RFID and Wireless Sensors Using Ultra Wideband Technology Book

RFID and Wireless Sensors Using Ultra Wideband Technology

  • Author : Angel Ramos
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-05-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081011898

RFID and Wireless Sensors Using Ultra Wideband Technology Excerpt :

RFID and Wireless Sensors using Ultra-Wideband Technology explores how RFID-based technologies are becoming the first choice to realize the last (wireless) link in the chain between each element and the Internet due to their low cost and simplicity. Each day, more and more elements are being connected to the Internet of Things. In this book, ultra-wideband radio technology (in time domain) is exploited to realize this wireless link. Chipless, semi-passive and active RFID systems and wireless sensors and prototypes are proposed in terms of reader (setup and signal processing techniques) and tags (design, integration of sensors and performance). The authors include comprehensive theories, proposals of advanced techniques, and their implementation to help readers develop time-domain ultra-wideband radio technology for a variety of applications. This book is suitable for post-doctoral candidates, experienced researchers, and engineers developing RFID, tag antenna designs, chipless RFID, and sensor integration. Includes comprehensive theories, advanced techniques, and guidelines for their implementation to help readers develop time-domain ultra-wideband radio technology for a variety of applications Discusses ultra-wideband (UWB) technology in time-domain that is used to develop RFID systems and wireless sensors Explores the development of hipless, semi-passive, and active identification platforms in terms of low-cost readers and tags Integrates wireless sensors in the proposed chipless and semi-passive platforms

Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra Wideband Technology Book

Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra Wideband Technology

  • Author : Marco Garbati
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-06-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081027615

Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra Wideband Technology Excerpt :

Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra-Wideband Technology: Design, Realization and Characterization deals with the efficient design of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) based embedded systems for chipless readers, providing a reading technique based on polarization diversity that is shown with the aim of reading cross-polarized, chipless tags independently from their orientation. This approach is valuable because it does not give any constraint at the tag design level. This book presents the state-of-the-art of chipless RFID systems, also providing useful comparisons. The international regulations that limit the UWB emission are taken into consideration, along with design guidance. Two designed, realized, and characterized reader prototypes are proposed. Sampling noise reduction, reading time, and cost effectiveness are also introduced and taken into consideration. Presents the design, realization and characterization of chipless RFID readers Provides concepts that are designed around a FPGA and its internal architecture, along with the phase of optimization Covers the design of a novel pulse generator

Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle Book

Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle

  • Author : Arnaud Vena
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-08-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081012666

Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle Excerpt :

Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle: Realization, Coding and Reading System explores the field of chipless identification based on the RF Encoding Particle (REP). The book covers the possibility of collecting information remotely with RF waves (RFID) with totally passive tags without wire, batteries, and chips, and even printed on paper. Despite the many benefits of RFID, deployment is still hindered by several economic and technological factors. Among these barriers are the high cost of tags, lack of reliability and security in the information contained in the RFID chip, and how tags are 'recycled.' This book focuses on the development of chipless RFID tags, representing a new family of low cost tags. With this technology information is extracted from the electromagnetic response of the tag, which depends only on its geometry. Various solutions have been developed by the authors to increase the amount of information, reduce the surface of the tag, or improve the robustness of detection. Considerations such as realization using paper substrate, the development of a low cost detection system, and measurements in a real environment have been addressed for practical implementation. Introduces the chipless RFID REP approach as compared to classical chipless RFID, RFID, and barcode technologies Includes a demonstration of the practical and economic potential of chipless RFID technology, with detailed presentations and discussions of different test benches and comparisons Presents in detail numerous examples of chipless tags that are able to tackle specific problems: sensitivity of detection, encoding density, robustness of detection, problem of tag orientation, tags and reader cost, and compliance with emission standards Focuses on the development of chipless RFID tags, representing a new family of low cost tags

Planar Microwave Sensors Book

Planar Microwave Sensors

  • Author : Ferran Martín
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2022-09-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119811053

Planar Microwave Sensors Excerpt :

Comprehensive resource detailing the latest advances in microwave and wireless sensors implemented in planar technology Planar Microwave Sensors is an authoritative resource on the subject, discussing the main relevant sensing strategies, working principles, and applications on the basis of the authors’ own experience and background, while also highlighting the most relevant contributions to the topic reported by international research groups. The authors provide an overview of planar microwave sensors grouped by chapters according to their working principle. In each chapter, the working principle is explained in detail and the specific sensor design strategies are discussed, including validation examples at both simulation and experimental level. The most suited applications in each case are also reported. The necessary theory and analysis for sensor design are further provided, with special emphasis on performance improvement (i.e., sensitivity and resolution optimization, dynamic range, etc.). Lastly, the work covers a number of applications, from material characterization to biosensing, including motion control sensors, microfluidic sensors, industrial sensors, and more. Sample topics covered in the work include: Non-resonant and resonant sensors, reflective-mode and transmission-mode sensors, single-ended and differential sensors, and contact and contactless sensors Design guidelines for sensor performance optimization and analytical methods to retrieve the variables of interest from the measured sensor responses Radiofrequency identification (RFID) sensor types, prospective applications, and materials/technologies towards “green sensors” implementation Comparisons between different technologies for sensing and the advantages and limitations of microwave sensors, particularly planar sensors Engineers and qualified professionals involved in sensor technologies, along with undergraduate and graduate students in related programs of study, can harness the val

Implementing Industry 4 0 Book

Implementing Industry 4 0

  • Author : Carlos Toro
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-04-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030672706

Implementing Industry 4 0 Excerpt :

This book relates research being implemented in three main research areas: secure connectivity and intelligent systems, real-time analytics and manufacturing knowledge and virtual manufacturing. Manufacturing SMEs and MNCs want to see how Industry 4.0 is implemented. On the other hand, groundbreaking research on this topic is constantly growing. For the aforesaid reason, the Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), has created the model factory initiative. In the model factory, manufacturers, technology providers and the broader industry can (i) learn how I4.0 technologies are implemented on real-world manufacturing use-cases, (ii) test process improvements enabled by such technologies at the model factory facility, without disrupting their own operations, (iii) co-develop technology solutions and (iv) support the adoption of solutions at their everyday industrial operation. The book constitutes a clear base ground not only for inspiration of researchers, but also for companies who will want to adopt smart manufacturing approaches coming from Industry 4.0 in their pathway to digitization.

Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless Communications Book

Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless Communications

  • Author : Homayoun Nikookar
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-10-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402066337

Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless Communications Excerpt :

asakta-buddhih sarvatra . jitatma vigata-sprhah . . . . naiskarmya-siddhim paramam . sannyasenadhigacchati Detached by spiritual intelligence from everything controlling the mind, without material desires, one attains the paramount perfection in cessation of re- tions by renunciation. The Bhagvad Gita (18.49) Compared to traditional carrier-based, Ultra-Wide Band (UWB), or carrier-less, systems implement new paradigms in terms of signal generation and reception. Thus, designing an UWB communication system requires the understanding of how excess bandwidth and very low transmitted powers can be used jointly to provide a reliable radio link. UWB offers systems transceiver potential for very simple implementations. Comparison between UWB and traditional narrow-band systems highlights the following features: Large bandwidth enables very fine time-space resolution for accurate lo- tion of the UWB nodes and for distributing network time stamps. Very short pulses are effectively counter-fighting the channel effect in very dense multipath environments. Data rate (number of pulses transmitted per bit) can be traded with power emission control and distance coverage. Very low power density leads to low probability of signal detection and adds security for all the layers of the communication stack. Very low power density is obtained through radio regulation emission masks; UWB systems are suitable for coexistence with already deployed narrow-band systems.

The Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

The Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics

  • Author : Pethuru Raj
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-07
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000057393

The Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics Excerpt :

This book comprehensively conveys the theoretical and practical aspects of IoT and big data analytics with the solid contributions from practitioners as well as academicians. This book examines and expounds the unique capabilities of the big data analytics platforms in capturing, cleansing and crunching IoT device/sensor data in order to extricate actionable insights. A number of experimental case studies and real-world scenarios are incorporated in this book in order to instigate our book readers. This book Analyzes current research and development in the domains of IoT and big data analytics Gives an overview of latest trends and transitions happening in the IoT data analytics space Illustrates the various platforms, processes, patterns, and practices for simplifying and streamlining IoT data analytics The Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics: Integrated Platforms and Industry Use Cases examines and accentuates how the multiple challenges at the cusp of IoT and big data can be fully met. The device ecosystem is growing steadily. It is forecast that there will be billions of connected devices in the years to come. When these IoT devices, resource-constrained as well as resource-intensive, interact with one another locally and remotely, the amount of multi-structured data generated, collected, and stored is bound to grow exponentially. Another prominent trend is the integration of IoT devices with cloud-based applications, services, infrastructures, middleware solutions, and databases. This book examines the pioneering technologies and tools emerging and evolving in order to collect, pre-process, store, process and analyze data heaps in order to disentangle actionable insights.

Low Power Emerging Wireless Technologies Book

Low Power Emerging Wireless Technologies

  • Author : Reza Mahmoudi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466507029

Low Power Emerging Wireless Technologies Excerpt :

Advanced concepts for wireless communications offer a vision of technology that is embedded in our surroundings and practically invisible, but present whenever required. Although the use of deep submicron CMOS processes allows for an unprecedented degree of scaling in digital circuitry, it complicates the implementation and integration of traditional RF circuits. The requirement for long operating life under limited energy supply also poses severe design constraints, particularly in critical applications in commerce, healthcare, and security. These challenges call for innovative design solutions at the circuit and system levels. Low Power Emerging Wireless Technologies addresses the crucial scientific and technological challenges for the realization of fully integrated, highly efficient, and cost-effective solutions for emerging wireless applications. Get Insights from the Experts on Wireless Circuit Design The book features contributions by top international experts in wireless circuit design representing both industry and academia. They explore the state of the art in wireless communication for 3G and 4G cellular networks, millimeter-wave applications, wireless sensor networks, and wireless medical technologies. The emphasis is on low-power wireless applications, RF building blocks for wireless applications, and short-distance and beam steering. Topics covered include new opportunities in body area networks, medical implants, satellite communications, automobile radar detection, and wearable electronics. Exploit the Potential behind Emerging Green Wireless Technologies A must for anyone serious about future wireless technologies, this multidisciplinary book discusses the challenges of emerging power-efficient applications. Written for practicing engineers in the wireless communication field who have some experience in integrated circuits, it is also a valuable resource for graduate students.

Quantum Communications in New Telecommunications Systems Book

Quantum Communications in New Telecommunications Systems

  • Author : Malek Benslama
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-11-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119390855

Quantum Communications in New Telecommunications Systems Excerpt :

This book addresses quantum communications in the light of new technological developments on photonic crystals and their potential applications in systems. Mathematical and physical aspects of quantum optical fibers and photonic crystals are considered in order to optimize the quantum transmissions. Two fundamentals elements are treated, reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer and WDM.

Mobile and Wireless Networks Book

Mobile and Wireless Networks

  • Author : Khaldoun Al Agha
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-08-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119007562

Mobile and Wireless Networks Excerpt :

This book presents the state of the art in the field of mobile and wireless networks, and anticipates the arrival of new standards and architectures. It focuses on wireless networks, starting with small personal area networks and progressing onto the very large cells of wireless regional area networks, via local area networks dominated by WiFi technology, and finally metropolitan networks. After a description of the existing 2G and 3G standards, with LTE being the latest release, LTE-A is addressed, which is the first 4G release, and a first indication of 5G is provided as seen through the standardizing bodies. 4G technology is described in detail along with the different LTE extensions related to the massive arrival of femtocells, the increase to a 1 Gbps capacity, and relay techniques. 5G is also discussed in order to show what can be expected in the near future. The Internet of Things is explained in a specific chapter due to its omnipresence in the literature, ad hoc and mesh networks form another important chapter as they have made a comeback after a long period of near hibernation, and the final chapter discusses a particularly recent topic: Mobile-Edge Computing (MEC) servers.

Communication Networks Economy Book

Communication Networks Economy

  • Author : Daniel Battu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-09-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119361428

Communication Networks Economy Excerpt :

In an increasingly interconnected world, "Communication Networks Economy" provides the rational understanding necessary to provide universal access to communication means in an efficient way. This book presents the principal elements of the economics of a network as it stands today, taking into account experiences of technicians in the field. The author gives a simplified picture of the current situation in terms of structures and architecture of a network, bearing in mind the necessary quality of service and the profitability of investments, accompanied by references to recent economic works. An overview is given on the general themes of regulation and tariff principles, and the relations between supply and demand, from the perspectives of professional and residential users and network operators. Different aspects of the present situations of networks and the incidence of the Internet on the economy are also presented. In conclusion, the reader will obtain an overview of the most significant issues likely to influence the economics of communications networks as they are today.

Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications Book

Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications

  • Author : Malek Benslama
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-07-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119330271

Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications Excerpt :

This book addresses the move towards quantum communications, in light of the recent technological developments on photonic crystals and their potential applications in systems. The authors present the state of the art on extensive quantum communications, the first part of the book being dedicated to the relevant theory; quantum gates such as Deutsch gates, Toffoli gates and Dedekind gates are reviewed with regards to their feasibility as electronic circuits and their implementation in systems, and a comparison is performed in parallel with conventional circuits such as FPGAs and DSPs. The specifics of quantum communication are also revealed through the entanglement and Bell states, and mathematical and physical aspects of quantum optical fibers and photonic crystals are considered in order to optimize the quantum transmissions. These concepts are linked with relevant, practical examples in the second part of the book, which presents six integrated applications for quantum communications.

Smart Electronic Systems Book

Smart Electronic Systems

  • Author : Li-Rong Zheng
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-01-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527338955

Smart Electronic Systems Excerpt :

Unique in focusing on both organic and inorganic materials from a system point of view, this text offers a complete overview of printed electronics integrated with classical silicon electronics. Following an introduction to the topic, the book discusses the materials and processes required for printed electronics, covering conducting, semiconducting and insulating materials, as well as various substrates, such as paper and plastics. Subsequent chapters describe the various building blocks for printed electronics, while the final part describes the resulting novel applications and technologies, including wearable electronics, RFID tags and flexible circuit boards. Suitable for a broad target group, both industrial and academic, ranging from mechanical engineers to ink developers, and from chemists to engineers.

Ultra wideband Based Indoor Localization Using Sensor Fusion and Support Vector Machine Book

Ultra wideband Based Indoor Localization Using Sensor Fusion and Support Vector Machine

  • Author : Zhuoqi Zeng
  • Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
  • Release Date : 2020-12-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9783832552299

Ultra wideband Based Indoor Localization Using Sensor Fusion and Support Vector Machine Excerpt :

To further improve the NLOS detection and mitigation performance for Ultra-wideband (UWB) system, this thesis systematically investigates the UWB LOS/NLOS errors. The LOS errors are evaluated in different environments and with different distances. Different blockage materials and blockage conditions are considered for NLOS errors. The UWB signal propagation is also investigated. Furthermore, the relationships between the CIRs and the accurate/inaccurate range measurements are theoretically discussed in three different situations: ideal LOS path, small-scale fading: multipath and NLOS path. These theoretical relationships are validated with real measured CIRs in the Bosch Shanghai office environment. Based on the error and signal propagation investigation results, four different algorithms are proposed for four different scenarios to improve the NLOS identification accuracy. After the comparison of the localization performance for TOA/TDOA, it is found that on normal office floor, TOA works better than TDOA. In harsh industrial environments, where NLOS frequently occurs, TDOA is more suitable than TOA. Thus, in the first scenario, the position estimation is realized with TOA on the office floor, while in the second scenario, a novel approach to combined TOA and TDOA with accurate range and range difference selection is proposed in the harsh industrial environment. The optimization of the feature combination and parameters in machine learning algorithms for accurate measurement detection is discussed for both scenarios. For the third and fourth scenarios, the UWB/IMU fusion system stays in focus. Instead of detecting the NLOS outliers by assuming that the error distributions are Gaussian, the accurate measurement detection is realized based on the triangle inequality theorem. All the proposed approaches are tested with the collected measurements from the developed UWB system. The position estimation of these approaches has better accuracy than that of the traditional

Radio Frequency Identification and Sensors Book

Radio Frequency Identification and Sensors

  • Author : Etienne Perret
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-12-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119054085

Radio Frequency Identification and Sensors Excerpt :

This book deals with the field of identification and sensors, more precisely the possibility of collecting information remotely with RF waves (RFID). The book introduces the technology of chipless RFID starting from classical RFID and barcode, and explores the field of identification and sensors without wire, without batteries, without chip, and with tags that can even be printed on paper. A technique for automatic design of UHF RFID tags is presented , aiming at making the tags as insensitive as possible to the environment (with the ability to increase the reading range reliability), or, conversely, making them sensitive in order to produce sensors, meanwhile keeping their unique ID. The RFID advantages are discussed, along with its numerous features, and comparisons with the barcode technology are presented. After that, the new chipless RFID technology is introduced on the basis of the previous conclusions. Original technological approaches are introduced and discussed in order to demonstrate the practical and economic potential of the chipless technology.