Roll to Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings Book

Roll to Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings


  • Author : Charles A. Bishop
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-12-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 1118031806

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Roll to Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings Excerpt :

A practical, working guide to producing high quality barrier coatings Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings is a practical guide, providing the reader with basic information to help them understand what is necessary in order to produce a good barrier coated web or to improve the quality of an existing barrier product. Keeping mathematics to a minimum, the terminology and science is introduced, and includes descriptions about barrier testing methods and the vacuum deposition process. The book looks at the whole process from the source materials through to the post deposition handling of the coated material. This holistic view of the vacuum coating process provides a description of the common sources of defects and includes the possible methods of limiting these defects. This enables readers to decide where their development efforts and money can best be used to improve the barrier performance of their own process or materials. Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings: Specifies the benefits and problems of producing vacuum deposited barrier coatings Explains why products designed by system operators might vary and how they can improve the quality and reproducibility of their products Describes the basic deposition process, limitations that may arise, and how they may be overcome Details why current barrier materials have limited performance and why it is so difficult and expensive to make improvements or to produce ultra barrier materials. This practical reference is invaluable to all readers using the roll-to-roll vacuum coating technology, including R&D scientists and engineers (process; product and process design), operators, technicians, line managers involved in producing vacuum deposited barrier coatings. It also serves the food packaging and medical packaging industries, along with any industry using Organic Light Emitting Devices (OLEDs) such as electronics, solar energy and photovoltaics (PVs), thin film battery as well as vacuum insul

Roll to Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings Book

Roll to Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings


  • Author : Charles A. Bishop
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-08-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118946169

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Roll to Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings Excerpt :

It is intended that the book will be a practical guide to provide any reader with the basic information to help them understand what is necessary in order to produce a good barrier coated web or to improve the quality of any existing barrier product. After providing an introduction, where the terminology is outlined and some of the science is given (keeping the mathematics to a minimum), including barrier testing methods, the vacuum deposition process will be described. In theory a thin layer of metal or glass-like material should be enough to convert any polymer film into a perfect barrier material. The reality is that all barrier coatings have their performance limited by the defects in the coating. This book looks at the whole process from the source materials through to the post deposition handling of the coated material. This holistic view of the vacuum coating process provides a description of the common sources of defects and includes the possible methods of limiting the defects. This enables readers to decide where their development efforts and money can best be used to improve the barrier performance of their own process or materials. The 2nd edition contains at least 20% new material including additional barrier testing techniques that have been developed and testing and cleaning equipment brought to market since the 1st edition was published in 2010. The topic of adhesion is covered in more detail and there is a section on the Hanson Solubility Parameter which is a method of predicting the solubility of gases or liquids in materials.

Vacuum Deposition onto Webs  Films and Foils Book

Vacuum Deposition onto Webs Films and Foils


  • Author : Charles Bishop
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2015-08-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 602
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323296908

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Vacuum Deposition onto Webs Films and Foils Excerpt :

Vacuum Deposition onto Webs: Films and Foils, Third Edition, provides the latest information on vacuum deposition, the technology that applies an even coating to a flexible material that can be held on a roll, thereby offering a much faster and cheaper method of bulk coating than deposition onto single pieces or non-flexible surfaces such as glass. This technology has been used in industrial-scale applications for some time, including a wide range of metalized packaging. Its potential as a high-speed, scalable process has seen an increasing range of new products emerging that employ this cost-effective technology, including solar energy products that are moving from rigid panels onto cheaper and more versatile flexible substrates, flexible electronic circuit ‘boards’, and flexible displays. In this third edition, all chapters are thoroughly revised with a significant amount of new information added, including newly developed barrier measurement techniques, improved in-vacuum monitoring technologies, and the latest developments in Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD). Provides the know-how to maximize productivity of vacuum coating systems Thoroughly revised with a significant amount of new information added, including newly developed barrier measurement techniques, improved in-vacuum monitoring technologies, and the latest on Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Presents the latest information on vacuum deposition, the technology that applies an even coating to a flexible material that can be held on a roll, thereby offering a much faster and cheaper method of bulk coating Enables engineers to specify systems more effectively and enhances dialogue between non-specialists and suppliers/engineers Empowers those in rapidly expanding fields such as solar energy, display panels, and flexible electronics to unlock the potential of vacuum coating to transform their processes and products

Roll to Roll Manufacturing Book

Roll to Roll Manufacturing


  • Author : Jehuda Greener
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-04-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119162209

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Roll to Roll Manufacturing Excerpt :

A single-volume resource featuring state-of-the art reviews of key elements of the roll-to-roll manufacturing processing methodology Roll-to-roll (R2R) manufacturing is an important manufacturing technology platform used extensively for mass-producing a host of film-type products in several traditional industries such as printing, silver-halide photography, and paper. Over the last two decades, some of the methodologies and know-how of R2R manufacturing have been extended and adapted in many new technology areas, including microelectronics, display, photovoltaics, and microfluidics. This comprehensive book presents the state-of-the-art unit operations of the R2R manufacturing technology, providing a practical resource for scientists, engineers, and practitioners not familiar with the fundamentals of R2R technology. Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing: Process Elements and Recent Advances reviews new developments in areas such as flexible glass, display, and photovoltaics and covers a number of process innovations implemented recently to extend and improve the capabilities of traditional R2R lines. It covers such topics as: coating and solidification processes, in-line vacuum deposition, drying, web handling and winding, polymer film substrates, novel hybrid composite films, flexible solar cells and more. Additionally, this book: Examines key elements (unit operations) of the R2R technology, and discusses how these elements are utilized and integrated to achieve desired process efficiencies in a host of applications. Illustrates several established and novel application areas where R2R processing is utilized in current or future products. Discusses process design methodology and key advantages of R2R manufacturing technology over batch or sheet-to-sheet operations. Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing: Process Elements and Recent Advances is an ideal book for undergraduate and graduate students in various science and engineering disciplines, as well as for scientists, engineers, and te

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology Book

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology


  • Author : Donald M. Mattox
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2018-08-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128130858

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The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology Excerpt :

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology, Second Edition, is a revised and expanded version of the first edition, which was published in 2003. The book reviews the histories of the various vacuum coating technologies and expands on the history of the enabling technologies of vacuum technology, plasma technology, power supplies, and low-pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The melding of these technologies has resulted in new processes and products that have greatly expanded the application of vacuum coatings for use in our everyday lives. The book is unique in that it makes extensive reference to the patent literature (mostly US) and how it relates to the history of vacuum coating. The book includes a Historical Timeline of Vacuum Coating Technology and a Historical Timeline of Vacuum/Plasma Technology, as well as a Glossary of Terms used in the vacuum coating and surface engineering industries. History and detailed descriptions of Vacuum Deposition Technologies Review of Enabling Technologies and their importance to current applications Extensively referenced text Patents are referenced as part of the history Historical Timelines for Vacuum Coating Technology and Vacuum/Plasma Technology Glossary of Terms for vacuum coating

Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells Book

Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells


  • Author : Frederik C. Krebs
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-04-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119952510

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Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells Excerpt :

Organic photovoltaics (OPV) are a new generation of solar cells with the potential to offer very short energy pay back times, mechanical flexibility and significantly lower production costs compared to traditional crystalline photovoltaic systems. A weakness of OPV is their comparative instability during operation and this is a critical area of research towards the successful development and commercialization of these 3rd generation solar cells. Covering both small molecule and polymer solar cells, Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells summarizes the state of the art understanding of stability and provides a detailed analysis of the mechanisms by which degradation occurs. Following an introductory chapter which compares different photovoltaic technologies, the book focuses on OPV degradation, discussing the origin and characterization of the instability and describing measures for extending the duration of operation. Topics covered include: Chemical and physical probes for studying degradation Imaging techniques Photochemical stability of OPV materials Degradation mechanisms Testing methods Barrier technology and applications Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells is an essential reference source for researchers in academia and industry, engineers and manufacturers working on OPV design, development and implementation.

Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices Book

Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices


  • Author : Zhigang Rick Li
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 813
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439882801

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Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices Excerpt :

Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices provides a single source of information covering all aspects of OLEDs, including the systematic investigation of organic light-emitting materials, device physics and engineering, and manufacturing and performance measurement techniques. This Second Edition is a compilation of the advances made in recent years and of the challenges facing the future development of OLED technology. Featuring chapters authored by internationally recognized academic and industrial experts, this authoritative text: Introduces the history, fundamental physics, and potential applications of OLEDs Reviews the synthesis, properties, and device performance of electroluminescent materials used in OLEDs Reflects the current state of molecular design, exemplifying more than 600 light-emitting polymers and highlighting the most efficient materials and devices Explores small molecules-based OLEDs, detailing hole- and electron-injection and electron-transport materials, electron- and hole-blocking materials, sensitizers, and fluorescent and phosphorescent light-emitting materials Describes solution-processable phosphorescent polymer LEDs, energy transfer processes, polarized OLEDs, anode materials, and vapor deposition manufacturing techniques employed in OLED fabrication Discusses flexible display, the backplane circuit technology for organic light-emitting displays, and the latest microstructural characterization and performance measurement techniques Contains abundant diagrams, device configurations, and molecular structures clearly illutrating the presented ideas Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices, Second Edition offers a comprehensive overview of the OLED field and can serve as a primary reference for those needing additional information in any particular subarea of organic electroluminescence. This book should attract the attention of materials scientists, synthetic chemists, solid-state physicists, and electronic device engineers, as wel

Introduction to Surface Engineering and Functionally Engineered Materials Book

Introduction to Surface Engineering and Functionally Engineered Materials


  • Author : Peter Martin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-10-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118171882

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Introduction to Surface Engineering and Functionally Engineered Materials Excerpt :

This book provides a clear and understandable text for users anddevelopers of advanced engineered materials, particularly in thearea of thin films, and addresses fundamentals of modifying theoptical, electrical, photo-electric, triboligical, and corrosionresistance of solid surfaces and adding functionality to solids byengineering their surface, structure, and electronic, magnetic andoptical structure. Thin film applications are emphasized. Throughthe inclusion of multiple clear examples of the technologies, howto use them,and the synthesis processes involved, the reader willgain a deep understanding of the purpose, goals, and methodology ofsurface engineering and engineered materials. Virtually every advance in thin film, energy, medical,tribological materials technologies has resulted from surfaceengineering and engineered materials. Surface engineering involvesstructures and compositions not found naturally in solids and isused to modify the surface properties of solids and involvesapplication of thin film coatings, surface functionalization andactivation, and plasma treatment. Engineered materials are thefuture of thin film technology. Engineered structures such assuperlattices, nanolaminates, nanotubes, nanocomposites, smartmaterials, photonic bandgap materials, metamaterials, molecularlydoped polymers and structured materials all have the capacity toexpand and increase the functionality of thin films and coatingsused in a variety of applications and provide new applications. Newadvanced deposition processes and hybrid processes are being usedand developed to deposit advanced thin film materials andstructures not possible with conventional techniques a decade ago.Properties can now be engineered into thin films that achieveperformance not possible a decade ago.

Vanadium Dioxide Based Thermochromic Smart Windows Book

Vanadium Dioxide Based Thermochromic Smart Windows


  • Author : Yi Long
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000393576

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Vanadium Dioxide Based Thermochromic Smart Windows Excerpt :

The usage of building energy accounts for 30–40% of total energy consumption in developed countries, exceeding the amount for industry or transportation. Around 50% energy for building services is contributed by heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. More importantly, both building and HVAC energy consumptions are predicted to increase in the next two decades. Windows are considered as the least energy-efficient components of buildings. Therefore, smart windows are becoming increasingly important as they are capable of reducing HVAC energy usage by tuning the transmitted sunlight in a smart and favoured way: blocking solar irradiation on hot days, while letting it pass through on cold days. Compared with other type of smart windows, thermochromic windows have the unique advantages of cost-effectiveness, rational stimulus, and passive response. This book covers fabrication of vanadium dioxide–based smart windows, discusses various strategies to enhance their performance, and shares perspectives from the top scientists in this particular field.

Transparent Conductive Materials Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Transparent Conductive Materials


  • Author : David Levy
  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release Date : 2019-05-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527342075

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Transparent Conductive Materials Excerpt :

Edited by well-known pioneers in the field, this handbook and ready reference provides a comprehensive overview of transparent conductive materials with a strong application focus. Following an introduction to the materials and recent developments, subsequent chapters discuss the synthesis and characterization as well as the deposition techniques that are commonly used for energy harvesting and light emitting applications. Finally, the book concludes with a look at future technological advances. All-encompassing and up-to-date, this interdisciplinary text runs the gamut from chemistry and materials science to engineering, from academia to industry, and from fundamental challenges to readily available applications.

Atomic Layer Deposition Book

Atomic Layer Deposition


  • Author : Tommi Kääriäinen
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-05-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118062777

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Atomic Layer Deposition Excerpt :

Since the first edition was published in 2008, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) has emerged as a powerful, and sometimes preferred, deposition technology. The new edition of this groundbreaking monograph is the first text to review the subject of ALD comprehensively from a practical perspective. It covers ALD's application to microelectronics (MEMS) and nanotechnology; many important new and emerging applications; thermal processes for ALD growth of nanometer thick films of semiconductors, oxides, metals and nitrides; and the formation of organic and hybrid materials.

Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction Book

Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction


  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081026427

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Nanotechnology in Eco efficient Construction Excerpt :

Covering the latest technologies, Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. The book contains a special focus on applications concerning concrete and cement, as nanotechnology is driving significant development in concrete technologies. The new edition has 14 new chapters, including 3 new parts: Mortars and concrete related applications; Applications for pavements and other structural materials; and Toxicity, safety handling and environmental impacts. Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials, as well as researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry will find this updated reference to be highly valuable. Addresses issues such as toxicity and LCA aspects New chapters covering safety handling on occupational exposure of nanoparticles and the assessment of personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials Discusses the effects of adding nano-particles on the durability and on the properties of geopolymers

Polymer Morphology Book

Polymer Morphology


  • Author : Qipeng Guo
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-05-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118452158

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Polymer Morphology Excerpt :

With a focus on structure-property relationships, this book describes how polymer morphology affects properties and how scientists can modify them. The book covers structure development, theory, simulation, and processing; and discusses a broad range of techniques and methods. • Provides an up-to-date, comprehensive introduction to the principles and practices of polymer morphology • Illustrates major structure types, such as semicrystalline morphology, surface-induced polymer crystallization, phase separation, self-assembly, deformation, and surface topography • Covers a variety of polymers, such as homopolymers, block copolymers, polymer thin films, polymer blends, and polymer nanocomposites • Discusses a broad range of advanced and novel techniques and methods, like x-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and electron microscopy and their applications in the morphology of polymer materials

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment Book

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment


  • Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 658
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447155232

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Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment Excerpt :

The recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on 19 May 2010. For new buildings, the recast fixes 2020 as the deadline for all new buildings to be “nearly zero energy” (and even sooner for public buildings – by the end of 2018). This book gives practitioner an important tool to tackle the challenges of building refurbishment towards nearly zero energy. This book is welcome at this time and sets the scene for professionals whether practitioners or researchers to learn more about how we can make whether old or new buildings more efficient and effective in terms of energy performance.

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment of Polymers Book

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment of Polymers


  • Author : Michael Thomas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-06-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118747513

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Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment of Polymers Excerpt :

The Atmospheric Pressure Plasma (APP) treatment for polymer surface modification has attracted much attention recently, owing to its advantages over other techniques and its ability to improve adhesion without tampering with polymer's bulk properties. Focusing on the utility of APP treatment for enhancing polymer adhesion, this book covers the latest development in this important and enabling technology, providing profound insights from many top researchers on the design and functions of various types of reactors, as well as current and potential applications of APP treatment.