Wellbeing in Developing Countries Book

Wellbeing in Developing Countries

  • Author : Ian Gough
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2007-05-31
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139464079

Wellbeing in Developing Countries Excerpt :

In a world where many experience unprecedented levels of wellbeing, chronic poverty remains a major concern for many developing countries and the international community. Conventional frameworks for understanding development and poverty have focused on money, commodities and economic growth. This 2007 book challenges these conventional approaches and contributes to a new paradigm for development centred on human wellbeing. Poor people are not defined solely by their poverty and a wellbeing approach provides a better means of understanding how people become and stay poor. It examines three perspectives: ideas of human functioning, capabilities and needs; the analysis of livelihoods and resource use; and research on subjective wellbeing and happiness. A range of international experts from psychology, economics, anthropology, sociology, political science and development evaluate the state-of-the-art in understanding wellbeing from these perspectives. This book establishes a new strategy and methodology for researching wellbeing that can influence policy.

Research And Development Book

Research And Development

  • Author : Mary Pat Williams Silveira
  • Publisher : Westview Press
  • Release Date : 1985-06-12
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015050608747

Research And Development Excerpt :

Exploitation and Developing Countries Book
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Exploitation and Developing Countries

  • Author : Jennifer S. Hawkins
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-08-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400837328

Exploitation and Developing Countries Excerpt :

When is clinical research in developing countries exploitation? Exploitation is a concept in ordinary moral thought that has not often been analyzed outside the Marxist tradition. Yet it is commonly used to describe interactions that seem morally suspect in some way. A case in point is clinical research sponsored by developed countries and carried out in developing countries, with participants who are poor and sick, and lack education. Such individuals seem vulnerable to abuse. But does this, by itself, make such research exploitative? Exploitation and Developing Countries is an attempt by philosophers and bioethicists to reflect on the meaning of exploitation, to ask whether and when clinical research in developing countries counts as exploitative, and to consider what can be done to minimize the possibility of exploitation in such circumstances. These reflections should interest clinical researchers, since locating the line between appropriate and inappropriate use of subjects--the line between exploitation and fair use--is the central question at the heart of research ethics. Reflection on this rich and important moral concept should also interest normative moral philosophers of a non-Marxist bent. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Richard J. Arneson, Alisa L. Carse, Margaret Olivia Little, Thomas Pogge, Andrew W. Siegel, and Alan Wertheimer.

Research for Development in the Middle East and North Africa Book

Research for Development in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Author : International Development Research Centre (Canada)
  • Publisher : IDRC
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN 10 : 9780889369306

Research for Development in the Middle East and North Africa Excerpt :

Research for Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Culture Matters Book

Culture Matters

  • Author : Susan Sauer Sloan
  • Publisher : National Academy Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-12
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 84
  • ISBN 10 : 030930895X

Culture Matters Excerpt :

In an increasingly interconnected world, science and technology research often transects international boundaries and involves researchers from multiple nations. This paradigm provides both new opportunities and new challenges. As science and technology capabilities grow around the world, United States-based organizations are finding that international collaborations and partnerships provide unique opportunities to enhance research and training. At the same time, enhancing international collaboration requires recognition of differences in culture, legitimate national security needs, and critical needs in education and training. "Culture Matters" is the summary of a workshop convened by the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable (GUIRR) in July 2013 to address how culture and cultural perception influence and impact the process by which research agreements are made and negotiated across international boundaries. In this workshop, "Culture Matters: An Approach to International Research Agreements," representatives from around the world and from GUIRR's three constituent sectors - government, university, and industry - gathered to provide input into four specific meeting tracks or domains. The tracks focused on research and agreements affecting or involving people/human subjects; environmental and natural resources; science, engineering, and manufacturing; and agriculture and animal issues. This report examines each of these domains and the role that culture and cultural expectations may have in the forging and implementation of international research agreements.

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries Book

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries

  • Author : Ruth Macklin
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-05-27
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 0521541700

Double Standards in Medical Research in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Recent international developments show that essential medications can be made affordable and accessible to developing countries, and that double standards need not prevail. This is the first book to examine these issues, drawing the bold conclusion that double standards in medical research are ethically unacceptable."--BOOK JACKET.

Child Welfare in Developing Countries Book

Child Welfare in Developing Countries

  • Author : John Cockburn
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-08-09
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441962751

Child Welfare in Developing Countries Excerpt :

to establish impact, attributing observed changes in welfare to the intervention, while identifying key factors of success. Impact evaluations are aimed at providing feedback to help improve the design of programs and policies. They also provide greater accountability and a tool for dynamic learning, allowing policymakers to improve ongoing programs and ultimately better allocate funds across programs. Such a causal analysis is essential for understanding the relative role of alternative interventions in reducing poverty. The papers in this section again adopt a variety of techniques. The rst two impact evaluation studies employ propensity score matching to establish, ex-post, a valid control group to assess the impact on child schooling outcomes among b- e ciaries of various interventions in Kenya and Ethiopia. The third chapter c- ries out an ex-ante evaluation of alternative cash transfer programs on child school attendance in Uruguay. The nal paper further carries out in-depth macro-modeling and micro-regression analysis to simulate the impacts of the food crisis and various policy responses, including food subsidies and cash transfers, on various dimensions of child poverty in Mali. Though using different approaches, the studies are gen- ally in agreement concerning the positive impact of the cash transfer program on child schooling and labor market outcomes. The studies from Kenya and Uruguay both nd that the schooling interventions are progressive.

Health Research Book

Health Research

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:444005575

Health Research Excerpt :

Measuring the Impact of Information on Development Book

Measuring the Impact of Information on Development

  • Author : M. J. Menou
  • Publisher : IDRC
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Developing countries
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9780889367081

Measuring the Impact of Information on Development Excerpt :

Measuring the Impact of Information on Development

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Book

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries

  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1998-09-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN 10 : 0309173817

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are increasing in epidemic proportions in developing countries. CVD already accounts for almost 10 percent of the developing world's burden of disease and is likely to become the developing world's leading cause of death. There is reason for hope, however, given that huge potential exists for applying R&D to control this emerging epidemic--both in creating powerful new interventions such as vaccines and dietary supplements and in guiding behavior. In addition, a considerable body of evidence suggests that current risk-factor prevention programs and low-cost case management of CVD offer feasible, cost-effective ways to reduce CVD mortality and disability in developing country populations. Large-scale CVD control efforts are lacking, however, and thus governments and individuals are left to make choices about health and health care services without the benefit of appropriate knowledge. This report was designed to promote a policy dialogue on CVD based on informed knowledge of R&D opportunities that offer effective, affordable, and widely applicable responses in developing countries. The report examines (a) the emerging burden of CVD in developing countries, (b) the future worldwide burden of CVD, (c) current prevention and treatment of CVD in developing countries, (d) R&D to support CVD control, (e) opportunities and priorities for R&D, and the need for institutional arrangements for collaboration in facing the epidemic.

Fuelling Economic Growth Book

Fuelling Economic Growth

  • Author : Michael Graham
  • Publisher : IDRC
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781853396755

Fuelling Economic Growth Excerpt :

The private sector is playing an important role in funding scientific research. In this work, seven case studies from Argentina, China, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Tanzania, Peru, the Philippines and Vietnam examine how policies have been developed and implemented to encourage innovation.

Developing Areas Book

Developing Areas

  • Author : Vijayan Pillai
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury USA Academic
  • Release Date : 1995-02-27
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105010542491

Developing Areas Excerpt :

With subjects ranging from the global challenge of the AIDS epidemic to the role of family planning in developing nations, and the link between Central America's forests and North America's hamburgers, this interdisciplinary introduction by some of the world's foremost experts in development studies will be an essential text for courses in this area. It provides an exhaustive overview of the social, political, economic and population problems of countries in what is usually referred to as the Third World and, more recently, the Fourth World. Although colonialism is considered as a contributing factor to underdevelopment, emphasis in this volume is placed on the interrelation of major social institutions, their impact on economic and social development, and the effect of rapidly expanding industrialization on the ecosystem.

Social Mobility in Developing Countries Book

Social Mobility in Developing Countries

  • Author : Vegard Iversen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-01-06
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192896858

Social Mobility in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Combines research from different disciplines to assess social mobility in developing countries.

The Health of Adults in the Developing World Book

The Health of Adults in the Developing World

  • Author : Richard G. Feachem
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 1992
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 019520879X

The Health of Adults in the Developing World Excerpt :

Sick adults consume often more than half of all resources allocated to the health sector. This volume draws attention to the causes and results of disease and ill health in adults in developing countries and to the burden they impose not only on individuals but on their families and society as well. Researchers and policymakers will find this work essential because of its useful data on adult morbidity and mortality, as well as its call for more information on problems and risk factors.

Education Policy in Developing Countries Book

Education Policy in Developing Countries

  • Author : Paul Glewwe
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-17
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226078854

Education Policy in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Almost any economist will agree that education plays a key role in determining a country’s economic growth and standard of living, but what we know about education policy in developing countries is remarkably incomplete and scattered over decades and across publications. Education Policy in Developing Countries rights this wrong, taking stock of twenty years of research to assess what we actually know—and what we still need to learn—about effective education policy in the places that need it the most. Surveying many aspects of education—from administrative structures to the availability of health care to parent and student incentives—the contributors synthesize an impressive diversity of data, paying special attention to the gross imbalances in educational achievement that still exist between developed and developing countries. They draw out clear implications for governmental policy at a variety of levels, conscious of economic realities such as budget constraints, and point to crucial areas where future research is needed. Offering a wealth of insights into one of the best investments a nation can make, Education Policy in Developing Countries is an essential contribution to this most urgent field.