP will be NASA’s first imaging polarimeter on board a comprehensive Earth science mission. These instruments bring new capability to the science community, but also new challenges. Fundamentals, such as basic radiative transfer models, require review, enhancements and benchmarking in order to meet the needs of the atmosphereocean communities in the PACE era. Both OCI and MAP will bring opportunities to continue heritage climate data records of aerosols and clouds and to advance characterization of these atmospheric constituents with new macrophysical and microphysical parameters. The ability to better characterize atmospheric constituents is a necessity to better separate ocean and atmosphere signals in order to fully realize the potential of PACE measurements for oceanic observations. Atmospheric correction in the PACE era must address the expanded wavelength range and resolution of OCI images, requiring new approaches that go beyond heritage algorithms. This Research Topic encompasses fundamental radiative transfer studies, with application to the atmosphere, ocean or coupled atmosphere-ocean system. It includes remote sensing of aerosols, clouds and trace gases, over ocean o

Satellite Precipitation Measurement Book

Satellite Precipitation Measurement


  • Author : Vincenzo Levizzani
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-04-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030245689

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Satellite Precipitation Measurement Excerpt :

This book offers a complete overview of the measurement of precipitation from space, which has made considerable advancements during the last two decades. This is mainly due to the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, CloudSat and a carefully maintained constellation of satellites hosting passive microwave sensors. The book revisits a previous book, Measuring Precipitation from Space, edited by V. Levizzani, P. Bauer and F. J. Turk, published with Springer in 2007. The current content has been completely renewed to incorporate the advancements of science and technology in the field since then. This book provides unique contributions from field experts and from the International Precipitation Working Group (IPWG). The book will be of interest to meteorologists, hydrologists, climatologists, water management authorities, students at various levels and many other parties interested in making use of satellite precipitation data sets. Chapter “TAMSAT” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Mixed Phase Clouds Book

Mixed Phase Clouds


  • Author : Constantin Andronache
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-09-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128105504

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Mixed Phase Clouds Excerpt :

Mixed-Phase Clouds: Observations and Modeling presents advanced research topics on mixed-phase clouds. As the societal impacts of extreme weather and its forecasting grow, there is a continuous need to refine atmospheric observations, techniques and numerical models. Understanding the role of clouds in the atmosphere is increasingly vital for current applications, such as prediction and prevention of aircraft icing, weather modification, and the assessment of the effects of cloud phase partition in climate models. This book provides the essential information needed to address these problems with a focus on current observations, simulations and applications. Provides in-depth knowledge and simulation of mixed-phase clouds over many regions of Earth, explaining their role in weather and climate Features current research examples and case studies, including those on advanced research methods from authors with experience in both academia and the industry Discusses the latest advances in this subject area, providing the reader with access to best practices for remote sensing and numerical modeling

Aerosol Science Book

Aerosol Science


  • Author : Ian Colbeck
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-01-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118675359

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Aerosol Science Excerpt :

Aerosols influence many areas of our daily life. They are at the core of environmental problems such as global warming, photochemical smog and poor air quality. They can also have diverse effects on human health, where exposure occurs in both outdoor and indoor environments. However, aerosols can have beneficial effects too; the delivery of drugs to the lungs, the delivery of fuels for combustion and the production of nanomaterials all rely on aerosols. Advances in particle measurement technologies have made it possible to take advantage of rapid changes in both particle size and concentration. Likewise, aerosols can now be produced in a controlled fashion. Reviewing many technological applications together with the current scientific status of aerosol modelling and measurements, this book includes: • Satellite aerosol remote sensing • The effects of aerosols on climate change • Air pollution and health • Pharmaceutical aerosols and pulmonary drug delivery • Bioaerosols and hospital infections • Particle emissions from vehicles • The safety of emerging nanomaterials • Radioactive aerosols: tracers of atmospheric processes With the importance of this topic brought to the public’s attention after the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull, this book provides a timely, concise and accessible overview of the many facets of aerosol science.

Light Scattering by Ice Crystals Book

Light Scattering by Ice Crystals


  • Author : Kuo-Nan Liou
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 461
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521889162

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Light Scattering by Ice Crystals Excerpt :

This volume outlines the fundamentals and applications of light scattering, absorption and polarization processes involving ice crystals.

Users Guide to Lowtran 7 Book

Users Guide to Lowtran 7


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1988
  • Genre: Atmospheric radiation
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822008918294

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Users Guide to Lowtran 7 Excerpt :

LOWTRAN 7 is a low-resolution propagation model and computer code for predicting atmospheric transmittance and background radiance from 0 to 50,000 cm -1 at a resolution of 20 cm -1. The code is based on the LOWTRAN 6 (1983) model. Multiple scattered radiation has been added to the model as well as new molecular band model parameters and new ozone and molecular oxygen absorption parameters for the UV. Other modifications include a wind dependent desert model, new cirrus cloud models, and new cloud and rain models. The code also includes new representative (geographical and seasonal) atmospheric models and updated aerosol models with options to replace them with user-derived values. An improved extra-terrestrial solar source function is also included. Six modes of program execution are allowed with the new model and computer code for a given slant path geometry. This report contains a description to users for operating the LOWTRAN 7 computer code. It summarizes the capabilities of the new code, provides complete operating instructions as well as input and output from test cases for user validation. Also included are operating instructions for three programs that utilize LOWTRAN 7 output (plot, filter and scanning function programs). Keywords: Computer program documentation, Subroutines, Radiative transfer, Aerosols, Clouds, Attenuation, Lowtran, Computer code, Ultraviolet, Visible, Infrared.

Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems Book

Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 52
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309443456

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems Excerpt :

One of the most significant and uncertain aspects of climate change projections is the impact of aerosols on the climate system. Aerosols influence the climate indirectly by interacting with nearby clouds leading to small changes in cloud cover, thickness, and altitude, which significantly affect Earth's radiative balance. Advancements have been made in recent years on understanding the complex processes and atmospheric interactions involved when aerosols interact with surrounding clouds, but further progress has been hindered by limited observations. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a workshop to discuss the usefulness of the classified observing systems in advancing understanding of cloud and aerosol interactions. Because these systems were not developed with weather and climate modeling as a primary mission objective, many participants said it is necessary for scientists to find creative ways to utilize the data. The data from these systems have the potential to be useful in advancing understanding of cloud and aerosol interactions. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Aerosols Book

Aerosols


  • Author : Konstantin Volkov
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-12-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535128434

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Aerosols Excerpt :

Aerosols have a significant impact on technological processes and human activities. In many cases, aerosols are at the core of human health, environmental and technological problems (climate change and air quality). However, aerosols can be successfully used in industry and technology (new materials, fire suppression and fuel delivery). The current scientific status of aerosol modelling and simulation and measurements and some advances in computational techniques, particle measurement technologies and practical applications of aerosols are reviewed and considered in this book. This book also includes a number of case studies focused on analysis of optical thickness and air quality in various regions.